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Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
  • Author : Edward Arnold Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :698
  • ISBN : 0120887789
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Summary : The media coverage of natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, ice storms, etc.) indicates the prevalence of natural disasters in most, if not all, ecosystems. In order for scientists to study, understand, and ultimately predict how these disturbances affect ecosystems, it is necessary for them to know more about the physical processes involved in these disturbances and to learn how to couple these processes to the ecological systems. Essential for all ecologists, forest researchers, and conservation biologists, this book includes chapters on the disturbance processes, how the disturbance causes necrosis or death to individuals, and their effects on population or community processes. In this book, physical scientists who study disturbances provide an introduction to the physical disturbance processes, while ecologists relate this information to the way the vegetation responds to the disturbances. This reference is also key for all researchers hydrology, geomorphology, and environmental management. * Includes coverage on six different disturbance processes: Wind, Gravity, Geomorphic, Hydrologic, Combustion, and Biotic * Provides a clear explanation of how some of the physical processes of disturbance affect plant ecological processes * Offers ecologists an up-to-date understanding of the physical processes and allows them to predict future affects of disturbances * Unites two related fields by linking the disturbance processes and ecological responses * Presents physical scientists with ideas of how they might usefully apply their knowledge to advance understanding of ecological systems

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
  • Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-21
  • Total pages :562
  • ISBN : 9780128188149
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Summary : Disturbance ecology continues to be an active area of research, having undergone advances in many areas in recent years. One emerging direction is the increased coupling of physical and ecological processes, in which disturbances are increasingly traced back to mechanisms that cause the disturbances themselves, such as earth surface processes, mesoscale, and larger meteorological processes, and the ecological effects of interest are increasingly physiological. Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition encourages movement away from the informal, conceptual approach traditionally used in defining natural disturbances and clearly presents how scientists can use a multitude of approaches in plant disturbance ecology. This edition includes nine revised chapters from the first edition, as well new, more comprehensive chapters on fire disturbance and beaver disturbance. Edited by leading experts in the field, Plant Disturbance Ecology, 2nd Edition is an essential resource for scientists interested in understanding plant disturbance and ecological processes. Advances understanding of natural disturbances by combining geophysical and ecological processes Provides a framework for collaboration between geophysical scientists and ecologists studying natural disturbances Includes fully updated research with 5 new chapters and revision of 11 chapters from the first edition

Plant Disturbance Ecology

Plant Disturbance Ecology
  • Author : Edward A. Johnson,Kiyoko Miyanishi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-20
  • Total pages :720
  • ISBN : 0080492959
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Summary : The media coverage of natural disasters (hurricanes, fires, floods, ice storms, etc.) indicates the prevalence of natural disasters in most, if not all, ecosystems. In order for scientists to study, understand, and ultimately predict how these disturbances affect ecosystems, it is necessary for them to know more about the physical processes involved in these disturbances and to learn how to couple these processes to the ecological systems. Essential for all ecologists, forest researchers, and conservation biologists, this book includes chapters on the disturbance processes, how the disturbance causes necrosis or death to individuals, and their effects on population or community processes. In Plant Disturbance Ecology, physical scientists who study disturbances provide an introduction to the physical disturbance processes, while ecologists relate this information to the way the vegetation responds to the disturbances. This reference is also key for all researchers hydrology, geomorphology, and environmental management. Includes coverage on six different disturbance processes: Wind, Gravity, Geomorphic, Hydrologic, Combustion, and Biotic Provides a clear explanation of how some of the physical processes of disturbance affect plant ecological processes Offers ecologists an up-to-date understanding of the physical processes and allows them to predict future affects of disturbances Unites two related fields by linking the disturbance processes and ecological responses Presents physical scientists with ideas of how they might usefully apply their knowledge to advance understanding of ecological systems

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics

The Ecology of Natural Disturbance and Patch Dynamics
  • Author : Steward T.A. Pickett,P. S. White
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 0125545215
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Summary : This monograph on ecological patch dynamics will prove useful to ecologists and upper level students with varied backgrounds. After an introduction, examples of patch dynamics are provided. The effects of large and small scale natural disturbances on ecosystems such as forest, prairie, marine and arid are described. Specific responses and adaptations of the organisms are outlined. Subsequent chapters deal with the environmental impact of natural disturbances on the organization and function of the affected ecosystems. Tables, graphs, and diagrams are located throughout the book.

Invasive Plant Ecology

Invasive Plant Ecology
  • Author : Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish,Ravinder Kumar Kohli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-09
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781439881262
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Summary : Invasion of non-native plant species, which has a significant impact on the earth’s ecosystems, has greatly increased in recent years due to expanding trade and transport among different countries. Understanding the ecological principles underlying the invasive process as well as the characteristics of the invasive plants is crucial for making good management decisions to address this problem. Invasive Plant Ecology includes chapters derived from presentations at conferences such as the World Congress of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO), as well as contributions from invited renowned authors. The chapters include both original research and syntheses of current knowledge on specific topics. Actions essential for coordinated approaches to curtail plant invasion include increasing awareness of the ecological impacts of alien plants and employing novel control strategies. This book provides a foundation in invasion ecology by examining ecological theories and case studies that explain plant invasions, their impacts, management strategies, and the ecological economics. The chapters describe ecological characteristics, mutualistic associations, microbial communities, and disturbance regimes that affect the spread of invasive plants. The book also covers spatial analysis and predictive modeling of invasive plants. The final chapters offer guidelines for ecological management and restoration of invaded areas and describe the economics of the invasive plant issue. This collection contains case studies from around the world, giving readers a real view of the extent of the invasive species issue along with real-world strategies. With its focus on the ecological aspects of plant invasion, this book provides an important reference for students, scientists, professionals, and policy makers who are involved in the study and management of alien invasive plants and ecosystems.

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology

An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology
  • Author : Corrado Battisti,Gianluca Poeta,Giuliano Fanelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-19
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9783319324760
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Summary : This book represents an introductory review of disturbance ecology and threat analysis, providing schematic concepts and approaches useful for work on sites that are affected by the impact of human actions. It is aimed at conservation and environmental practitioners, who will find tips for choosing methods and approaches when there are conflicts between the natural components and human activity. It is also addressed to students of applied ecology, ecosystem management, land-use planning and environmental impact assessment. It discusses a number of topics covered in the programs of many university courses related to basic ecology and ecology of disturbance, the latter constituting a field of great interest because of its implications and repercussions in applied territorial science. The book is divided into two parts: the first focuses on the theoretical and disciplinary framework of the ecology of disturbance, while the second is devoted to the analysis of anthropogenic threats. This, in particular, discusses the most recent approach, which uses a conventional nomenclature to allow a coarse-grained quantification and objective assessment of threat impact on different environmental components. Such an approach facilitates the comparison of hierarchically different events and, therefore, helps define the priorities for management and conservation strategies.

Disturbance and Ecosystems

Disturbance and Ecosystems
  • Author : H. A. Mooney,M. Godron
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9783642691379
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Summary : The earth's landscapes are being increasingly impacted by the activities of man. Unfortunately, we do not have a full understanding of the consequences of these disturbances on the earth's productive capacity. This problem was addressed by a group of French and U.S. ecologists who are specialists at levels of integration extending from genetics to the biosphere at a meeting at Stanford, California, sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. With a few important exceptions it was found at this meeting that most man-induced disturbances of ecosystems can be viewed as large scale patterns of disturbances that have occurred, generally on a small scale, in ecosystems through evolutionary time. Man has induced dramatic large-scale changes in the environment which must be viewed at the biosphere level. Acid deposition and CO increase are two 2 examples of the consequences of man's increased utilization of fossil fuels. It is a matter of considerable concern that we cannot yet fully predict the ecological consequences of these environmental changes. Such problems must be addressed at the international level, yet substantive mechanisms to do this are not available.

Vegetation Ecology

Vegetation Ecology
  • Author : Eddy van der Maarel,Janet Franklin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-24
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781118452486
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Summary : Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology"www.wiley.com/go/vandermaarelfranklin/vegetationecology/a. Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is a comprehensive,integrated account of plant communities and their environments.Written by leading experts in their field from four continents, thesecond edition of this book: covers the composition, structure, ecology, dynamics,diversity, biotic interactions and distribution of plantcommunities, with an emphasis on functional adaptations; reviews modern developments in vegetation ecology in ahistorical perspective; presents a coherent view on vegetation ecology whileintegrating population ecology, dispersal biology, soilbiology, ecosystem ecology and global change studies; tackles applied aspects of vegetation ecology, includingmanagement of communities and invasive species; includes new chapters addressing the classification and mappingof vegetation, and the significance of plant functional types Vegetation Ecology, 2nd Edition is aimed at advancedundergraduates, graduates and researchers and teachers in plantecology, geography, forestry and nature conservation. VegetationEcology takes an integrated, multidisciplinary approach and will bewelcomed as an essential reference for plant ecologists the worldover.

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity

Disturbance Ecology and Biological Diversity
  • Author : Erik A. Beever,Inger Suzanne Prange,Dominick A. DellaSala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780429530494
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Summary : This book presents cascading effects of ecological disturbances on a multitude of ecosystem components. It includes agricultural development, large infrequent disturbances, forest harvesting, non-native grazing in deserts, ground transportation, powerline corridors, fires, urban ecology, disturbance in aquatic ecosystems, land-use dynamics on diversity, habitat fragmentation, sedimentation of wetlands, and contemporary climate change. The book facilitates users in understanding why disturbances are occurring while recommending mitigation and remediation strategies.

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World

Comparative Plant Succession Among Terrestrial Biomes of the World
  • Author : Karel Prach,Lawrence R. Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-31
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9781108472760
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Summary : Provides a comparative approach to plant succession among all terrestrial biomes and disturbances, helping to reveal generalizable patterns.

Herbaceous Plant Ecology

Herbaceous Plant Ecology
  • Author : Arnold van der Valk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-03
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 9789048127986
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Summary : recruitment of adult plants in entire communities, and all of them focus on changes in total densities of A central issue of plant ecology is the understanding individuals and do not refer to changes in community of the relative role of different life history stages in structure (Moles and Drake 1999; Rebollo et al. successful plant recruitment. The consecutive stages 2001; Goldberg et al. 2001). This ?eld of research of seed, seedling, and adult are related to each other has hardly been explored empirically, and we think it in a complex way that largely depends on species and may reveal interesting mechanisms for the regulation the in?uence of physical and biological factors of individual density and species diversity in plant (Goldberg et al. 2001), for example, irrigation and communities. At the functional group level (which grazing. As a result of relationships between these sorts species according to common features), we stages, the consequences of an ecological factor expect differences depending on growth form depend on the way that its effects propagate onto the (grasses versus forbs) and depending on seed mass following stage of the recruitment process. As far as (differences between small-seeded, medium-seeded, we know, there are no published studies that have and large-seeded species). Some authors (Goldberg addressed this subject. et al. 2001; Rebollo et al. 2001) studying annual In this article, we characterize the relationships plant communities have found greater seedling between the three plant developmental stages.

Wetland Plants

Wetland Plants
  • Author : Julie K. Cronk,M. Siobhan Fennessy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9781420032925
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Summary : A detailed account of the biology and ecology of vascular wetland plants and their applications in wetland plant science, Wetland Plants: Biology and Ecology presents a synthesis of wetland plant studies and reviews from biology, physiology, evolution, genetics, community and population ecology, environmental science, and engineering. It provides a thorough discussion of the range of wetland plants adaptations to conditions such as life in water or saturated soils, high salt or high sulfur, as well as low light and low carbon dioxide levels. The authors include the latest research on the development of plant communities in newly restored or created wetlands and on the use of wetland plants as indicators of ecological integrity and of wetland boundaries. Over 140 figures, including over 70 original photographs, allow you to visualize the concepts, 40 tables give you easy access to definitions and data, and international examples provide you with a broad base of information. The growing consensus in wetlands literature and research suggests that methods are needed to assess the ecological health or integrity of wetlands, to set goals for wetland restoration, and to track the status and trends of wetlands. Wetland plants are emerging as important indicators, and becoming an important part of this research. Wetland Plants: Biology and Ecology contains up-to-date information on this increasingly important area in wetlands technology.

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground

Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground
  • Author : L.R. Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-12-17
  • Total pages :868
  • ISBN : 0080550843
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Summary : As the human population inexorably grows, its cumulative impact on the Earth's resources is hard to ignore. The ability of the Earth to support more humans is dependent on the ability of humans to manage natural resources wisely. Because disturbance alters resource levels, effective management requires understanding of the ecology of disturbance. This book is the first to take a global approach to the description of both natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes that physically impact the ground. Natural disturbances such as erosion, volcanoes, wind, herbivory, flooding and drought plus anthropogenic disturbances such as foresty, grazing, mining, urbanization and military actions are considered. Both disturbance impacts and the biotic recovery are addressed as well as the interactions of different types of disturbance. Other chapters cover processes that are important to the understanding of disturbance of all types including soil processes, nutrient cycles, primary productivity, succession, animal behaviour and competition. Humans react to disturbances by avoiding, exacerbating, or restoring them or by passing environmental legislation. All of these issues are covered in this book. Managers need better predictive models and robust data-collections that help determine both site-specfic and generalized responses to disturbance. Multiple disturbances have a complex effect on both physical and biotic processes as they interact. This book provides a wealth of detail about the process of disturbance and recovery as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge about disturbance theory, with extensive documentation.

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America

Coastal Plant Communities of Latin America
  • Author : Ulrich Seeliger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780080925677
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Summary : Published ecological information on Latin American coasts is scarce, despite the growing need for a comprehensive examination of coastal processes on a global scale. This book brings together details on benthic marine algae, seagrasses, salt marsh, mangrove, and dune plant communities throughout Latin America. Researchers and graduate students in plant ecology, marine biology, and environmental management will benefit from the valuable information in this book. Distribution and community ecology Modern research approaches Coastal management possibilities

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology
  • Author : Zubaida Yousaf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-06
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9789535133391
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Summary : This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.

Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties

Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties
  • Author : J. Philip Grime
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-11
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 047085040X
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Summary : Plant Strategies, Vegetation Processes, and Ecosystem Properties, Second Edition, is a thoroughly updated and comprehensive new edition of the very successful Plant Strategies and Vegetative Processes, which controversially proposed the existence of widely-recurring plant functional types with predictable relationships to vegetation structure and dynamics. This second edition uses evidence from many parts of the world to re-examine these concepts in the light of the enormous expansion in the literature. Features include: * A new section covering all aspects of ecosystem properties * New chapters on Assembling of Communities Rarification and Extinction Colonisation and Invasion * Principles and methodologies of a range of international tests including case study examples * Chapter summaries for a quick reference guide * Index of species names Written in a very readable style, this book is an invaluable reference source for researchers in the areas of plant, animal, and community ecology, conservation and land management. 'Written by one of the foremost authorities in the field, summarising over 35 years of research. A book all plant ecologists will want to read.' - Jonathan Silvertown, Department of Biological Sciences, The Open University, UK. 'The coverage is outstanding and comprehensive.' - Simon A. Levin, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, USA

A New Ecology

A New Ecology
  • Author : Soeren Nors Nielsen,Brian D. Fath,Simone Bastianoni,Joao C. Marques,Felix Muller,Bernard D. Patten,Robert E. Ulanowicz,Sven Erik Jørgensen,Enzo Tiezzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-30
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9780444637642
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Summary : A New Ecology: Systems Perspective, Second Edition, gives an overview of the commonalities of all ecosystems from a variety of properties, including physical openness, ontic openness, directionality, connectivity, a complex dynamic for growth and development, and a complex dynamic response to disturbances. Each chapter details basic and characteristic properties that help the reader understand how they can be applied to explain a wide spectrum of current ecological research and environmental management applications. Contains revised, updated or redeveloped chapters that include the most current research and technology Reviews universal traits of ecosystems from multiple perspectives, giving the reader a complete overview of the systems perspective of ecology Offers broad examples of ecology as a systems science, from the history of science, to philosophy and the arts Brings together the systems perspective in a framework of four columns for greater understanding, including thermodynamics, network theory, hierarchy theory and biochemistry Contains new chapter on the application of the theory to environmental management

Fire Ecology of Florida and the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Fire Ecology of Florida and the Southeastern Coastal Plain
  • Author : Reed F. Noss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 0813056713
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Summary : This book is the first to apply the new discipline of evolutionary fire ecology to a particular region: Florida and the southeastern coastal plain.

Plant Diversity and Ecology in the Chihuahuan Desert

Plant Diversity and Ecology in the Chihuahuan Desert
  • Author : Maria C. Mandujano,Irene Pisanty,Luis E. Eguiarte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-18
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 9783030449636
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Summary : Environmental and specific diversity in the Chihuahuan desert in general, and in the Cuatro Ciénegas Basin in particular, has long been recognized as outstanding. This book provides a global ecological overview, together with in-depth studies of specific processes. The Chihuahuan desert is the warmest in North America, and has a complex geologic, climatic and biogeographical history, which affects today’s distribution of vegetation and plants and generates complex phylogeographic patterns. The high number of endemic species reflects this complex set of traits. The modern distribution of environments, including aquatic and subaquatic systems, riparian environments, gypsum dunes and gypsum-rich soils, low levels of phosphorous and organic matter, and high salinity combined with an extreme climate call for a range of adaptations. Plants are distributed in a patchy pattern based on punctual variations, and many of them respond to different resources and conditions with considerable morphological plasticity. In terms of physiological, morphological and ecological variability, cacti were identified as the most important group in specific environments like bajadas, characterized by high diversity values, while gypsophytes and gypsovagues of different phylogenies, including species with restricted distribution and endemics.

Forest Ecology

Forest Ecology
  • Author : Arnold van der Valk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-02
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : 9789048127955
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Summary : This volume provides an overview of recent advances in forest ecology on a variety of topics, including species diversity and the factors that control species diversity, environmental factors controlling distribution of forests, impacts of disturbances on forests (fires, drought, hurricane), reproduction ecology of both trees and understory species, and spatial organization of forests. Previously published in Plant Ecology, Volume 201, No.1, 2009.

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology
  • Author : Paul A. Keddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-30
  • Total pages :610
  • ISBN : 9781107114234
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Summary : This book presents a global and interdisciplinary approach to plant ecology, guiding students through essential concepts with real-world examples.