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Principles of Electron Optics

Principles of Electron Optics
  • Author : Peter W. Hawkes,Erwin Kasper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :1188
  • ISBN : 0080962432
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Summary : This is a complete handbook and reference volume which covers everything that one needs to know about electron optics. It is a comprehensive coverage of theoretical background and modern computing methods. It contains a detailed and unique account of numerical methods and an extensive bibliography.

Principles of Electron Optics

Principles of Electron Optics
  • Author : Peter W. Hawkes,Erwin Kasper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :1900
  • ISBN : 9780123333438
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Summary :

Physical Principles of Electron Microscopy

Physical Principles of Electron Microscopy
  • Author : Ray Egerton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-11
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 0387258000
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Summary : Scanning and stationary-beam electron microscopes are indispensable tools for both research and routine evaluation in materials science, the semiconductor industry, nanotechnology and the biological, forensic, and medical sciences. This book introduces current theory and practice of electron microscopy, primarily for undergraduates who need to understand how the principles of physics apply in an area of technology that has contributed greatly to our understanding of life processes and "inner space." Physical Principles of Electron Microscopy will appeal to technologists who use electron microscopes and to graduate students, university teachers and researchers who need a concise reference on the basic principles of microscopy.

Principles of Optics

Principles of Optics
  • Author : Max Born,Emil Wolf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-01
  • Total pages :836
  • ISBN : 9781483103204
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Summary : Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, Sixth Edition covers optical phenomenon that can be treated with Maxwell’s phenomenological theory. The book is comprised of 14 chapters that discuss various topics about optics, such as geometrical theories, image forming instruments, and optics of metals and crystals. The text covers the elements of the theories of interference, interferometers, and diffraction. The book tackles several behaviors of light, including its diffraction when exposed to ultrasonic waves. The selection will be most useful to researchers whose work involves understanding the behavior of light.

Principles of Electron Optics, Volume 2

Principles of Electron Optics, Volume 2
  • Author : Peter W. Hawkes,Erwin Kasper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :766
  • ISBN : 9780128134054
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Summary : Principles of Electron Optics: Applied Geometrical Optics, Second Edition gives detailed information about the many optical elements that use the theory presented in Volume 1: electrostatic and magnetic lenses, quadrupoles, cathode-lens-based instruments including the new ultrafast microscopes, low-energy-electron microscopes and photoemission electron microscopes and the mirrors found in their systems, Wien filters and deflectors. The chapter on aberration correction is largely new. The long section on electron guns describes recent theories and covers multi-column systems and carbon nanotube emitters. Monochromators are included in the section on curved-axis systems. The lists of references include many articles that will enable the reader to go deeper into the subjects discussed in the text. The book is intended for postgraduate students and teachers in physics and electron optics, as well as researchers and scientists in academia and industry working in the field of electron optics, electron and ion microscopy and nanolithography. Offers a fully revised and expanded new edition based on the latest research developments in electron optics Written by the top experts in the field Covers every significant advance in electron optics since the subject originated Contains exceptionally complete and carefully selected references and notes Serves both as a reference and text

Low Voltage Electron Microscopy

Low Voltage Electron Microscopy
  • Author : David C. Bell,Natasha Erdman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-30
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781118498484
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Summary : Part of the Wiley-Royal Microscopical Society Series, this book discusses the rapidly developing cutting-edge field of low-voltage microscopy, a field that has only recently emerged due to the rapid developments in the electron optics design and image processing. It serves as a guide for current and new microscopists and materials scientists who are active in the field of nanotechnology, and presents applications in nanotechnology and research of surface-related phenomena, allowing researches to observe materials as never before.

Introduction to Electron and Ion Optics

Introduction to Electron and Ion Optics
  • Author : Poul Dahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9780323160902
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Summary : Introduction to Electron and Ion Optics provides the theoretical background needed to understand the subject matter and even be helpful in laboratory works. Seven major parts comprise the book where each focuses on a certain aspect or field. The book begins with an introduction to the general principles about electron and ion optics, specifically as basis for the design of the optical components used in particle analyzers and accelerators. The following parts tackle different aspects such as geometrical optics; scaling rules and dispersion coefficients; fields (paraxial, sector, fringing, quadrupole); lenses (electrostatic, immersion, unipotential, etc.); analyzers (electrostatic, spherical, etc.); and space charge and beam production. Towards the last part of the book, there is an exercises section where various problems are given for the reader to answer. This book caters to students specifically in the field of physics.

Electron and Ion Microscopy and Microanalysis

Electron and Ion Microscopy and Microanalysis
  • Author : Lawrence E Murr
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :856
  • ISBN : 9781482293357
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Summary : The publication date of the first edition is not stated, but the new edition is apparently considerably revised and expanded. It was written to serve as a multi-purpose text at the senior or graduate level and as a reference for the practicing scientist or engineer. Readers should have a math backgr

Principles of Electron Optics

Principles of Electron Optics
  • Author : Peter W. Hawkes,Erwin Kasper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-15
  • Total pages :850
  • ISBN : 0128189797
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Summary : The behaviour of beams of free electrons, released from a source and propagating through a vacuum region in some device, is of interest in many diverse fields of instrumentation and technology. The study of such beams forms the subject of electron optics, which divides naturally into geometrical optics, where effects due to wavelength are neglected, and wave optics, where these effects are considered. Volumes 1 and 2 were devoted to geometrical optics. This final volume, Principles of Electron Optic: Volume 3: Wave Optics is concerned with wave optics. A knowledge of this branch of the subject is essential in microscopy, to understand the propagation of electrons from the source to the specimen, through the latter and from it to the image plane of the instrument. It is also needed to explain all interference phenomena, notably holography, and in formal coherence theory.The second edition is revised throughout with new content on holography and interference, improved and new modes of image formation, aberration corrected imaging, simulation, and measurement, and 3D-reconstruction. Includes authoritative coverage of the fundamental theory behind electron beams Describes the interaction of electrons with solids and the information that can be obtained from electron-beam techniques Addresses recent relevant research topics including new content on holography and interference, new modes of image formation, 3D reconstruction and aberration corrected imaging, simulation and measurement

Introduction to Analytical Electron Microscopy

Introduction to Analytical Electron Microscopy
  • Author : John Hren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :601
  • ISBN : 9781475755817
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Summary : The birth of analytical electron microscopy (AEM) is somewhat obscure. Was it the recognition of the power and the development of STEM that signaled its birth? Was AEM born with the attachment of a crystal spectrometer to an otherwise conventional TEM? Or was it born earlier with the first analysis of electron loss spectra? It's not likely that any of these developments alone would have been sufficient and there have been many others (microdiffraction, EDS, microbeam fabrication, etc.) that could equally lay claim to being critical to the establishment of true AEM. It is probably more accurate to simply ascribe the present rapid development to the obvious: a combination of ideas whose time has come. Perhaps it is difficult to trace the birth of AEM simply because it remains a point of contention to even define its true scope. For example, the topics in this book, even though very broad, are still far from a complete description of what many call AEM. When electron beams interact with a solid it is well-known that a bewildering number of possible interactions follow. Analytical electron microscopy attempts to take full qualitative and quantitative advantage of as many of these interactions as possible while still preserving the capability of high resolution imaging. Although we restrict ourselves here to electron transparent films, much of what is described applies to thick specimens as well. Not surprisingly, signals from all possible interactions cannot yet (and probably never will) be attained simultaneously under optimum conditions.

The Principles and Practice of Electron Microscopy

The Principles and Practice of Electron Microscopy
  • Author : Ian M. Watt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-30
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 0521435919
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Summary : An up-to-date edition of the indispensable guide to electron microscopy and analysis.

Principles of Analytical Electron Microscopy

Principles of Analytical Electron Microscopy
  • Author : Joseph Goldstein,David C. Joy,Alton D. Romig Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781489920379
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Summary : Since the publication in 1979 of Introduction to Analytical Electron Microscopy (ed. J. J. Hren, J. I. Goldstein, and D. C. Joy; Plenum Press), analytical electron microscopy has continued to evolve and mature both as a topic for fundamental scientific investigation and as a tool for inorganic and organic materials characterization. Significant strides have been made in our understanding of image formation, electron diffraction, and beam/specimen interactions, both in terms of the "physics of the processes" and their practical implementation in modern instruments. It is the intent of the editors and authors of the current text, Principles of Analytical Electron Microscopy, to bring together, in one concise and readily accessible volume, these recent advances in the subject. The text begins with a thorough discussion of fundamentals to lay a foundation for today's state-of-the-art microscopy. All currently important areas in analytical electron microscopy-including electron optics, electron beam/specimen interactions, image formation, x-ray microanalysis, energy-loss spectroscopy, electron diffraction and specimen effects-have been given thorough attention. To increase the utility of the volume to a broader cross section of the scientific community, the book's approach is, in general, more descriptive than mathematical. In some areas, however, mathematical concepts are dealt with in depth, increasing the appeal to those seeking a more rigorous treatment of the subject.

Electron Optics

Electron Optics
  • Author : O. Klemperer,M. E. Barnett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9780521079280
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Summary : This 1971 third edition of Dr Klemperer's Electron Optics is concerned primarily with the experimental aspects of electron optics.

Principles of Free-Electron Lasers

Principles of Free-Electron Lasers
  • Author : H. P. Freund
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9789401123167
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Summary : At the time that we decided to begin work on this book, several other volumes on the free-electron laser had either been published or were in press. The earliest work of which we were aware was published in 1985 by Dr T. C. Marshall of Columbia University [1]. This book dealt with the full range of research on free-electron lasers, including an overview of the extant experiments. However, the field has matured a great deal since that time and, in our judgement, the time was ripe for a more extensive work which includes the most recent advances in the field. The fundamental work in this field has largely been approached from two distinct and, unfortunately, separate viewpoints. On the one hand, free-electron lasers at sub-millimetre and longer wavelengths driven by low-energy and high-current electron beams have been pursued by the plasma physics and microwave tube communities. This work has confined itself largely to the high-gain regimes in which collective effects may play an important role. On the other hand, short-wavelength free-electron lasers in the infrared and optical regimes have been pursued by the accelerator and laser physics community. Due to the high-energy and low-current electron beams appropriate to this spectral range, these experiments have operated largely in the low-gain single-particle regimes. The most recent books published on the free-electron laser by Dr C. A.

Electron Beams, Lenses, and Optics

Electron Beams, Lenses, and Optics
  • Author : A. B. El-Kareh,J. C. J. El-Kareh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0065813933
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Summary :

Principles of Lithography

Principles of Lithography
  • Author : Harry J. Levinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 0819456608
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Summary : Lithography is a field in which advances proceed at a swift pace. This book was written to address several needs, and the revisions for the second edition were made with those original objectives in mind. Many new topics have been included in this text commensurate with the progress that has taken place during the past few years, and several subjects are discussed in more detail. This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the science of microlithography for people who are unfamiliar with the subject. Topics directly related to the tools used to manufacture integrated circuits are addressed in depth, including such topics as overlay, the stages of exposure, tools, and light sources. This text also contains numerous references for students who want to investigate particular topics in more detail, and they provide the experienced lithographer with lists of references by topic as well. It is expected that the reader of this book will have a foundation in basic physics and chemistry. No topics will require knowledge of mathematics beyond elementary calculus.

Scanning Electron Microscope Optics and Spectrometers

Scanning Electron Microscope Optics and Spectrometers
  • Author : Anjam Khursheed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9789812836670
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Summary : This book contains proposals to redesign the scanning electron microscope, so that it is more compatible with other charged particle beam instrumentation and analytical techniques commonly used in surface science research. It emphasizes the concepts underlying spectrometer designs in the scanning electron microscope, and spectrometers are discussed under one common framework so that their relative strengths and weaknesses can be more readily appreciated. This is done, for the most part, through simulations and derivations carried out by the author himself.The book is aimed at scientists, engineers and graduate students whose research area or study in some way involves the scanning electron microscope and/or charged particle spectrometers. It can be used both as an introduction to these subjects and as a guide to more advanced topics about scanning electron microscope redesign.

Electron Microscopy

Electron Microscopy
  • Author : S. Amelinckx,Dirk van Dyck,J. van Landuyt,Gustaaf van Tendeloo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-26
  • Total pages :527
  • ISBN : 9783527614554
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Summary : Derived from the successful three-volume Handbook of Microscopy, this book provides a broad survey of the physical fundamentals and principles of all modern techniques of electron microscopy. This reference work on the method most often used for the characterization of surfaces offers a competent comparison of the feasibilities of the latest developments in this field of research. Topics include: * Stationary Beam Methods: Transmission Electron Microscopy/ Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy/ Convergent Electron Beam Diffraction/ Low Energy Electron Microscopy/ Electron Holographic Methods * Scanning Beam Methods: Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy/ Scanning Auger and XPS Microscopy/ Scanning Microanalysis/ Imaging Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry * Magnetic Microscopy: Scanning Electron Microscopy with Polarization Analysis/ Spin Polarized Low Energy Electron Microscopy Materials scientists as well as any surface scientist will find this book an invaluable source of information for the principles of electron microscopy.

Transmission Electron Microscopy

Transmission Electron Microscopy
  • Author : Ludwig Reimer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :521
  • ISBN : 9783662135532
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Summary : The aim of this book is to outline the physics of image formation, electron specimen interactions and image interpretation in transmission electron mic roscopy. The book evolved from lectures delivered at the University of Munster and is a revised version of the first part of my earlier book Elek tronenmikroskopische Untersuchungs- und Priiparationsmethoden, omitting the part which describes specimen-preparation methods. In the introductory chapter, the different types of electron microscope are compared, the various electron-specimen interactions and their applications are summarized and the most important aspects of high-resolution, analytical and high-voltage electron microscopy are discussed. The optics of electron lenses is discussed in Chapter 2 in order to bring out electron-lens properties that are important for an understanding of the function of an electron microscope. In Chapter 3, the wave optics of elec trons and the phase shifts by electrostatic and magnetic fields are introduced; Fresnel electron diffraction is treated using Huygens' principle. The recogni tion that the Fraunhofer-diffraction pattern is the Fourier transform of the wave amplitude behind a specimen is important because the influence of the imaging process on the contrast transfer of spatial frequencies can be described by introducing phase shifts and envelopes in the Fourier plane. In Chapter 4, the elements of an electron-optical column are described: the electron gun, the condenser and the imaging system. A thorough understanding of electron-specimen interactions is essential to explain image contrast.

Electron Magnetic Resonance Principles

Electron Magnetic Resonance Principles
  • Author : Yuanzhi Xu,Jia Yao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-05
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9783110568578
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Summary : The book presents principles of electron magnetic resonance from a chemist’s point-of-view, covering g-tensor theory, isotropical hyperfine structure, anisotropical hyperfine structure and fine structure of spectrum, and relaxation theory. Detailed explanations on quantitative determination of paramagnetic species are given to address readers' difficulties. Written as a physical chemistry graduate textbook, it is also suitable for industry users.

Principles of Nano-Optics

Principles of Nano-Optics
  • Author : Lukas Novotny,Bert Hecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-06
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9781107005464
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Summary : Fully revised and in its second edition, this standard reference on nano-optics is ideal for graduate students and researchers alike.