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Polygeneration Systems

Polygeneration Systems
  • Author : Francesco Calise,Laura Vanoli,Massimo Dentice D’Accadia,Maria Vicidomini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-09-01
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9780128206263
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Summary : The support for polygeneration lies in the possibility of integrating different technologies into a single energy system, to maximize the utilization of both fossil and renewable fuels. A system that delivers multiple forms of energy to users, maximizing the overall efficiency makes polygeneration an emerging and viable option for energy consuming industries. Polygeneration Systems: Design, Processes and Technologies provides simple and advanced calculation techniques to evaluate energy, environmental and economic performance of polygeneration systems under analysis. With specific design guidelines for each type of polygeneration system and experimental performance data, referred both to single components and overall systems, this title covers all aspects of polygeneration from design to operation, optimization and practical implementation. Giving different aspects of both fossil and non-fossil fuel based polygeneration and the wider area of polygeneration processes, this book helps readers learn general principles to specific system design and development through analysis of case studies, examples, simulation characteristics and thermodynamic and economic data. Detailed economic data for technology to assist developing feasibility studies regarding the possible application of polygeneration technologies Offers a comprehensive list of all current numerical and experimental results of polygeneration available Includes simulation models, cost figures, demonstration projects and test standards for designers and researchers to validate their own models and/or to test the reliability of their results

Polygeneration with Polystorage

Polygeneration with Polystorage
  • Author : Kaveh Rajab Khalilpour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-27
  • Total pages :583
  • ISBN : 9780128133071
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Summary : Polygeneration with Polystorage: For Energy and Chemicals addresses the problem of both traditional and dispersed generation with a broad, multidisciplinary perspective. As the first book to thoroughly focus on the topic of polygeneration, users will find the problem presented from different scientific and technical domains down to both macro and micro levels. Detailed analyses and state-of-the-art developments in specific fields are included, focusing on storage in conventional energy supply chains and demand-side renewable polygeneration systems, management advice and the necessary market mechanisms needed to support them. This reference is useful for academics and professionals in conventional and unconventional energy systems. Includes an outlined framework towards polygeneration and polystorage down to both micro and macro levels Contains fluid and continuous chapters that provide detailed analysis and a review of the state-of-the-art developments in specific fields Addresses the wider global view of research advancement and potential in the role of polygeneration and polystorage in the move toward sustainability

Cogeneration and Polygeneration Systems

Cogeneration and Polygeneration Systems
  • Author : Majid Amidpour,Mohammad Hasan Khoshgoftar Manesh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-03
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9780128172506
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Summary : Cogeneration and Polygeneration Systems explores the suite of state-of-the-art modeling, design, analysis and optimization procedures for creating and retooling optimally efficient combined heat and power (CHP) and polygeneration energy systems. The book adopts exergetic and thermoeconomic analysis and related modeling and simulation tools to inform performance and systems design in modern cogeneration plants. Chapters provide a methodical approach to the design, operation and troubleshooting of cogeneration systems when they are integrated with industrial processes. Cogeneration targets, environmental impacts, total site integration, and availability and reliability issues are addressed in-depth. Explores exergetic and exergoeconomic analysis for optimization purposes of CHP systems Addresses availability and reliability issues within cogeneration systems Reviews modern polygeneration systems based on renewable energy resources and fuel cells

A Polygeneration Process Concept for Hybrid Solar and Biomass Power Plant

A Polygeneration Process Concept for Hybrid Solar and Biomass Power Plant
  • Author : Umakanta Sahoo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-09
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9781119536307
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Summary : The global warming phenomenon as a significant sustainability issue is gaining worldwide support for development of renewable energy technologies. The term “polygeneration” is referred to as “an energy supply system, which delivers more than one form of energy to the final user.” For example, electricity, cooling and desalination can be delivered from a polygeneration process. The polygeneration process in a hybrid solar thermal power plant can deliver electricity with less impact on the environment compared to a conventional fossil fuel-based power generating system. It is also THE next generation energy production technique with the potential to overcome the undesirable intermittence of renewable energy systems. In this study, the polygeneration process simultaneous production of power, vapor absorption refrigeration (VAR) cooling and multi-effect humidification and dehumidification (MEHD) desalination system from different heat sources in hybrid solar-biomass (HSB) system with higher energy efficiencies (energy and exergy), primary energy savings (PES) and payback period are investigated, focusing on several aspects associated with hybrid solar-biomass power generation installations, such as wide availability of biomass resources and solar direct normal irradiance (DNI), and other technologies. Thermodynamic evaluation (energy and exergy) of HSB power has also been investigated, along with the VAR cooling system, the modelling, simulation, optimization and cost analysis of the polygeneration hybrid solar biomass system, all accompanied by multiple case studies and examples for practical applications. This volume provides the researcher, student and engineer with the intellectual tool needed for understanding new ideas in this rapidly emerging field. The book is also intended to serve as a general source and reference book for the professional (consultant, designer, contractor etc.) who is working in the field of solar thermal, biomass, power plant, polygeneration, cooling and process heat. It is a must-have for anyone working in this field.

ECOS 2002

ECOS 2002
  • Author : G. Tsatsaronis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :1715
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822037772563
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Summary :

Advances in Energy Systems Engineering

Advances in Energy Systems Engineering
  • Author : Georgios M. Kopanos,Pei Liu,Michael C. Georgiadis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-17
  • Total pages :839
  • ISBN : 9783319428031
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Summary : This book provides a scientific framework for integrated solutions to complex energy problems. It adopts a holistic, systems-based approach to demonstrate the potential of an energy systems engineering approach to systematically quantify different options at various levels of complexity (technology, plant, energy supply chain, mega-system). Utilizing modeling, simulation and optimization-based frameworks, along with a number of real-life applications, it focuses on advanced energy systems including energy supply chains, integrated biorefineries, energy planning and scheduling approaches and urban energy systems. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, this work is useful for academics, researchers, industry practitioners in energy systems engineering, and all those who are involved in model-based energy systems.

Integrated Energy Systems for Multigeneration

Integrated Energy Systems for Multigeneration
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Yusuf Bicer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-13
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128131756
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Summary : Integrated Energy Systems for Multigeneration looks at how measures implemented to limit greenhouse gas emissions must consider smart utilization of available limited resources and employ renewable resources through integrated energy systems and the utilization of waste energy streams. This reference considers the main concepts of thermal and conventional energy systems through detailed systems description, analyses of methodologies, performance assessment and optimization, and illustrative examples and case studies. The book examines producing power and heat with cooling, freshwater, green fuels and other useful commodities designed to tackle rising greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. With worldwide energy demand increasing, and the consequences of meeting supply with current dependency on fossil fuels, investigating and developing sustainable alternatives to the conventional energy systems is a growing concern for global stakeholders. Analyzes the links between clean energy technologies and achieving sustainable development Illustrates several examples of design and analysis of integrated energy systems Discusses performance assessment and optimization Uses illustrative examples and global case studies to explain methodologies and concepts

Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems

Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems
  • Author : Makoto Kobayashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-18
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780128188675
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Summary : Dry Syngas Purification Processes for Coal Gasification Systems illustrates the promising development status of dry syngas purification for various power generation systems based on coal gasification. The core advantages of dry syngas purification, methodologies for impurity measurement, sorbents development, and evaluation of process performance are described in-depth, and from a practical perspective that is based on current research and development. Reviewing key findings from process integration, the book encompasses scale-up strategies from pilot processes to achieve dry syngas processing for new build plants. The book provides researchers and engineers with practical information to realize dry syngas purification processes for each context. Delivers pathways to realize dry syngas purification processes customized to specific power plant contexts Provides analytical tools to facilitate plant operators in examining and interpreting the relevant impurities of coal gasification and gas treatment processes Illustrates rational strategies for developing capable and durable dry removal sorbent for syngas impurities Describes process design and integration through key engineering evaluation Describes scale-up strategies of dry syngas processing for their deployment in new plants Provides prospects on the development of future coal energy conversion system adopting dry syngas purification processes

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems

Process Design Strategies for Biomass Conversion Systems
  • Author : Denny K. S. Ng,Raymond R. Tan,Dominic C. Y. Foo,Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118699133
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Summary : This book covers recent developments in process systems engineering (PSE) for efficient resource use in biomass conversion systems. It provides an overview of process development in biomass conversion systems with focus on biorefineries involving the production and coproduction of fuels, heating, cooling, and chemicals. The scope includes grassroots and retrofitting applications. In order to reach high levels of processing efficiency, it also covers techniques and applications of natural-resource (mass and energy) conservation. Technical, economic, environmental, and social aspects of biorefineries are discussed and reconciled. The assessment scales vary from unit- to process- and life-cycle or supply chain levels. The chapters are written by leading experts from around the world, and present an integrated set of contributions. Providing a comprehensive, multi-dimensional analysis of various aspects of bioenergy systems, the book is suitable for both academic researchers and energy professionals in industry.

Biomass in Small-Scale Energy Applications

Biomass in Small-Scale Energy Applications
  • Author : Mateusz Szubel,Mariusz Filipowicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-08
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9781000682496
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Summary : Biomass in Small-Scale Energy Applications: Theory and Practice presents the current trends in the development of selected biomass-based technologies for distributed energy generation. It describes the methodology, experimental results, and computer simulations with a focus on pilot systems and devices crucial in multiple applications with related environmental/economic issues. It describes which stages of design, development, and application of advanced biomass-based energy devices are critical in order for a given technology to be successful. It includes both technical/practical information and theoretical background related to combustion kinetics, thermodynamics in energy systems, and properties of selected types of biomass, as well as case studies.

Progress in Clean Energy, Volume 1

Progress in Clean Energy, Volume 1
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,C. Ozgur Colpan,Onder Kizilkan,M. Akif Ezan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-27
  • Total pages :968
  • ISBN : 9783319167091
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Summary : This expansive reference on clean energy technologies focuses on tools for system modelling and analysis, and their role in optimizing designs to achieve greater efficiency, minimize environmental impacts and support sustainable development. Key topics ranging from predicting impacts of on-grid energy storage to environmental impact assessments to advanced exergy analysis techniques are covered. The book includes findings both from experimental investigations and functional extant systems, ranging from microgrid to utility-scale implementations. Engineers, researchers and students will benefit from the broad reach and numerous engineering examples provided.

Applications of Solar Energy

Applications of Solar Energy
  • Author : Himanshu Tyagi,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,Prodyut R. Chakraborty,Satvasheel Powar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-29
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9789811072062
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Summary : This book focuses on solar-energy-based renewable energy systems and discusses the generation of electric power using solar photovoltaics, as well as some new techniques, such as solar towers, for both residential and commercial needs. Such systems have played an important role in the move towards low-emission and sustainable energy sources. The book covers a variety of applications, such as solar water heaters, solar air heaters, solar drying, nanoparticle-based direct absorption solar systems, solar volumetric receivers, solar-based cooling systems, solar-based food processing and cooking, efficient buildings using solar energy, and energy storage for solar thermal systems. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, students, and professionals alike.

Flexible Kalina Cycle Systems

Flexible Kalina Cycle Systems
  • Author : Tangellapalli Srinivas,N. Shankar Ganesh,R. Shankar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-07
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9780429946943
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Summary : This volume provides a good understanding of the binary fluid system, highlighting new dimensions of the existing Kalina cycle system, a thermodynamic process for converting thermal energy into usable mechanical power. The book illustrates that providing new flexibility leads to new research outcomes and possible new projects in this field. The information provided in the book simplifies the application of the Kalina cycle system with an easy-to-understand and thorough explanation of properties development, processes solutions, sub-system work, and total system work. There are currently no books available in the area of binary fluid system in the field of KCS with added fallibility in the operation and process design. Currently decentralized power systems are gaining more attention due to shortages in power, and cooling demands are competing with other electrical loads. This book fills a valuable information gap, providing insight into a new dimension for designers, practicing engineers, and academicians in this area.

Exergy

Exergy
  • Author : Silvio de Oliveira Junior
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-02
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9781447141655
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Summary : Bridging the gap between concepts derived from Second Law of Thermodynamics and their application to Engineering practice, the property exergy and the exergy balance can be a tool for analyzing and improving the performance of energy conversion processes. With the exergy analysis it is possible to evaluate the performance of energy conversion processes not only on a thermodynamics basis but also by including production costs and environmental aspects and impacts of the studied processes. This comprehensive approach of the use of energy has, as one of the most important feature, the identification of sustainable ways of energy resources utilization. Based on the fundamentals of the exergy concept, its calculation, graphical representations and exergy balances evaluation, Exergy: Production Cost And Renewability describes the application of detailed exergy and thermoeconomic analysis to power plants and polygeneration systems, petroleum production and refining plants (including hydrogen production), chemical plants, biofuel production routes, combined production of ethanol and electricity, aircraft systems design, environmental impact mitigation processes and human body behavior. The presented case studies aim at providing students, researchers and engineers with guidelines to the utilization of the exergy and thermoeconomic analysis to model, simulate and optimize real processes and industrial plants.

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production
  • Author : Zhongyang Luo,Michalis Agraniotis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-22
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780081009291
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Summary : Low-Rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production provides a thorough introduction to lignite (brown coal) and subbituminous coals and explores how they can be used efficiently and economically in place of hard coal. The book examines the undesirable characteristics of low-quality coals, such as high moisture content, low calorific value, and aggressive ash characteristics, and the resulting refinements to standard technologies and practices required for successful combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis. The first part of this book provides a comprehensive and systematic review of the properties of low-rank coals and corresponding preparation methods, such as drying, cleaning, and upgrading. Power generation from low-rank coals is the focus of Part 2, with chapter topics ranging from high efficiency pulverized coal combustion and circulating fluidized bed combustion to emerging areas such as chemical looping and oxyfuel combustion. The final contributions address the important subjects of coal-to-liquids,polygeneration and coke production using low-rank coals, as well as the critical issue of carbon capture and storage. This book is a valuable resource for power generation engineers and researchers seeking to maximize the opportunities provided by these cheaper coal feedstocks for efficient and environmentally compatible power generation. Presents the most in-depth treatment of low-rank coals available Addresses both power generation and fuel production Includes coverage that spans pulverized coal combustion and emerging technologies, such as CFBC, UCG, CLC, and oxyfuel combustion

Biomass as Energy Source

Biomass as Energy Source
  • Author : Erik Dahlquist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-25
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780203120255
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Summary : Global energy use is approximately 140 000 TWh per year. Interestingly, biomass production amounts to approximately 270 000 TWh per year, or roughly twice as much, whereas the official figure of biomass use for energy applications is 10-13% of the global energy use. This shows that biomass is not a marginal energy resource but more than capable of

Advanced Power Generation Systems

Advanced Power Generation Systems
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Calin Zamfirescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-15
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9780123838612
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Summary : Advanced Power Generation Systems examines the full range of advanced multiple output thermodynamic cycles that can enable more sustainable and efficient power production from traditional methods, as well as driving the significant gains available from renewable sources. These advanced cycles can harness the by-products of one power generation effort, such as electricity production, to simultaneously create additional energy outputs, such as heat or refrigeration. Gas turbine-based, and industrial waste heat recovery-based combined, cogeneration, and trigeneration cycles are considered in depth, along with Syngas combustion engines, hybrid SOFC/gas turbine engines, and other thermodynamically efficient and environmentally conscious generation technologies. The uses of solar power, biomass, hydrogen, and fuel cells in advanced power generation are considered, within both hybrid and dedicated systems. The detailed energy and exergy analysis of each type of system provided by globally recognized author Dr. Ibrahim Dincer will inform effective and efficient design choices, while emphasizing the pivotal role of new methodologies and models for performance assessment of existing systems. This unique resource gathers information from thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and energy system design to provide a single-source guide to solving practical power engineering problems. The only complete source of info on the whole array of multiple output thermodynamic cycles, covering all the design options for environmentally-conscious combined production of electric power, heat, and refrigeration Offers crucial instruction on realizing more efficiency in traditional power generation systems, and on implementing renewable technologies, including solar, hydrogen, fuel cells, and biomass Each cycle description clarified through schematic diagrams, and linked to sustainable development scenarios through detailed energy, exergy, and efficiency analyses Case studies and examples demonstrate how novel systems and performance assessment methods function in practice

Advanced Biomass Gasification

Advanced Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Steffen Heidenreich,Michael Müller,Pier Ugo Foscolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-07
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780128043677
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Summary : Advanced Biomass Gasification: New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility provides a thorough overview on new concepts in biomass gasification and consolidated information on advances for process integration and combination, which could otherwise only be gained by reading a high number of journal publications. Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, highly respected experts in this field, start their exploration with the compact UNIQUE reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then examine biomass pre-treatment processes, taking into account the energy balance of the overall conversion process, and look into oxygen-steam gasification and solutions for air separation, including new options for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. Several polygeneration strategies are covered, including combined heat and power (CHP) production with synthetic natural gas (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new cutting-edge concepts, such as plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which allows for insights on the future technological outlook of the area. This book is then a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis. Explores state-of-the-art technologies that allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in gasification, including process integration, combination, and polygeneration strategies Consolidates information that was, up until now, scattered among several sources, including journal articles Provides a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis

Sustainable Energy Technology and Policies

Sustainable Energy Technology and Policies
  • Author : Sudipta De,Santanu Bandyopadhyay,Mohsen Assadi,Deb A Mukherjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-21
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9789811071881
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Summary : This book presents a state-of-the-art compilation focusing on both technological and policy aspects of sustainable energy production and consumption, which deals with issues like the need for and planning of smart cities, alternative transport fuel options, sustainable power production, pollution control technologies etc. The book comprises contributions from experts from all over the world, and addresses energy sustainability from different viewpoints. Specifically, the book focuses on energy sustainability in the Indian scenario with a background of the global perspective. Contributions from academia, policy makers and industry are included to address the challenge from different perspectives. The contents of this book will prove useful to researchers, professionals, and policy makers working in the area of green and sustainable energy.

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development

Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development
  • Author : Adrian Bonilla-Petriciolet,Gade Pandu Rangaiah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-06
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781119580331
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Summary : A comprehensive overview of current developments and applications in biofuels production Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development brings together the latest and most cutting-edge research on the production of biofuels. As the first book specifically devoted to process systems engineering for the production of biofuels, Process Systems Engineering for Biofuels Development covers theoretical, computational and experimental issues in biofuels process engineering. Written for researchers and postgraduate students working on biomass conversion and sustainable process design, as well as industrial practitioners and engineers involved in process design, modeling and optimization, this book is an indispensable guide to the newest developments in areas including: Enzyme-catalyzed biodiesel production Process analysis of biodiesel production (including kinetic modeling, simulation and optimization) The use of ultrasonification in biodiesel production Thermochemical processes for biomass transformation to biofuels Production of alternative biofuels In addition to the comprehensive overview of the subject of biofuels found in the Introduction of the book, the authors of various chapters have provided extensive discussions of the production and separation of biofuels via novel applications and techniques.

Water (R718) Turbo Compressor and Ejector Refrigeration / Heat Pump Technology

Water (R718) Turbo Compressor and Ejector Refrigeration / Heat Pump Technology
  • Author : Milan N. Šarevski,Vasko N. Šarevski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780081007341
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Summary : Water (R718) Turbo Compressor and Ejector Refrigeration/Heat Pump Technology provides the latest information on efficiency improvements, a main topic in recent investigations of thermal energy machines, plants, and systems that include turbo compressors, ejectors, and refrigeration/heat pump systems. This, when coupled with environmental concerns, has led to the application of eco-friendly refrigerants and to a renewed interest in natural refrigerants. Within this context, readers will find valuable information that explores refrigeration and heat pump systems using natural refrigerants, polygeneration systems, the energy efficiency of thermal systems, the utilization of low temperature waste heat, and cleaner production. The book also examines the technical, economic, and environmental reasons of R718 refrigeration/heat pump systems and how they are competitive with traditional systems, serving as a valuable reference for engineers who work in the design and construction of thermal plants and systems, and those who wish to specialize in the use of R718 as a refrigerant in these systems. Describes existing novel R718 turbo compressor and ejector refrigeration/heat pump systems and technologies Provides procedures calculating and optimizing cycles, system components, and system structures Estimates the performance characteristics of the thermal systems Exposes the possibilities for wider applications of R718 systems in the field of refrigeration and heat pumps