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Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics
  • Author : ASM International,Steve Lampman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :489
  • ISBN : 9781615030736
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Summary : The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Plastics and the Environment

Plastics and the Environment
  • Author : Anthony L. Andrady
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-02-20
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 0471095206
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Summary : Plastics offer a variety of environmental benefits. However, their production, applications, and disposal present many environmental concerns. Plastics and the Environment provides state-of-the-art technical and research information on the complex relationship between the plastic and polymer industry and the environment, focusing on the sustainability, environmental impact, and cost—benefit tradeoffs associated with different technologies. Bringing together the field’s leading researchers, Anthony Andrady’s innovative collection not only covers how plastics affect the environment, but also how environmental factors affect plastics. The relative benefits of recycling, resource recovery, and energy recovery are also discussed in detail. The first of the book’s four sections represents a basic introduction to the key subject matter of plastics and the environment; the second explores several pertinent applications of plastics with environmental implications–packaging, paints and coatings, textiles, and agricultural film use. The third section discusses the behavior of plastics in some of the environments in which they are typically used, such as the outdoors, in biotic environments, or in fires. The final section consists of chapters on recycling and thermal treatment of plastics waste. Chapters include: Commodity Polymers Plastics in Transportation Biodegradation of Common Polymers Thermal Treatment of Polymer Waste Incineration of Plastics The contributors also focus on the effectiveness of recent technologies in mitigating environmental impacts, particularly those for managing plastics in the solid waste stream. Plastic and design engineers, polymer chemists, material scientists, and ecologists will find Plastics and the Environment to be a vital resource to this critical industry.

Plastics Processing Technology

Plastics Processing Technology
  • Author : Edward A. Muccio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-01-01
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1615032126
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Summary : Provides a basic understanding of plastics processing technology at a level suitable for technicians, managers, buyers, quality assurance personnel, and engineers who have minimal experience with plastics. Highlights the key aspects of materials, thermodynamics, fluid technology, control, and tool/p

Plastic Materials for Packaging

Plastic Materials for Packaging
  • Author : Andrew Barnetson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :125
  • ISBN : 1859570682
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Summary : This report reviews the current use of plastics for packaging both by technology and market covering the world in consumption and growth terms as well as material and process developments.

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

Permeability Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
  • Author : Laurence W. McKeen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-08
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9781437734706
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Summary : Permeability properties are essential data for the selection of materials and design of products across a broad range of market sectors from food packaging to Automotive applications to Medical Devices. This unique handbook brings together a wealth of permeability data in a form that enables quick like-for-like comparisons between materials. The data is supported by a full explanation of its interpretation, and an introduction to the engineering aspects of permeability in polymers. The third edition includes expanded explanatory text which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers, written by industry insider and author Larry McKeen (DuPont), and 20% new data and major new explanatory text sections to aid in the interpretation and application of the data. A unique collection of permeability data designed to enable quick like-for-like comparisons between different materials Third edition includes 20% new data and expanded explanatory text, which makes the book accessible to novices as well as experienced engineers Essential reference for materials engineers, design engineers and applications engineers across sectors including packaging, automotive and medical devices

Plastics Materials

Plastics Materials
  • Author : J A Brydson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-11-22
  • Total pages :920
  • ISBN : 0750641320
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Summary : Providing an overview of the nature, manufacture, structure, properties, processing and applications of commercially available plastics materials, this book includes chapters on material selection and special polymers.

Green Plastics

Green Plastics
  • Author : E. S. Stevens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 069104967X
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Summary : Appendix includes formulas and procedures for making plastics.

Joining of Plastics

Joining of Plastics
  • Author : K.W. Allen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :86
  • ISBN : 008041964X
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Summary : This report considers each of the most important thermoplastic materials in turn, and explains the characteristics which affect the choice of pre-treatment, joining method and adhesives. Thermosetting materials are considered as a single group with essentially similar properties with respect to bonding. Many practical examples are provided by some 387 references and abstracts which have been selected from the Rapra Polymer Library database to complete the report.

Physical Testing of Plastics

Physical Testing of Plastics
  • Author : Robert E. Evans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981-01-01
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : 0803107684
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Summary :

Plastics Extrusion Technology Handbook

Plastics Extrusion Technology Handbook
  • Author : Sidney Levy,James F. Carley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 0831111852
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Summary : Offering complete and in-depth data and information on plastics extrusion, this practical handbook presents the technology of the subject rather than the theory. Presents an overview of extrusion technology as applied to the operation of extrusion systems and the design of tooling and equipment for use in the process. Provides basic technical information on the behavior of polymer and plastics materials in the extrusion process. Contains tool descriptions that provide a basis for the analysis of existing product lines as examples for the design of new systems. Includes illustrations of and background material on control systems for the extruder and extrusion process.

Coloring of Plastics

Coloring of Plastics
  • Author : Robert A. Charvat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-25
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780471721567
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Summary : This latest edition of Coloring of Plastics: Fundamentalsoffers an updated introduction to color as a science while alsoproviding the foundation for many additional technologicalsubjects. The basic families of colorants are described, along withtheir properties. The material examines how statistical analysiscan improve the consistency of colored polymer production runs aswell as the colorants used to match the color. Other important topics covered in Coloring of Plastics:Fundamentals, Second Edition include: Environmental issues and the reuse of discarded material Potential problems with the interaction between colorants andother additives Measurement information and matching, visually andinstrumentally Techniques for incorporating colorants into polymers ascompounds or concentrates Special effect colorants Polymer and colorant manufacturers, plastics compounders, andcoating and synthetic fiber industries will acquire an enhancedappreciation of the complex technological issues a colorist mustconsider if a plastics coloring project is to succeed.

Emissions from Plastics

Emissions from Plastics
  • Author : C. Henneuse-Boxus,T. Pacary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-06-30
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 185957386X
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Summary : This report outlines the key issues regarding emissions from plastics. The report covers emissions from plastics during processing, treatment, storage and end-use. It summarises the published research on a wide variety of materials and settings. New methods of analysis and testing have been developed or adapted to examine these emissions. This report discusses the main techniques used. Data from analysis work on air quality and emissions from plastics is also included in this report. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Biocides in Plastics

Biocides in Plastics
  • Author : D. Nichols
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-08
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 1859575129
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Summary : This Rapra Review Report examines the use of biocides in plastics with reference to material types and application requirements. The commonly available biocides are reviewed and details of their strengths and weaknesses are provided. The author reviews the frequently used test methods for fungi and bacteria, and, in an ever-changing regulatory environment, explores the influence of legislation on the current and future use of such biocides. This detailed and state-of-the-art review is supported by an indexed section containing several hundred key references and abstracts selected from the Polymer Library.

Plastics Institute of America Plastics Engineering, Manufacturing & Data Handbook

Plastics Institute of America Plastics Engineering, Manufacturing & Data Handbook
  • Author : D.V. Rosato,Nick R. Schott,Marlene G. Rosato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11-30
  • Total pages :2006
  • ISBN : 0792373162
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Summary : This book provides a simplified, practical, and innovative approach to understanding the design and manufacture of plastic products in the World of Plastics. The concise and comprehensive information defines and focuses on past, current, and future technical trends. The handbook reviews over 20,000 different subjects; and contains over 1,000 figures and more than 400 tables. Various plastic materials and their behavior patterns are reviewed. Examples are provided of different plastic products and relating to them critical factors that range from meeting performance requirements in different environments to reducing costs and targeting for zero defects. This book provides the reader with useful pertinent information readily available as summarized in the Table of Contents, List of References and the Index.

Extruding Plastics

Extruding Plastics
  • Author : D.V. Rosato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-31
  • Total pages :779
  • ISBN : 0412828103
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Summary : Worldwide, extrusion lines successfully process more plastics into prod ucts than other processes by consuming at least 36 wt% of all plastics. They continue to find practical solutions for new products and/ or prob lems to meet new product performances. This book, with its practical industry reviews, is a unique handbook (the first of its kind) that covers over a thousand of the potential combina tions of basic variables or problems with solutions that can occur from up-stream to down-stream equipment. Guidelines are provided for maxi mizing processing efficiency and operating at the lowest possible cost. It has been prepared with an awareness that its usefulness will depend greatly upon its simplicity and provision of essential information. It should be useful to: 0) those already extruding and desiring to obtain additional information for their line and/ or prOVide a means of reviewing other lines that can provide their line with operating improvements; (2) those processing or extruding plastics for the first time; (3) those consider ing going into another extrusion process; (4) those desiring additional information about employing the design of various products more effi ciently, with respect to both performance and cost; (5) those contemplat ing entering the business of extrusion; (6) those in new venture groups, materials development, and/ or market development; (7) those in disci plines such as nonplastics manufacturers, engineers, designers, quality control, financial, and management; and (8) those requiring a textbook on extrusion in trade schools and high schools or colleges.

Handbook Of Fillers For Plastics

Handbook Of Fillers For Plastics
  • Author : H.S. Katz,J.V. Mileski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-11-30
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 0442260245
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Summary : This book should be of interest to manufacturers of plastics products and fillers, plastics designers, engineers and polymer chemists.

Plastics Product Recycling

Plastics Product Recycling
  • Author : Sara Hulse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 1859572227
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Summary : This report covers the consumption of plastics in Europe, how much waste plastic is produced, a summary of recent legislation and the various methods of dealing with plastic wastes. The plastics recycling industry in Europe is then reviewed, with an in-depth look at the relevant legislation followed by a summary of the situation in most of the major European countries. The major end-use sectors for plastics and the problem of waste plastics in each are examined in the final section.

Plastics

Plastics
  • Author : Norman H. Finkelstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 0761426000
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Summary : "An examination of the origin, history, development, and societal impact of the development of plastics"--Provided by publisher.

The Basics of Testing Plastics

The Basics of Testing Plastics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference

Society of Plastics Engineers Annual Technical Conference
  • Author : Society of Plastics Engineers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015002905654
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Environmental Stress Cracking of Plastics

Environmental Stress Cracking of Plastics
  • Author : D. C. Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : 185957064X
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Summary : Simultaneous action of stress and strain on plastics in contact with specific fluids causes the onset of cracking and embrittlement of plastic known as environmental stress cracking. Since this is responsible for 15% of all failures of plastics components, environmental stress cracking has long been the subject of intensive research. This volume reviews factors that influence environmental stress cracking, and the state of knowledge regarding many families of plastics. Various types of damage, from disfiguring to catastrophic, are discussed in this volume, with the period of time over which the damage occurs. Plastics designers and specifiers will benefit from the wealth of information and data provided.