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Process Chemistry of Coal Utilization

Process Chemistry of Coal Utilization
  • Author : Stephen Niksa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-01
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9780128187142
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Summary : Process Chemistry of Coal Utilization: Reaction Mechanisms for Coal Decomposition and Volatiles Conversion relates major advances in coal science on how to interpret performance data from lab, pilot and commercial scales. The book presents a very broad range of quantitative methods, from statistical regressions, to rudimentary models, CFD and comprehensive reaction mechanisms. Combining the latest research in the field, including an abundance of lab datasets, the book illustrates how a particular operating condition affects a specific coal-based reaction system. Managers who use these tactics will be able to tailor their testing and simulation work to effectively characterize and solve their problems. Compiles fully validated reaction mechanisms that accurately depict the coal quality impacts in all major coal utilization technologies Includes an abundance of lab datasets that clearly illustrate how operating conditions affect coal-based reaction systems

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization
  • Author : M.J. Chadwick,Nils Lindman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9781483146577
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Summary : Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization focuses on the increasing consideration of coal as an alternative source of energy. This book comes as an answer to the issues on health and environment regarding the extraction, production, and use of coal. Composed of nine chapters, the selection starts by underlining the potential prospects for coal, which plays a vital role in meeting energy demands. The book also shows that problems have evolved regarding the use of coal, including land disturbance and increased land occupation due to mining. The text also notes that the international trade of coal will surely generate waste products, and some of which can be the result of poor transportation and handling. The book focuses on coal gasification and liquefaction and emphasizes that the processes involved must be carefully understood in order to avoid the environmental impacts of coal use. Attempts have been made to establish a conceptual framework to be used in assessing the health and environmental health impacts of the conversion and utilization of coal. Relative to this, discussions that follow include the trace elements that are the products of coal combustion and conversion and also coal derived carbon compounds. Another sector is focused on the evaluation of the effects of emissions on human health, especially of workers in the industry. The effects of the utilization of coal on communities are also considered. The text is a vital source of information to those involved in the research on the use of coal as alternative source of energy.

Chemistry of Coal Weathering

Chemistry of Coal Weathering
  • Author : Charles R. Nelson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : UOM:39015018976830
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Summary : When the properties of solid coal are compared with those of other common substances, coal seems in many ways unusual and mysterious. For example, almost any set of measurements of coal properties will exhibit time-dependent variation. This dynamic behaviour, commonly referred to as weathering, is known to affect adversely the physical and chemical properties which make coal valuable or desirable as an energy resource or basic material for the chemical industry. This book deals with the molecular-level origins of commonly observed time-dependent variations in the physical properties and chemical constitution of coal which are associated with the weathering process. Primary attention is devoted to the description of what are judged to be among the most important physical phenomena, their conceptual interpretation, and their relationships to various technical aspects of coal utilization, transport, and storage. The text is copiously referenced and indexed so as to make the material as accessible as possible. Chemistry of Coal Weathering is an ideal complement to standard textbooks dealing with coal science and technology, materials science, geochemistry and physical chemistry.

The Science and Technology of Coal and Coal Utilization

The Science and Technology of Coal and Coal Utilization
  • Author : Bernard Cooper
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9781468445800
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Summary : Filling the need for new and improved energy sources is an area where societal effects of science and technology will surely increase. The editors and authors have attempted in this volume to present the most current work on the science and technology of coal and coal utilization. Serious disagreement exists on several key issues such as carbon dioxide release and acid rain. At the same time, however, coal is the world's most abundant fossil fuel and will have to be used to supply the world's energy needs for the next several decades. The 1979 National Research Council Report, "En ergy in Transition: 1985-2010," has estimated that the United States alone may go from a 1979 coal consumption of 14 QUADS per annum (approximately 750 million tons per year) to approximately 40-50 QUADS per annum (approximately 2 billion tons per year) by the year 2010. If this scale of coal utilization is to become a reality, a significant level of research and development will be necessary to establish advanced process technologies and to improve related areas such as materials and instrumentation. The editors hope that this volume will allow a technically educated person to become aware of the several aspects of coal utilization, from characterization of coal itself to the processes of coal utilization. B. R. Cooper and W. A. Ellingson March, 1983 vii Contents 1. THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF COAL AND COAL UTILIZATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Bernard R. Cooper and William A. Ellingson 2. COAL CHARACTERIZATION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Greater Coal Utilization

Greater Coal Utilization
  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :2469
  • ISBN : UCAL:$B440149
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Summary :

Clean Coal Engineering Technology

Clean Coal Engineering Technology
  • Author : Bruce G. Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-15
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 0080961169
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Summary : Concern over the effects of airborne pollution, green house gases, and the impact of global warming has become a worldwide issue that transcends international boundaries, politics, and social responsibility. The 2nd Edition of Coal Energy Systems: Clean Coal Technology describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other pollutants from coal-burning power plants. Coal is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels. When burned, it produces emissions that contribute to global warming, create acid rain, and pollute water. With all of the interest and research surrounding nuclear energy, hydropower, and biofuels, many think that coal is finally on its way out. However, coal generates half of the electricity in the United States and throughout the world today. It will likely continue to do so as long as it's cheap and plentiful [Source: Energy Information Administration]. Coal provides stability in price and availability, will continue to be a major source of electricity generation, will be the major source of hydrogen for the coming hydrogen economy, and has the potential to become an important source of liquid fuels. Conservation and renewable/sustainable energy are important in the overall energy picture, but will play a lesser role in helping us satisfy our energy demands today. Dramatically updated to meet the needs of an ever changing energy market, Coal Energy Systems, 2nd Edition is a single source covering policy and the engineering involved in implementing that policy. The book addresses many coal-related subjects of interest ranging from the chemistry of coal and the future engineering anatomy of a coal fired plant to the cutting edge clean coal technologies being researched and utilized today. A 50% update over the first edition, this new book contains new chapters on processes such as CO2 capture and sequestration, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems, Pulverized-Coal Power Plants and Carbon Emission Trading. Existing materials on worldwide coal distribution and quantities, technical and policy issues regarding the use of coal, technologies used and under development for utilizing coal to produce heat, electricity, and chemicals with low environmental impact, vision for utilizing coal well into the 21st century, and the security coal presents. Clean Liquids and Gaseous Fuels from Coal for Electric Power Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems Pulverized-Coal Power Plants Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants Fluidized-Bed Combustion Technology CO2 capture and sequestration

Coal Processing and Utilization

Coal Processing and Utilization
  • Author : D.V. Subba Rao,T. Gouricharan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-05
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9781498778596
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Summary : This book is a direct outgrowth of classes that the authors gave over a period of three decades to a university audience taking a Mineral Beneficiation course as a major that included coal processing and utilization. It is designed to be used as a student’s (or layman’s) first introduction to coal processing and utilization, motivating the concepts before illustrating them by means of concrete situations. As such, this book gives an integrated overview of coal processing and utilization along with clean coal technology, presenting all the basic principles, theory and practice in a systematic way. Every topic covered is dealt with in a self-explanatory manner so that any new reader may find this book interesting and easy to understand. The book makes available the hard core of fundamentals of coal processing and utilization in a form which is general enough to meet the needs of many and yet is unburdened by excess baggage best discussed in research journals. The salient feature is that all the technical terminology used in this book has been sufficiently explained in order to allow the reader to understand the concepts effectively without needing to consult additional literature. Problems are introduced not so much to be solved as to be tackled. Some of them are included to lay the ground work for the subsequent theory and will help the readers in teaching, research and operating plants. Overall, this book will be of interest to professionals and engineers in the fields of energy, mining, mineral, metallurgical and geological engineering, as well as to engineering geologists and earth sciences professionals.

The Structure and Reaction Processes of Coal

The Structure and Reaction Processes of Coal
  • Author : K.Lee Smith,L.Douglas Smoot,Thomas H. Fletcher,Ronald J. Pugmire
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-08-31
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 0306446022
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Summary : Founded on the work of the renowned Advanced Combustion Engineering Research Center, the authors document and integrate current knowledge of the organic and inorganic structure of coal and its reaction processes. With the urgent need for cleaner, more efficient use of this worldwide fuel, their work will set a clear course for future research.

Clean Utilization of Coal

Clean Utilization of Coal
  • Author : Yuda Yürüm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9789401710459
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Summary : This volume contains the lectures presented at the Advanced Study Institute on "Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Catalytic Solid Fuel Conversion for the Production of aean Synthetic Fuels" which was held at Ak~;ay, Edremit, Tiirkiye, between July 21 and August 3, 1991. The book includes 23 chapters originally written for the meeting by distinguished scientists an technologists in the field. l would like to acknowledge the contribution of each of the authors in the book. Their efforts have shed light on our understanding in coal science research and better utilization of coal. Three main subjects: structure and reactivity of coal; cleaning of coal and its products, and factors affecting environmental balance of energy usage and solutions for future, were discussed in the Institute and these are presented under six groups in the book. I hope that of great use to research workers from academic and industrial background. the book will be Many people contributed to the success of the Institute on which this volume was based. I take this occasion to thank my colleagues who lectured in the Institute, both for their efforts during the two weeks and their expertly prepared lecture notes that reached to me in time. The Institute was generously sponsored by the Scientific and Environmental Affairs Dh·ision of the NATO and their contribution is deeply acknowledged.

Coal Flotation and Fine Coal Utilization

Coal Flotation and Fine Coal Utilization
  • Author : J. Laskowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-07-04
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780080529240
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Summary : To stay profitable while complying with environmental regulations requires that the coal industry not only improve fine coal recovery but also finds better ways for its utilization. This is the first monograph on the processing of fine coal which recognizes that all unit operations that handle fine coal depend on coal surface properties, and which in one single volume provides a comprehensive introduction to coal surface chemistry, using it rigorously in treating coal flotation fundamentals and engineering, fine coal manipulation, pelletization and briquetting, and coal-water slurries. Readers involved in mineral processing, chemical engineering, mining and metallurgical engineering; technical personnel working for reagent suppliers; and scientists researching the field of coal surface chemistry, flotation and fine coal utilization will find this volume of great interest.

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production

Low-rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production
  • Author : Zhongyang Luo,Michalis Agraniotis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-22
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780081009291
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Summary : Low-Rank Coals for Power Generation, Fuel and Chemical Production provides a thorough introduction to lignite (brown coal) and subbituminous coals and explores how they can be used efficiently and economically in place of hard coal. The book examines the undesirable characteristics of low-quality coals, such as high moisture content, low calorific value, and aggressive ash characteristics, and the resulting refinements to standard technologies and practices required for successful combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis. The first part of this book provides a comprehensive and systematic review of the properties of low-rank coals and corresponding preparation methods, such as drying, cleaning, and upgrading. Power generation from low-rank coals is the focus of Part 2, with chapter topics ranging from high efficiency pulverized coal combustion and circulating fluidized bed combustion to emerging areas such as chemical looping and oxyfuel combustion. The final contributions address the important subjects of coal-to-liquids,polygeneration and coke production using low-rank coals, as well as the critical issue of carbon capture and storage. This book is a valuable resource for power generation engineers and researchers seeking to maximize the opportunities provided by these cheaper coal feedstocks for efficient and environmentally compatible power generation. Presents the most in-depth treatment of low-rank coals available Addresses both power generation and fuel production Includes coverage that spans pulverized coal combustion and emerging technologies, such as CFBC, UCG, CLC, and oxyfuel combustion

Chemistry and Physics of Coal Utilization-1980

Chemistry and Physics of Coal Utilization-1980
  • Author : American Physical Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : UCAL:B3435724
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Summary :

Desulfurization Technology in Coal Preparation and Coal Utilization

Desulfurization Technology in Coal Preparation and Coal Utilization
  • Author : Linda Z. Condry,Phil O. McClung,James D. McClung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112109146859
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Summary :

Environmental Impacts of Coal Mining & Utilization

Environmental Impacts of Coal Mining & Utilization
  • Author : M.J. Chadwick,N.H. Highton,N. Lindman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781483286303
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Summary : As coal is considered as a substitute for other fuels, more serious attention is being given to the environmental impacts of the whole coal fuel cycle: mining, transport, storage, combustion and conversion. This volume presents an up-to-date account of these environmental impacts and the recent developments to combat and control them. A feature of the book is the way in which it discusses not only the experience and developments in North America and Western Europe but also presents much information made available for this study on the developments in the socialist countries of Eastern Europe.

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-04
  • Total pages :845
  • ISBN : 9781439836484
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Summary : The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in dema

Applied Coal Petrology

Applied Coal Petrology
  • Author : Isabel Suárez-Ruiz,John C. Crelling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-09
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0080951546
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Summary : This book is an integrated approach towards the applications of coal (organic) petrology and discusses the role of this science in the field of coal and coal-related topics. Coal petrology needs to be seen as a continuum of organic (macerals) and inorganic (minerals and trace elements) contributions to the total coal structure, with the overprint of coal rank. All this influences the behavior of coal in utilization, the coal by-products, the properties of coal as a reservoir for methane or a sequestration site for carbon dioxide, and the relationships of coal utilization with health and environmental issues. The interaction of coal properties and coal utilization begins at the mine face. The breakage of the coal in mining influences its subsequent beneficiation. Beneficiation is fundamental to the proper combustion of coal and is vital to the preparation of the feedstock for the production of metallurgical coke. An understanding of basic coal properties is important for achieving reductions in trace element emissions and improving the efficiency of combustion and combined-cycle gasification. The production of methane from coal beds is related to the properties of the in situ coal. Similarly, coal bed sequestration of carbon dioxide produced from combustion is dependent on the reservoir properties. Environmental problems accompany coal on its way from the mine to the point of utilization and beyond. Health aspects related with coal mining and coal utilization are also included because, in planning for coal use, it is impossible to separate environmental and health issues from the discussion of coal utilization. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from researchers, lecturers and students to professionals in industry and discusses issues (such as the environmental, and health) that are of concern to the general public as a whole. This book focuses on the applications of coal (organic) petrology to our modern society It is an integrated approach to help the reader appreciate the importance of coal quality and coal utilization. Coal composition (macerals, mineral, trace elements) and the overprint of coal rank are treated together The book synthesises all the possibilities of the organic petrology as a tool for coal utilization in conventional applications (mining and beneficiation, coal combustion, gasification, liquefaction, carbonization), as a precursor of carbon materials and as a petroleum source and reservoir rock The role of applied petrology in the characterization of solid by-products from coal utilization is also discussed In addition, this book describes the present status of environmental and health problems linked to coal utilization and the ways in which such problems might be overcome in the future

Shreve's Chemical Process Industries

Shreve's Chemical Process Industries
  • Author : GEORGE T AUTOR AUSTIN,Randolph Norris Shreve,George T. Austin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :859
  • ISBN : 0070571473
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Summary : This book bridges the gap between theory and practice. It provides fundamental information on heterogeneous catalysis and the practicalities of the catalysts and processes used in producing ammonia, hydrogen and methanol via hydrocarbon steam reforming. It also covers the oxidation reactions in making formaldehyde from methanol, nitric acid from ammonia and sulphuric acid from sulphur dioxide. Designed for use in the chemical industry and by those in teaching, research and the study of industrial catalysts and catalytic processes. Students will also find this book extremely useful for obtaining practical information which is not available in more conventional textbooks.

The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production

The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production
  • Author : Dave Osborne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-31
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 9780857097309
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Summary : Coal is an important fossil fuel resource for many nations due to its large remaining resources, relatively low production and processing cost and potential high energy intensity. Certain issues surround its utilisation, however, including emissions of pollutants and growing concern about climate change. The coal handbook: Towards cleaner production Volume 1 reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution. Part one explores coal characterisation and introduces the industrial use of coal as well as coal formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis. Part two moves on to review coal extraction and preparation. Chapters highlight advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies for coal. Further chapters focus on economic factors affecting coal preparation, post-treatment of coal, coal tailings treatment, and the optimisation, simulation and control of coal preparation plants. Finally, part three considers aspects of the coal supply chain including the management approach and individual functions such as coal blending and homogenisation, transportation and handling along the entire supply chain. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The coal handbook Volumes 1 and 2 is a comprehensive and invaluable resource for professionals in the coal mining, preparation, and utilisation industry, those in the power sector, including plant operators and engineers, and researchers and academics interested in this field. Reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution Explores coal characterisation, formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis Examines coal extraction and preparation and highlights advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies

Coal and Coal-Related Compounds

Coal and Coal-Related Compounds
  • Author : Toshiaki Kabe,Atsushi Ishihara,Eika Weihua Qian,I. Putu Sutrisna,Yaeko Kabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-18
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 0080529232
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Summary : Coal is more abundant than petroleum and natural gas. Further, coal is not localized but can be used by many more countries than petroleum. Therefore, if we can establish coal utilization technology, coal will bring about a great contribution to human life and society. On the other hand, shortage of petroleum and natural gas are anticipated in the second half of the 21st century. To compensate, the use of coal is expected to gradually increase during the 21st century. In the future, the development of the coal utilization technology will become more and more important to insure the supply of liquid fuels for transportation and carbon sources for the manufacture of chemicals and plastic materials. In order to develop such technologies, the elucidation of the structure of coal is a fundamental area of study. Further, more efficient coal utilization technology must be established to meet environmental legislation. One of the key technologies for this purpose is catalysis. This volume provides detail of the basic and practical aspects of the science and technology of coal utilization with and without catalysts. The actual structure of coal, the chemistry included in the reactivity of coal, the methods to elucidate the structure of coal and re-action mechanisms of coal conversion, the most important catalyst for converting coal to liquid and gas, the role of the catalysts in coal conversion, the problems in the process engineering, and how to meet environmental regulations are discussed in detail. The recent progress in studies on the structure and reactivity of coal made over the last century is summarized and reviewed with emphasis on both fundamental and applied aspects of the science and technology for coal processing in the presence and absence of catalysts. * This book highlights the issues faced in trying to discover more efficient coal utilization technology. * Provides detailed discussion on how to meet environmental regulations and legislation. * Fills the gap between both the scientific and practical sides of coal utilization with and without catalysts.

An Introduction to Coal Technology

An Introduction to Coal Technology
  • Author : N. Berkowitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 9780323138383
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Summary : An Introduction to Coal Technology provides an overview explaining what coal is, how it came into being, what its principal physical and chemical properties are, and how it is handled or processed for particular end uses. This book is divided into two parts; the first of which focuses on coal science and the second on technology. This volume is organized into 15 chapters and begins with a brief account of the origin, formation, and distribution of coal, along with its composition, classification, and most important properties. It then turns to beneficiation and handling; combustion; and various partial or complete conversion technologies. The final chapter deals with some aspects of pollution and pollution control. This book provides fairly detailed discussions on coal chemistry, including the molecular structure of coal. The challenges and limitations of coal technology are also considered. This book is intended for scientists and engineers who are active in other fields, but who might want to bring coal within the orbit of their interests, and to advanced students of chemical and mineral engineering who are contemplating careers in coal-related endeavors.

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization

Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization
  • Author : Beijer Institute
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :283
  • ISBN : UOM:39015004522135
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Summary :