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Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk

Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk
  • Author : Michelle McGuire,Mark A McGuire,Lars Bode
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-06
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9780128027462
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Summary : Prebiotics and Probiotics in Human Milk: Origins and Functions of Milk-Borne Oligosaccharides and Bacteria provides a comprehensive, yet approachable, treatise on what is currently known about the origins and functions of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), the complex sugars in milk that are not digested by the infant. The book examines how HMOs and bacteria in human milk may function independently and coordinately to influence both maternal and infant health. Human milk is the only food “designed specifically to nourish humans, indeed representing the essence of a perfect “functional food. And although researchers have been studying its composition for decades, surprisingly little is really understood about the origins and functions of its myriad components, an area that is especially true for HMOs and bacteria. This book provides a thorough review of the newest research on these inter-related milk constituents as written by a team of experts from both academia and industry who actively conduct HMO and human milk microbiome research as they endeavor to apply this new knowledge to infant nutrition. Each chapter provides objective rationale for what research is still needed in this rapidly evolving area, also discussing the challenges and opportunities faced by the industry in adding HMO and microbes to infant food products. This book is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers focused on infant nutrition, food scientists and product developers working on infant formula, and clinicians interested in broadening their understanding of the benefits of human milk for infants. Presents a reader-friendly, highly-curated text that includes a review of the literature related to origins, variability, metabolism, and functions of HMO and human milk bacteria Discusses the potential implications of HMO and milk microbiota to industry – for instance, utilization in the dairy industry and infant formula Consists of learning aids, such as pull quotes, critical summary statements, and an extensive list of published literature throughout

Probiotics

Probiotics
  • Author : Shymaa Enany
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-04
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9781789233865
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Summary : Probiotic has been used for centuries especially in fermented dairy products since Metchnikoff associated the intake of fermented milk with prolonged life. Probiotics confer many health benefits to humans, animals, and plants when administered in proper amounts. These benefits include the prevention of gastrointestinal infections and antibiotic-associated diarrhea, the reduction of serum cholesterol and allergenic and atopic complaints, and the protection of the immune system. Furthermore, the proper usage of probiotics could suppress Helicobacter pylori infection and Crohn's disease, improve inflammatory bowel disease, and prevent cancer. In this book, we present specialists with experience in the field of probiotics exploring their current knowledge and their future prospects.

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Human Nutrition and Health

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Human Nutrition and Health
  • Author : Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789535124757
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Summary : Probiotic microorganisms are recognised as being beneficial for human health. Prebiotics are substrates that are used preferentially by the probiotic bacteria for their growth. A great deal of interest has been generated in recent years in identifying probiotic bacteria and prebiotics, their characterization, mechanisms of action and their role in the prevention and management of human health disorders. Together they are referred to as synbiotic. This book is in response to the need for more current and global scope of probiotics and prebiotics. It contains chapters written by internationally recognized authors. The book has been planned to meet the needs of the researchers, health professionals, government regulatory agencies and industries. This book will serve as a standard reference book in this important and fast-growing area of probiotics and prebiotics in human nutrition and health.

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics
  • Author : Yvan Vandenplas,Francesco Savino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :1
  • ISBN : 3038979511
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Summary : The goal of this Special Issue, "Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics", is to focus on the importance of pediatric nutrition with probiotics and prebiotics to improve gastrointestinal health in newborn, infants, and children.Specifically, the aim is to clarify if probiotics and prebiotics can influence gut microbiota composition and host-interaction favoring human health and preventing diseases.This new information will provide health care professionals with a widespread, clear and update evidence on probiotics and prebiotics and intestinal gut microbiota in pediatric care.

Prebiotics and Probiotics

Prebiotics and Probiotics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-04
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781789859218
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Summary : Probiotic bacteria are found in the intestinal microbiota of the host and favor multiple metabolic reactions. Prebiotics provide food for probiotic bacteria and have an effect on their own performance in favor of host health. Numerous metabolic and immunological mechanisms are involved in its effects. Probiotics have been studied for several decades and their use for human consumption is still unclear. However, new types of molecules with prebiotic functions and components of probiotic bacteria with therapeutic potential are still being studied. The versatility of these molecules makes their incorporation into human food and animal diets feasible. This book is a compendium of recent scientific information on the use of probiotics and prebiotics for the benefit of human and animal health.

Milk, Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome

Milk, Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome
  • Author : Pearay L. Ogra,W. Allan Walker,Bo Lönnerdal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783318066852
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Summary : "This publication covers the 94th Nestle Nutritional Institute Workshop, which was designed to provide a comprehensive overview on the latest human milk research and its role in modulating mucosal immunity, the microbiome, and its impact on the neonate. This publication should provide scientific support to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of human milk and its immunological properties, and enlarge the knowledge of those who specialize in human milk research"--

The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health

The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health
  • Author : Food Forum,Food and Nutrition Board,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-27
  • Total pages :161
  • ISBN : 9780309265867
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Summary : The Food Forum convened a public workshop on February 22-23, 2012, to explore current and emerging knowledge of the human microbiome, its role in human health, its interaction with the diet, and the translation of new research findings into tools and products that improve the nutritional quality of the food supply. The Human Microbiome, Diet, and Health: Workshop Summary summarizes the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. Over the two day workshop, several themes covered included: The microbiome is integral to human physiology, health, and disease. The microbiome is arguably the most intimate connection that humans have with their external environment, mostly through diet. Given the emerging nature of research on the microbiome, some important methodology issues might still have to be resolved with respect to undersampling and a lack of causal and mechanistic studies. Dietary interventions intended to have an impact on host biology via their impact on the microbiome are being developed, and the market for these products is seeing tremendous success. However, the current regulatory framework poses challenges to industry interest and investment.

Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology

Prebiotics and Probiotics Science and Technology
  • Author : Dimitris Charalampopoulos,Robert A. Rastall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-12
  • Total pages :1262
  • ISBN : 9780387790572
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Summary : A comprehensive overview on the advances in the field, this volume presents the science underpinning the probiotic and prebiotic effects, the latest in vivo studies, the technological issues in the development and manufacture of these types of products, and the regulatory issues involved. It will be a useful reference for both scientists and technologists working in academic and governmental institutes, and the industry.

Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products

Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products
  • Author : Fatih Yildiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :451
  • ISBN : 1420082086
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Summary : While the science of yogurt is nearly as old as the origin of mankind, there have been rapid changes in yogurt development since the turn of the 19th century, fueled by continuing developments in biological sciences. Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products presents a comprehensive review of all aspects of yogurt and other fermented dairy foods, including production, processing, preparation, regulations, and health aspects. Condensing more than 12,000 pages of recently published literature, expert contributors, including several clinicians, address the most recent developments in probiotics and the interaction between yogurt and immunological and intestinal bowel diseases. They explain how beneficial and harmful bacteria are colonized in the human intestinal system and how those bacteria can either strengthen or weaken immunological functions. This resource also explores the little-known varieties of functional dairy products – such as ayran, kefir, koumiss, cacik, and tarator – that are currently only consumed in small parts of the world but that are likely to reach supermarkets worldwide in the not-so-distant future. Development and Manufacture of Yogurt and Other Functional Dairy Products presents the most recent developments in biosciences and their applications in yogurt-human health interactions. The depth and breadth of coverage make this book an indispensable reference for those involved with the research and manufacturing of milk and dairy products.

Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics

Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-23
  • Total pages :938
  • ISBN : 9780128023716
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Summary : Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Synbiotics: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion reviews and presents new hypotheses and conclusions on the effects of different bioactive components of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics to prevent disease and improve the health of various populations. Experts define and support the actions of bacteria; bacteria modified bioflavonoids and prebiotic fibrous materials and vegetable compounds. A major emphasis is placed on the health-promoting activities and bioactive components of probiotic bacteria. Offers a novel focus on synbiotics, carefully designed prebiotics probiotics combinations to help design functional food and nutraceutical products Discusses how prebiotics and probiotics are complementary and can be incorporated into food products and used as alternative medicines Defines the variety of applications of probiotics in health and disease resistance and provides key insights into how gut flora are modified by specific food materials Includes valuable information on how prebiotics are important sources of micro-and macronutrients that modify body functions

I Contain Multitudes

I Contain Multitudes
  • Author : Ed Yong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-09
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780062368621
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Summary : Joining the ranks of popular science classics like The Botany of Desire and The Selfish Gene, a groundbreaking, wondrously informative, and vastly entertaining examination of the most significant revolution in biology since Darwin—a “microbe’s-eye view” of the world that reveals a marvelous, radically reconceived picture of life on earth. Every animal, whether human, squid, or wasp, is home to millions of bacteria and other microbes. Ed Yong, whose humor is as evident as his erudition, prompts us to look at ourselves and our animal companions in a new light—less as individuals and more as the interconnected, interdependent multitudes we assuredly are. The microbes in our bodies are part of our immune systems and protect us from disease. In the deep oceans, mysterious creatures without mouths or guts depend on microbes for all their energy. Bacteria provide squid with invisibility cloaks, help beetles to bring down forests, and allow worms to cause diseases that afflict millions of people. Many people think of microbes as germs to be eradicated, but those that live with us—the microbiome—build our bodies, protect our health, shape our identities, and grant us incredible abilities. In this astonishing book, Ed Yong takes us on a grand tour through our microbial partners, and introduces us to the scientists on the front lines of discovery. It will change both our view of nature and our sense of where we belong in it.

Nutrition-Infection Interactions and Impacts on Human Health

Nutrition-Infection Interactions and Impacts on Human Health
  • Author : Mohan Pammi,Jesus G. Vallejo,Steven A. Abrams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-26
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781466580497
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Summary : Nutrition and infection are often at a crossroads, interacting with each other and influencing human health. Infection is a major health problem and nutritional deficiency plays a significant role in increasing the risk of infection. Nutrition–Infection Interactions and Impacts on Human Health presents state-of-the-art evidence on nutrition–infection interactions and their impact on health and disease. The book explores a wide range of topics including the effects of infection on nutrition—a common occurrence in the developing world—and nutrient–infection interactions for specific infections including HIV, TB, malaria, and parasitic infections. These are reviewed with a special emphasis on nutritional interventions. Also covered is the role of the gastrointestinal tract and its influence on nutrition, focusing on the human gastrointestinal microbiota, enteric syndromes, probiotics, and immunonutrients. The book discusses infection–nutrition interactions in special age groups such as children, adolescents, and the elderly. It also reviews emerging nutritional and anti-infective strategies with an emphasis on future research directions. The book is useful for epidemiologists, nutritionists, and health care staff caring for patients. The book’s broad scope allows for its applicability to both the developed and the developing world.

Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine E-Book

Fanaroff and Martin's Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine E-Book
  • Author : Richard J. Martin,Avroy A. Fanaroff,Michele C. Walsh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-04
  • Total pages :2008
  • ISBN : 9780323081115
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Summary : Fanaroff and Martin’s Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine covers everything you need to improve the quality of life and long-term outcomes of your patients. Drs. Richard J. Martin, Avroy A. Fanaroff, and Michele C. Walsh, along with a multi-disciplinary team of contributors guide you through the sweeping developments in diagnosis and treatment of the mother fetus, and neonate. The completely updated 9th edition keeps you current on the late preterm infant, the fetal origins of adult disease, neonatal anemia, genetic disorders, and more. Get comprehensive guidance on treating patients through a dual focus on neonatology and perinatology. See nuances and details in over 800 illustrations that depict disorders in the clinical setting and explain complex information. Find the information you need easily with indexing in both volumes that provides quick access to specific guidance. Spot genetic problems early and advise parents of concerns thanks to completely new section on this topic. Tackle the health problems associated with preterm births through a new chapter on The Late Preterm Infant. Understand the fetal origins of adult disease through a new chapter that focuses on conditions that originate in the womb. Stay current on the developments and research surrounding neonatal anemia from the entirely new chapter on Blood and Hematopoietic System highlights. Obtain more global perspectives and best practices from an increased number of international contributions in this edition.

Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics E-Book

Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics E-Book
  • Author : Karen Marcdante,Robert M. Kliegman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-25
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780323226981
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Summary : The resource of choice for pediatric residencies, clerkships, and exams, Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics continues to provide a focused overview of the core knowledge in pediatrics. Succinct, targeted coverage of normal childhood growth and development, as well as the diagnosis, management, and prevention of common pediatric diseases and disorders, make this an ideal medical reference book for students, pediatric residents, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Get an effective overview of pediatrics with help from concise text, a full-color design, high-yield tables, and numerous images. Take advantage of a wealth of images that capture the clinical manifestations and findings associated with Kawasaki disease, lupus, lymphoma, stroke, and many other disorders seen in children. Efficiently review essential, concise pediatric content with this popular extension of the Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics (ISBN: 978-1-4377-0755-7). Focus on the core knowledge needed for your pediatric clerkship or rotation with coverage that follows the COMSEP curriculum guidelines. Easily visualize complex aspects with a full-color layout and images, as well as numerous tables throughout the text.

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
  • Author : Martin H. Floch,Yehuda Ringel,W. Allen Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-16
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780128040621
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Summary : The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals

Handbook of Probiotics and Prebiotics

Handbook of Probiotics and Prebiotics
  • Author : Yuan Kun Lee,Seppo Salminen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-17
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 0470432616
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Summary : Since the publication of the first edition in 1999, the science of probiotics and prebiotics has matured greatly and garnered more interest. The first handbook on the market, Handbook of Probiotics and Prebiotics: Second Edition updates the data in its predecessor, and it also includes material topics not previously discussed in the first edition, including methods protocols, cell line and animal models, and coverage of prebiotics. The editors supplement their expertise by bringing in international experts to contribute chapters. This second edition brings together the information needed for the successful development of a pro- or prebiotic product from laboratory to market.

Diet, Microbiome and Health

Diet, Microbiome and Health
  • Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina-Maria Holban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-02
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 9780128114926
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Summary : Diet, Microbiome and Health, Volume 11, in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, presents the most up-to-date research to help scientists, researchers and students in the field of food engineering understand the different microbial species we have in our guts, why they are important to human development, immunity and health, and how to use that understanding to further promote research to create healthy food products. In addition, the book provides studies that clearly demonstrate how dietary preferences and social behavior significantly impact the diversity of microbial species in the gut and their numeric values, which may balance health and disease. Highlights research discoveries on how gut microbiota influence and are impacted by health and disease Includes information on and examples of healthy foods Discusses gut microbiota in autism, GI disease, neuropsychiatric disorders, obesity and metabolic disease Explores the barrier function of the gut Examines how food preferences impact gut microbiota

Yogurt in Health and Disease Prevention

Yogurt in Health and Disease Prevention
  • Author : Nagendra P. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-26
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780128052723
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Summary : Yogurt in Health and Disease Prevention examines the mechanisms by which yogurt, an important source of micro- and macronutrients, impacts human nutrition, overall health, and disease. Topics covered include yogurt consumption’s impact on overall diet quality, allergic disorders, gastrointestinal tract health, bone health, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity, weight control, metabolism, age-related disorders, and cardiovascular health. Modifications to yogurt are also covered in scientific detail, including altering the protein to carbohydrate ratios, adding n-3 fatty acids, phytochemical enhancements, adding whole grains, and supplementing with various micronutrients. Prebiotic, probiotic, and synbiotic yogurt component are also covered to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the various impacts yogurt and related products can have on human health. Health coverage encompasses nutrition, gastroenterology, endocrinology, immunology, and cardiology Examines novel and unusual yogurts as well as popular and common varieties Covers effects on diet, obesity, and weight control Outlines common additives to yogurts and their respective effects Reviews prebiotics, probiotics, and symbiotic yogurts Includes practical information on how yogurt may be modified to improve its nutritive value

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Animal Health and Food Safety
  • Author : Diana Di Gioia,Bruno Biavati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-27
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 9783319719504
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Summary : This book discusses the role of probiotics and prebiotics in maintaining the health status of a broad range of animal groups used for food production. It also highlights the use of beneficial microorganisms as protective agents in animal derived foods. The book provides essential information on the characterization and definition of probiotics on the basis of recently released guidelines and reflecting the latest trends in bacterial taxonomy. Last but not least, it discusses the concept of “dead” probiotics and their benefits to animal health in detail. The book will benefit all professors, students, researchers and practitioners in academia and industry whose work involves biotechnology, veterinary sciences or food production.

Issues in Complementary Feeding

Issues in Complementary Feeding
  • Author : Carlo Agostoni,Oscar Brunser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :263
  • ISBN : 9783805582834
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Summary : This publication covers a wide range of topics connected with the concepts of complementary feeding. To start with, the focus is on breastfed infants as reference, looking at human milk as a model for the development of optimal foods in the complementary feeding period. The nutritional safety and quality of complementary foods, as well as the role of cereals, meat, dairy fermented products and local resources are discussed next, together with the possible implications for the use of functional nutrients. Within this context, the dietary requirements of children with certain medical conditions (from malnourished infants to those suffering from food allergy or celiac disease) are critically reassessed in the light of most recent observations. The presentations, coming from developing and transition to well-developed countries, remind us that the complementary feeding recommendations are still influenced by a mixture of tradition, history, policy, practice and science, and that any innovation should take into account all these points to be successful. This publication provides pediatricians, neonatologists, nutritionists and dieticians with a complete update on what is known and what is still unknown about the period when complementary feeding is implemented.

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology

Human Milk Biochemistry and Infant Formula Manufacturing Technology
  • Author : M. Guo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-12
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780857099150
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Summary : Since infant formula substitutes for human milk, its composition must match that of human milk as closely as possible. Quality control of infant formula is also essential to ensure product safety, as infants are particularly vulnerable food consumers. This book reviews the latest research into human milk biochemistry and best practice in infant formula processing technology and quality control. The most up to date reference on infant formula processing technology Reviews both human milk biochemistry and infant formula processing technology for broad and applied coverage Focusses exclusively on infant formulae