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Pollution Control and Resource Recovery

Pollution Control and Resource Recovery
  • Author : Zhao Youcai,Zhen Guangyin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-27
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780128118542
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Summary : Pollution Control and Resource Recovery: Sewage Sludge discusses several traditional and new environmentally friendly technologies for sewage sludge treatment and disposal. In addition, the book covers a range of new initiatives that are underway to promote and accelerate the development of related sciences and techniques. The book's authors builds a framework for developing various sustainable technologies for sewage sludge treatment and disposal, including advanced dewatering through chemical conditioning, solidification/stabilization, reuse for the development of construction and building materials, anaerobic bioenergy recovery, sanitary landfill, and odor control. Explains environmentally friendly technologies for sewage sludge treatment and disposal, including advanced dewatering through chemical conditioning, solidification/stabilization, and anaerobic bioenergy recovery Includes valuable guidelines for engineers to address sludge issues, such as sanitary landfill and odor control Presents new developments and techniques that are on the horizon

Pollution Control and Resource Recovery

Pollution Control and Resource Recovery
  • Author : Zhao Youcai,Huang Sheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-09
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780128118849
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Summary : Pollution Control and Resource Recovery: Industrial Construction and Demolition Wastes provides engineers with the techniques and technologies to cope with the common pollutants that are persistent in C&D waste. Dedicated to pollution control and resource reuse of C&D wastes, this book fully describes sampling methods and equipment, pre-treatment and analysis, and the generation and pollution characteristics of hazardous C&D wastes. Migration potential and patterns of pollutants during random stacking, landfilling, and pollution controlling approaches are also included. Other topics included in this reference include source identification, classified separation and enrichment, site monitoring and evaluation, heavy metal stabilization and solidification, organic matter degradation, dust controlling, clean and high value utilization of recycled aggregate, and reuse and risk assessment. Covers industrial C&D waste contaminated by heavy metals, organic pollutants, and those generated in earthquakes and explosion accidents Includes treatment process for persistent organic pollutants, such as heavy metals Provides sampling methods and equipment, pre-treatment and analysis, generation, and pollution characteristics of common hazardous C&D waste materials

Environmental Materials and Waste

Environmental Materials and Waste
  • Author : M.N.V Prasad,Kaimin Shih
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :750
  • ISBN : 9780128039069
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Summary : Environmental Materials and Waste: Resource Recovery and Pollution Prevention contains the latest information on environmental sustainability as a wide variety of natural resources are increasingly being exploited to meet the demands of a worldwide growing population and economy. These raw materials cannot, or can only partially, be substituted by renewable resources within the next few decades. As such, the efficient recovery and processing of mineral and energy resources, as well as recycling such resources, is now of significant importance. The book takes a multidisciplinary approach to fully realize the number of by-products which can be remanufactured, providing the foundation needed across disciplines to tackle this issue. As awareness and opportunities to recover valuable resources from process and bleed streams is gaining interest, sustainable recovery of environmental materials, including wastewater, offers tremendous opportunity to combine profitable and sustainable production. Presents a state-of-the-art guide to environmental sustainability Provides an overview of the field highlighting recent and emerging issues in environmental resource recovery that cover a wide array of by-products for remanufacture potential Details a multidisciplinary approach to fully realize the number of by-products which can be remanufactured, providing the foundation needed across disciplines to tackle these global issues

Pollution Control and Resource Recovery

Pollution Control and Resource Recovery
  • Author : Zhao Youcai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780128124970
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Summary : Pollution Control and Resource Recovery: Municipal Solid Wastes Incineration: Bottom Ash and Fly Ash explains the tools and technologies needed to characterize, stabilize, treat, recycle, or properly dispose bottom and fly ash. The public concern for the environmental impact of MSW incineration has increased significantly over the last 20 years, forcing manufacturers to develop, and plants to install and operate, high-cost advanced technology for pollution control. This book explores the latest information on this important topic. Includes methods for characterization, stabilization, and solidification, treatment, and final disposal and recycling of bottom ash and fly ash Provides the characterization of bottom ash and fly ash, the impact of moisture on the incineration process of municipal solid waste, and the weathering process of bottom ash in a landfill Presents a brief, but rigorous, discussion of the constituents of fly and bottom ash, including polynuclear aromatic compounds and heavy metals

Air Pollution Control Resource Recovery Facilities

Air Pollution Control Resource Recovery Facilities
  • Author : James Fischer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007602758
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Summary :

Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control

Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control
  • Author : Shahryar Jafarinejad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-18
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780128094983
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Summary : Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control combines state-of-the-art and traditional treatment and control methods for removing, controlling, and treating problems, such as groundwater contamination, aromatics, oil, grease, organic removal, and VOCs. The book is divided into seven chapters, with the first briefly introducing readers to the petroleum industry. The second and third chapters explain wastes in the petroleum industry and focus on its environmental impact, its regulations, and protection options. Chapters four, five, and six discuss the treatment of air emissions, oily wastewater, solid wastes, and disposal methods.. The final chapter provides remediation processes. Presents the latest methods for treating, controlling, and eliminating pollutants from air, water, and land that are a byproduct of petroleum industry operations Covers the environmental impact of the petroleum industry and its regulations, explaining protection options Includes treatment methods for both air, water, and solid waste disposal Discusses remediation processes, including natural processes, pump and treat, soil flushing, soil vapor extraction (SVE), bioremediation, and excavation

Environmental Pollution and Control

Environmental Pollution and Control
  • Author : J. Jeffrey Peirce,P Aarne Vesilind,Ruth Weiner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-15
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0080531113
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Summary : Complex environmental problems are often reduced to an inappropriate level of simplicity. While this book does not seek to present a comprehensive scientific and technical coverage of all aspects of the subject matter, it makes the issues, ideas, and language of environmental engineering accessible and understandable to the nontechnical reader. Improvements introduced in the fourth edition include a complete rewrite of the chapters dealing with risk assessment and ethics, the introduction of new theories of radiation damage, inclusion of environmental disasters like Chernobyl and Bhopal, and general updating of all the content, specifically that on radioactive waste. Since this book was first published in 1972, several generations of students have become environmentally aware and conscious of their responsibilities to the planet earth. Many of these environmental pioneers are now teaching in colleges and universities, and have in their classes students with the same sense of dedication and resolve that they themselves brought to the discipline. In those days, it was sometimes difficult to explain what indeed environmental science or engineering was, and why the development of these fields was so important to the future of the earth and to human civilization. Today there is no question that the human species has the capability of destroying its collective home, and that we have indeed taken major steps toward doing exactly that. And yet, while, a lot has changed in a generation, much has not. We still have air pollution; we still contaminate our water supplies; we still dispose of hazardous materials improperly; we still destroy natural habitats as if no other species mattered. And worst of all, we still continue to populate the earth at an alarming rate. There is still a need for this book, and for the college and university courses that use it as a text, and perhaps this need is more acute now than it was several decades ago. Although the battle to preserve the environment is still raging, some of the rules have changed. We now must take into account risk to humans, and be able to manipulate concepts of risk management. With increasing population, and fewer alternatives to waste disposal, this problem is intensified. Environmental laws have changed, and will no doubt continue to evolve. Attitudes toward the environment are often couched in what has become known as the environmental ethic. Finally, the environmental movement has become powerful politically, and environmentalism can be made to serve a political agenda. In revising this book, we have attempted to incorporate the evolving nature of environmental sciences and engineering by adding chapters as necessary and eliminating material that is less germane to today's students. We have nevertheless maintained the essential feature of this book -- to package the more important aspects of environmental engineering science and technology in an organized manner and present this mainly technical material to a nonengineering audience. This book has been used as a text in courses which require no prerequisites, although a high school knowledge of chemistry is important. A knowledge of college level algebra is also useful, but calculus is not required for the understanding of the technical and scientific concepts. We do not intend for this book to be scientifically and technically complete. In fact, many complex environmental problems have been simplified to the threshold of pain for many engineers and scientists. Our objective, however, is not to impress nontechnical students with the rigors and complexities of pollution control technology but rather to make some of the language and ideas of environmental engineering and science more understandable.

Sustainable and Economic Waste Management

Sustainable and Economic Waste Management
  • Author : Hossain Md Anawar,Vladimir Strezov,Abhilash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-25
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9781000761979
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Summary : This book compiles research findings directly related to sustainable and economic waste management and resource recovery. Mining wastes and municipal, urban, domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes and effluents—which contain persistent organic contaminants, nanoparticle organic chemicals, nutrients, energy, organic materials, heavy metal, rare earth elements, iron, steel, bauxite, coal and other valuable materials—are significantly responsible for environmental contamination. These low-tenor raw materials, if recycled, can significantly address the demand–supply chain mismatch and process sustainability as a whole while simultaneously decreasing their impacts on human life and biodiversity. This book summarises the large volume of current research in the realm of waste management and resource recovery, which has led to innovation and commercialisation of sustainable and economic waste management for improved environmental safety and improved economics. Key Features: Reviews the key research findings related to sustainable and economic resource recovery and waste management techniques Discusses minimizing waste materials and environmental contaminants with a focus on recovering valuable resources from wastes Examines the potential uses of mining waste in the re-extraction of metals, provision of fuel for power plants, and as a supply of other valuable materials for utilisation/processing Presents research on recycling of municipal, urban, domestic, industrial and agricultural wastes and wastewater in the production and recovery of energy, biogas, fertilizers, organic materials and nutrients Outlines topical research interests resulting in patents and inventions for sustainable and economic waste management techniques and environmental safety

Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery

Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery
  • Author : Ramesh Chander Kuhad,Ajay Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-25
  • Total pages :313
  • ISBN : 9788132208761
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Summary : Various types of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes represent valuable resource materials for developing alternate energy as biofuels and other value added products such as sugars, phenols, furans, organic acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed etc. However, if not managed properly, waste material and environmental contaminants generated by various industries such as food and feed, pulp and paper and textile may lead to severe environmental pollution. The energy, food and feed demand necessitate developing simple and economically viable technologies for environmental management and resource recovery. Microorganisms and their enzymes contribute significantly in utilization of plant residues, resource recovery and eventually in pollution mitigation. “Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery” presents a comprehensive review of selected research topics in a compendium of 16 chapters related to environmental pollution control and developing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem management and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper etc. This book provides a valuable resource for reference and text material to graduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scientists working in the area of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental science and engineering.

Waste Reduction for Pollution Prevention

Waste Reduction for Pollution Prevention
  • Author : P. N. Cheremisinoff,L. M. Ferrante
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781483102733
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Summary : Waste Reduction for Pollution Prevention discusses the philosophy, regulatory background, and technical options dealing with waste minimization. The book explains waste reduction as a form of pollution prevention to minimize the amount of hazardous materials dumped into the environment. The 1984 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act amendments restrict the amount of waste that can be disposed on land. The approach of the United States is to address pollution after the problem has been created, where attention and resources of industry shift to regulatory compliance. The text notes that waste reduction is the key to preventing future hazardous waste problems. Examples of techniques of waste minimization are good housekeeping, changes in technology and procedures, raw material substitution, recycling, and waste exchanges. The book discusses the biological, thermal, and other emerging thermal processes for industrial waste management, as well as municipal solid-waste recycling, and the organization of a recycling program. The text can benefit economists, environmentalists, urban developers, and policy makers involved in waste management, community preservation and development.

Solid Waste Processing and Resource Recovery

Solid Waste Processing and Resource Recovery
  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Norman C. Pereira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781461259923
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Summary : The past few years have seen the emergence of a growing, widespread desire in this country, and indeed everywhere, that positive actions be taken to restore the quality of our environment, and to protect it from the degrading effects of all forms of pollution-air, noise, solid waste, and water. Since pollution is a direct or" indirect consequence of waste, if there is no waste, there can be no pollution, and the seemingly idealistic demand for" zero discharge" can be construed as a demand for zero waste. However, as long as there is waste, we can only attempt to abate the consequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. In those instances in which a particular type of pollution has been recognized, three major questions usually arise: 1, How serious is the pollution? 2, Is the technology to abate it available? and 3, Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? The principal intention of this series of books is to help the reader to formulate answers to the last two of the above three questions. The traditional approach of applying tried-and-true solutions to specific pollution problems has been a major factor contributing to the success of environmental engineering, and in large measure has accounted for the establishing ofa "methodology of pollution control.

Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization in Laboratories

Pollution Prevention and Waste Minimization in Laboratories
  • Author : Peter A. Reinhardt,Peter C. Ashbrook,K. Leigh Leonard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-11-16
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0873719751
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Summary : This nuts and bolts book addresses specific waste minimization and pollution prevention techniques that work in specific types of laboratories for specific wastestreams. Concepts in the book may be directly applied to laboratory operations. In addition, the book illustrates other approaches to laboratory pollution prevention, such as reducing wastewater discharges and fume hood emissions. A wide range of waste types, including hazardous, infectious, medical, PCB, and radioactive, are discussed. This book helps you to develop a broad, institutional framework to plan and set priorities for pollution prevention. It responds to your laboratory's critical need to have readily available techniques and concepts for waste minimization and pollution prevention.

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,NAE Office of Programs,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Grand Challenges and Opportunites in Environmental Engineering for the Twenty-First Century
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-08
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9780309476553
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Summary : Environmental engineers support the well-being of people and the planet in areas where the two intersect. Over the decades the field has improved countless lives through innovative systems for delivering water, treating waste, and preventing and remediating pollution in air, water, and soil. These achievements are a testament to the multidisciplinary, pragmatic, systems-oriented approach that characterizes environmental engineering. Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century: Addressing Grand Challenges outlines the crucial role for environmental engineers in this period of dramatic growth and change. The report identifies five pressing challenges of the 21st century that environmental engineers are uniquely poised to help advance: sustainably supply food, water, and energy; curb climate change and adapt to its impacts; design a future without pollution and waste; create efficient, healthy, resilient cities; and foster informed decisions and actions.

E-Waste in Transition

E-Waste in Transition
  • Author : Florin-Constantin Mihai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9789535124993
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Summary : E-waste management is a serious challenge across developed, transition, and developing countries because of the consumer society and the globalization process. E-waste is a fast-growing waste stream which needs more attention of international organizations, governments, and local authorities in order to improve the current waste management practices. The book reveals the pollution side of this waste stream with critical implications on the environment and public health, and also it points out the resource side which must be further developed under the circular economy framework with respect to safety regulations. In this context, complicated patterns at the global scale emerge under legal and illegal e-waste trades. The linkages between developed and developing countries and key issues of e-waste management sector are further examined in the book.

Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies

Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies
  • Author : Nicholas P Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-10
  • Total pages :477
  • ISBN : 9780080507811
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Summary : Handbook of Solid Waste Management and Waste Minimization Technologies is an essential tool for plant managers, process engineers, environmental consultants, and site remediation specialists that focuses on practices for handling a broad range of industrial solid waste problems. In addition to equipment and process options, the author presents information on waste minimization practices that can be used in conjunction with or can provide alternatives to equipment and process investments. Environmental cost accounting measures and energy-efficient technologies are provided. Valuable information for those concerned with meeting government regulations and with the economic considerations (such as fines for violations and cost-effective methods) is presented in a practical manner. Included in the text are sidebar discussions, questions for thinking and discussion, recommended resources for the reader (including Web sites), and a comprehensive glossary. Two companion books by Cheremisnoff are available: Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies, and Handbook of Air Pollution Control Technologies. Covers leading edge technology and standard equipment for managing industrial solid waste problems Valuable in meeting government regulations Presents in-depth analysis of the financial impact of alternative technologies available

Waste Incineration and Public Health

Waste Incineration and Public Health
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health Effects of Waste Incineration
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-10-21
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780309063715
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Summary : Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical waste--but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human health--along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on: Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released. Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure. Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects. Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions. The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.

Remediation of Hazardous Waste Contaminated Soils

Remediation of Hazardous Waste Contaminated Soils
  • Author : Donald L. Wise
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-03-30
  • Total pages :952
  • ISBN : 0824791606
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Summary : "This unique, single-source reference offers a thorough treatment of the remediation of soils contaminated by hazardous wastes and the scientific and engineering issues that must be addressed in creating practical solutions for their reclamation."

Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook

Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook
  • Author : Woodard & Curran, Inc.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-30
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : 9780080459868
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Summary : Industrial Waste Treatment Handbook provides the most reliable methodology for identifying which waste types are produced from particular industrial processes and how they can be treated. There is a thorough explanation of the fundamental mechanisms by which pollutants become dissolved or become suspended in water or air. Building on this knowledge, the reader will learn how different treatment processes work, how they can be optimized, and the most efficient method for selecting candidate treatment processes. Utilizing the most up-to-date examples from recent work at one of the leading environmental and science consulting firms, this book also illustrates approaches to solve various environmental quality problems and the step-by-step design of facilities. Practical applications to assist with the selection of appropriate treatment technology for target pollutants Includes case studies based on current work by experts in waste treatment, disposal, management, environmental law and data management Provides glossary and table of acronyms for easy reference

Air Pollution Control Equipment Selection Guide, Second Edition

Air Pollution Control Equipment Selection Guide, Second Edition
  • Author : Kenneth C. Schifftner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-09
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : 9781466561816
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Summary : This book is a good discussion of various air pollution control equipment. It covers a wide range of equipment and gives a good overview of the principles and applications. Very valuable is the practical experiences that are not commonly available in a typical textbook. The language is easy to understand, especially for those who do not have formal training in air pollution control. It provides hybrid systems such as those applied to biomass gasification, odor control using biological technology, plasma arc waste reduction, and more.

Biotechniques for Air Pollution Control

Biotechniques for Air Pollution Control
  • Author : Jan Bartacek,Christian Kennes,Piet Lens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-28
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780203849293
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Summary : Energy and feedstock materials for the chemical industry show an increasing demand. With constraints related to availability and use of oil, the energy and chemical industry is subject to considerable changes. The need for the use of cheaper and widely available feedstocks, and the development of sustainable and environmentally friendly c

Metal Recovery from Electronic Waste: Biological Versus Chemical Leaching for Recovery of Copper and Gold

Metal Recovery from Electronic Waste: Biological Versus Chemical Leaching for Recovery of Copper and Gold
  • Author : Arda Işildar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-30
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780429659461
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Summary : Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) generation is a global problem. Despite the growing awareness and deterring legislation, most of the WEEE is disposed improperly, i.e. landfilled or otherwise shipped overseas, and treated in sub-standard conditions. Informal recycling of WEEE has catastrophic effects on humans and the environment. WEEE contains considerable quantities of valuable metals such as base metals, precious metals and rare earth elements (REE). Metal recovery from WEEE is conventionally carried out by pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. In this PhD research, novel metal recovery technologies from WEEE are investigated. Using acidophilic and cyanide-generating bacteria, copper and gold were removed from crushed electronic waste with removal efficiencies of 98.4 and 44.0%, respectively. The leached metals in solution were recovered using sulfidic precipitation and electrowinning separation techniques. Finally, a techno-economic assessment of the technology was studied. This research addresses the knowledge gap on two metal extraction approaches, namely chemical and biological, from a secondary source of metals. The essential parameters of the selective metal recovery processes, scale-up potential, techno-economic and sustainability assessment have been studied.