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Plastic Surface Modification

Plastic Surface Modification
  • Author : Rory A. Wolf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-07
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9781569905982
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Summary : Polymer surface modification has been studied extensively, but relatively little attention has been paid to surface activation technologies that, when appropriately utilized, make specific polymer-based surfaces receptive to value-adding interfaces such as inks, coatings, and adhesive formulations. The aim of this book is to describe the primary polymer adhesion issues faced by manufacturers, processors, and converters, to outline a variety of methods for attaining an appropriately activated surface, and to provide the diagnostics for various adhesion promotion issues, with troubleshooting guidelines. The second edition greatly expands the coverage of chemical plasma discharge, including technical updates and clarifications, and new developments concerning additional base materials.

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification
  • Author : Rory A. Wolf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-08
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781118547557
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Summary : This Book’s focus and intent is to impart an understanding of the practical application of atmospheric plasma for the advancement of a wide range of current and emerging technologies. The primary key feature of this book is the introduction of over thirteen years of practical experimental evidence of successful surface modifications by atmospheric plasma methods. It offers a handbook-based approach for leveraging and optimizing atmospheric plasma technologies which are currently in commercial use. It also offers a complete treatment of both basic plasma physics and industrial plasma processing with the intention of becoming a primary reference for students and professionals. The reader will learn the mechanisms which control and operate atmospheric plasma technologies and how these technologies can be leveraged to develop in-line continuous processing of a wide variety of substrates. Readers will gain an understanding of specific surface modification effects by atmospheric plasmas, and how to best characterize those modifications to optimize surface cleaning and functionalization for adhesion promotion. The book also features a series of chapters written to address practical surface modification effects of atmospheric plasmas within specific application markets, and a commercially-focused assessment of those effects.

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesion Bonding

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesion Bonding
  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad,Cyrus Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-12
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780815519195
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Summary : This is a unique compilation of surface preparation principles and techniques for plastics, thermosets, elastomers, and metals bonding. With emphasis on the practical, it draws together in a single source technical principles of surface science and surface treatments technologies of plastics, elastomers, and metals. It is both a reference and a guide for engineers, scientists, practitioners of surface treatment, researchers, students, and others involved in materials adhesion and processing. This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be a comprehensive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression. This book is intended to be a handbook for reference of surface treating processes. The more technical chapters can be bypassed to study the applied chapters. The text is accessible to readers with a college-level background in mathematics and chemistry, but an in-depth knowledge of adhesion technology is not required.

Metallized Plastics 5&6: Fundamental and Applied Aspects

Metallized Plastics 5&6: Fundamental and Applied Aspects
  • Author : Kash L. Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-22
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9781466562103
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Summary : This book chronicles the proceedings of the 5th and 6th symposia on Metallized Plastics: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, held in May 1996 and September 1997 respectively. This volume contains 29, carefully reviewed, revised and up-dated papers which were presented at both symposia. The book is divided in the following three parts: Metallization Te

Laser Surface Modification and Adhesion

Laser Surface Modification and Adhesion
  • Author : K. L. Mittal,Thomas Bahners
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-18
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118831649
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Summary : The book provides a unique overview on laser techniques and applications for the purpose of improving adhesion by altering surface chemistry and topography/morphology of the substrate. It details laser surface modification techniques for a wide range of industrially relevant materials (plastics, metals, ceramics, composites) with the aim to improve and enhance their adhesion to other materials. The joining of different materials is of critical importance in the fabrication of many and varied products.

Polymer Surface Modification

Polymer Surface Modification
  • Author : K. L. Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-28
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789004165908
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Summary : The topic of polymer surface modification is of tremendous contemporary interest because of its critical importance in many and varied technological applications where polymers are used. Currently there is brisk research activity in unraveling the mechanisms of surface modification and finding ways to prolong the life of surface treatment. Also there is acute interest and need to devise new, improved and economical means to modify polymer surfaces. This book is divided into three parts as follows: Part 1: Surface Modification Techniques; Part 2: Interfacial Aspects and Adhesion; Part 3: General Papers. The topics covered include: various techniques for surface modification including plasma (both vacuum and atmospheric pressure), ozone, photografting, UV photo-oxidation, laser, use of charged particles and others for a variety of polymers; longevity of surface treatment; hydrophobic recovery; fabrication of high-density polymer nano-dots; immobilization of organometallic catalysts on textile carrier materials; polymer membrane antifouling properties; electroless metallization of polymers; effects of surface modification on interfacial shear strength of composites, cord/rubber adhesion, adhesion of UV-curable coatings and attachment of hyperbranched polymers; plasma polymerization; block copolymers; application of plasma technology in decontamination of heat-sensitive polymer surfaces. In essence this book reflects the current state-of-the-knowledge in the arena and represents the work of many renowned scientists and technologists. It should be of interest to anyone with a desire or need to learn the latest R&D activity in this domain and the information contained here should be very valuable in deciding the optimum surface modification technique for his/her particular requirements.

Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation

Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation
  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-15
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 1437744621
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Summary : Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation provides a thoroughly practical survey of all aspects of adhesives technology from selection and surface preparation to industrial applications and health and environmental factors. The resulting handbook is a hard‐working reference for a wide range of engineers and technicians working in the adhesives industry and a variety of industry sectors that make considerable use of adhesives. Particular attention is given to adhesives applications in the automotive, aerospace, medical, dental and electronics sectors. A handbook that truly focuses on the applied aspects of adhesives selection and applications: this is a book that won't gather dust on the shelf Provides practical techniques for rendering materials surfaces adherable Sector‐based studies explore the specific issues for automotive and aerospace, medical, dental and electronics

Modification of Polymer Properties

Modification of Polymer Properties
  • Author : Carlos Federico Jasso-Gastinel,José M. Kenny
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-14
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9780323443982
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Summary : Modification of Polymer Properties provides, for the first time, in one title, the latest information on gradient IPNs and gradient copolymers. The book covers the broad range of polymer modification routes in a fresh, current view representing a timely addition to the technical literature of this important area. Historically, blends, copolymers, or filled polymers have been developed to meet specific properties, or to optimize the cost/properties relationship. Using the gradient structure approach with conventional radical polymerization, it has been shown that it is possible to optimize properties if appropriate gradients in the composition of copolymer chains are obtained. An overview of the gradient structure approach for designing polymers has not appeared in the recent literature and this title covers the different methods used to modify properties, offering the whole range of ways to modify polymers in just one volume and making this an attractive option for a wide audience of practitioners. The approach for each chapter is to explain the fundamental principles of preparation, cover properties modification, describe future research and applications as examples of materials that may be prepared for specific applications, or that are already in use, in present day applications. The book is for readers that have a basic background in polymer science, as well as those interested in the different ways to combine or modify polymer properties. Provides an integrated view on how to modify polymer properties Presents the entire panorama of polymer properties modification in one reference, covering the essential information in each topic Includes the optimization of properties using gradients in polymers composition or structure

Surface Modification by Solid State Processing

Surface Modification by Solid State Processing
  • Author : Rosa M. Miranda,Joao Pedro Gandra,Pedro Vilaca,Luisa Quintino,Telmo G. Santos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-31
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9780857094698
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Summary : Surface Modification by Solid State Processing describes friction-based surfacing techniques for surface modification to improve resistance to corrosion and wear, also changing surface chemistry. Surface conditions are increasingly demanding in industrial applications and surface modification can reduce manufacturing and maintenance costs, leading to improved component performance, reliability and lifetime. Friction-based technologies are promising solid state processing technologies, particularly for light alloys, in the manufacturing of composite surface and functionally graded materials This title is divided into five chapters, and after an introduction the book covers friction surfacing; friction stir processing; surface reinforcements of light alloys; and characterization techniques based on eddy currents. Describes friction-based surfacing techniques for surface modification to improve resistance to corrosion and wear, and change surface chemistry Emphasizes industrial applications Describes existing and emerging techniques

Biodegradation

Biodegradation
  • Author : Rolando Chamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-14
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9789535111542
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Summary : This book contains a collection of different biodegradation research activities where biological processes take place. The book has two main sections: A) Polymers and Surfactants Biodegradation and B) Biodegradation: Microbial Behaviour.

Wetting and Wettability

Wetting and Wettability
  • Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-16
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9789535122159
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Summary : On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.

Polypropylene

Polypropylene
  • Author : J. Karger-Kocsis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :966
  • ISBN : 9789401144216
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Summary : My heart sank when I was approached by Dr Hastings and by Professor Briggs (Senior Editor of Materials Science and Technology and Series Editor of Polymer Science and Technology Series at Chapman & Hall, respectively) to edit a book with the provisional title Handbook of Poly propylene. My reluctance was due to the fact that my former book [1] along with that of Moore [2], issued in the meantime, seemed to cover the information demand on polypropylene and related systems. Encour aged, however, by some colleagues (the new generation of scientists and engineers needs a good reference book with easy information retrieval, and the development with metallocene catalysts deserves a new update!), I started on this venture. Having some experience with polypropylene systems and being aware of the current literature, it was easy to settle the titles for the book chapters and also to select and approach the most suitable potential contributors. Fortunately, many of my first-choice authors accepted the invitation to contribute. Like all editors of multi-author volumes, I recognize that obtaining contributors follows an S-type curve of asymptotic saturation when the number of willing contributors is plotted as a function of time. The saturation point is, however, never reached and as a consequence, Dear Reader, you will also find some topics of some relevance which are not explicitly treated in this book (but, believe me, I have considered them).

Surface Modification Technologies XV

Surface Modification Technologies XV
  • Author : ASM International
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0871707608
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Summary : Surface Modification Technologies XV presents the reviewed and edited proceedings of the SMT conference held in November 2001 in Indianapolis, USA. The proceedings describe state-of-the-art surface engineering work in thermal spray, wear-resistant coatings, surface characterization, scanning probe techniques, surface treatment for corrosion and joining, and cadmium and chromium replacement. Contents include: thermally sprayed materials; wear resistant coatings; characterization of industrial surfaces with scanning probe-based techniques; surface treatments for corrosion and joining; processing.

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesive Bonding

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesive Bonding
  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad,Cyrus Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780323265041
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Summary : Aimed at engineers and materials scientists in a wide range of sectors, this book is a unique source of surface preparation principles and techniques for plastics, thermosets, elastomers, ceramics and metals bonding. With emphasis on the practical, it draws together the technical principles of surface science and surface treatments technologies to enable practitioners to improve existing surface preparation processes to improve adhesion and, as a result, enhance product life. This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be an exhaustive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression. The book provides a necessary grounding in the science and practice of adhesion, without which adequate surface preparation is impossible. Surface characterization techniques are included, as is an up-to-date assessment of existing surface treatment technologies such as Atmospheric Plasma, Degreasing, Grit blasting, laser ablation and more. Fundamental material considerations are prioritised over specific applications, making this book relevant to all industries using adhesives, such as medical, automotive, aerospace, packaging and electronics. This second edition represents a full and detailed update, with all major developments in the field included and three chapters added to cover ceramic surface treatment, plasma treatment of non-metallic materials, and the effect of additives on surface properties of plastics. A vital resource for improving existing surface treatment processes to increase product life by creating stronger, more durable adhesive bonds Relevant across a variety of industries, including medical, automotive and packaging Provides essential grounding in the science of surface adhesion, and details how this links with the practice of surface treatment

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesion Bonding

Surface Treatment of Materials for Adhesion Bonding
  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad,Cyrus Ebnesajjad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-12
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780815519195
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Summary : This is a unique compilation of surface preparation principles and techniques for plastics, thermosets, elastomers, and metals bonding. With emphasis on the practical, it draws together in a single source technical principles of surface science and surface treatments technologies of plastics, elastomers, and metals. It is both a reference and a guide for engineers, scientists, practitioners of surface treatment, researchers, students, and others involved in materials adhesion and processing. This book describes and illustrates the surface preparations and operations that must be applied to a surface before acceptable adhesive bonding is achieved. It is meant to be a comprehensive overview, including more detailed explanation where necessary, in a continuous and logical progression. This book is intended to be a handbook for reference of surface treating processes. The more technical chapters can be bypassed to study the applied chapters. The text is accessible to readers with a college-level background in mathematics and chemistry, but an in-depth knowledge of adhesion technology is not required.

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-15
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780323390415
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Summary : Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics

Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion

Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion
  • Author : Kash L. Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-29
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9789067644365
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Summary : This volume chronicles the proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Contact Angle, Wettability and Adhesion held in Philadelphia, PA, June 2004. The world of wettability is very wide and it plays a crucial role in many and varied technological areas ranging from microfluidics to biomedical to agriculture to welding. This volume contains a total of 31 papers covering many ramifications of contact angle, wettability and adhesion. All manuscripts were rigorously peer-reviewed and revised, and properly edited before inclusion in this book. The topics covered include: fundamental aspects of contact line region; evaporative behavior of sessile drops; various factors influencing contact angle measurements; different kinds of contact angles; various ways to measure contact angles; contact angle hysteresis; contact angle measurements on various materials (smooth, rough, porous, heterogeneous); effect of electric field on contact angle (electrowetting); wetting and spreading on heterogeneous surfaces; factors influencing wetting/spreading phenomena; determination of solid surface free energy via contact angle measurements; application of AFM in determining solid surface tension at the nano-scale; ultralyophobic surfaces; surface modification and wettability; multiphase flow dynamics in porous media; thin film coatings for textile materials; bio-fouling resistant coatings; relationships between wetting and adhesion; and relevance/importance of wetting and surface energetics in technological applications, including cleaning of flooring materials, kinetics of oil removal from coating materials, cell adhesion, and mold compound- metal adhesion in semiconductor packaging.

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials
  • Author : Miran Mozetič
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-16
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783038977964
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Summary : This book contains selected contributions on surface modification to improve the properties of solid materials. The surface properties are tailored either by functionalization, etching, or deposition of a thin coating. Functionalization is achieved by a brief treatment with non-equilibrium gaseous plasma containing suitable radicals that interact chemically with the material surface and thus enable the formation of rather stable functional groups. Etching is performed in order to modify the surface morphology. The etching parameters are selected in such a way that a rich morphology of the surfaces is achieved spontaneously on the sub-micrometer scale, without using masks. The combination of adequate surface morphology and functionalization of materials leads to superior surface properties which are particularly beneficial for the desired response upon incubation with biological matter. Alternatively, the materials are coated with a suitable thin film that is useful in various applications from food to aerospace industries.

Surface Modification of Polymers

Surface Modification of Polymers
  • Author : Jean Pinson,Damien Thiry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-04
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9783527819232
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Summary : A guide to modifying and functionalizing the surfaces of polymers Surface Modification of Polymers is an essential guide to the myriad methods that can be employed to modify and functionalize the surfaces of polymers. The functionalization of polymer surfaces is often required for applications in sensors, membranes, medicinal devices, and others. The contributors?noted experts on the topic?describe the polymer surface in detail and discuss the internal and external factors that influence surface properties. This comprehensive guide to the most important methods for the introduction of new functionalities is an authoritative resource for everyone working in the field. This book explores many applications, including the plasma polymerization technique, organic surface functionalization by initiated chemical vapor deposition, photoinduced functionalization on polymer surfaces, functionalization of polymers by hydrolysis, aminolysis, reduction, oxidation, surface modification of nanoparticles, and many more. Inside, readers will find information on various applications in the biomedical field, food science, and membrane science. This important book: -Offers a range of polymer functionalization methods for biomedical applications, water filtration membranes, and food science -Contains discussions of the key surface modification methods, including plasma and chemical techniques, as well as applications for nanotechnology, environmental filtration, food science, and biomedicine -Includes contributions from a team of international renowned experts Written for polymer chemists, materials scientists, plasma physicists, analytical chemists, surface physicists, and surface chemists, Surface Modification of Polymers offers a comprehensive and application-oriented review of the important functionalization methods with a special focus on biomedical applications, membrane science, and food science.

Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics

Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics
  • Author : Vikas Mittal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-25
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781782423218
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Summary : Manufacturing of Nanocomposites with Engineering Plastics collates recent research findings on the manufacturing, properties, and applications of nanocomposites with engineering plastics in one comprehensive volume. The book specifically examines topics of engineering plastics, rheology, thermo-mechanical properties, wear, flame retardancy, modeling, filler surface modification, and more. It represents a ready reference for managers and scholars working in the areas of polymer and nanocomposite materials science, both in industry and academia, and provides introductory information for people new to the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the most recent research findings A single one-stop ready reference that assimilates knowledge on the development of nanocomposites with engineering plastics Contributions from leading experts in the field Provides examples of applications that will help with material selection Chapters are designed to provide not only introductory information, but also to lead the reader to more advanced characterization tools

Surface Treatment V

Surface Treatment V
  • Author : C. A. Brebbia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 1853128732
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Summary : This book contains edited versions of most of the papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Computer Methods and Experimental Measurements for Surface Treatment Effects. The aim of these meetings is to encourage international co-operation amongst scientists, technologists and engineers and to assist in a better understanding of areas such as fatigue fracture and wear resistance. Throughout the volume particular emphasis is given to the application of advanced theories and experimental techniques. The contributions come from internationally acknowledged researchers working in this multidisciplinary field and are divided under the following headings. Changing Material Properties; Corrosion; Damage, Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics; Laser Surface Treatment; Residual Stress Effect; Shot Peening; Surface Coating; and Thermal Processes.