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Polymer-Based Advanced Functional Composites for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications

Polymer-Based Advanced Functional Composites for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications
  • Author : Nithin Kundachira Subramani,M.R. Siddaramaiah,Joong Hee Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-28
  • Total pages :374
  • ISBN : 9780128185094
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Summary : Polymer-Based Advanced Functional Composites for Optoelectronic and Energy Applications explains how polymer-based smart composites and nanocomposites can be prepared and utilized for novel optical, sensor and energy-related applications. The book begins with an introductory section on the fundamentals of smart polymer composites, including structure-property relationships and conjugated polymers. Other sections examine optical applications, including the use of polymer-based smart composites for luminescent solar concentrators, electro-chromic applications, light conversion applications, ultraviolet shielding applications, LED encapsulation applications, sensor applications, including gas-sensing, strain sensing, robotics and tactile sensors, with final sections covering energy-related applications, including energy harvesting, conversion, storage, vibrational energy harvesting, and more. This is an essential guide for researchers, scientists and advanced students in smart polymers and materials, polymer science, composites, nanocomposites, electronics and materials science. It is also a valuable book for scientists, R&D professionals and engineers working with products that could utilize smart polymer composites. Provides thorough coverage of the latest pioneering research in the field of polymer-based smart composites Offers an applications-oriented approach, enabling the reader to understand state-of-the-art optical, sensor and energy applications Includes an in-depth introductory section, covering important aspects such as structure-property relationships and the role of conjugated polymers

Smart Nanosystems for Biomedicine, Optoelectronics and Catalysis

Smart Nanosystems for Biomedicine, Optoelectronics and Catalysis
  • Author : Tatyana Shabatina,Vladimir Bochenkov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-26
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781838802530
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Summary : Nowadays nanoscience and nanotechnologies provide us with many excellent examples of the unique solutions for the different technical problems and demands of human society. Smart stimuli-responsive nanosystems and nanomaterials are used in many fields such as medicine, biomedical, biotechnology, agriculture, environmental pollution control, cosmetics, optics, health, food, energy, textiles, automotive, communication technologies, agriculture, and electronics. The book “Smart Nanosystems for Biomedicine, Optoelectronics and Catalysis” describes the modern trends in nanoscience and nanotechnology for creation of smart hybrid nanosystems combining the inorganic nano-objects with organic, biological, and biocompatible materials, which create multifunctional and remotely controlled platforms for diverse technical and biomedical uses. The material includes several review and original research articles devoted to the problems of directed chemical and biological synthesis of such nanosystems, thorough analysis of their physical and chemical properties and prospects of their possible applications. We hope that the presented book will be useful for different nanoscience research groups and PhD and graduate students, to introduce them to the world of hybrid metal-organic and metal-biological nano-objects, and smart self-organizing nanosystems and open new ways of their possible use in different scientific and practical areas.

Fundamentals of Conjugated Polymer Blends, Copolymers and Composites

Fundamentals of Conjugated Polymer Blends, Copolymers and Composites
  • Author : Parveen Saini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-24
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781119137115
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Summary : Since their discovery in 1977, the evolution of conducting polymers has revolutionized modern science and technology. These polymers enjoy a special status in the area of materials science yet they are not as popular among young readers or common people when compared to other materials like metals, paper, plastics, rubber, textiles, ceramics and composites like concrete. Most importantly, much of the available literature in the form of papers, specific review articles and books is targeted either at advanced readers (scientists/technologists/engineers/senior academicians) or for those who are already familiar with the topic (doctoral/postdoctoral scholars). For a beginner or even school/college students, such compilations are bit difficult to access/digest. In fact, they need proper introduction to the topic of conducting polymers including their discovery, preparation, properties, applications and societal impact, using suitable examples and already known principles/knowledge/phenomenon. Further, active participation of readers in terms of “question & answers”, “fill-in-the-blanks”, “numerical” along with suitable answer key is necessary to maintain the interest and to initiate the “thought process”. The readers also need to know about the drawbacks and any hazards of such materials. Therefore, I believe that a comprehensive source on the science/technology of conducting polymers which maintains a link between grass root fundamentals and state-of-the-art R&D is still missing from the open literature.

Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume Two

Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume Two
  • Author : Tomy J. Gutiérrez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-01
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 9783030451356
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Summary : Reactive and functional polymers are manufactured with the aim of improving the performance of unmodified polymers or providing functionality for different applications. These polymers are created mainly through chemical reactions, but there are other important modifications that can be carried out by physical alterations in order to obtain reactive and functional polymers. This volume presents a comprehensive analysis of these reactive and functional polymers. Reactive and Functional Polymers Volume Two considers the coupling, crosslinking and grafting reactions to improve the compatibility of reactive and functional polymer blends. In this book, world-renowned researchers have participated, including Dr. Sabu Thomas (Editor-in-chief for the journal ‘Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects’). With its comprehensive scope and up-to-date coverage of issues and trends in Reactive and Functional Polymers, this is an outstanding book for students, professors, researchers and industrialists working in the field of polymers and plastic materials.

Carbon-Based Smart Materials

Carbon-Based Smart Materials
  • Author : Constantinos A. Charitidis,Elias P. Koumoulos,Dimitrios A. Dragatogiannis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-20
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9783110479133
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Summary : Presents technologies and key concepts to produce suitable smart materials and intelligent structures for sensing, information and communication technology, biomedical applications (drug delivery, hyperthermia therapy), self-healing, flexible memories and construction technologies. Novel developments of environmental friendly, cost-effective and scalable production processes are discussed by experts in the field.

Polymer-based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications

Polymer-based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Mansoob Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-03
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9780081019115
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Summary : Polymer-Based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive and updated review of major innovations in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites for energy and environmental applications. It covers properties and applications, including the synthesis of polymer based nanocomposites from different sources and tactics on the efficacy and major challenges associated with successful scale-up fabrication. The chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of polymer based nanocomposites in energy and environmental applications, while also detailing how to achieve material’s characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. It is an essential reference for future research in polymer based nanocomposites as topics such as sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for highly innovative and applied materials are current topics of importance. Covers a wide range of research on polymer based nanocomposites Provides updates on the most relevant polymer based nanocomposites and their prodigious potential in the fields of energy and the environment Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of polymer based nanocomposites Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Piezoelectric Ceramics

Piezoelectric Ceramics
  • Author : Ernesto Suaste-Gomez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-05
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9789533071220
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Summary : This book reviews a big window of opportunity for piezoelectric ceramics, such as new materials, material combinations, structures, damages and porosity effects. In addition, applications of sensors, actuators, transducers for ultrasonic imaging, positioning systems, energy harvesting, biomedical and microelectronic devices are described. The book consists of fourteen chapters. The genetic algorithm is used for identification of RLC parameters in the equivalent electrical circuit of piezoelectric transducers. Concept and development perspectives for piezoelectric energy harvesting are described. The characterization of principal properties and advantages of a novel device called ceramic-controlled piezoelectric with a Pt wire implant is included. Bio-compatibility studies between piezoelectric ceramic material and biological cell suspension are exposed. Thus, piezoelectric ceramics have been a very favorable solution as a consequence of its high energy density and the variety of fabrication techniques to obtain bulk or thin films devices. Finally, the readers will perceive a trend analysis and examine recent developments in different fields of applications of piezoelectric ceramics.

Tropical Natural Fibre Composites

Tropical Natural Fibre Composites
  • Author : Mohd Sapuan Salit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-15
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9789812871558
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Summary : This book covers the different aspects of tropical natural fibre composites in areas such as properties, design and analysis, manufacturing techniques, material selection of kenaf, oil palm, sugar palm, pineapple leaf, coconut, sugarcane and banana based fibre composites. Important properties such as mechanical and thermal of natural fibres as well their composites are presented. A study on the composite fibre-matrix interface is highlighted together with the design process and analysis of products from natural fibre composites. An overview on the manufacturing techniques (conventionally used to produce fibre glass fibre composites) such as pultrusion and filament winding is described to produce natural fibre composites. The importance of material selection system to obtain the most optimum materials for application in engineering components from natural fibre composites is covered with a strong focus on the concurrent engineering for natural fibre composites.

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites

Smart Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Author : Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,John-John Cabibihan,Mariam Al-Ali Al-Maadeed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-06
  • Total pages :397
  • ISBN : 9783319504247
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Summary : This book covers smart polymer nanocomposites with perspectives for application in energy harvesting, as self-healing materials, or shape memory materials. The book is application-oriented and describes different types of polymer nanocomposites, such as elastomeric composites, thermoplastic composites, or conductive polymer composites. It outlines their potential for applications, which would meet some of the most important challenges nowadays: for harvesting energy, as materials with the capacity to self-heal, or as materials memorizing a given shape.The book brings together these different applications for the first time in one single platform. Chapters are ordered both by the type of composites and by the target applications. Readers will thus find a good overview, facilitating a comparison of the different smart materials and their applications. The book will appeal to scientists in the fields of chemistry, material science and engineering, but also to technologists and physicists, from graduate student level to researcher and professional.

Polymer Engineering

Polymer Engineering
  • Author : Bartosz Tylkowski,Karolina Wieszczycka,Renata Jastrzab
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-25
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9783110469745
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Summary : Polymer Engineering focuses on the preparation and application of polymers in several hot topics such as artificial photosynthesis, water purification by membrane technologies, and biodiesel production from wastewater plants. The authors not only describe the latest developments in polymer science, but also support these experimental results by computational chemistry and modelling studies.

Green Polymeric Nanocomposites

Green Polymeric Nanocomposites
  • Author : Satya Eswari Jujjavarapu,Krishna Mohan Poluri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-28
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781351045131
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Summary : Covering fundamentals through applications, this book discusses environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of a variety of materials procured from different resources, their synthesis, and applications using alternative green approaches. The text: Describes green polymeric nanocomposites that show greater properties in terms of degradability, biocompatibility, synthesis process, cost effectiveness, mechanical strength, high surface area, nontoxicity, and environmental friendliness Explains the basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry Discusses practical applications that present future directions in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, and automotive industries This book is aimed at scientists, researchers, and academics working in nanotechnology, biomaterials, polymer science, and those studying products derived from eco-friendly nanomaterials.

Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics

Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics
  • Author : Gerasimos Konstantatos,Edward H. Sargent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-07
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 9780521198264
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Summary : Captures the most up-to-date research in the field, written in an accessible style by the world's leading experts.

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials

Phenolic Polymers Based Composite Materials
  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Asim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-09
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9789811589324
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Summary : This book contains recent research on phenolic resin and its composite materials. The book covers all types of wood composites, natural fibres and synthetic fibres reinforced composites. It discusses various properties of phenolic composites and presents comparative study with other polymer composites for prospective applications. The chapters in the book present an up-to-date information on the subject area of polymer and composite-based information by prominent researchers in academia and industry as well as government/private research laboratories across the world. The book serves as a holistic reference source for university and college faculties, professionals, postdoctoral research fellows, undergraduate/graduate students, and research and science officers working in the area of polymer science, non-forest products utilization, natural fibres and biomass materials.

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics
  • Author : Sulaiman Khalifeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-01
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781927885680
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Summary : Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems using novel polymers. The book classifies polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of polymers and electronics. Features information on concepts and optimized types of electronics and a classification system of electronic polymers, including piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more. The book is designed to help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, and polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Ceramic and Specialty Electrolytes for Energy Storage Devices

Ceramic and Specialty Electrolytes for Energy Storage Devices
  • Author : Prasanth Raghavan,Jabeen Fatima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-04
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9781000351804
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Summary : Ceramic and Specialty Electrolytes for Energy Storage Devices, Volume II, investigates recent progress and challenges in a wide range of ceramic solid and quasi-solid electrolytes and specialty electrolytes for energy storage devices. The influence of these electrolyte properties on the performance of different energy storage devices is discussed in detail. Features: • Offers a detailed outlook on the performance requirements and ion transportation mechanism in solid polymer electrolytes • Covers solid-state electrolytes based on oxides (perovskite, anti-perovskite) and sulfide-type ion conductor electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries followed by solid-state electrolytes based on NASICON and garnet-type ionic conductors • Discusses electrolytes employed for high-temperature lithium-ion batteries, low-temperature lithium-ion batteries, and magnesium-ion batteries • Describes sodium-ion batteries, transparent electrolytes for energy storage devices, non-platinum-based cathode electrocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cells, non-platinum-based anode electrocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cells, and ionic liquid-based electrolytes for supercapacitor applications • Suitable for readers with experience in batteries as well as newcomers to the field This book will be invaluable to researchers and engineers working on the development of next-generation energy storage devices, including materials and chemical engineers, as well as those involved in related disciplines.

Carbon Nanotubes

Carbon Nanotubes
  • Author : Mohamed Berber,Inas Hazzaa Hafez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-20
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9789535124696
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Summary : This book shows the recent advances of the applications of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), in particular, the polymer functionalized carbon nanotubes. It also includes a comprehensive description of carbon nanotubes' preparation, properties, and characterization. Therefore, we have attempted to provide detailed information about the polymer-carbon nanotube composites. With regard to the unique structure and properties of carbon nanotubes, a series of important findings have been reported. The unique properties of carbon nanotubes, including thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties, after polymer functionalization have been documented in detail. This book comprises 18 chapters. The chapters include different applications of polymer functionalization CNTs, e.g. photovoltaic, biomedical, drug delivery, gene delivery, stem cell therapy, thermal therapy, biological detection and imaging, electroanalytical, energy, supercapacitor, and gas sensor applications.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
  • Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780081025789
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Summary : Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

Engineering and Technology for Healthcare

Engineering and Technology for Healthcare
  • Author : Muhammad Ali Imran,Rami Ghannam,Qammer H. Abbasi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-25
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781119644286
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Summary : Innovation in healthcare is currently a “hot” topic. Innovation allows us to think differently, to take risks and to develop ideas that are far better than existing solutions. Currently, there is no single book that covers all topics related to microelectronics, sensors, data, system integration and healthcare technology assessment in one reference. This book aims to critically evaluate current state-of-the-art technologies and provide readers with insights into developing new solutions. With contributions from a fully international team of experts across electrical engineering and biomedical fields, the book discusses how advances in sensing technology, computer science, communications systems and proteomics/genomics are influencing healthcare technology today.

Ionic Polymer Metal Composites for Sensors and Actuators

Ionic Polymer Metal Composites for Sensors and Actuators
  • Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-04
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : 9783030137281
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Summary : This book discusses the fundamental of bending actuation with a focus on ionic metal composites. It describes the applications of ionic polymer metal composite (IPMC) actuators, from conventional robotic systems to compliant micro robotic systems used to handle the miniature and fragile components during robotic micro assembly. It also presents mathematical modelings of actuators for engineering, biomedical, medical and environmental systems. The fundamental relation of IPMC actuators to the biomimetic systems are also included.

Flexible and Stretchable Electronic Composites

Flexible and Stretchable Electronic Composites
  • Author : Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,Chaoying Wan,Sabu Thomas,Mariam Al-Ali AlMa'adeed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-16
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9783319236636
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Summary : This book is the first comprehensive collection of electronic aspects of different kinds of elastomer composites, including combinations of synthetic, natural and thermoplastic elastomers with different conducting fillers like metal nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, or graphenes, and many more. It covers elastomer composites, which are useful in electronic applications, including chemical and physical as well as material science aspects. The presented elastomer composites have great potential for solving emerging new material application requirements, for example as flexible and wearable electronics. The book is structured and organized by the rubber/elastomer type: each chapter describes a different elastomer matrix and its composites. While introducing to important fundamentals, it is application-oriented, discussing the current issues and challenges in the field of elastomer composites. This book will thus appeal to researchers and scientists, to engineers and technologists, but also to graduate students, working on elastomer composites, or on electronics engineering with the composites, providing the readers with a sound introduction to the field and solutions to both fundamental and applied problems.

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics

Handbook of Advanced Ceramics
  • Author : E. Gracia-Espino,F. López-Urías,Y.A. Kim,T. Hayashi,H. Muramatsu,M. Endo,H. Terrones,M. Terrones,M.S. Dresselhaus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-11
  • Total pages :1258
  • ISBN : 9780128057032
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Summary :