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Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time

Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time
  • Author : Sisir K. Mondal,William L. Griffin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-08
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128111604
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Summary : Processes and Ore Deposits of Ultramafic-Mafic Magmas through Space and Time focuses on the fundamental processes that control the formation of ore deposits from ultramafic-mafic magmas, covering chromite, platinum-group element (PGE), Ni-sulfides and Ti-V-bearing magnetite. The exploration, exploitation and use of these magmatic ores are important aspects of geology and directly linked to the global economy. Magmatic ores form from ultramafic-mafic magmas and crystallize at high-temperature after emplacement into crustal magma chambers, and are genetically linked to the evolution of the parental magmas through space and time. This book features recent developments in the field of magmatic ore deposits, and is an essential resource for both industry professionals and those in academia. Elucidates the relationships between tectonic settings and magmatic ore mineralization Provides the links between magma generation in the mantle and ore mineralization at crustal levels Features the latest research on changing patterns in magmatic ore mineralization through time and their bearing on the chemical evolution of the Earth’s mantle

Applied Geochemistry

Applied Geochemistry
  • Author : Athanas S. Macheyeki,Dalaly Peter Kafumu,Feng Yuan,Xiaohui Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-14
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9780128194959
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Summary : Applied Geochemistry: Advances in Mineral Exploration Techniques is a book targeting all levels of exploration geologists, geology students and geoscientists working in the mining industry. This reference book covers mineral exploration techniques from multiple dimensions, including the application of statistics - both principal component analysis and factor analysis - to multifractal modeling. The book explains these approaches step-by-step and gives their limitations. In addition to techniques and applications in mineral exploration, Applied Geochemistry describes mineral deposits and the theories underpinning their formation through worldwide case studies. Includes both conventional and nonconventional techniques for mineral exploration, including lithogeochemical methods Highlights the importance and applications of multifractal models, 3D - mineral prospectivity modeling Features case studies from mines and mineral exploration ventures around the world

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-16
  • Total pages :5622
  • ISBN : 9780081029091
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Mineral Resources, Economics and the Environment

Mineral Resources, Economics and the Environment
  • Author : Stephen Kesler,Adam Simon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-30
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781107074910
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Summary : Written for students and professionals, this revised textbook surveys the mineral industry from geological, environmental and economic perspectives. Thoroughly updated, the text includes a new chapter on technology industry metals as well as separate chapters on mineral economics and environmental geochemistry. Carefully designed figures simplify difficult concepts and show the location of important deposits and trade patterns, emphasising the true global nature of mineral resources. Featuring boxes highlighting special interest topics, the text equips students with the skills they need to contribute to the energy and mineral questions currently facing society, including issues regarding oil pipelines, nuclear power plants, water availability and new mining locations. Technical terms are highlighted when first used, and references are included to allow students to delve more deeply into areas of interest. Multiple choice and short answer questions are provided for instructors online at www.cambridge.org/kesler to complete the teaching package.

Magmatic Sulfide Deposits

Magmatic Sulfide Deposits
  • Author : Anthony J. Naldrett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9783662084441
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Summary : This book is written by a leading authority on the subject of magmatic sulfide deposits. An overview of deposit types, accompanied by a summary of the resources of nickel, copper and platinum-group elements in the world’s principal known deposits, is followed by a summary of the relevant physical chemistry. The core of the book comprises a discussion about the geology and geochemistry of each of the deposit types in turn, accompanied by the implications of this data to the origin of the deposits in the light of our understanding of the chemical processes involved. A final chapter focuses on the use of the genetic concepts in exploration.

Economic Geology

Economic Geology
  • Author : Walter L. Pohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-03
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 9781444394863
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Summary : Humanity’s ever-increasing hunger for mineral raw materials, caused by a growing global population and ever increasing standards of living, has resulted in economic geology becoming a subject of urgent importance. This book provides a broad panorama of mineral deposits, covering their origin and geological characteristics, the principles of the search for ores and minerals, and the investigation of newly found deposits. Practical and environmental issues that arise during the life cycle of a mine and after its closure are addressed, with an emphasis on sustainable and "green" mining. The central scientific theme of the book is to place the extraordinary variability of mineral deposits in the frame of fundamental geological processes. The book is written for earth science students and practicing geologists worldwide. Professionals in administration, resource development, mining, mine reclamation, metallurgy, and mineral economics will also find the text valuable. Economic Geology is a fully revised translation of the the fifth edition of the German language text Mineralische und Energie-Rohstoffe. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/pohl/geology. The author's website can be found at: http://www.walter-pohl.com.

Mineral Deposits of Finland

Mineral Deposits of Finland
  • Author : Wolfgang Derek Maier,Raimo Lahtinen,Hugh O'Brien
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-23
  • Total pages :802
  • ISBN : 9780124104761
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Summary : Mineral Deposits of Finland is the only up-to-date and inclusive reference available that fully captures the scope of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential. Finland hosts Europe’s most mature rocks and large cratonic blocks, analogous to western Australia and Southern Africa, which are the most mineralized terrains on Earth. Authored by the world’s premier experts on Finnish mineral exploration and mining, Mineral Deposits of Finland offers a thorough summary of the mineral deposits and their petrogenesis, helping readers to map, explore, and identify Finland’s renewed potential for mineral exploration and extraction. Presents a thoroughly inclusive catalogue of Finland’s mineral deposits and their economic potential Features full-color figures, illustrations, working examples and photographs to aid the reader in retaining key concepts to underscore major advances in the exploration of Finland’s mineral resources Offers concise chapter summaries authored by leaders in geological research, which provide accessible overviews of deposit classes

Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth

Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
  • Author : G.R.T. Jenkin,P.A.J. Lusty,I. McDonald,M.P. Smith,A.J. Boyce,J.J. Wilkinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-02
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9781862396265
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Summary : Ore deposits form by a variety of natural processes that concentrate elements into a volume that can be economically mined. Their type, character and abundance reflect the environment in which they formed and thus they preserve key evidence for the evolution of magmatic and tectonic processes, the state of the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and the evolution of life over geological time. This volume presents 13 papers on topical subjects in ore deposit research viewed in the context of Earth evolution. These diverse, yet interlinked, papers cover topics including: controls on the temporal and spatial distribution of ore deposits; the sources of fluid, gold and other components of orogenic gold deposits; the degree of oxygenation in the Neoproterozoic ocean; bacterial immobilization of gold in the semi-arid near-surface environment; and mineral resources for the future, including issues of resource estimation, sustainability of supply and the criticality of certain elements to society.

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States
  • Author : K. J. Schulz,John H. DeYoung,Robert R. Seal,Dwight C. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-27
  • Total pages :797
  • ISBN : 1411339916
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Summary : As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.

Hydrothermal Processes and Mineral Systems

Hydrothermal Processes and Mineral Systems
  • Author : Franco Pirajno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-14
  • Total pages :1250
  • ISBN : 9781402086137
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Summary : Hydrothermal processes on Earth have played an important role in the evolution of our planet. These processes link the lithosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere in continuously evolving dynamic systems. Terrestrial hydrothermal processes have been active since water condensed to form the hydrosphere, most probably from about 4.4 Ga. The circulation of hot aqueous solution (hydrothermal systems) at, and below, the Earth’s surface is ultimately driven by magmatic heat. This book presents an in-depth review of hydrothermal proceses and systems that form beneath the oceans and in intracontinental rifts, continental margins and magmatic arcs. The interaction of hydrothermal fluids with rockwalls, the hydrophere and the biophere, together with changes in their composition through time and space, contribute to the formation of a wide range of mineral deposit types and associated wallrock alteration. On Earth, sites of hydrothermal activity support varied ecosystems based on a range of chemotrophic microorganisms both at surface and in the subsurface. This book also provides an overview of hydrothermal systems associated with meteorite impacts and explores the possibility that hydrothermal processes operate on other terrestrial planets, such as Mars, or satellites of the outer planets such as Titan and Europa. Possible analogues of extraterrestrial putative hydrothermal processes pose the intriguing question of whether primitive life, as we know it, may exist or existed in these planetary bodies. Audience: This volume will be of interest to scientists and researchers in geosciences and life sciences departments, as well as to professionals and scientists involved in mining and mineral exploration.

Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits

Magmatic Ni-Cu and PGE Deposits
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 1934969354
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Summary :

Understanding Mineral Deposits

Understanding Mineral Deposits
  • Author : Kula Misra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :845
  • ISBN : 9789401139250
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Summary : Mineral deposits have supplied useful or valuable material for human consumption long before they became objects of scientific curiosity or commercial exploitation. In fact, the earliest human interest in rocks was probably because of the easily accessible, useful (e. g. , red pigment in the form of earthy hematite) or valuable (e. g. , native gold and gemstones) materials they contained at places. In modem times, the study of mineral deposits has evolved into an applied science employing detailed field observations, sophisticated laboratory techniques for additional information, and computer modeling to build complex hypotheses. Understanding concepts that would someday help geologists to find new mineral deposits or exploit the known ones more efficiently have always been, and will continue to be, at the core of any course on mineral deposits, but it is a fascinating subject in its own right, even for students who do not intend to be professional economic geologists. I believe that a course on mineral deposits should be designed as a "capstone course" that illustrates a comprehensive application of concepts from many other disciplines in geology (mineralogy, stratigraphy and sedimentation, structure and tectonics, petrology, geochemistry, paleontology, geomorphology, etc. ). This book is intended as a text for such an introductory course in economic geology, primarily for senior undergraduate and graduate students in colleges and universities. It should also serve as a useful information resource for professional economic geologists.

Abstracts, 30th International Geological Congress

Abstracts, 30th International Geological Congress
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:54117283
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Summary :

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes
  • Author : Laurence Robb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-17
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781119232384
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Summary : A comprehensive account of ore-forming processes, revised and updated The revised second edition of Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes offers a guide to the multiplicity of geological processes that result in the formation of mineral deposits. The second edition has been updated to reflect the most recent developments in the study of metallogeny and earth system science. This second edition contains new information about global tectonic processes and crustal evolution that continues to influence the practice of economic geology and maintains the supply of natural resources in a responsible and sustainable way. The replenishment of depleted natural resources is becoming more difficult and environmentally challenging. There is also a change in the demand for mineral commodities and the concern around the non-sustainable supply of ‘critical metals’ is now an important consideration for planners of the future. The book puts the focus on the responsible custodianship of natural resources and the continuing need for all earth scientists to understand metallogeny and the resource cycle. This new edition: Provides an updated guide to the processes involved in the formation of mineral deposits Offers an overview of magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary ore-forming processes Covers the entire range of mineral deposit types, including the fossil fuels and supergene ores Relates metallogeny to global tectonics by examining the distribution of mineral deposits in space and time Contains examples of world famous ore deposits that help to provide context and relevance to the process-oriented descriptions of ore genesis Written for students and professionals alike, Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes offers a revised second edition that puts the focus on the fact that mineral deposits are simply one of the many natural wonders of geological process and evolution.

Physical Geology

Physical Geology
  • Author : Steven Earle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :807
  • ISBN : 1774200287
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Summary : "Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary geology and much more. It has a strong emphasis on examples from western Canada, especially British Columbia, and also includes a chapter devoted to the geological history of western Canada. The book is a collaboration of faculty from Earth Science departments at Universities and Colleges across British Columbia and elsewhere"--BCcampus website.

Abstracts

Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105017904793
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Summary :

Application of Radiogenic Isotopes to Ore Deposit Research and Exploration

Application of Radiogenic Isotopes to Ore Deposit Research and Exploration
  • Author : Joaquin Ruiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 188748356X
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Summary :

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes

Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes
  • Author : Laurence Robb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-03
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118687574
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Summary : Introduction to Ore-Forming Processes is the first seniorundergraduate – postgraduate textbook to focus specificallyon the multiplicity of geological processes that result in theformation of mineral deposits. Opens with an overview of magmatic ore-forming processes Moves systematically through hydrothermal and sedimentarymetallogenic environments, covering as it does the entire gamut ofmineral deposit types, including the fossil fuels and supergeneores The final chapter relates metallogeny to global tectonics byexamining the distribution of mineral deposits in space andtime Boxed examples of world famous ore deposits are featuredthroughout providing context and relevance to the process-orienteddescriptions of ore genesis Brings the discipline of economic geology back into the realmof conventional mainstream earth science by emphasizing the factthat mineral deposits are simply one of the many natural wonders ofgeological process and evolution. Artwork from the book is available to instructors atwww.blackwellpublishing.com/robb.

Bibliography and Index of Geology

Bibliography and Index of Geology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4534996
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Summary :

Platinum-Nickel-Chromium Deposits

Platinum-Nickel-Chromium Deposits
  • Author : S. K. Haldar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-05
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128020869
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Summary : Platinum-Nickel-Chromium Deposits: Geology, Exploration, and Reserve Base is the first reference book to combine information on the discovery of numerous minerals within existing deposits. This book recognizes the close affinity and great natural coexistence of platinum, palladium, chromium, nickel, copper, gold, and silver hosted by unique stratigraphy (mafic-ultramafic intrusive of layered ingenious complex) in a diverse structural set up. The chapters are organized in a logical sequence of introductory physical and chemical properties, demand-supply scenario, price trend, substitution-recycling and uses of these metals, stratigraphy and host rocks, geochemistry, global distribution of existing deposits in six mega continents, genetic system, reserves-resources overview, common characteristic features aiding as exploration guides for new targets, hazards, and sustainable development. This reference book is a must for students, research scholars, teachers, and professional explorers in economic geology, geography, and allied subjects. Presents over 150 full color illustrations including maps, diagrams, and charts Illustrates the key concepts in a clear and informative manner Authored by one of the world’s leading geoscientists Provides unique coverage of high value mineral deposits through an approach accessible to industry professionals, academic researchers, and students alike

Minerals Science and Engineering

Minerals Science and Engineering
  • Author : E. H. Wainwright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105007691285
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Summary :