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Power Plant Life Management and Performance Improvement

Power Plant Life Management and Performance Improvement
  • Author : John E Oakey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-28
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 0857093800
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Summary : Coal- and gas-based power plants currently supply the largest proportion of the world’s power generation capacity, and are required to operate to increasingly stringent environmental standards. Higher temperature combustion is therefore being adopted to improve plant efficiency and to maintain net power output given the energy penalty that integration of advanced emissions control systems cause. However, such operating regimes also serve to intensify degradation mechanisms within power plant systems, potentially affecting their reliability and lifespan. Power plant life management and performance improvement critically reviews the fundamental degradation mechanisms that affect conventional power plant systems and components, as well as examining the operation and maintenance approaches and advanced plant rejuvenation and retrofit options that the industry are applying to ensure overall plant performance improvement and life management. Part one initially reviews plant operation issues, including fuel flexibility, condition monitoring and performance assessment. Parts two, three and four focus on coal boiler plant, gas turbine plant, and steam boiler and turbine plant respectively, reviewing environmental degradation mechanisms affecting plant components and their mitigation via advances in materials selection and life management approaches, such as repair, refurbishment and upgrade. Finally, part five reviews issues relevant to the performance management and improvement of advanced heat exchangers and power plant welds. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Power plant life management and performance improvement is an essential reference for power plant operators, industrial engineers and metallurgists, and researchers interested in this important field. Provides an overview of the improvements to plant efficiency in coal- and gas-based power plants Critically reviews the fundamental degradation mechanisms that affect conventional power plant systems and components, noting mitigation routes alongside monitoring and assessment methods Addresses plant operation issues including fuel flexibility, condition monitoring and performance assessment

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management (PLiM)

Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Optimum Nuclear Power Plant Life Management (PLiM)
  • Author : Gennadij V Arkadov,Alexander F Getman,Andrei N Rodionov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-27
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 0857093991
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Summary : Probabilistic safety assessment methods are used to calculate nuclear power plant durability and resource lifetime. Successful calculation of the reliability and ageing of components is critical for forecasting safety and directing preventative maintenance, and Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management provides a comprehensive review of the theory and application of these methods. Part one reviews probabilistic methods for predicting the reliability of equipment. Following an introduction to key terminology, concepts and definitions, formal-statistical and various physico–statistical approaches are discussed. Approaches based on the use of defect-free models are considered, along with those using binomial distribution and models based on the residual defectiveness of structural materials. The practical applications of probabilistic methods for strength reliability are subsequently explored in part two. Probabilistic methods for increasing the reliability and safety of nuclear power plant components are investigated, as are the use of such methods for optimising non-destructive tests, hydraulic tests, technical certification and planned-preventative maintenance. Finally, the book concludes with information on the use of probabilistic methods in ensuring leak tightness of nuclear power plant steam generator heat exchanger pipes. With its distinguished authors, Probabilistic safety assessment for optimum nuclear power plant life management is a valuable reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, nuclear safety engineers and managers, as well as academics and researchers in this field. Discusses the theory and application of probabilistic safety assessment methods used to calculate nuclear power plant (NPP) durability and lifetime Reviews probabilistic methods in their application to NPP components and ageing pipelines for the forecasting of NPP resource lifetime and safety Addresses the key areas of probabilistic safety analysis, optimization of the operations through in-service inspection (ISI) utilising non-destructive testing, and maintenance, service and repair approaches

Structural Alloys for Power Plants

Structural Alloys for Power Plants
  • Author : A. Shirzadi,S. Jackson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 0857097555
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Summary : Current fleets of conventional and nuclear power plants face increasing hostile environmental conditions due to increasingly high temperature operation for improved capacity and efficiency, and the need for long term service. Additional challenges are presented by the requirement to cycle plants to meet peak-load operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of structural materials in conventional and nuclear energy applications. Opening chapters address operational challenges and structural alloy requirements in different types of power plants. The following sections review power plant structural alloys and methods to mitigate critical materials degradation in power plants.

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment

Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment
  • Author : A. Shibli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-24
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 0857097326
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Summary : Due to their continuing role in electricity generation, it is important that coal power plants operate as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Coal Power Plant Materials and Life Assessment reviews the materials used in coal plants, and how they can be assessed and managed to optimize plant operation. Part I considers the structural alloys used in coal plants. Part II then reviews performance modelling and life assessment techniques, explains the inspection and life-management approaches that can be adopted to optimize long term plant operation, and considers the technical and economic issues involved in meeting variable energy demands. Summarizes key research on coal-fired power plant materials, their behavior under operational loads, and approaches to life assessment and defect management Details the range of structural alloys used in coal power plants, and the life assessment techniques applicable to defect-free components under operational loads Reviews the life assessment techniques applicable to components containing defects and the approaches that can be adopted to optimize plant operation and new plant and component design

Modern Gas Turbine Systems

Modern Gas Turbine Systems
  • Author : Peter Jansohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :838
  • ISBN : 0857096060
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Summary : Modern gas turbine power plants represent one of the most efficient and economic conventional power generation technologies suitable for large-scale and smaller scale applications. Alongside this, gas turbine systems operate with low emissions and are more flexible in their operational characteristics than other large-scale generation units such as steam cycle plants. Gas turbines are unrivalled in their superior power density (power-to-weight) and are thus the prime choice for industrial applications where size and weight matter the most. Developments in the field look to improve on this performance, aiming at higher efficiency generation, lower emission systems and more fuel-flexible operation to utilise lower-grade gases, liquid fuels, and gasified solid fuels/biomass. Modern gas turbine systems provides a comprehensive review of gas turbine science and engineering. The first part of the book provides an overview of gas turbine types, applications and cycles. Part two moves on to explore major components of modern gas turbine systems including compressors, combustors and turbogenerators. Finally, the operation and maintenance of modern gas turbine systems is discussed in part three. The section includes chapters on performance issues and modelling, the maintenance and repair of components and fuel flexibility. Modern gas turbine systems is a technical resource for power plant operators, industrial engineers working with gas turbine power plants and researchers, scientists and students interested in the field. Provides a comprehensive review of gas turbine systems and fundamentals of a cycle Examines the major components of modern systems, including compressors, combustors and turbines Discusses the operation and maintenance of component parts

Guidance for Optimizing Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance Programmes

Guidance for Optimizing Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance Programmes
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :141
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The objective of the project on Optimization of Nuclear Power Plant Overall Performance within the IAEA's subprogramme of Nuclear Power Planning, Implementation and Performance is to systematically improve the overall performance and compeititiveness of nuclear power plants (NPPs) with due regard to safety through the application of technological and engineering best practices, including quality assurance/quality management, and the utilization of relevant databases. As an integrated part of this project, the Technical Working Group on Life Management of NPPs deals with the managerial and engineering aspects of NPP maintenance, its optimization process with special regard to the importance of condition monitoring in maintenance strategies and the contribution of maintenance to managing the lifetime of operating NPPs. This publication was developed in the above framework with the objective to collect and analyse proven maintenance optimization methods and techniques (engineering and organizational) in Member States.

Aging Management and Component Analysis

Aging Management and Component Analysis
  • Author : Vikram N. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Plant Life Management for Long Term Operation of Light Water Reactors

Plant Life Management for Long Term Operation of Light Water Reactors
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This report explains the general approach to plant life management (PLiM), shows and defines the relationship between nuclear power plant maintenance and PLiM, assembles a list of good practices and formulates guidelines for ageing management of critical structures, systems and components. Additionally, the issues of PLiM for long term operation are discussed in terms of human, technological, economic and regulatory aspects, as well as the importance of the exchange of information regarding lessons learned. PLiM is not only a technical system but is also an attitude of the owners to retain plants in operation as long as possible from a safety and business point of view. Asset management is thus a significant parameter and driving force for PLiM implementation.--Publisher's description

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management Processes

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management Processes
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :123
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This publication provides an overview of the various plant life management (PLiM) methodologies, technologies and processes to ensure long term operation of heavy water reactors (HWRs). Implementation of a systematic and comprehensive PLiM programme, such as that outlined in the publication, goes a long way towards meeting the overall goal of HWR owners and operators to successfully achieve design life and continued operation. Included in this publication are technical aspects of HWR PLiM, component specific technology considerations for condition assessment, an example of a proactive ageing management programme, and Ontario power generation experiences. Country reports from Argentina, Canada, India, the Republic of Korea and Romania are attached in an annex in order to share practices and experiences of PLiM programmes.

The Agency's Programme and Budget for ... and Budget for ...

The Agency's Programme and Budget for ... and Budget for ...
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management and Longer-term Operation

Nuclear Power Plant Life Management and Longer-term Operation
  • Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :57
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : On cover and title page: Nuclear development

Management of Life Cycle and Ageing at Nuclear Power Plants

Management of Life Cycle and Ageing at Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :135
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The goal of this publication is to provide the latest information on ageing, obsolescence and performance monitoring of those items of I & C equipment that are classified as safety equipment and/or safety related equipment, are operated in harsh environments in NPPs, and are important in plant life extension not only for normal operation but also, and more importantly, for post-accident service. In achieving this goal, this publication identifies the key I & C components of interest that are expected to function well throughout the life of a plant including the extended life.

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society
  • Author : American Nuclear Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1958
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Each volume contains proceedings of the annual conference of the American Nuclear Society.

Service Experience and Life Management

Service Experience and Life Management
  • Author : Warren H. Bamford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Annual Report

Annual Report
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

International Conference on Life Management of Power Plants

International Conference on Life Management of Power Plants
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The proceedings of the December 1994 conference comprise papers and posters on topics in approaches to life management, condition monitoring, components, material damage, probabilistic approaches, and practical experiences. No index. Distributed by INSPEC. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Government Reports Announcements & Index

Government Reports Announcements & Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

The Agency's Programme and Budget for

The Agency's Programme and Budget for
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

The Agency's Budget for ...

The Agency's Budget for ...
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Proceedings of the American Power Conference

Proceedings of the American Power Conference
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Developing an Economic Performance System to Enhance Nuclear Power Plant Competitiveness

Developing an Economic Performance System to Enhance Nuclear Power Plant Competitiveness
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This report discusses the means and principal issues for the development of an economic performance system for nuclear power plants by addressing the major transformations occurring in the electricity generation industry to achieve reductions in operation and maintenance costs.