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Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics

Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics
  • Author : Alex A. Kaufman,Dimitry Alekseev,Michael Oristaglio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-27
  • Total pages :794
  • ISBN : 9780444538307
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Summary : Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in a conducting media. It describes the theoretical and physical principles of the main geophysical methods using electromagnetic fields, including frequency and transient soundings, electromagnetic profiling, and magnetotelluric soundings. Special attention is paid to models and signal processing methods used in modern exploration geophysics for groundwater, mineral and hydrocarbon exploration. Offers an integrated approach to the description of electromagnetic geophysical fields used for surface geophysical surveys Provides a clear introduction to the physical background of electromagnetic methods and their application Rounds off the treatment of the main geophysical methods: gravity, magnetic seismic, electric and electromagnetic methods

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics: Theory

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics: Theory
  • Author : Misac N. Nabighian,John D. Corbett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :513
  • ISBN : 9780931830518
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Summary : As a slag heap, the result of strip mining, creeps closer to his house in the Ohio hills, fifteen-year-old M. C. is torn between trying to get his family away and fighting for the home they love.

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods
  • Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-27
  • Total pages :804
  • ISBN : 9780444638915
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Summary : Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods, Second Edition, builds on the strength of the first edition to offer a systematic exposition of geophysical electromagnetic theory and methods. This new edition highlights progress made over the last decade, with a special focus on recent advances in marine and airborne electromagnetic methods. Also included are recent case histories on practical applications in tectonic studies, mineral exploration, environmental studies and off-shore hydrocarbon exploration. The book is ideal for geoscientists working in all areas of geophysics, including exploration geophysics and applied physics, as well as graduate students and researchers working in the field of electromagnetic theory and methods. Presents theoretical and methodological foundations of geophysical field theory Synthesizes fundamental theory and the most recent achievements of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods in the framework of a unified systematic exposition Offers a unique breadth and completeness in providing a general picture of the current state-of-the-art in EM geophysical technology Discusses practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources

Application of Surface-geophysical Methods to Investigations of Sand and Gravel Aquifers in the Glaciated Northeastern United States

Application of Surface-geophysical Methods to Investigations of Sand and Gravel Aquifers in the Glaciated Northeastern United States
  • Author : F. P. Haeni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : UCR:31210011473350
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Summary :

Basic Principles of Induction Logging

Basic Principles of Induction Logging
  • Author : Alex A. Kaufman,Gregory Itskovich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-17
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780128025840
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Summary : Basic Principles of Induction Logging provides geoscientists with the information required to survey the electrical conductivity of rocks surrounding a borehole. The formation conductivity distribution in the borehole vicinity is critical information required in formation evaluation and geosteering applications. Developing a theory of EM logging and on understanding basic physics for both wireline and LWD logging tools, this reference furnishes valuable insights for development and use of EM techniques in practical logging applications. Basic Principles of Induction Logging will be vital for anyone attempting to investigate, invent, and develop the next generation of EM logging tools. It will provide information required to enable operation in more challenging environments such as logging while drilling, anisotropic and thinly laminated formations, high angle and horizontal wells. Provides a step-by-step approach to the theory of electromagnetic methods in borehole applications starting from the simplest models Presents theory on the subject that has been previously hard to find, making this a must have reference for anyone working in the field Delivers a much needed update on the latest analysis methods, modelling techniques, drilling environments, and probe configurations

Principles of Induced Polarization for Geophysical Exploration

Principles of Induced Polarization for Geophysical Exploration
  • Author : J.S. Sumner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : 9780444599872
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Summary : Developments in Economic Geology, 5: Principles of Induced Polarization for Geophysical Exploration focuses on the principles, methodologies, and approaches involved in induced polarization (IP), including anisotropism, electromagnetic coupling, and electrical circuits. The book first takes a look at resistivity principles, theory of IP, and laboratory work in IP. Concerns cover electrical measurements of rocks, anisotropism, early part of decay curve and the comparison with frequency effects, electrical models of induced polarization, electrical polarization, resistivities of earth materials, and resistivity exploration methods. The manuscript then elaborates on IP field equipment, telluric noise and electromagnetic coupling, IP field surveying, and drill-hole and underground surveying and the negative IP effect. Discussions focus on differences between surface and subsurface methods, current-sending system in the field, telluric (earth) currents, electromagnetic coupling, design considerations, coupling of electrical circuits, design considerations, and signal-generating system. The manuscript ponders on the complex-resistivity method and interpretation of induced-polarization data, including grade estimation of mineralization using the IP method, complex-resistivity survey, signal detection capabilities of the complex-resistivity method, and disadvantages of the complex-resistivity method. The text is a valuable source of information for researchers wanting to study induced polarization.

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics

An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics
  • Author : John M. Reynolds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-07
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 9781119957140
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Summary : An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics, 2nd Edition, describes the rapidly developing field of near-surface geophysics. The book covers a range of applications including mineral, hydrocarbon and groundwater exploration, and emphasises the use of geophysics in civil engineering and in environmental investigations. Following on from the international popularity of the first edition, this new, revised, and much expanded edition contains additional case histories, and descriptions of geophysical techniques not previously included in such textbooks. The level of mathematics and physics is deliberately kept to a minimum but is described qualitatively within the text. Relevant mathematical expressions are separated into boxes to supplement the text. The book is profusely illustrated with many figures, photographs and line drawings, many never previously published. Key source literature is provided in an extensive reference section; a list of web addresses for key organisations is also given in an appendix as a valuable additional resource. Covers new techniques such as Magnetic Resonance Sounding, Controlled- Source EM, shear-wave seismic refraction, and airborne gravity and EM techniques Now includes radioactivity surveying and more discussions of down-hole geophysical methods; hydrographic and Sub-Bottom Profiling surveying; and UneXploded Ordnance detection Expanded to include more forensic, archaeological, glaciological, agricultural and bio-geophysical applications Includes more information on physio-chemical properties of geological, engineering and environmental materials Takes a fully global approach Companion website with additional resources available at www.wiley.com/go/reynolds/introduction2e Accessible core textbook for undergraduates as well as an ideal reference for industry professionals The second edition is ideal for students wanting a broad introduction to the subject and is also designed for practising civil and geotechnical engineers, geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists who need an overview of modern geophysical methods relevant to their discipline. While the first edition was the first textbook to provide such a comprehensive coverage of environmental geophysics, the second edition is even more far ranging in terms of techniques, applications and case histories.

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-05
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 0080914462
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Summary : Active geophysical monitoring is an important new method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. It is based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources. In this book, the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies for active geophysical monitoring are presented. The authors demonstrate that active monitoring may drastically change solid Earth geophysics, through the acquisition of substantially new information, based on high accuracy and real-time observations. Active monitoring also provides new means for disaster mitigation, in conjunction with substantial international and interdisciplinary cooperation. Introduction of a new concept Most experienced authors in the field Comprehensiveness

Principles of Applied Geophysics

Principles of Applied Geophysics
  • Author : D. S. Parasnis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9789400958142
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Summary : The welcome accorded to the first two editions of this book has been most encouraging. The object of the third edition continues to be to give a brief but "fairly comprehensive survey of the methods of applied geophysics including some of the modern interpretation techniques. The general approach and plan of the previous editions are preserved, but in bringing the book up to date some changes have been made to which I would like to draw the reader's special attention. SI units are strictly adhered to except in six illustrative figures reproduced from older literature and left intact to save some extensive redraughting. Following the recommendation of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, the magnetic field measured in geophysical work is labelled here as flux density (tesla). Consequently, the symbols H, Z and T commonly used in geomagnetic work should stand for flux density. In the Max wellian theory of electromagnetism the symbol H stands, by convention, for a magnetizing force (A m -1) and a discerning reader will at once sense a source of confusion. This source of confusion is avoided in the present edition by B , B and B instead of H, Z and T. The employing the symbols b z t latter ~et is employed for the corresponding magnetizing forces of the earth's field. I hope this notation will gain general acceptance because it so easily dispenses with an ambiguity that otherwise tends to lead to unnecessary confusion of units and dimensions in geomagnetism.

Geophysics and Geosequestration

Geophysics and Geosequestration
  • Author : Thomas L. Davis,Martin Landrø,Malcolm Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-30
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9781107137493
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Summary : An overview of the geophysical techniques and analysis methods for monitoring subsurface carbon dioxide storage for researchers and industry practitioners.

Physical Principles of Exploration Methods

Physical Principles of Exploration Methods
  • Author : A. E. Beck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822005121462
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Summary :

Near-surface Geophysics

Near-surface Geophysics
  • Author : Dwain K. Butler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :732
  • ISBN : 9781560801306
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Summary :

Surface-geophysical Techniques Used to Detect Existing and Infilled Scour Holes Near Bridge Piers

Surface-geophysical Techniques Used to Detect Existing and Infilled Scour Holes Near Bridge Piers
  • Author : Gary Placzek,F. P. Haeni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :44
  • ISBN : UCR:31210022203580
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Summary :

Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics

Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics
  • Author : Raffaele Persico,Salvatore Piro,Neil Linford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-05
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9780128124307
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Summary : Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics: Instrumentation, Application, and Data Processing Methods offers an advanced look at state-of-the-art and innovative technologies for near surface geophysics, exposing the latest, most effective techniques in an accessible way. By addressing a variety of geophysical applications, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, characteristics of soil, and others, the book provides an understanding of the best products and methodologies modern near surface geophysics has to offer. It proposes tips for new ideas and projects, and encourages collaboration across disciplines and techniques for the best implementation and results. Clearly organized, with contributions from leaders from throughout geophysics, Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics is an important guide for geophysicists who hope to gain a better understanding of the tools and techniques available. Addresses a variety of applications in near-surface geophysics, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, soil analysis, etc. Provides insight to available products and techniques and offers suggestions for future developments Clearly organized by techniques and their applications

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics
  • Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-15
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9780444627124
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Summary : Geophysical Inverse Theory and Applications, Second Edition, brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. It’s the first book of its kind to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. Unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, it represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory. Written by one of the world’s foremost experts, this work is widely recognized as the ultimate researcher’s reference on geophysical inverse theory and its practical scientific applications. Presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology—the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical way. Provides a critical link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on geophysical inversion theory. Features more than 300 illustrations, figures, charts and graphs to underscore key concepts. Reflects the latest developments in inversion theory and applications and captures the most significant changes in the field over the past decade.

Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist

Geophysics for the Mineral Exploration Geoscientist
  • Author : Michael Dentith,Stephen T. Mudge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-24
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139915625
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Summary : Providing a balance between principles and practice, this state-of-the-art overview of geophysical methods takes readers from the basic physical phenomena, through the acquisition and processing of data, to the creation of geological models of the subsurface and data interpretation to find hidden mineral deposits. Detailed descriptions of all the commonly used geophysical methods are given, including gravity, magnetic, radiometric, electrical, electromagnetic and seismic methods. Each technique is described in a consistent way and without complex mathematics. Emphasising extraction of maximum geological information from geophysical data, the book also explains petrophysics, data modelling and common interpretation pitfalls. Packed with full-colour figures, also available online, the text is supported by selected examples from around the world, including all the major deposit types. Designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in minerals geoscience, this is also a valuable reference for professionals in the mining industry wishing to make greater use of geophysical methods. In 2015, Dentith and Mudge won the ASEG Lindsay Ingall Memorial Award for their combined effort in promoting geophysics to the wider community with the publication of this title.

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration

An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration
  • Author : Philip Kearey,Michael Brooks,Ian Hill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-16
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781118698938
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Summary : This new edition of the well-established Kearey and Brooks text is fully updated to reflect the important developments in geophysical methods since the production of the previous edition. The broad scope of previous editions is maintained, with even greater clarity of explanations from the revised text and extensively revised figures. Each of the major geophysical methods is treated systematically developing the theory behind the method and detailing the instrumentation, field data acquisition techniques, data processing and interpretation methods. The practical application of each method to such diverse exploration applications as petroleum, groundwater, engineering, environmental and forensic is shown by case histories. The mathematics required in order to understand the text is purposely kept to a minimum, so the book is suitable for courses taken in geophysics by all undergraduate students. It will also be of use to postgraduate students who might wish to include geophysics in their studies and to all professional geologists who wish to discover the breadth of the subject in connection with their own work.

Geo-Electromagnetism

Geo-Electromagnetism
  • Author : James Wait
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780323158091
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Summary : Geo-Electromagnetism surveys the theoretical concepts and applications of electrical prospecting methods. This book is divided into seven chapters that specifically tackle the basic electromagnetic concepts and the special mathematical functions. This text deals first with the numerical and analytical approaches to delineate earth resistivity principles, followed by a description of the three-layer model. These topics are followed by a discussion on the theory of induced electrical polarization. The subsequent chapters are devoted to relevant electromagnetic theory of low-frequency current flow in conducting with varying fields. The discussion then shifts to the geophysical problems associated with vertical electric dipole sources, with an emphasis on the quasi-static range in which all significant distances are small compared with the free-space wavelength. The last chapters outline the relevant analytical development of the magnetotelluric theory and the theoretical principles of the transient electromagnetic methods used in geophysical exploration. Geophysicists, theoreticians, and undergraduate level students will find this book invaluable.

Digital Geoarchaeology

Digital Geoarchaeology
  • Author : Christoph Siart,Markus Forbriger,Olaf Bubenzer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-03
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 9783319253169
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Summary : This book focusses on new technologies and multi-method research designs in the field of modern archaeology, which increasingly crosses academic boundaries to investigate past human-environmental relationships and to reconstruct palaeolandscapes. It aims at establishing the concept of Digital Geoarcheology as a novel approach of interdisciplinary collaboration situated at the scientific interface between classical studies, geosciences and computer sciences. Among others, the book includes topics such as geographic information systems, spatiotemporal analysis, remote sensing applications, laser scanning, digital elevation models, geophysical prospecting, data fusion and 3D visualisation, categorized in four major sections. Each section is introduced by a general thematic overview and followed by case studies, which vividly illustrate the broad spectrum of potential applications and new research designs. Mutual fields of work and common technologies are identified and discussed from different scholarly perspectives. By stimulating knowledge transfer and fostering interdisciplinary collaboration, Digital Geoarchaeology helps generate valuable synergies and contributes to a better understanding of ancient landscapes along with their forming processes. Chapters 1, 2, 6, 8 and 14 are published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

Principles of Applied Geophysics

Principles of Applied Geophysics
  • Author : D. S. Parasnis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :429
  • ISBN : UOM:39015050448821
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Summary :

Techniques of Water-resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey

Techniques of Water-resources Investigations of the United States Geological Survey
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCBK:C059365972
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Summary :