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Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants
  • Author : Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-14
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 9780444538093
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Summary : Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Arthur F. Grand,Charles A. Wilkie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-04-05
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 1420027093
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Summary : This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials

Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials
  • Author : De-Yi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-21
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9780081001639
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Summary : Novel Fire Retardant Polymers and Composite Materials reviews the latest scientific developments and technological advances in the design and manufacture of fire retardant polymers and composite materials. Fire retardant polymeric materials are used in a broad range of applications in fields such as aviation, automotive, computer, construction, electronics, and telecommunications. It is essential to have a better understanding of the scientific technology used in the design and manufacture of fire-resistant materials and their end products. This book includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA, etc. Provides cutting-edge research in flame retardant materials, relevant to both scientific and industrial applications Presents the latest and most up-to-date fire retardant technologies Discusses the most popular fire retardant polymer systems Includes the latest developments in fire retardant technologies for different polymeric material systems, such as PU, PP, PE, PLA, epoxy, rubber, textile, phenol resin, and PA

Green Fashion

Green Fashion
  • Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Angel Gardetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9789811002458
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Summary : This book details the crux of green fashion, addressing various environmental aspects and discussing the importance of sustainable fashion in the apparel industry. It addresses various important topics such as Relationship marketing in green fashion, Animal Ethics and Welfare in the Fashion and Lifestyle Industries, Green Flame retardants, etc.

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites
  • Author : Alexander B. Morgan,Charles A. Wilkie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-06
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780470109021
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Summary : Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites takes a comprehensive look at polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy applications and includes nanocomposite fundamentals (theory, design, synthesis, characterization) as well as polymer flammability fundamentals with emphasis on how nanocomposites affect flammability. The book has practical examples from literature, patents, and existing commercial products. Readers can design new work based upon the material in the book or use it as a handy reference for interpreting existing work and results.

Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles

Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles
  • Author : Edward D. Weil,Sergei V. Levchik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-07
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 1569905789
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Summary : This updated edition of Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles provides an overview of flame retardants that are in commercial use, were recently used, or are in development. The book is organized polymer-by-polymer and provides a guide to advantages, limitations, and patented and patent-free formulations, with insight into favorable and unfavorable combinations. The targeted readership is the plastics or textile finish compounder and the plastic additives R&D worker, as well as market development and sales. This edition contains, besides a compendium of current flame retardants, updated information relevant to performance testing, mode of action, and safety and regulatory aspects. Industrial or academic researchers will find useful a discussion of unsolved problems with possible new approaches. Both authors have extended, productive experience in both basic and applied flame retardancy.

Towards Bio-based Flame Retardant Polymers

Towards Bio-based Flame Retardant Polymers
  • Author : Rodolphe Sonnier,Aurélie Taguet,Laurent Ferry,José-Marie Lopez-Cuesta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :100
  • ISBN : 9783319670836
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Summary : Sustainable development has become a great concern in modern society. The authors of this brief describe how one strategy to reach this objective is to replace oil-based materials with bio-based materials. They emphasize the great efforts that have been made to synthesize new bio-based polymers or additives or to replace glass fibers by natural fibers in composites. Flame retardancy is one of the most desired properties for many applications in wires and cables, building, transport, electric and electronic devices. The authors of this fascinating and timely brief summarize this important field in three parts. The flame retardancy of biobased polymers, the flame retardancy of natural fibers composites, and the synthesis and efficiency of biobased flame retardants.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials
  • Author : Yuan Hu,Xin Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-06
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9781351586146
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Summary : Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the field, from basic properties and mechanisms of action for flame retardants to emerging methods, materials, and industrial applications. With over 120 black and white images, Hu and Wang cover the latest in the development of novel polymer nanocomposites such as graphene, CNTs, LDHs, POSS, and techniques such as layer-by-layer assembly. These expert authors also include discussions on the important flame-retardant systems based on phosphorus, silicon, and boron. In doing so, they highlight the use of flame-retardants in varying industries, for example, construction, textiles, and aviation. This comprehensive handbook is an essential read for students and academics of physics with a particular interest in flame-retardant materials. It would also be recommended for professionals within the materials science and engineering fields.

Lignin

Lignin
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-21
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9789535139010
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Summary : Lignin - Trends and Applications consists of 11 chapters related to the lignin structure, modification, depolymerization, degradation process, computational modeling, and applications. This is a useful book for readers from diverse areas, such as physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. It is expected that this book may expand the reader's knowledge about this complex natural polymer.

Polypropylene

Polypropylene
  • Author : J. Karger-Kocsis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :966
  • ISBN : 9789401144216
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Summary : My heart sank when I was approached by Dr Hastings and by Professor Briggs (Senior Editor of Materials Science and Technology and Series Editor of Polymer Science and Technology Series at Chapman & Hall, respectively) to edit a book with the provisional title Handbook of Poly propylene. My reluctance was due to the fact that my former book [1] along with that of Moore [2], issued in the meantime, seemed to cover the information demand on polypropylene and related systems. Encour aged, however, by some colleagues (the new generation of scientists and engineers needs a good reference book with easy information retrieval, and the development with metallocene catalysts deserves a new update!), I started on this venture. Having some experience with polypropylene systems and being aware of the current literature, it was easy to settle the titles for the book chapters and also to select and approach the most suitable potential contributors. Fortunately, many of my first-choice authors accepted the invitation to contribute. Like all editors of multi-author volumes, I recognize that obtaining contributors follows an S-type curve of asymptotic saturation when the number of willing contributors is plotted as a function of time. The saturation point is, however, never reached and as a consequence, Dear Reader, you will also find some topics of some relevance which are not explicitly treated in this book (but, believe me, I have considered them).

Foundations of High Performance Polymers

Foundations of High Performance Polymers
  • Author : Abbas Hamrang,Bob A. Howell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-20
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781926895529
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Summary : This book presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also provides an update on applications of modern polymers. It offers new research on structure–property relationships, synthesis and purification, and potential applications of high performance polymers. The collection of topics in this book reflects the diversity of recent advances in modern polymers with a broad perspective that will be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. The book opens with a presentation of classical models, moving on to increasingly more complex quantum mechanical and dynamical theories. Coverage and examples are drawn from modern polymers. Topics include high performance polymers and computer science integration in biochemical, green polymers, molecular nanotechnology, and industrial chemistry.

Fire Retardancy of Polymers

Fire Retardancy of Polymers
  • Author : M Le Bras,S Bourbigot,G Camino,R Delobel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9781845698584
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Summary : Covers the following topics: Strategies; Intumescence: Mechanism studies; New intumescent polymetric materials; Flame retarded intumescent textiles; Intumescence - an environmentally friendly process?

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials

Advances in Fire Retardant Materials
  • Author : A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-19
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9781845695071
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Summary : This important book provides a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to a broad range of materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of which can improve safety as well as the marketability of a product. The first part of the book reviews the advances that have occurred in improving the fire retardancy of specific materials, ranging from developments in phosphorus and halogen-free flame retardants to the use of nanocomposites as novel flame retardant systems. Key environmental issues are also addressed. The second group of chapters examines fire testing issues and regulations. A final group of chapters addresses the application of fire retardant materials in such areas as composites, automotive materials, military fabrics and aviation materials. With its distinguished editors and array of international contributors, this book is an essential reference for producers, manufacturers, retailers and all those wishing to improve fire retardancy in materials. It is also suitable for researchers in industry or academia. Reviews advances in improving the retardancy of materials Addresses key environmental issues Examines fire testing issues and regulations and the challenges involved

Physical Chemistry Research for Engineering and Applied Sciences - Three Volume Set

Physical Chemistry Research for Engineering and Applied Sciences - Three Volume Set
  • Author : Eli M. Pearce,Bob A. Howell,Richard A. Pethrick,Gennady E. Zaikov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-24
  • Total pages :970
  • ISBN : 9781482262339
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Summary : This 3-volume set covers new research and applications on physical chemical for engineering and applied sciences. Volume 1 discusses the principles and technological implications of industrial chemistry and biochemical physics. Volume 2 presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-29
  • Total pages :782
  • ISBN : 9780128226698
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Summary : Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites for Industrial Applications summarizes the properties of polymer nanocomposites, discusses their industrial scale fabrication methods, and presents their applications for various industrial sectors at both experimental and theoretical models scales. The book also addresses existing challenges for the use of polymer nanocomposites in major industrial sectors. Overall, the aim of this book is to summarize the recent advancements in the use of PNCs in a variety of industry sectors. Particular attention is paid to those approaches that enable green and sustainable industrial developments. The legal, economical and toxicity aspects of polymer nanocomposite are also presented in detail. Comprehensively explores how polymer nanocomposites are being used to create more efficient products and devices in a variety of industry sectors Explores the environmental, legal, health and safety issues of using polymer nanocomposites in an industrial context Develops a roadmap to the wider commercial utilization of polymer nanocomposites Emphasizes the use of polymer nanocomposites in green and sustainable technologies

Toxic Safety

Toxic Safety
  • Author : Alissa Cordner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-29
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780231541381
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Summary : Initially marketed as a life-saving advancement, flame retardants are now mired in controversy. Some argue that data show the chemicals are unsafe while others continue to support their use. The tactics of each side have far-reaching consequences for how we interpret new scientific discoveries. An experienced environmental sociologist, Alissa Cordner conducts more than a hundred interviews with activists, scientists, regulators, and industry professionals to isolate the social, scientific, economic, and political forces influencing environmental health policy today. Introducing "strategic science translation," she describes how stakeholders use scientific evidence to support nonscientific goals and construct "conceptual risk formulas" to shape risk assessment and the interpretation of empirical evidence. A revelatory text for public-health advocates, Toxic Safety demonstrates that while all parties interested in health issues use science to support their claims, they do not compete on a level playing field and even good intentions can have deleterious effects.

Polyester

Polyester
  • Author : Nurhan Onar Camlibel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-14
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN : 9789535138815
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Summary : Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Fire and Polymers V

Fire and Polymers V
  • Author : Charles A. Wilkie,Alexander B. Morgan,Gordon L. Nelson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :439
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0101086882
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Summary : This volume addresses recent advances in fire retardancy and examines progress that has been made in controlling fires.

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-05
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9781482252675
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Summary : Keeping in mind the advantages of bio-based materials, this book focuses on the potential efficacy of different biocomposites procured from diverse natural resources and the preparation and processing of the biocomposites to be used for a variety of applications. Each chapter gives an overview on a particular biocomposite material and its processing and successful utilization for selected applications. The chapters summarize recently developed research on such topics as: • Spider silk biocomposites • Biogenic hydroxyapatite-based implant biocomposites • Liquid crystals and cellulose derivatives biocomposites • Bio-based epoxy resins • Bio-based polyphenols and lignocellulosic fibers • Wood-based biocomposites • Flame retardant biocomposites • Biocomposites for industrial noise control • Cellulose-based bionanocomposites Each individual chapter also focuses on the knowledge and understanding of the interfaces manifested in these biocomposites systems and the optimization of different parameters for novel properties. In addition to this, the book also summarizes the recent developments made in the area of injection molding of biocomposites, chemical functionalization of natural fibers, processing of biocomposites, and their applications in the automotive and biomedical industries. A number of critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, underscoring the roles of researchers for the efficient development of biocomposite materials through value addition to enhance their use.

Polyurethane Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites

Polyurethane Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Janusz Datta,Jozef Haponiuk,Arunima Reghunadhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-17
  • Total pages :634
  • ISBN : 9780128041024
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Summary : Polyurethane Polymers: Composites and Nanocomposites concentrates on the composites and nanocomposites of polyurethane based materials. Polyurethane composites are a very important class of materials widely used in the biomedical and industrial field that offer numerous potential applications in many areas. This book discusses current research and identifies future research needs in the area. Provides an elaborate coverage of the chemistry of polyurethane, its synthesis, and properties Includes available characterization techniques Relates types of polyurethanes to their potential properties Discusses composites, nanocomposites options, and PU recycling

Nano- and Biocomposites

Nano- and Biocomposites
  • Author : Alan Kin-tak Lau,Farzana Hussain,Khalid Lafdi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-20
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 1420080296
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Summary : Advanced polymer-based nanocomposite materials continue to become increasingly popular and important for a wide range of engineering applications, as evidenced by continued government initiatives involving R&D and commercialization of these substances. In the race to exploit the unique mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of nanocomposite materials, researchers must also address new challenges to predict, understand, and manage the potentially adverse effects they could have on human lives and the environment. Nano- and Biocomposites focuses on the structural makeup of nanomaterials and their range of applications. It details the latest research in which biological applications of nanostructural resins have been conducted within in vitro and in vivo environments. Some of the applications explored in this book include: Tissue engineering and growth Mechanical and thermal stability enhancement of biocompatible polymers for artificial joints and scaffolding Thermal management for directed energy weapons, deicing, and electronics Structural performance for primary and secondary airframe structures, jet engines Electrical conductivity for lightning-strike protection, EMI, ESD, and energy storage Durability for chemical, wear, flame retardance, permeability Health monitoring for NDE certification, damage detection, and long-term degradation This compilation of author contributions is divided into two sections—Nanostructured Polymer Composites and Nano-Bio Composites. It provides a basic understanding of nanomaterial and nanocomposite research to explain the fundamentals of how nanostructured fillers strengthen polymer-based materials. With an emphasis on how nano- and biocomposites are used to create new biomedical applications, the text also focuses on the crucial yet often-ignored potential toxicity impact of using nanostructured materials. It presents important guidelines and new insights to stimulate investigation of anticipated research in this fascinating new field. Researchers, scientists, and academics will appreciate this cutting-edge exploration of nanomaterials, biomaterials, and the ever-evolving world of nano-biomaterials.