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Process Control in Textile Manufacturing

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing
  • Author : Abhijit Majumdar,Apurba Das,R Alagirusamy,V K Kothari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-27
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780857095633
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Summary : Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing
  • Author : Abhijit Majumdar,Apurba Das,R. Alagirusamy,V. K. Kothari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 0857090275
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Summary : Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Process Management in Spinning

Process Management in Spinning
  • Author : R. Senthil Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-23
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781482208368
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Summary : A Straightforward Text Summarizing All Aspects of Process Control Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industries in the world, second only to agriculture. Spinning covers a prominent segment in textile manufacturing, and this budding industry continues to thrive and grow. Process Management in Spinning considers aspect of process management, and offers insight into the process control procedures and methods of spinning. Focusing on the technology as well as the management of the process, it examines both the economic and technological advancements currently taking place in the spinning industry. This text takes a close look at the advancing technology in manufacturing and process, and product quality control. It provides a basic overview of the subject, and also presents applications of this technology for practicing engineers. Incorporates Industry-Based, Real-World Examples The book contains 15 chapters that specifically address the stages of process control, energy management methods, humidification and ventilation systems basics, pollution management, process management tools, productivity, waste control, material handling, and other aspects of spinning mills. It also includes real-time case studies involving typical problems that arise in spinning processes and strategies used to contain them. The author provides a broad outlook on various topics including mixing, winding, raw material and optimizing raw material properties, bale management, yarn engineering systems, processing, and process management systems. He also details the defects associated with each and every process with causes, effects, and control measures. The book addresses process management as it relates to productivity, quality, and costs, as well as process control as it relates to man, machine, and material. Provides the scientific method for optimization/optimizing the properties of the fibers Familiarizes the reader with remedial measures to enhance the quality of the product Addresses productivity measurement and its role in controlling the cost of the manufacturing process Contains detailed examples, as well as linear programming and optimization techniques, and statistical applications Covers the areas of process control methods in spinning, defect analysis and rectification, improving productivity and quality, and using statistical tools Process Management in Spinning establishes the various process management measures required to help improve the process efficiency in spinning mills and the textile industry overall. Aimed at professionals in the textile industry, this text is a perfect resource for textile engineers/technologists/manufacturers, spin quality control engineers, spin quality assurance personnel, and other industry professionals.

Process Control and Yarn Quality in Spinning

Process Control and Yarn Quality in Spinning
  • Author : G. Thilagavathi,T. Karthik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-30
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9380308353
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Summary : 'Process Control and Yarn Quality in Spinning' outlines the concepts of raw material selection, control of various process parameters to optimise the process conditions, and analysis and interpretation of various types of test reports to find out the source of fault. Chapters also discuss count and strength variation, yarn evenness and imperfections, and control of productivity. Real time examples and case studies are also presented.

Automation in Textile Machinery

Automation in Textile Machinery
  • Author : L. Ashok Kumar,M Senthil kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-20
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9781498781947
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Summary : Automation is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery and processes. In line, this book deals with comprehensive analysis of the trends and technologies in automation and control systems used in textile engineering. The control systems descript in all chapters is to dissect the important components of an integrated control system in spinning, weaving, knitting, chemical processing and garment industries, and then to determine if and how the components are converging to provide manageable and reliable systems throughout the chain from fiber to the ultimate customer. Key Features: • Describes the design features of machinery for operating various textile machineries in product manufacturing • Covers the fundamentals of the instrumentation and control engineering used in textile machineries • Illustrates sensors and basic elements for textile automation • Highlights the need of robotics in textile engineering • Reviews the overall idea and scope of research in designing textile machineries

Garment Manufacturing

Garment Manufacturing
  • Author : Prasanta Sarkar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789383701759
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Summary :

The Fundamentals of Quality Assurance in the Textile Industry

The Fundamentals of Quality Assurance in the Textile Industry
  • Author : Stanley Bernard Brahams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-17
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781315402482
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Summary : The role of quality assurance is to ensure that once a specification has been agreed, every product and every production run meets that standard. The Fundamentals of Quality Assurance in the Textile Industry describes how quality professionals in the apparel industry coordinating with overseas factories can ensure excellence. The author explains what tools are required and how to manage products from style conception to finished production and the methods used to track and evaluate samples and production at each stage of the critical path. This book reinforces the concept that quality assurance must become an integral part of the business and details crucial procedures that have been adopted internationally.

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes

Design of Clothing Manufacturing Processes
  • Author : Jelka Geršak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-31
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780857097835
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Summary : The era of mass manufacturing of clothing and other textile products is coming to an end; what is emerging is a post-industrial production system that is able to achieve the goal of mass-customised, low volume production, where the conventional borders between product design, production and user are beginning to merge. To continue developing knowledge on how to design better products and services, we need to design better clothing manufacturing processes grounded in science, technology, and management to help the clothing industry to compete more effectively. Design of clothing manufacturing processes reviews key issues in the design of more rapid, integrated and flexible clothing manufacturing processes. The eight chapters of the book provide a detailed coverage of the design of clothing manufacturing processes using a systematic approach to planning, scheduling and control. The book starts with an overview of standardised clothing classification systems and terminologies for individual clothing types. Chapter 2 explores the development of standardised sizing systems. Chapter 3 reviews the key issues in the development of a garment collection. Chapters 4 to 7 discuss particular aspects of clothing production, ranging from planning and organization to monitoring and control. Finally, chapter 8 provides an overview of common quality requirements for clothing textile materials. Design of clothing manufacturing processes is intended for R&D managers, researchers, technologists and designers throughout the clothing industry, as well as academic researchers in the field of clothing design, engineering and other aspects of clothing production. Considers in detail the design of sizing and classification systems Discusses the planning required in all aspects of clothing production from design and pattern making to manufacture Overviews the management of clothing production and material quality requirements

Apparel Manufacturing Technology

Apparel Manufacturing Technology
  • Author : T. Karthik,P. Ganesan,D. Gopalakrishnan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-05
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781315350509
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Summary : This book aims to provide a broad conceptual and theoretical perspective of apparel manufacturing process starting from raw material selection to packaging and dispatch of goods. Further, engineering practices followed in an apparel industry for production planning and control, line balancing, implementation of industrial engineering concepts in apparel manufacturing, merchandising activities and garment costing have been included, and they will serve as a foundation for future apparel professionals. The book addresses the technical aspects in each section of garment manufacturing process with considered quality aspects. This book also covers the production planning process and production balancing activities. It addresses the technical aspects in each section of garment manufacturing process and quality aspects to be considered in each process. Garment engineering questions each process/operation of the total work content and can reduce the work content and increase profitability by using innovative methods of construction and technology. This book covers the production planning process, production balancing activities, and application of industrial engineering concepts in garment engineering. Further, the merchandising activities and garment costing procedures will deal with some practical examples. This book is primarily intended for textile technology and fashion technology students in universities and colleges, researchers, industrialists and academicians, as well as professionals in the apparel and textile industry.

Process Control in Winding

Process Control in Winding
  • Author : R. Senthilkumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-20
  • Total pages :42
  • ISBN : 1533375410
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Summary : Yarn winding is the final stage of the yarn forming process and the starting point for various subsequent processes, from weaving or knitting to textile finishing. Yarns manufactured and packaged from ring spinning are not in the optimum condition to be used to form fabrics. Package size, build and other factors make it necessary for the yarn to be further processed to prepare it to be handled efficiently during fabric formation. Yarn winding can be viewed as a packaging process, forming a link between the last few elements of yarn manufacturing and the first element of fabric manufacturing process. This interface function of winding is what makes the winding process so important.

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites
  • Author : A C Long
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-05
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 0849325935
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Summary : Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
  • Author : Rajkishore Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-08
  • Total pages :165
  • ISBN : 9781351238243
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Summary : Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology and Application in Fashion and Textile Supply Chain highlights the technology of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and its applications in fashion and textile manufacturing and supply chain management. It discusses the brief history, technology, and working of RFID including the types of RFID systems. It compares differences, advantages, and disadvantages of RFID and barcode technologies. It also covers application of RFID technology in textile and fashion manufacturing, supply chain, and retail, and RFID-based process control in textile and fashion manufacturing. It covers various applications of RFID starting from fibre manufacturing through yarn and fabric manufacturing; fabric chemical processing; garment manufacturing and quality control; and retail management. It offers case studies of RFID adoption by famous fashion brands detailing the competitive advantages and discusses various challenges faced and future directions of RFID technology.

Garment Manufacturing Technology

Garment Manufacturing Technology
  • Author : Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-26
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9781782422396
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Summary : Garment Manufacturing Technology provides an insiders' look at this multifaceted process, systematically going from design and production to finishing and quality control. As technological improvements are transforming all aspects of garment manufacturing allowing manufacturers to meet the growing demand for greater productivity and flexibility, the text discusses necessary information on product development, production planning, and material selection. Subsequent chapters covers garment design, including computer-aided design (CAD), advances in spreading, cutting and sewing, and new technologies, including alternative joining techniques and seamless garment construction. Garment finishing, quality control, and care-labelling are also presented and explored. Provides an insiders look at garment manufacturing from design and production to finishing and quality control Discusses necessary information on product development, production planning, and material selection Includes discussions of computer-aided design (CAD), advances in spreading, cutting and sewing, and new technologies, including alternative joining techniques and seamless garment construction Explores garment finishing, quality control, and care labelling

Applications of Computer Vision in Fashion and Textiles

Applications of Computer Vision in Fashion and Textiles
  • Author : Calvin Wong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-20
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780081012185
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Summary : Applications of Computer Vision in Fashion and Textiles provides a systematic and comprehensive discussion of three key areas that are taking advantage of developments in computer vision technology, namely textile defect detection and quality control, fashion recognition and 3D modeling, and 2D and 3D human body modeling for improving clothing fit. It introduces the fundamentals of computer vision techniques for fashion and textile applications, also reviewing computer vision techniques for textile quality control, including chapters on wavelet transforms, Gibor filters, Fourier transforms, and neural network techniques. Final sections cover recognition, modeling, retrieval technologies and advanced human shape modeling techniques. The book is essential reading for scientists and researchers working in the field of fashion production, quality assurance, product development, textiles, fashion supply chain managers, R&D professionals and managers in the textile industry. Explores computer vision technology with reference to improving budget, quality and schedule control in textile manufacturing Provides a thorough understanding of the role of computer vision in developing intelligent systems for the fashion and textiles industries Elucidates the connections between human body modeling technology and intelligent manufacturing systems

Principles of Fabric Formation

Principles of Fabric Formation
  • Author : Prabir Kumar Banerjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-19
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 9781466554443
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Summary : How Are Textile Fabrics Formed? Principles of Fabric Formation is a treatise on the modern production systems of woven, knitted, braided, nonwoven, triaxial, multiaxial, and 3D fabrics. This book offers a basic understanding of the technicalities involved in the formation of different types of textile fabrics, and brings out the relative merits and limitations of each production process in one single volume. Gain Insight into the World of Textile Fabrics Providing readers with an appreciation of the technicalities involved in the formation of different types of textile fabrics, the author describes all major fabric formation methods, and explains each stage of formation in the text. He also addresses all major topics related to the formation of different classes of textile fabrics, including yarn winding, warping, yarn sizing, woven fabric construction, weaving, weft knitting, warp knitting, braiding, nonwovens, and triaxial, multiaxial and 3D fabrics. Comprised of 16 chapters, this multifaceted work: Provides a technical description of fabric formation systems Focuses on the diverse technicalities involved in each and every stage of formation Contains a comprehensive compilation of the major principles involved Principles of Fabric Formation is an exclusive junior/senior undergraduate-level textbook with a focus on the diverse technical principles involved in production of the entire gamut of textile fabrics.

Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles

Chemical Technology in the Pre-Treatment Processes of Textiles
  • Author : S.R. Karmakar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-11-02
  • Total pages :497
  • ISBN : 0080539475
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Summary : Textile chemical processing today, particularly the pre-treatment processes require a highly sophisticated technology and engineering to achieve the well known concepts of "Right first time, Right everytime and Right on time" processing and production. Chemical pre-treatment may be broadly defined as a procedure mainly concerned with the removal of natural as well as added impurities in fabric to a level necessary for good whiteness and absorbency by utilising minimum time, energy and chemicals as well as water. This book discusses the fundamental aspects of chemistry, chemical technology and machineries involved in the various pre-treatment process of textiles before subsequent dyeing, printing and finishing. With the introduction of newer fibres, specialty chemicals, improved technology and sophisticated machineries developed during the last decade, this book fills a gap in this area of technology. However, its real strength is its clear perception of ample background description, which will enable readers to understand most current journals, thus staying abreast of the latest advances in the field.

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing

Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing
  • Author : Jamshed A Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-01
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 1681173239
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Summary : Years of human ignorance has diminished our natural resources and aged our planet. Now, people are making an effort to change the way they are treating the planet. Being more environmentally conscious about the impact materials used for fashion have on our planet is one-way designers can reduce waste and help enable a better world. By going eco-friendly can be less harmful to our natural resources. Not all fashion is following this eco-friendly trend, but more designers are embracing the trend toward eco-fashion than ever before. If the entire fashion industry became eco-friendly, it would make a huge difference for future generations because the fashion industry employs over a billion people globally. There is need for eco-friendly wet processing that is sustainable and beneficial methods. Number of sustainable practices has been implemented by various textile processing industries such as Eco- friendly bleaching; Peroxide bleaching; Eco-friendly dyeing and Printing; Low impact dyes; Natural dyes; Azo Free dyes; Phthalates Free Printing. There are a variety of materials considered "environmentally-friendly" for a variety of reasons. The industry is desperately in the need of newer and very efficient dyeing/finishing and functional treatments of textiles. There is growing awareness and readiness to adapt new perspective on industrial upgradation of Cleaner Production Programme, such new technologies help enterprises achieve green production and cost reduction at the same time. Green Production has become necessary for enterprises under the upgrade and transformation policy. The book Eco-Friendly Textile Dyeing and Finishing covers topics in the area of sustainable practices in textile dyeing and finishing.

False Twist Textured Yarns

False Twist Textured Yarns
  • Author : C Atkinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-15
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780857095596
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Summary : A false twist textured yarn is a continuous filament yarn that has been processed to introduce crimps, coils, loops and other fine distortions along the yarn’s length. These distortions give synthetic yarns such as nylon, polyester and polypropylene improved properties such as stretch, bulk, improved thermal insulation and an appearance similar to natural fibres. This important book summarises the key principles, technologies and process issues in the manufacture of high-quality false twist textured yarns. After an introductory chapter on the development of textured yarns, the book reviews yarn texturing machine designs and twist application methods, including air jet mingling and machine variants for draw textured speciality yarns. It also reviews common process performance and quality problems and how they can be resolved, as well process control, quality assurance and costs. The final chapters look at applications of false twist textured nylon, polyester and polypropylene yarns as well as the future of false twist texturing. Based on the author’s extensive experience in the textile industry, False twist textured yarns is a standard reference on the key technologies and process issues involved in the manufacture of high-quality false twist textured yarns. Discusses the development of textured yarns, the basic principles of texturing and the process of false twist texturing Summarises the key principles, technologies and process issues in the manufacture of high-quality false twist textured yarns Chapters include texturing machine design, applications of textured yarns and the future opportunities for false twist texturing

Woven Terry Fabrics

Woven Terry Fabrics
  • Author : Jitendra Pratap Singh,Swadesh Verma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-19
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780081006870
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Summary : Woven Terry Fabrics: Manufacturing and Quality Management encompasses all aspects of terry fabric production, from raw material choice and weave design to technological developments, dyeing, and quality evaluation. Nothing feels more luxurious and comforting than wrapping myself or one of my children in a thick, soft, fluffy towel after bathing says Lindsey, a healthcare administrator and mother of two children in Boston. Consumers pay an average 15 USD for a bath towel. So, it has become a luxury item today. To meet the demand of growing population, the terry fabric industry has grown to a large extent. Lots of technological developments have taken place in this field. Provides an excellent overview of the best production methods, quality control systems, latest research, and process parameters Offers in-depth information on all aspects of production Covers comprehensively, for the first time, the whole process from raw material through to finished fabric Includes coverage of technological developments

The Textile Industry and the Environment

The Textile Industry and the Environment
  • Author : Prasad Modak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P00117802V
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Summary :

The Practical Application of the Process Capability Study

The Practical Application of the Process Capability Study
  • Author : Douglas B. Relyea
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-15
  • Total pages :163
  • ISBN : 9781439884645
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Summary : Creating a universal language for problem solving, The Practical Application of the Process Capability Study: Evolving from Product Control to Process Control delineates the process capability study, a powerful tool that, when understood and implemented, provides benefits to every department within a manufacturing organization. With easy to read, step-by-step flow diagrams on how to perform process capability studies and measurement process analyses, the book’s coverage includes: The benefits of statistical process control over statistical product control Real-world industrial examples and case studies illustrating how to use the techniques Ways for management to determine if the investment in process capability studies is providing an appropriate return Methods to correct lack of stability and capability once either condition has been identified, such as the ANOVA technique and the simple three-factor designed experiment A flow chart that enables machine operators to execute a process capability study without interfering with productivity A great deal of information is available on the technical concepts of the process capability study, much of it emphasizing the mathematics. Unfortunately, concentrating on the math and fine distinctions, such as the difference between alpha- and beta-type errors, has created barriers preventing many from fully appreciating the basic concepts, the simplicity, and the usefulness of the tool. This book shows you how to use the process capability study to increase return on investment from your statistical process control/Six Sigma effort and make your company more competitive.