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Polyphenols in Plants

Polyphenols in Plants
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-17
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780123984913
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Summary : Polyphenols in Plants assists plant scientists and dietary supplement producers in assessing polyphenol content and factors affecting their composition. It also aids in selecting sources and regulating environmental conditions affecting yield for more consistent and function dietary supplements. Polyphenols play key roles in the growth, regulation and structure of plants and vary widely within different plants. Stress, growth conditions and plant species modify polyphenol structure and content. This book describes techniques to identify, isolate and characterize polyphenols, taking mammalian toxicology into account as well. Defines conditions of growth affecting the polyphenol levels Describes assay and instrumentation techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols, critical to researchers and business development Documents how some polyphenols are dangerous to consume, important to dietary supplement industry, government regulators and lay public users

Plant Polyphenols

Plant Polyphenols
  • Author : Richard W. Hemingway,Peter E. Laks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :1053
  • ISBN : 9781461534761
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Summary : This book was developed from the proceedings of the 2nd North American Tan nin Conference held in Houghton, Michigan, June, 1991. The objective of this con ference was to bring together people with a common interest in plant polyphenols and to promote interdisciplinary interactions that will lead to a bet ter understand ing of the importance of these substances. Another objective of this conference was to extend the 'tannin family' by making special efforts to encourage participation by scientists outside the United States, obtain more coverage of the hydrolyzable tannins, and further broaden the scope of coverage from the initial concentration on forestry and forest products. Com parison of the contents of this book with 'Chemistry and Significance of Condensed Tannins' that resulted from the proceedings of the 1st North American Tannin Conference shows the degree that these objectives were met. In developing the second conference, care was taken to assure that this book extends rather than duplicates the coverage of the first conference. Therefore, the two books should be taken together to obtain an up to date coverage of the broad area of chemistry and significance of plant polyphenols. Our thanks go to the authors who so kindly contributed chapters and so pa tiently responded to our requests. We thank the Conference Assistance Staff of Michigan Technological University for their help in planning and conducting the conference.

Polyphenols in Plants

Polyphenols in Plants
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-14
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780128137697
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Summary : Polyphenols in Plants: Isolation, Purification and Extract Preparation, 2nd edition, provides a detailed insight into polyphenols that occur naturally in plants and how they can be affected during growth and development, then effectively removed and optimized for various applications in food production. Historically, plants have been the major sources for drugs and health promotion. While there are a small number of nutrients contained, the growing focus is on the very diverse, complex ring structures: polyphenols that are not nutritious. In order to study or use them in patient treatment, the polyphenols need to be isolated, identified, and purified for application and study. This book brings together experts in the field who share their ongoing examination of isolation and purification of polyphenols as well as determination of their structures and composition. Polyphenols in Plants covers a range of new topics including polyphenols in vegetable waste and agricultural byproducts, extraction methods and characterization of polyphenols, and isolation techniques in the development of new compounds and their use in cancer therapy. This book will be useful to plant scientists and dietary supplement producers, as well as scientists in the food industry and alternative medicine who are interested in the specific health benefits of various dietary extracts and other polyphenol resources. Fully revised and updated to present the latest developments in the field Advances understanding of isolation, characterization, and identification of critical polyphenols vital to industrial development as therapies Defines conditions of growth affecting polyphenol levels Describes techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols

Plant Polyphenols 2

Plant Polyphenols 2
  • Author : Georg G. Gross,Richard W. Hemingway,Takashi Yoshida
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :926
  • ISBN : 9781461541394
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Summary : This volume summarizes current research on the influence of plant polyphenols on human health, promoting collaboration between chemists and biologists to improve our understanding of their biological significance, and expanding the possibilities for their use.

Polyphenols: Properties, Recovery, and Applications

Polyphenols: Properties, Recovery, and Applications
  • Author : Charis Michel Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-11
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9780128135730
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Summary : Polyphenols: Properties, Recovery, and Applications covers polyphenol properties, health effects and new trends in recovery procedures and applications. Beginning with coverage of the metabolism and health effects of polyphenols, the book then addresses recovery, analysis, processing issues and industrial applications. The book not only connects the properties and health effects of polyphenols with recovery, processing and encapsulation issues, but also explores industrial applications that are affected by these aspects, including both current applications and those under development. Covers the properties and health effects of polyphenols, along with trends in recovery procedures and applications Addresses recovery, analysis and processing issues Concludes with coverage of the industrial applications of polyphenols

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research

Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research
  • Author : Heidi Halbwirth,Karl Stich,Véronique Cheynier,Stéphane Quideau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-25
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781119427933
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Summary : Plant polyphenols are secondary metabolites that constitute one of the most common and widespread groups of natural products. They are crucial constituents of a large and diverse range of biological functions and processes, and provide many benefits to both plants and humans. Many polyphenols, from their structurally simplest representatives to their oligo/polymeric versions, are notably known as phytoestrogens, plant pigments, potent antioxidants, and protein interacting agents. This sixth volume of the highly regarded Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research series is edited by Heidi Halbwirth, Karl Stich, Véronique Cheynier and Stéphane Quideau, and is a continuance of the series’ tradition of compiling a cornucopia of cutting-edge chapters, written by some of the leading experts in their respective fields of polyphenol sciences. Highlighted herein are some of the most recent and pertinent developments in polyphenol research, covering such major areas as: Chemistry and physicochemistry Biosynthesis, genetics & metabolic engineering Roles in plants and ecosystems Food, nutrition & health Applied polyphenols This book is a distillation of the most current information, and as such, will surely prove an invaluable source for chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, biologists, ecologists, food scientists and nutritionists.

Phenolic Compounds

Phenolic Compounds
  • Author : Marcos Soto-Hernández,Mariana Palma Tenango,Rosario García-Mateos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-08
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9789535129592
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Summary : Phenolic compounds comprise a broad class of natural products formed mainly by plants, but also microorganisms and marine organisms that have the capacity to form them. Nowadays the interest in these compounds has increased mainly due to their diverse chemical structure and wide biological activity valuable in the prevention of some chronic or degenerative diseases. The functional foods are a rich source of these phytochemicals, and this is the starting point for this book, which shows the state of the art of the phenolic compounds and their biological activity. This book integrates eleven chapters that show the state of the art of diverse biological activity of the phenolic compounds, present in some crops or fruits.

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-26
  • Total pages :1488
  • ISBN : 9780123984678
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Summary : Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition

Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition
  • Author : Manfred Lamprecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-17
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 9781466567573
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Summary : The use of antioxidants in sports is controversial due to existing evidence that they both support and hinder athletic performance. Antioxidants in Sport Nutrition covers antioxidant use in the athlete ́s basic nutrition and discusses the controversies surrounding the usefulness of antioxidant supplementation. The book also stresses how antioxidants may affect immunity, health, and exercise performance. The book contains scientifically based chapters explaining the basic mechanisms of exercise-induced oxidative damage. Also covered are methodological approaches to assess the effectiveness of antioxidant treatment. Biomarkers are discussed as a method to estimate the bioefficacy of dietary/supplemental antioxidants in sports. This book is useful for sport nutrition scientists, physicians, exercise physiologists, product developers, sport practitioners, coaches, top athletes, and recreational athletes. In it, they will find objective information and practical guidance.

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-06
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128130094
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Summary : Polyphenols in Prevention and Treatment of Human Disease, Second Edition authoritatively covers evidence of the powerful health benefits of polyphenols, touching on cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis. This collection represents the contributions of an international group of experts in polyphenol research who share their expertise in endocrinology, public health, cardiology, pharmacology, agriculture and veterinary science. Researchers from diverse backgrounds will gain insight into how clinical observations and practices can feed back into the research cycle, thus allowing them to develop more targeted insights into the mechanisms of disease. This reference fills a void in research where nutritionists and alternative therapies may be applicable. Describes polyphenol modulation of blood flow and oxygenation as a potential mechanism of protection against vascular atherosclerosis Describes how polyphenols and antioxidants frequently change immune defenses and actions Focuses on the most important areas of research and provides insights into their relationships and translational opportunities

Plant Polyphenols

Plant Polyphenols
  • Author : Edwin Haslam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989-06-29
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 0521321891
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Summary :

Phenolic Compounds

Phenolic Compounds
  • Author : Marcos Soto-Hernández,Mariana Palma Tenango,Rosario García-Mateos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9789535129578
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Summary : Phenolic compounds as a large class of metabolites found in plants have attracted attention since long time ago due to their properties and the hope that they will show beneficial health effects when taken as dietary supplements. This book presents the state of the art of some of the natural sources of phenolic compounds, for example, medicinal plants, grapes or blue maize, as well as the modern methods of extraction, quantification, and identification, and there is a special section discussing the treatment, removal, and degradation of phenols, an important issue in those phenols derived from the pharmaceutical or petrochemical industries.

Functional Food

Functional Food
  • Author : María Chávarri Hueda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-02
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9789535134398
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Summary : In recent years, the concern of society about how food influences the health status of people has increased. Consumers are increasingly aware that food can prevent the development of certain diseases, so in recent years, the food industry is developing new, healthier products taking into account aspects such as trans fats, lower caloric intake, less salt, etc. However, there are bioactive compounds that can improve the beneficial effect of these foods and go beyond the nutritional value. This book provides information on impact of bioactive ingredients (vitamins, antioxidants, compounds of the pulses, etc.) on nutrition through food, how functional foods can prevent disease, and tools to evaluate the effects of bioactive ingredients, functional foods, and diet.

Chemistry and Biology of Ellagitannins

Chemistry and Biology of Ellagitannins
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789814471442
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Summary :

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications
  • Author : Emad Shalaby,Ghada Mostafa Azzam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9781789233780
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Summary : Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. Free radicals can cause mutation in different biological compounds such as protein, nucleic acids, and lipids, and the damage caused by the free radicals lead to various diseases (cancer, cardiovascular disease, aging, etc.). Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons, which neutralize the radical without forming another. Ascorbic acid, for example, can lose an electron to a free radical and remain stable itself by passing its unstable electron around the antioxidant molecule. Unfortunately, new data indicate that the synthetic antioxidants used in the industry could have carcinogenic effects on human cells, thus fueling an intense search for new, natural, and efficient antioxidants. Therefore, the current book discusses the role and source of antioxidant compounds in nutrition and diets. Also, the current book includes nine chapters contributed by experts around the world, and the chapters are categorized into two sections: "Antioxidant Compounds and Biological Activities" and "Natural Antioxidants and Applications."

Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants

Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants
  • Author : Mohammad B. Hossain,Nigel P. Brunton,Dilip K. Rai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-17
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781119036630
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Summary : The latest research on the health benefits and optimal processing technologies of herbs and spices This book provides a comprehensive overview of the health benefits, analytical techniques used, and effects of processing upon the physicochemical properties of herbs and spices. Presented in three parts, it opens with a section on the technological and health benefits of herbs and spices. The second part reviews the effect of classical and novel processing techniques on the properties of herbs/spices. The third section examines extraction techniques and analytical methodologies used for herbs and spices. Filled with contributions from experts in academia and industry, Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants: Processing, Health Benefits and Safety offers chapters covering thermal and non-thermal processing of herbs and spices, recent developments in high-quality drying of herbs and spices, conventional and novel techniques for extracting bioactive compounds from herbs and spices, and approaches to analytical techniques. It also examines purification and isolation techniques for enriching bioactive phytochemicals, medicinal properties of herbs and spices, synergy in whole-plant medicine, potential applications of polyphenols from herbs and spices in dairy products, biotic and abiotic safety concerns, and adverse human health effects and regulation of metal contaminants in terrestrial plant-derived food and phytopharmaceuticals. Covers the emerging health benefits of herbs and spices, including their use as anti-diabetics, anti-inflammatories, and anti-oxidants Reviews the effect of classical and novel processing techniques on the properties of herbs and spices Features informed perspectives from noted academics and professionals in the industry Part of Wiley's new IFST Advances in Food Science series Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants is an important book for companies, research institutions, and universities active in the areas of food processing and the agri-food environment. It will appeal to food scientists and engineers, environmentalists, and food regulatory agencies.

Polyphenol Oxidases (PPOs) in Plants

Polyphenol Oxidases (PPOs) in Plants
  • Author : Aravind Jukanti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-18
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : 9789811057472
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Summary : This book is first of its kind exclusively dedicated to plant polyphenol oxidases (PPOs), highlighting their importance in the food processing industry. By reviewing the scientific developments of the past several decades, it offers a comprehensive overview of various aspects of plant PPOs, including chemistry, structure, functions, regulation, genetics/genomics and molecular aspects. PPOs are copper-containing proteins found in several plant species that catalyze the hydroxylation of o-monophenols to o-diphenols and oxidation of the o-dihydroxyphenols to o-quinones. Further, the quonines undergo self-polymerization or react with amines/thiol groups to produce brown/dark coloration of products. All the PPOs contain two Cu-binding sites (CuA and CuB) as their central domain, these interact with phenolic substrates and molecular oxygen. Several of the plant PPOs contain an N-terminal transit peptide (~80-100 amino acids ) necessary for plastid import. The PPOs occur in latent form that are activated by various treatments including acid and base shock, exposure to detergents or proteolytic degradation. The pH optimum of PPOs varies widely depending upon different plant species but is usually ~4.0 – 8.0. Similarly, the optimum temperature also varies as per the source and substrate involved ranging from 30 to 45 °C. Multiple PPO isoforms have been reported in several plant species, and the chromosomal location of PPOs has also been studied in some species. The physiological role (s) of PPOs is not entirely understood, but they could be involved in defense-related functions in plants. From an applied perspective, PPOs are implicated in enzymatic browning/darkening of cereal products, vegetables and fruits. Interestingly, browning is preferred in some instances like the processing of black tea, cocoa, and coffee as it enhances their quality by forming flavorful products. There have b een initiatives to specifically breed and develop cultivars with reasonably low PPO levels in the mature grain or fruit. Further, several types of inhibitors that reduce the PPO activity have also been identified. Despite their commercial/economic importance and the availability of literature on different aspects of PPOs in different plant species, this is the first book to provide basic information regarding PPOs. It is a valuable resource for researchers involved in quality-related research specifically in crops, vegetables and fruits. Further, as PPOs are also implicated in defense- or stress-related functions, the book is also useful to breeders, pathologists, molecular biologists, physiologists and entomologists.

Enzyme Chemistry of Phenolic Compounds

Enzyme Chemistry of Phenolic Compounds
  • Author : J. B. Pridham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-16
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9781483149837
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Summary : Enzyme Chemistry of Phenolic Compounds documents the proceedings of the Plant Phenolics Group Symposium held at Liverpool on April 11-12 1962. This book focuses on the interaction of enzymes and phenolic compounds, oxidation-reduction systems in plants and microorganisms, and phenolase complex. Other topics discussed include purification of phenol oxidases; enzyme-substrate specificity in potato polyphenol oxidase; tocopherols; and role of ubiquinone and plastoquinone in plant metabolism. Hydrolytic enzymes; enzyme inhibition by phenolic compounds; tannin inhibition of plant mitochondria; and aromatic acid-reducing systems in fungi are also deliberated in this selection. This publication is beneficial to students and biochemists researching on enzyme and phenolic compounds.

The Shikimic Acid Pathway

The Shikimic Acid Pathway
  • Author : Eric E. Conn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-08
  • Total pages :347
  • ISBN : 9781468480566
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Summary : This volume contains the invited papers presented as a symposium of The Phytochemical Society of North America which met for its annual meeting at the Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, California on June 12-16, 1985. The topic of the symposium, "The Shikimic Acid Pathway - Recent Advances", was especially appropriate for this, the Silver Anniversary of the Society because of the many natural products derived from that pathway. The organizers of the symposium recognized that it would not be possible to cover all groups of compounds derived from shikimic acid and therefore decided to omit any detailed discussion of flavonoid compounds and lignin. Research in these two areas has been the subject of several recent symposiums and/or published volumes. By omitting these topics, it was possible to devote more attention to other, equally interesting products derived from the shikimate pathway. Each chapter in the volume authoritat~vely speaks for itself on an important topic. However, the reader is invited to enjoy the lead chapter by Ulrich Weiss who describes his role in the research on the shikimate pathway during 1952/53. We are grateful to Dr. Weiss for this charming account of his work carried out in the laboratory of Dr. B. D. Davis during that period. Those who attended the Silver Anniversary Meeting were privileged to hear Dr. Gestur Johnson reminisce about the founding of the Society, initially called the Plant Phenolics Group of North America. At the annual banquet R. Horwitz also shared with us some recollections of Dr.

Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory

Induced Plant Resistance to Herbivory
  • Author : Andreas Schaller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-27
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 1402081820
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Summary : This timely book provides an overview of the anatomical, chemical, and developmental features contributing to plant defense, with an emphasis on plant responses that are induced by wounding or herbivore attack. The book first introduces general concepts of direct and indirect defenses, followed by a focused review of the different resistance traits. Finally, signal perception and transduction mechanism for the activation of plant defense responses are discussed.

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease

Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease
  • Author : Tapan Kumar Basu,Norman J. Temple,Manohar L. Garg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0851993346
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Summary : Antioxidants and their mechanisms of action; Food factors as antioxidants; Coronary heart disease; Malignant disease; Other diseases; Indicators of oxidative stress; Consumer issues.