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Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods for Partial Differential Equations
  • Author : Zhendong Luo,Goong Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-26
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780128167991
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Summary : Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Methods for Partial Differential Equations evaluates the potential applications of POD reduced-order numerical methods in increasing computational efficiency, decreasing calculating load and alleviating the accumulation of truncation error in the computational process. Introduces the foundations of finite-differences, finite-elements and finite-volume-elements. Models of time-dependent PDEs are presented, with detailed numerical procedures, implementation and error analysis. Output numerical data are plotted in graphics and compared using standard traditional methods. These models contain parabolic, hyperbolic and nonlinear systems of PDEs, suitable for the user to learn and adapt methods to their own R&D problems. Explains ways to reduce order for PDEs by means of the POD method so that reduced-order models have few unknowns Helps readers speed up computation and reduce computation load and memory requirements while numerically capturing system characteristics Enables readers to apply and adapt the methods to solve similar problems for PDEs of hyperbolic, parabolic and nonlinear types

Incremental Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for PDE Simulation Data

Incremental Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for PDE Simulation Data
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1051408139
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Summary : Abstract: We propose an incremental algorithm to compute the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) of simulation data for a partial differential equation. Specifically, we modify an incremental matrix SVD algorithm of Brand to accommodate data arising from Galerkin-type simulation methods for time dependent PDEs. The algorithm is applicable to data generated by many numerical methods for PDEs, including finite element and discontinuous Galerkin methods. The algorithm initializes and efficiently updates the dominant POD eigenvalues and modes during the time stepping in a PDE solver without storing the simulation data. We prove that the algorithm without truncation updates the POD exactly. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm using finite element computations for a 1D Burgers' equation and a 2D Navier–Stokes problem.

Reduced Basis Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Reduced Basis Methods for Partial Differential Equations
  • Author : Alfio Quarteroni,Andrea Manzoni,Federico Negri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-19
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9783319154312
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Summary : This book provides a basic introduction to reduced basis (RB) methods for problems involving the repeated solution of partial differential equations (PDEs) arising from engineering and applied sciences, such as PDEs depending on several parameters and PDE-constrained optimization. The book presents a general mathematical formulation of RB methods, analyzes their fundamental theoretical properties, discusses the related algorithmic and implementation aspects, and highlights their built-in algebraic and geometric structures. More specifically, the authors discuss alternative strategies for constructing accurate RB spaces using greedy algorithms and proper orthogonal decomposition techniques, investigate their approximation properties and analyze offline-online decomposition strategies aimed at the reduction of computational complexity. Furthermore, they carry out both a priori and a posteriori error analysis. The whole mathematical presentation is made more stimulating by the use of representative examples of applicative interest in the context of both linear and nonlinear PDEs. Moreover, the inclusion of many pseudocodes allows the reader to easily implement the algorithms illustrated throughout the text. The book will be ideal for upper undergraduate students and, more generally, people interested in scientific computing. All these pseudocodes are in fact implemented in a MATLAB package that is freely available at https://github.com/redbkit

Model Reduction and Approximation

Model Reduction and Approximation
  • Author : Peter Benner,Albert Cohen,Mario Ohlberger,Karen Willcox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-06
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9781611974812
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Summary : Many physical, chemical, biomedical, and technical processes can be described by partial differential equations or dynamical systems. In spite of increasing computational capacities, many problems are of such high complexity that they are solvable only with severe simplifications, and the design of efficient numerical schemes remains a central research challenge. This book presents a tutorial introduction to recent developments in mathematical methods for model reduction and approximation of complex systems. Model Reduction and Approximation: Theory and Algorithms contains three parts that cover (I) sampling-based methods, such as the reduced basis method and proper orthogonal decomposition, (II) approximation of high-dimensional problems by low-rank tensor techniques, and (III) system-theoretic methods, such as balanced truncation, interpolatory methods, and the Loewner framework. It is tutorial in nature, giving an accessible introduction to state-of-the-art model reduction and approximation methods. It also covers a wide range of methods drawn from typically distinct communities (sampling based, tensor based, system-theoretic).?? This book is intended for researchers interested in model reduction and approximation, particularly graduate students and young researchers.

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition in Optimal Control of Fluids

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition in Optimal Control of Fluids
  • Author : National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-03
  • Total pages :30
  • ISBN : 1720667098
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Summary : In this article, we present a reduced order modeling approach suitable for active control of fluid dynamical systems based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). The rationale behind the reduced order modeling is that numerical simulation of Navier-Stokes equations is still too costly for the purpose of optimization and control of unsteady flows. We examine the possibility of obtaining reduced order models that reduce computational complexity associated with the Navier-Stokes equations while capturing the essential dynamics by using the POD. The POD allows extraction of certain optimal set of basis functions, perhaps few, from a computational or experimental data-base through an eigenvalue analysis. The solution is then obtained as a linear combination of these optimal set of basis functions by means of Galerkin projection. This makes it attractive for optimal control and estimation of systems governed by partial differential equations. We here use it in active control of fluid flows governed by the Navier-Stokes equations. We show that the resulting reduced order model can be very efficient for the computations of optimization and control problems in unsteady flows. Finally, implementational issues and numerical experiments are presented for simulations and optimal control of fluid flow through channels.Ravindran, S. S.Langley Research CenterNAVIER-STOKES EQUATION; TURBULENT FLOW; OPTIMAL CONTROL; UNSTEADY FLOW; ACTIVE CONTROL; FLUID FLOW; GALERKIN METHOD; PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; ORTHOGONAL FUNCTIONS; DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS; EIGENVALUES; SIMULATION; MODELS

Model Reduction of Parametrized Systems

Model Reduction of Parametrized Systems
  • Author : Peter Benner,Mario Ohlberger,Anthony Patera,Gianluigi Rozza,Karsten Urban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-05
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9783319587868
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Summary : The special volume offers a global guide to new concepts and approaches concerning the following topics: reduced basis methods, proper orthogonal decomposition, proper generalized decomposition, approximation theory related to model reduction, learning theory and compressed sensing, stochastic and high-dimensional problems, system-theoretic methods, nonlinear model reduction, reduction of coupled problems/multiphysics, optimization and optimal control, state estimation and control, reduced order models and domain decomposition methods, Krylov-subspace and interpolatory methods, and applications to real industrial and complex problems. The book represents the state of the art in the development of reduced order methods. It contains contributions from internationally respected experts, guaranteeing a wide range of expertise and topics. Further, it reflects an important effor t, carried out over the last 12 years, to build a growing research community in this field. Though not a textbook, some of the chapters can be used as reference materials or lecture notes for classes and tutorials (doctoral schools, master classes).

Model Order Reduction: Theory, Research Aspects and Applications

Model Order Reduction: Theory, Research Aspects and Applications
  • Author : Wilhelmus H. Schilders,Henk A. van der Vorst,Joost Rommes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-27
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9783540788416
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Summary : The idea for this book originated during the workshop “Model order reduction, coupled problems and optimization” held at the Lorentz Center in Leiden from S- tember 19–23, 2005. During one of the discussion sessions, it became clear that a book describing the state of the art in model order reduction, starting from the very basics and containing an overview of all relevant techniques, would be of great use for students, young researchers starting in the ?eld, and experienced researchers. The observation that most of the theory on model order reduction is scattered over many good papers, making it dif?cult to ?nd a good starting point, was supported by most of the participants. Moreover, most of the speakers at the workshop were willing to contribute to the book that is now in front of you. The goal of this book, as de?ned during the discussion sessions at the workshop, is three-fold: ?rst, it should describe the basics of model order reduction. Second, both general and more specialized model order reduction techniques for linear and nonlinear systems should be covered, including the use of several related numerical techniques. Third, the use of model order reduction techniques in practical appli- tions and current research aspects should be discussed. We have organized the book according to these goals. In Part I, the rationale behind model order reduction is explained, and an overview of the most common methods is described.

Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations

Certified Reduced Basis Methods for Parametrized Partial Differential Equations
  • Author : Jan S Hesthaven,Gianluigi Rozza,Benjamin Stamm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-20
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : 9783319224701
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Summary : This book provides a thorough introduction to the mathematical and algorithmic aspects of certified reduced basis methods for parametrized partial differential equations. Central aspects ranging from model construction, error estimation and computational efficiency to empirical interpolation methods are discussed in detail for coercive problems. More advanced aspects associated with time-dependent problems, non-compliant and non-coercive problems and applications with geometric variation are also discussed as examples.

Trust-region Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Flow Control

Trust-region Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Flow Control
  • Author : E. Arian,Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000711625
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Summary : The proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is a model reduction technique for the simulation of physical processes governed by partial differential equations, e.g., fluid flows. It can also be used to develop reduced order control models. Fundamental is the computation of POD basis functions that represent the influence of the control action on the system in order to get a suitable control model. We present an approach where suitable reduced order models are derived successively and give global convergence results.

Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations

Constrained Optimization and Optimal Control for Partial Differential Equations
  • Author : Günter Leugering,Sebastian Engell,Andreas Griewank,Michael Hinze,Rolf Rannacher,Volker Schulz,Michael Ulbrich,Stefan Ulbrich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-03
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9783034801331
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Summary : This special volume focuses on optimization and control of processes governed by partial differential equations. The contributors are mostly participants of the DFG-priority program 1253: Optimization with PDE-constraints which is active since 2006. The book is organized in sections which cover almost the entire spectrum of modern research in this emerging field. Indeed, even though the field of optimal control and optimization for PDE-constrained problems has undergone a dramatic increase of interest during the last four decades, a full theory for nonlinear problems is still lacking. The contributions of this volume, some of which have the character of survey articles, therefore, aim at creating and developing further new ideas for optimization, control and corresponding numerical simulations of systems of possibly coupled nonlinear partial differential equations. The research conducted within this unique network of groups in more than fifteen German universities focuses on novel methods of optimization, control and identification for problems in infinite-dimensional spaces, shape and topology problems, model reduction and adaptivity, discretization concepts and important applications. Besides the theoretical interest, the most prominent question is about the effectiveness of model-based numerical optimization methods for PDEs versus a black-box approach that uses existing codes, often heuristic-based, for optimization.

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition in Optimal Control of Fluids

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition in Optimal Control of Fluids
  • Author : S. S. Ravindran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :30
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000632292
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Summary :

Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization

Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization
  • Author : Lorenz T. Biegler,Omar Ghattas,Matthias Heinkenschloss,David Keyes,Bart van Bloemen Waanders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-12
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780898716214
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Summary : “…a timely contribution to a field of growing importance. This carefully edited book presents a rich collection of chapters ranging from mathematical methodology to emerging applications. I recommend it to students as a rigorous and comprehensive presentation of simulation-based optimization and to researchers as an overview of recent advances and challenges in the field.” — Jorge Nocedal, Professor, Northwestern University.Many engineering and scientific problems in design, control, and parameter estimation can be formulated as optimization problems that are governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). The complexities of the PDEs—and the requirement for rapid solution—pose significant difficulties. A particularly challenging class of PDE-constrained optimization problems is characterized by the need for real-time solution, i.e., in time scales that are sufficiently rapid to support simulation-based decision making. Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization, the first book devoted to real-time optimization for systems governed by PDEs, focuses on new formulations, methods, and algorithms needed to facilitate real-time, PDE-constrained optimization. In addition to presenting state-of-the-art algorithms and formulations, the text illustrates these algorithms with a diverse set of applications that includes problems in the areas of aerodynamics, biology, fluid dynamics, medicine, chemical processes, homeland security, and structural dynamics. Despite difficulties, there is a pressing need to capitalize on continuing advances in computing power to develop optimization methods that will replace simple rule-based decision making with optimized decisions based on complex PDE simulations. Audience The book is aimed at readers who have expertise in simulation and are interested in incorporating optimization into their simulations, who have expertise in numerical optimization and are interested in adapting optimization methods to the class of infinite-dimensional simulation problems, or who have worked in “offline” optimization contexts and are interested in moving to “online” optimization.Contents Preface; Part I: Concepts and Properties of Real-Time, Online Strategies. Chapter 1: Constrained Optimal Feedback Control of Systems Governed by Large Differential Algebraic Equations; Chapter 2: A Stabilizing Real-Time Implementation of Nonlinear Model Predictive Control; Chapter 3: Numerical Feedback Controller Design for PDE Systems Using Model Reduction: Techniques and Case Studies; Chapter 4: Least-Squares Finite Element Method for Optimization and Control Problems; Part II: Fast PDE-Constrained Optimization Solvers. Chapter 5: Space-Time Multigrid Methods for Solving Unsteady Optimal Control Problems; Chapter 6: A Time-Parallel Implicit Methodology for the Near-Real-Time Solution of Systems of Linear Oscillators; Chapter 7: Generalized SQP Methods with “Parareal” Time-Domain Decomposition for Time-Dependent PDE-Constrained Optimization; Chapter 8: Simultaneous Pseudo-Timestepping for State-Constrained Optimization Problems in Aerodynamics; Chapter 9: Digital Filter Stepsize Control in DASPK and Its Effect on Control Optimization Performance; Part III: Reduced Order Modeling. Chapter 10: Certified Rapid Solution of Partial Differential Equations for Real-Time Parameter Estimation and Optimization; Chapter 11: Model Reduction for Large-Scale Applications in Computational Fluid Dynamics; Chapter 12: Suboptimal Feedback Control of Flow Separation by POD Model Reduction; Part IV: Applications. Chapter 13: A Combined Shape-Newton and Topology Optimization Technique in Real-Time Image Segmentation; Chapter 14: COFIR: Coarse and Fine Image Registration; Chapter 15: Real-Time, Large Scale Optimization of Water Network Systems Using a Sub-domain Approach; Index.

Snapshot-Based Methods and Algorithms

Snapshot-Based Methods and Algorithms
  • Author : Peter Benner,et al.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-16
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783110671490
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Summary : An increasing complexity of models used to predict real-world systems leads to the need for algorithms to replace complex models with far simpler ones, while preserving the accuracy of the predictions. This two-volume handbook covers methods as well as applications. This second volume focuses on applications in engineering, biomedical engineering, computational physics and computer science.

Data-Driven Modeling & Scientific Computation

Data-Driven Modeling & Scientific Computation
  • Author : J. Nathan Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-08
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 9780199660339
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Summary : Combining scientific computing methods and algorithms with modern data analysis techniques, including basic applications of compressive sensing and machine learning, this book develops techniques that allow for the integration of the dynamics of complex systems and big data. MATLAB is used throughout for mathematical solution strategies.

Proceedings

Proceedings
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105124274395
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Summary :

Data-Driven Science and Engineering

Data-Driven Science and Engineering
  • Author : Steven L. Brunton,J. Nathan Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-28
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781108422093
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Summary : This beginning graduate textbook teaches data science and machine learning methods for modeling, prediction, and control of complex systems.

SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing

SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036925279
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Summary :

Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction

Reduced Order Methods for Modeling and Computational Reduction
  • Author : Alfio Quarteroni,Gianluigi Rozza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-05
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9783319020907
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Summary : This monograph addresses the state of the art of reduced order methods for modeling and computational reduction of complex parametrized systems, governed by ordinary and/or partial differential equations, with a special emphasis on real time computing techniques and applications in computational mechanics, bioengineering and computer graphics. Several topics are covered, including: design, optimization, and control theory in real-time with applications in engineering; data assimilation, geometry registration, and parameter estimation with special attention to real-time computing in biomedical engineering and computational physics; real-time visualization of physics-based simulations in computer science; the treatment of high-dimensional problems in state space, physical space, or parameter space; the interactions between different model reduction and dimensionality reduction approaches; the development of general error estimation frameworks which take into account both model and discretization effects. This book is primarily addressed to computational scientists interested in computational reduction techniques for large scale differential problems.

Discussiones Mathematicae

Discussiones Mathematicae
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015081659628
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Summary :

Grazer mathematische Berichte

Grazer mathematische Berichte
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015053987957
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Summary :

Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB

Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB
  • Author : Alain Vande Wouwer,Philippe Saucez,Carlos Vilas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-07
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9783319067902
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Summary : Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB shows the reader how to exploit a fuller array of numerical methods for the analysis of complex scientific and engineering systems than is conventionally employed. The book is dedicated to numerical simulation of distributed parameter systems described by mixed systems of algebraic equations, ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs). Special attention is paid to the numerical method of lines (MOL), a popular approach to the solution of time-dependent PDEs, which proceeds in two basic steps: spatial discretization and time integration. Besides conventional finite-difference and element techniques, more advanced spatial-approximation methods are examined in some detail, including nonoscillatory schemes and adaptive-grid approaches. A MOL toolbox has been developed within MATLAB®/OCTAVE/SCILAB. In addition to a set of spatial approximations and time integrators, this toolbox includes a collection of application examples, in specific areas, which can serve as templates for developing new programs. Simulation of ODE/PDE Models with MATLAB®, OCTAVE and SCILAB provides a practical introduction to some advanced computational techniques for dynamic system simulation, supported by many worked examples in the text, and a collection of codes available for download from the book’s page at www.springer.com. This text is suitable for self-study by practicing scientists and engineers and as a final-year undergraduate course or at the graduate level.