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Plastics Failure

Plastics Failure
  • Author : Myer Ezrin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-01
  • Total pages :868
  • ISBN : 9783446428829
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Summary : Plastics failure, to a certain extent, is the result of a phenomenal increase in the number and variety of applications in relatively few years. The focus of this book is on actual field and product failures. The treatment is comprehensive, emphasizing cause and prevention. The concept of the interdependence of material, design, and processing is applied to all examples and cases. The "how to" of prevention is brought out as a logical extension of the cause of failure. Contents: Nature, Causes, and Consequences of Plastics Failure. Fundamental Materials Variables Affecting Processing and Product Performance or Failure. Failures Related to Design and Material Selection. Examples. Processing-Related Factors to Failure. Failure Related to Service Conditions. Failure Analysis and Test Procedures. Quality Control. Legal Aspects of Plastic Product Liability and Failure. Examples of Failures in Various Applications

Plastics Failure Guide

Plastics Failure Guide
  • Author : Myer Ezrin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :473
  • ISBN : 1569901848
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Summary : Plastics failure, to a certain extent, is the result of a phenomenal increase in the number and variety of applications in relatively few years. The focus of this book is on actual field and product failures. The treatment is comprehensive, emphasizing cause and prevention. The concept of the interdependence of material, design, and processing is applied to all examples and cases. The "how to" of prevention is brought out as a logical extension of the cause of failure.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention
  • Author : John Moalli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-12-31
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9780815518655
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Summary : This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Handbook of Plastics Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Failure Analysis
  • Author : Friedrich Kurr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-15
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : 1569905193
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Summary : With 588 full-color images and associated analyses for identification and avoidance of damage to plastics, this manual is aimed at both professionals and students. Technical terms and colloquial descriptions are explained and interconnected with the images and each other, assisting the reader in determining and describing the exact type of damage of a given sample. The images--from microscopic quality and damage analysis of molding materials, semi-finished products, and molded parts-- are divided into 74 subject areas of plastics processing and application and classified based on an alphabetical glossary of over 2,620 industry-standard technical terms. The analyses were performed with various light microscopes and a scanning electron microscope. This comprehensive book offers expert advice based on Kurr's 35+ years of experience in both teaching and research and development.

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
  • Author : ASM International,Steve Lampman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : 9781615030736
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Summary : The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers
  • Author : Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-08
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780323297998
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Summary : Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis
  • Author : Vishu Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-05
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780470100417
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Summary : Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing. This book has an emphasis on significance of test methods and interpretation of results. The book covers all aspects of plastics testing, failure analysis, and quality assurance - including chapters on identification analysis, failure analysis, and case studies. The book concludes with a substantial appendix with useful data, charts and tables for ready reference. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Failure of Plastics and Rubber Products

Failure of Plastics and Rubber Products
  • Author : D. Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781859575178
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Summary :

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers
  • Author : John Scheirs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-10-03
  • Total pages :806
  • ISBN : 0471625728
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Summary : Intended as a practical guide for polymer technologists, engineers and analysts in the plastics, composites and rubber fields, this title describes a range of techniques and strategies for compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. Numerous examples illustrate the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems in the polymer industry. The reader is guided towards the most appropriate method of analysis and measurement and the most likely reasons for the failure. Areas covered include: * Migration and interaction of additives * Mechanical stress and stress cracking * Crazing and fracture * Residual stress and weld lines * Contamination and discoloration Numerous pedagogical methods, illustrative flow diagrams, figures and tables are used throughout the text to make it an invaluable guide to all analysts and polymer engineers in industrial or academic laboratories.

Reliability and Failure of Electronic Materials and Devices

Reliability and Failure of Electronic Materials and Devices
  • Author : Milton Ohring,Lucian Kasprzak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-03
  • Total pages :758
  • ISBN : 9780080575520
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Summary : Reliability and Failure of Electronic Materials and Devices is a well-established and well-regarded reference work offering unique, single-source coverage of most major topics related to the performance and failure of materials used in electronic devices and electronics packaging. With a focus on statistically predicting failure and product yields, this book can help the design engineer, manufacturing engineer, and quality control engineer all better understand the common mechanisms that lead to electronics materials failures, including dielectric breakdown, hot-electron effects, and radiation damage. This new edition adds cutting-edge knowledge gained both in research labs and on the manufacturing floor, with new sections on plastics and other new packaging materials, new testing procedures, and new coverage of MEMS devices. Covers all major types of electronics materials degradation and their causes, including dielectric breakdown, hot-electron effects, electrostatic discharge, corrosion, and failure of contacts and solder joints New updated sections on "failure physics," on mass transport-induced failure in copper and low-k dielectrics, and on reliability of lead-free/reduced-lead solder connections New chapter on testing procedures, sample handling and sample selection, and experimental design Coverage of new packaging materials, including plastics and composites

Medical Plastics

Medical Plastics
  • Author : Robert C Portnoy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-10
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 0080950434
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Summary : The use of plastics is widespread. Less widespread, however, is a clear understanding and examination of the many forms of degradation inherent within the very environments these materials must perform. Medical PlasticsùDegradation Resistance & Failure Analysis fills that void. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some common products used in medicine are also provided.

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Emile Greenhalgh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-28
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9781845696818
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Summary : The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Plastics Injection Molding

Plastics Injection Molding
  • Author : José R. Lerma Valero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-20
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781569906903
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Summary : "Plastics Injection Molding: Scientific Molding, Recommendations, and Best Practices" is a user-friendly reference book and training tool, with all the essentials to understand injection molding of plastics. It is a practical guide to refining and controlling the process, increasing robustness and consistency, increasing productivity and profitability, and reducing costs. This book contains structured information on process definitions and parameters, optimization methods, key points, interpretation of data sheets, among other useful recommendations regarding both technology and design. It also provides analysis of process deviation, defects, incidents, etc. as well as a section dedicated to material selection and comparison. Includes a bonus of downloadable Excel spreadsheets for application to scientific molding, process analysis, and optimization. This book is aimed at injection molding technicians, process engineers, quality engineers, mold designers, part designers, simulation engineers, team leaders, plant managers, and those responsible for purchasing plastic materials. Contents: -Plastics -Material selection -Injection: machines and processes -Scientific molding -Failure Analysis -Reference material

User's Guide to Plastic

User's Guide to Plastic
  • Author : Ulf Bruder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-08
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781569907351
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Summary : Many technical books about plastics are too theoretical and difficult to read. The intention of this book is to offer something completely different: it is easy to read with many examples taken from everyday life. It is suitable for readers at secondary school and university levels, and can be used for training activities in industry as well as for self-studies. Included are over 600 color images to illustrate the wide variety of plastics and process workflows used today. The book also contains a number of computer-based tools that can be downloaded from the author's website. With comprehensive coverage, this is probably the most versatile plastics handbook ever written! New in the second edition are much-expanded content (new chapter) on extrusion, new color figures, a new layout, and corrections throughout. A bonus download of working Excel tools is provided to supplement the book content.

Plastics Engineering

Plastics Engineering
  • Author : R.J. Crawford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780080952109
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Summary : The first textbook to cover both properties and processing of reinforced and unreinforced plastics to this level. It assumes no prior knowledge of plastics and emphasizes the practical aspects of the subject. In this second edition over half the book has been rewritten and the remainder has been updated and reorganized. Early chapters give an introduction to the types of plastics which are currently available and describe how a designer goes about selection of a plastic for a particular application. Later chapters lead the reader into more advanced aspects of mechanical design and analysis of polymer melt flow. All techniques developed are illustrated by numerous worked examples, and several problems are given at the end of each chapter - the solutions to which form an Appendix.

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-19
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 9781420006360
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Summary : Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.

Selection of Polymeric Materials

Selection of Polymeric Materials
  • Author : E. Alfredo Campo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-06
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780815518969
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Summary : Today engineers, designers, buyers and all those who have to work with plastics face a dilemma. There has been a proliferation of test methods by which plastic properties are measured. The property data measured by these test methods are not identical and sometimes have large differences. How are engineers, designers, buyers going to decide the type and resin grade and their property data? Which are the valid test methods? The right plastic property data are the difference between success and failure of a design, thus making the property selection process critical. For the first time this book provides a simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. There are over 26,000 different grades of polymers and millions of parts and applications, further adding to the difficulty of the selection process. Selection of Polymeric Materials steers engineers and designers onto the right path to selecting the appropriate values for each plastic property. A large amount of property information has been provided to teach and assist the plastic part designer and others in selecting the right resin and properties for an application. Various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specifications have been discussed to help the readers in making sound decisions. • A simple and efficient approach to a highly complex and time consuming task. • Allows engineers to select from various standards including ASTM, ISO, UL, and British Specification. • Presents information on properties such as tensile strength, melt temperature, continuous service temperature, moisture exposure, specific gravity and flammability ratings. • Tried and true values narrow myriad choices down quickly for readers.

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries
  • Author : Sina Ebnesajjad,Pradip R. Khaladkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9780323461153
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Summary : Fluoropolymer Applications in Chemical Processing Industries: The Definitive User's Guide and Handbook, Second Edition, contains the most extensive collection of data and information on fluoropolymer applications in chemical processing industries. Because of their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for corrosion inhibition in chemical processing equipment. This book is a complete compendium of information about fluoropolymer lining materials and structural piping and tubing. Fluoropolymer surfaces preserve purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries. Updated to reflect major changes since 2004, this book contains practical, problem-solving tools for professionals in those industries. Equipment manufacturers, plant operators, and product design and manufacturing engineers all will benefit from the in-depth knowledge provided. This new edition includes new fluoropolymer grades and new examples of the fluoropolymer role in preventing corrosion. New fabrication techniques have been added, and additional emphasis has been placed on adhesion and welding techniques. New sections have been added on inspection of new linings, and in-service inspection – including inspection frequency, acceptance criteria, fitness for service evaluation, and reparability. Includes extensive guidelines for the selection of fluoropolymers for corrosion control Features a detailed ‘how-to’ on processes that convert fluoropolymers into shapes and parts Discusses fabrication techniques to finish the fluoropolymer components before exposure to harsh chemical environments Includes laboratory techniques to determine the cause of part failure, and a modeling methodology to predict and analyze failure of fluoropolymer parts

Reconstructive Plastic Surgical Nursing

Reconstructive Plastic Surgical Nursing
  • Author : Jill E. Storch,Jan Rice
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9781405173254
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Summary : Reconstructive Plastic Surgical Nursing is a practicalmanual for all nurses involved in plastic surgical care. Plastic orreconstructive surgery serves to restore form and functionfollowing trauma (accidents, injuries and burns), congenitaldefects, or illness (cancer and neoplasms, pressure sores, anddegenerative illness). Nursing these patients requires specialist training in complexclinical management and specialist wound care. This book is aunique definitive and comprehensive text for nurses providing apractical, highly illustrated guide to plastic surgical care. Definitive, comprehensive text on plastic surgical care A unique, practical handbook Provides evidence-based guidelines for all aspects of patientcare Explores reconstructive plastic surgical care from head totoe Illustrated in full colour throughout

Handbook of Plastics Joining

Handbook of Plastics Joining
  • Author : Michael J. Troughton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-17
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0815519761
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Summary : The new edition of this bestselling reference provides fully updated and detailed descriptions of plastics joining processes, plus an extensive compilation of data on joining specific materials. The volume is divided into two main parts: processes and materials. The processing section has 18 chapters, each explaining a different joining technique. The materials section has joining information for 25 generic polymer families. Both sections contain data organized according to the joining methods used for that material. * A significant and extensive update from experts at The Welding Institute * A systematic approach to discussing each joining method including: process, advantages and disadvantages, applications, materials, equipment, joint design, and welding parameters * Includes international suppliers’ directory and glossary of key joining terms * Includes new techniques such as flash free welding and friction stir welding * Covers thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and rubbers.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-27
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9780081019290
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Construction Industry provides a thorough understanding of the reasons materials fail in certain situations, covering important scenarios including material defects, mechanical failure due to various causes, and improper material selection and/or corrosive environment. The book begins with a general overview of materials failure analysis and its importance, and then logically proceeds from a discussion of the failure analysis process, types of failure analysis, and specific tools and techniques, to chapters on analysis of materials failure from various causes. Failure can occur for several reasons, including: materials defects-related failure, materials design-related failure, or corrosion-related failures. The suitability of the materials to work in a definite environment is an important issue. The results of these failures can be catastrophic in the worst case scenarios, causing loss of life. This important reference covers the most common types of materials failure, and provides possible solutions. Provides the most up-to-date and balanced coverage of failure analysis, combining foundational knowledge and current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Offers an ideal accompaniment for those interested in materials forensic investigation, failure of materials, static failure analysis, dynamic failure analysis, and fatigue life prediction Presents compelling new case studies from key industries to demonstrate concepts and to assist users in avoiding costly errors that could result in catastrophic events