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Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :622
  • ISBN : 0123849861
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Summary : This fully revised translation of the world-renowned German edition covers the complete and modern knowledge of plant biochemistry. The book presents the topic in a concise and simplified manner so that students can digest the message and gain a basic knowledge of the entire field of plant biochemistry, from photosynthesis (the synthesis of natural plant products) to all kinds of genetic engineering with its many commercial applications. Topics include cell structure and function, lipid and polysaccharide metabolism, nitrogen fixation, phloem transport, synthesis and function of isoprenoids, phenylpropanoids and other secondary metabolites, plant growth regulation and development. Heldt provides a comprehensive description of photosynthesis, primary and secondary metabolism, the function of phytohormones and molecular engineering. The text covers research findings until the end of 2003 and identifies areas of future research. There are extensive references to the most recent scientific literature. It offers the latest research findings in a concise and understandable manner. It presents plant metabolism in the context of the structure and the function of plants. It includes more than 300 two-color diagrams and metabolic schemes. It covers the various commercial applications of plant biochemistry. It provides extensive references to the recent scientific literature

Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Caroline Bowsher,Alyson Tobin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-10
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9781000327953
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Summary : Plant Biochemistry focuses on the molecular and cellular aspects of each major metabolic pathway and sets these within the context of the whole plant. Using examples from biomedical, environmental, industrial and agricultural applications, it shows how a fundamental understanding of plant biochemistry can be used to address real-world issues. It illustrates how plants impact human activity and success, in terms of their importance as a food supply and as raw materials for industrial and pharmaceutical products, and considers how humans can benefit from exploiting plant biochemical pathways. All chapters in this second edition have been substantially revised to incorporate the latest research developments, and case studies include updates on progress in developing novel plants and plant products. The artwork, now in full color, superbly illustrates the key concepts and mechanisms presented throughout. Key features: Presents each topic from the cellular level to the ecological and environmental levels, placing it in the context of the whole plant. Biochemical pathways are represented as route maps, showing how one reaction interacts with another both within and across pathways. Includes comprehensive reading lists with descriptive notes to enable students to conduct their own research into topics they wish to explore further The wide-ranging approach of this book emphasizes the importance of teaching and learning plant biochemical pathways within the framework of what the pathway does and why it is needed. Illustrates the fundamental significance of plants, in terms of their importance as a food supply, as raw materials and as sources of novel products. Plant Biochemistry is invaluable to undergraduate students who wish to gain insight into the relevance of plant metabolism in relation to current research questions and world challenges. It should also prove to be a suitable reference text for graduates and researchers who are new to the topic or who wish to broaden their understanding of the range of biochemical pathways in plants.

Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Hans-Walter Heldt,Professor Institute of Plant Biochemistry Hans-Walter Heldt,Fiona Heldt,Birgit Piechulla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 9780120883912
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Summary : 1 A Leaf Cell Consists of Several Metabolic Compartments 2 The Use of Energy from Sunlight by Photosynthesis is the Basis of Life on Earth 3 Photosynthesis is an Electron Transport Process 4 ATP is Generated by Photosynthesis 5 Mitochondria are the Power Station of the Cell 6 The Calvin Cycle Catalyzes Photosynthetic CO2 Assimilation 7 In the Photorespiratory Pathway Phosphoglycolate Formed by the Oxygenase Activity of RubisCo is Recycled 8 Photosynthesis Implies the Consumption of Water 9 Polysaccharides are Storage and Transport Forms of Carbohydrates Produced by Photosynthesis 10Nitrate Assimilation is Essential for the Synthesis of Organic Matter 11 Nitrogen Fixation Enables the Nitrogen in the Air to be Used for Plant Growth 12 Sulfate Assimilation Enables the Synthesis of Sulfur Containing Substances 13 Phloem Transport Distributes Photoassimilates to the Various Sites of Consumption and Storage 14 Products of Nitrate Assimilation are Deposited in Plants as Storage Proteins 15 Glycerolipids are Membrane Constituents and Function as Carbon Stores 16 Secondary Metabolites Fulfill Specific Ecological Functions in Plants 17 Large Diversity of Isoprenoids has Multiple Funtions in Plant Metabolism 18 Phenylpropanoids Comprise a Multitude of Plant Secondary Metabolites and Cell Wall Components 19 Multiple Signals Regulate the Growth and Development of Plant Organs and Enable Their Adaptation to Environmental Conditions 20 A Plant Cell has Three Different Genomes 21 Protein Biosynthesis Occurs at Different Sites of a Cell 22 Gene Technology Makes it Possible to Alter Plants to Meet Requirements of Agriculture, Nutrition, and Industry.

Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : James Bonner,J. E. Varner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-29
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9781483267807
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Summary : Plant Biochemistry focuses on the biological processes involved in plants, particularly noting metabolism, electron transport, biogenesis, and germination. The manuscript first offers information on the substructures and subfunctions of plant cell, including cell and subcell, enzymes, ribosomes, nucleus, cellular membranes, mitochondria and electron transport, chloroplast, and the substructure and function of the cell wall. The text then elaborates on basic metabolism. Enzymology, the path of carbon in respiratory metabolism, mono- and oligosaccharides, starch, insulin, and other reserve polysaccharides, and the biogenesis of the cell wall are discussed. The publication explains plant metabolism and control. Discussions focus on plant acids, alkaloid biogenesis, coumarins, phenylpropanes, and lignin, ethylene and polyacetylenes, steroids, and seed development and germination. The book is a valuable source of information for students or professional workers in the plant sciences.

Integrative Plant Biochemistry

Integrative Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : John Romeo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09-26
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 0080464807
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Summary : The publication of this volume marks the 40th anniversary of the Recent Advances in Phytochemistry series which has essentially documented a history of the origins of Phytochemistry. The 45th annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America (PSNA) was held July 13-August 3, 2005 in La Jolla, California, USA. The meeting was hosted by the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. The theme of the meeting was – Integrative Plant Biochemistry as we Approach 2010. The focus was "to celebrate the past accomplishments of the PSNA and its focus, the growing importance of phytochemistry and plant biochemistry to the public, and to set a course for the future, by linking the past with the present and attracting a wider breath of scientists and disciplines to the society." Integrative Plant Biochemistry summarizes a number of important methodological approaches and innovative techniques that were discussed at the meeting: Biosynthesis and Regulation of Signaling Molecules Conservation and Divergence in Enzyme Function Translational Opportunities in Plant Biochemistry Temporal and Spatial Regulation of Metabolism Lipids, Fatty Acids and Related Molecules Metabolic Networks Each chapter in this volume concludes with a short summary and addresses the expected future directions of the work. The series marks the transition and progression of the dramatic integration of classical phytochemistry into molecular plant biology. Explores the growing importance of phytochemistry and biochemistry Discusses important methodological approaches and innovative techniques Representation from a unique interdisciplinary forum of scientists at the 45th Annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America

Methods in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Methods in Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Author : William V. Dashek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-03-13
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0849394805
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Summary : Modern plant science research currently integrates biochemistry and molecular biology. This book highlights recent trends in plant biotechnology and molecular genetics, serving as a working manual for scientists in academic, industrial, and federal laboratories. A wide variety of authors have contributed to this book, reflecting the thinking and expertise of active investigators who generate advances in technology. The authors were selected especially for their ability to create and/or implement novel research methods.

Plant Amino Acids

Plant Amino Acids
  • Author : Bijay K. Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-27
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 0824702042
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Summary : Covers the basic knowledge of the regulation of biosynthesis of various amino acids in plants and the application of this knowledge to the discovery of novel inhibitors of amino acid biosynthesis and for enhancing the nutritional value of plant products. Provides an exhaustive list of pathway inhibitors.

Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Author : Hans-Walter Heldt,Professor Institute of Plant Biochemistry Hans-Walter Heldt,Fiona Heldt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047061216
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Summary : This textbook explains the basic principles and major themes in plant biochemistry and molecular biology to students. It provides not only a thorough grounding in the subject to an advanced level, but also describes its many practical applications, for example the use of genetic engineering to improve crop plants and to provide raw materials for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. The latest research findings have been included wherever possible, and areas of future research are identified. There are full references to the scientific literature.

Plant Specialized Metabolism

Plant Specialized Metabolism
  • Author : Gen-ichiro Arimura,Massimo Maffei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781315353371
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Summary : Recent advances in science have clarified the role of plant specialized metabolites (classically known as plant secondary metabolites), which cannot be considered only bioactive molecules used for human health but also pivotal factors for the global ecosystem. They play major roles in plant life, evolution, and mutualism. To provide the reader a general view of plant specialized metabolites, it is important to consider both the biochemistry and the functional/ecological role of these important compounds. Around 200,000 specialized metabolites are formed by a wide array of plant metabolic pathways from numerous plant taxa and through learning how other species (including human beings) rely on them. Plant Specialized Metabolism: Genomics, Biochemistry, and Biological Functions will provide the reader with special insights into the sophisticated nature of these metabolites and their various and valuable uses based on the most recent findings in science. The field of plant specialized metabolism has witnessed tremendous growth in the past decade. This growth has had a profound impact on multiple disciplines in life science, including biochemistry, metabolism, enzymology, natural product chemistry, medicinal chemistry, chemical ecology, and evolution. It also has yielded valuable knowledge and technology readily applicable in various industries, such as agriculture, horticulture, energy, renewable chemicals, and pharmaceuticals. The book focuses on the molecular background of secondary metabolite biosynthesis, their functional role, and potential applications.

Principles of Plant Biochemistry

Principles of Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Vat︠s︡lav Leonovich Kretovich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1966
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : UOM:39015078153213
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Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Biju Dharmapalan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1783322179
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Summary : Opens with an introductory chapter on metabolism and how the metabolic processes are compartmentalized to generate diverse metabolites in plants and discusses bioenergetics followed by introduction to plant cell structure and major bimoleculars, highlighting major primary metabolic processes like photosynthesis, respiration, carbohydrate, nitrogen, lipid and nucleic acid metabolism with reference to higher plants. This is followed by secondary metabolites and the transporters involved in their transport. Details of economic importance of secondary metabolites like Alkaloids, Phenolics, Terpeniods, Cyanogenic glucosides, and non-protein amino acids and their biosynthesis are also discussed. The chapter on in vitro production of secondary metabolites introduces various in vitro methods like suspension culture, hairy root culture, biotransformation and use of bioreactor for large scale manufacture of metabolites. Plant Growth Regulators that provide and overview of various compounds involved in the growth and development of plants are also discussed. Finally techniques routinely used in the phytochemical studies make the book an ideal text not only for graduates but also for researchers interested in understanding the basics of plant metabolism. This book is written primarily for the undergraduate and graduate level students who wish to gain insight into the plant metabolic process -- Back cover.

Herbicide Resistance in Plants

Herbicide Resistance in Plants
  • Author : Stephen B. Powles
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-01
  • Total pages :365
  • ISBN : 9781351081634
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Summary : The late 1980s saw an explosion in the amount and diversity of herbicide resistance, posing a threat to crop production in many countries. The rapid escalation in herbicide resistance worldwide and in the understanding of resistance at the population, biochemical, and molecular level is the focus of this timely book. Leading researchers from North America, Australia, and Western Europe present lucid reviews that consider the population dynamics and genetics, biochemistry, and agro-ecology of resistance. Resistance to various herbicides is discussed in detail, as well as the mechanisms responsible for cross resistance and multiple resistance. This reference is invaluable to those interested in evolution and the ability of species to overcome severe environmental stress.

Physiology and Biochemistry of Plant Cell Walls

Physiology and Biochemistry of Plant Cell Walls
  • Author : Christopher T. Brett,Keith W. Waldron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-07-31
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 0412580608
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Summary : The plant cell wall plays a vital role in almost every aspect of plant physiology. New techniques in spectroscopy, biophysics and molecular biology have revealed the extraordinary complexity of its molecular architecture and just how important this structure is in the control of plant growth and development. The Second Edition of this accessible and integrated textbook has been revised and updated throughout. As well as focusing on the structure and function of plant cell walls the book also looks at the applications of this research. It discusses how plant cell walls can be exploited by the biotechnology industry and some of the main challenges for future research. Key topics include: architecture and skeletal functions of the wall; cell-wall formation; control of cell growth; role in intracellular transport; interactions with other organisms; cell-wall degradation; biotechnological applications of cell-walls; role in diet and health. This textbook provides a clear, well illustrated introduction to the physiology and biochemistry of plant cell walls which will be invaluable to upper level undergraduate and post graduate students of plant physiology, plant pathology, plant biotechnology and biochemistry.

Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry

Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry
  • Author : J. A. Bryant,Michael M. Burrell,Nicholas J. Kruger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 1859961126
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Summary : This book serves the urgent need to review the exciting developments and increasing research interest in this area, placing these within the context of our broader understanding of carbohydrate metabolism in higher plants. Plant Carbohydrate Biochemistry provides an integrated collection of definitive assessments, and synthesizes the disparate information appearing in primary research publications. The contributors to the book are established plant biochemists and physiologists chosen as much for their lucid exposition as for their scientific eminence.

The Biochemistry of Plants

The Biochemistry of Plants
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :529
  • ISBN : 9780080926155
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Summary : The Biochemistry of Plants, Volume 14: Carbohydrates provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of plant biochemistry. This book deals with the function and structure of the plant cell wall by describing the physical and chemical properties of cell wall components. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of hexose phosphate metabolism in nonphotosynthetic tissues. This text then examines the findings in fructan structures, conformations, and linkages, the enzymes involved in fructan synthesis and degradation, and their cellular regulation, location, and metabolic role in plants. Other chapters consider the methods employing enzymes to determine starch structure. This book discusses as well the different biosynthetic modes of plant cell walls. The final chapter deals with the various environmental factors that influence expression of the ?-amylase gene, suggesting how molecular biology may help in understanding carbohydrate biochemistry and the enzymes involved in carbohydrate synthesis and metabolism. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists.

Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism
  • Author : Michael Wink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-09-21
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 0849340853
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Summary : The secondary metabolites of plants were once considered to be waste products - today, their true value is understood. New methods of separation and structural elucidation, and advances in the investigation of biochemical activities, have increased our understanding of secondary metabolites. Their function as a defense mechanisms offers a great potential for technological gain. Secondary metabolites can be utilized in agriculture to breed stronger crops and in the manufacture of biorational pesticides. They can also be exploited by medicine as theraputic agents. And these are just two of the likely uses. This landmark volume presents articles by an impressive team of experts from leading laboratories. Each chapter considers a current understanding of secondary metabolites in nature and the potential exploitation of those qualities by the biotechnology industry.

Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : Florence Gleason,Raymond Chollet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-15
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9780763764012
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Summary : Written for the upper-level undergraduate and graduate course, Plant Biochemistry provides a comprehensive, student-friendly introduction to this interesting area of study. It opens with a review of basic concepts in cell and molecular biology as well as basic chemistry, and moves on to discuss the analysis of photosynthesis and carbon metabolism in plants. An introduction to carbohydrates is followed by a discussion of primary cell wall structure and synthesis. To ensure full student comprehension and retention it takes care to introduce basic metabolic pathways for synthesis of lipids, steroids, and aromatic amino acids before discussing natural products such as lignin, flavonoids, and alkaloids. Student and instructor materials are available to enhance the course.

Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry

Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry
  • Author : J. B. Harborne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-28
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780080918594
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Summary : Ecological biochemistry concerns the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores. The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action. The ability to isolate trace amounts of a substance from plant tissues has led to a wealth of new research, and the fourth edition of this well-known text has consequently been extensively revised. New sections have been provided on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predator-attracting volatiles from plants. New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory. Advanced level students and research workers aloke will find much of value in this comprehensive text, written by an acknowledged expert on this fascinating subject. The book covers the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action New sections have been added on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predators attracting volatiles from plants New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory

Plant Biochemistry

Plant Biochemistry
  • Author : P. M. Dey,J. B. Harborne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-02-03
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 0080525725
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Summary : Plant Biochemistry provides students and researchers in plant sciences with a concise general account of plant biochemistry. The edited format allows recognized experts in plant biochemistry to contribute chapters on their special topics. Up-to-date surveys are divided into four sections: the cell, primary metabolism, special metabolism, and the plant and the environment. There is a strong emphasis on plant metabolism as well as enzymological, methodological, molecular, biological, functional, and regulatory aspects of plant biochemistry. Illustrations of metabolic pathways are used extensively, and further reading lists are also included. The coverage of the subject is divided into four sections The plant cell-describing both molecular components and function Primary metabolism-including the pathways of carbohydrate, lipid, nitrogen, nucleic acid and protein metabolism as well as gene regulation Special metabolism-chapters on phenolics, isoprenoids and secondary nitrogen compounds The plant and the environment-discussions of pathology, ecology and biotechnology at the molecular level

Plant Phenolics and Human Health

Plant Phenolics and Human Health
  • Author : IUBMB
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-22
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780470531785
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Summary : A collection of current knowledge of phytochemicals and health Interest in phenolic phytochemicals has increased as scientific studies indicate these compounds exhibit potential health benefits. With contributions from world leaders in this research area, Plant Phenolics and Human Health: Biochemistry, Nutrition, and Pharmacology offers an essential survey of the current knowledge on the capacity of specific micronutrients present in ordinary diets to fight disease. The coverage in this resource: Explains the presence and biochemical properties of phenolics present in fruits and vegetables, as well as in foods derived from their plant sources Provides biochemical explanations on how certain plant phenolics fight cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and other widespread pathologies Focuses on certain phenolics, e.g., flavonoids, stilbenes, and curcuminoids, and provides insights on the biochemical bases used to define their significance in the diet as well as their recommended consumption requirements and toxicity Appropriate for graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in human and animal nutrition, basic nutritional biology, physiology, pharmacology, and other health-related disciplines, Plant Phenolics and Human Health: Biochemistry, Nutrition, and Pharmacology serves as both an invaluable supplementary classroom text and a self-teaching guide for professionals interested in defining the association between diet and health from classical, alternative, and complementary biomedical perspectives.

The Rhizosphere

The Rhizosphere
  • Author : Roberto Pinton,Zeno Varanini,Paolo Nannipieri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-11
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781420005585
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Summary : In the rhizosphere, exudates from plants and microorganisms as well as stable soil organic matter influence processes that can control plant growth, microbial infections, and nutrient uptake. As the chemistry and biochemistry of these substances becomes more and more clear, their study promises to shed light on the complex interactions between plan