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Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery

Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery
  • Author : Haleem J. Issaq,Timothy D. Veenstra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-24
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780128197882
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Summary : Proteomic and Metabolomic Approaches to Biomarker Discovery, Second Edition covers techniques from both proteomics and metabolomics and includes all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution. The book describes methods and presents a standard operating procedure for sample selection, preparation and storage, as well as data analysis and modeling. This new standard effectively eliminates the differing methodologies used in studies and creates a unified approach. Readers will learn the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques discussed, as well as potential difficulties inherent to all steps in the biomarker discovery process. This second edition has been fully updated and revised to address recent advances in MS and NMR instrumentation, high-field NMR, proteomics and metabolomics for biomarker validation, clinical assays of biomarkers and clinical MS and NMR, identifying microRNAs and autoantibodies as biomarkers, MRM-MS assay development, top-down MS, glycosylation-based serum biomarkers, cell surface proteins in biomarker discovery, lipodomics for cancer biomarker discovery, and strategies to design studies to identify predictive biomarkers in cancer research. Addresses the full range of proteomic and metabolomic methods and technologies used for biomarker discovery and validation Covers all steps involved in biomarker discovery, from study design to study execution Serves as a vital resource for biochemists, biologists, analytical chemists, bioanalytical chemists, clinical and medical technicians, researchers in pharmaceuticals and graduate students

Surrogate Tissue Analysis

Surrogate Tissue Analysis
  • Author : Michael E. Burczynski,John C. Rockett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-10
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781420038095
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Summary : Despite rapidly expanding interest in potential applications of surrogate tissue analysis and intense competition to identify and validate biomarkers in appropriate surrogate tissues, very few peer reviewed publications describing the use of this approach have appeared in the scientific press. One of the first publications on this topic, Surrogate Tissue Analysis: Genomic, Proteomic, and Metabolomic Approaches describes initial applications and considerations for "omic" technologies in the field of surrogate tissue analysis. Highlighting important issues to consider when conducting profiling studies to identify novel biomarkers, the first section covers transcriptional approaches in surrogate tissues. It provides a review of important issues in peripheral blood profiling, summarizes results achieved when evaluations of various blood preparation platforms are used for the purpose of transcriptional profiling, and covers the relatively novel application of transcriptional profiling in neurological and oncological disease settings. The second section focuses on proteomic and protein-based methods for identifying markers in surrogate tissues, highlighting immunoassay and mass-spectrometry approaches for assessment of proteins in serum and other fluids, with a focus on the implications of protein-based biomarkers for detecting and monitoring early stages of cancer. The third section explores metabolomic approaches along with other novel molecular screens that can be applied in surrogate tissues to find biomarkers, and examines in detail the rapid development of metabolomics into a powerful technique for biomarker identification. The authors conclude with coverage of regulatory considerations, economic impact, and pan-omic strategies which will undoubtedly impact surrogate tissue analysis in the future. They explore current concepts in pan-omic approaches during drug development where a compendium of data generated by multiple profiling approaches are assessed and evaluated with its impact on the field of systems biology. The last chapter rounds out the coverage with a brief look ahead towards future analytical issues that will likely arise in the field of surrogate tissue analysis. The book is both an introduction to the various "omic" technologies in this young field and a fundamental reference for scientists interested in identifying biomarkers in surrogate tissues.

Metabolomics for Biomedical Research

Metabolomics for Biomedical Research
  • Author : Jerzy Adamski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128127841
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Summary : Metabolomics for Biomedical Research brings together recent progress on study design, analytics, biostatistics and bioinformatics for the success of metabolomics research. Metabolomics represents a very interdisciplinary research prominent in the functional analyses of living systems; hence, this book focuses on translation and medical aspects. The book discusses topics such as biomarkers and their requirements to be used in medical research, with the parameters and approaches on how to validate their quality; and animal models and other approaches, as stem cells and organoid culture. Additionally, it explains how metabolomics may be applied in prediction of individual response to drug or disease progression. This book is a valuable source for researchers on systems biology and other members of biomedical field interested in metabolism-oriented studies for medical research.

Metabolomics

Metabolomics
  • Author : Jeevan Prasain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-28
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9789535128533
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Summary : Metabolomics: Fundamentals and Applications authoritatively presents the basic principles and applications of metabolomics. Topics covered in this book range from the analysis of metabolites from different biological sources and their data processing and statistical analysis. This book serves as a basic guide for a wide range of audiences from less familiar with metabolomics techniques to more experienced researchers seeking to understand complex biological systems from the systems biology approach.

Advancements of Mass Spectrometry in Biomedical Research

Advancements of Mass Spectrometry in Biomedical Research
  • Author : Alisa G. Woods,Costel C. Darie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-20
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9783319060682
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Summary : This volume explores the use of mass spectrometry for biomedical applications. Chapters focus on specific therapeutic areas such as oncology, infectious disease and psychiatry. Additional chapters focus on methodology as well as new technologies and instrumentation. This volume provides readers with a comprehensive and informative manual that will allow them to appreciate mass spectrometry and proteomic research but also to initiate and improve their own work. Thus the book acts as a technical guide but also a conceptual guide to the newest information in this exciting field. Mass spectrometry is the central tool used in proteomic research today and is rapidly becoming indispensable to the biomedical scientist. With the completion of the human genome project and the genomic revolution, the proteomic revolution has followed closely behind. Understanding the human proteome has become critical to basic and clinical biomedical research and holds the promise of providing comprehensive understanding of human physiological processes. In addition, proteomics and mass spectrometry are bringing unprecedented biomarker discovery and are helping to personalize medicine.

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery

Bioinformatics and Biomarker Discovery
  • Author : Francisco Azuaje
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-24
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781119964308
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Summary : This book is designed to introduce biologists, clinicians and computational researchers to fundamental data analysis principles, techniques and tools for supporting the discovery of biomarkers and the implementation of diagnostic/prognostic systems. The focus of the book is on how fundamental statistical and data mining approaches can support biomarker discovery and evaluation, emphasising applications based on different types of "omic" data. The book also discusses design factors, requirements and techniques for disease screening, diagnostic and prognostic applications. Readers are provided with the knowledge needed to assess the requirements, computational approaches and outputs in disease biomarker research. Commentaries from guest experts are also included, containing detailed discussions of methodologies and applications based on specific types of "omic" data, as well as their integration. Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Covers the main range of data sources currently used for biomarker discovery Puts emphasis on concepts, design principles and methodologies that can be extended or tailored to more specific applications Offers principles and methods for assessing the bioinformatic/biostatistic limitations, strengths and challenges in biomarker discovery studies Discusses systems biology approaches and applications Includes expert chapter commentaries to further discuss relevance of techniques, summarize biological/clinical implications and provide alternative interpretations

Statistical Analysis of Proteomics, Metabolomics, and Lipidomics Data Using Mass Spectrometry

Statistical Analysis of Proteomics, Metabolomics, and Lipidomics Data Using Mass Spectrometry
  • Author : Susmita Datta,Bart J. A. Mertens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-15
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 9783319458090
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Summary : This book presents an overview of computational and statistical design and analysis of mass spectrometry-based proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics data. This contributed volume provides an introduction to the special aspects of statistical design and analysis with mass spectrometry data for the new omic sciences. The text discusses common aspects of design and analysis between and across all (or most) forms of mass spectrometry, while also providing special examples of application with the most common forms of mass spectrometry. Also covered are applications of computational mass spectrometry not only in clinical study but also in the interpretation of omics data in plant biology studies. Omics research fields are expected to revolutionize biomolecular research by the ability to simultaneously profile many compounds within either patient blood, urine, tissue, or other biological samples. Mass spectrometry is one of the key analytical techniques used in these new omic sciences. Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, time-of-flight data, and Fourier transform mass spectrometry are but a selection of the measurement platforms available to the modern analyst. Thus in practical proteomics or metabolomics, researchers will not only be confronted with new high dimensional data types—as opposed to the familiar data structures in more classical genomics—but also with great variation between distinct types of mass spectral measurements derived from different platforms, which may complicate analyses, comparison, and interpretation of results.

Cancer Metabolomics 2018

Cancer Metabolomics 2018
  • Author : Paula Guedes De Pinho,Márcia Carvalho,Joana Pinto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-03
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9783039213450
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Summary : The metabolomics approach, defined as the study of all endogenously-produced low-molecular-weight compounds, appeared as a promising strategy to define new cancer biomarkers. Information obtained from metabolomic data can help to highlight disrupted cellular pathways and, consequently, contribute to the development of new-targeted therapies and the optimization of therapeutics. Therefore, metabolomic research may be more clinically translatable than other omics approaches, since metabolites are closely related to the phenotype and the metabolome is sensitive to many factors. Metabolomics seems promising to identify key metabolic pathways characterizing features of pathological and physiological states. Thus, knowing that tumor metabolism markedly differs from the metabolism of normal cells, the use of metabolomics is ideally suited for biomarker research. Some works have already focused on the application of metabolomic approaches to different cancers, namely lung, breast and liver, using urine, exhaled breath and blood. In this Special Issue we contribute to a more complete understanding of cancer disease using metabolomics approaches.

Hyperandrogenism in Women

Hyperandrogenism in Women
  • Author : R. Pasquali,D. Pignatelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-09
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9783318064711
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Summary : Hyperandrogenism profoundly affects women’s lives from lowering self-esteem to changing cognition and affective motivation. The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common androgen excess disorder worldwide. While it is not the focus of this book, some aspects are discussed. The aim of this book is to improve understanding of androgen excess and its impact on several conditions. Topics include development of adipose tissue in females, insulin sensitivity, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and Cushing’s disease/syndrome. There is also a discussion of PCOS with emphasis on in utero origins and specific genetic and epigenetic factors. This book provides a wealth of relevant information for every endocrinologist and gynecologist who wants to broaden their knowledge of androgens in various conditions.

Metabolomics as a Tool in Nutrition Research

Metabolomics as a Tool in Nutrition Research
  • Author : J-L Sebedio,L Brennan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-28
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781782420927
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Summary : Metabolomics is a multidisciplinary science used to understand the ways in which nutrients from food are used in the body and how this can be optimised and targeted at specific nutritional needs. Metabolomics as a Tool in Nutrition Research provides a review of the uses of metabolomics in nutritional research. Chapters cover the most important aspects of the topic such as analysis techniques, bioinformatics and integration with other ‘omic’ sciences such as proteomics and genomics. The final chapters look at the impact of exercise on metabolomic profiles and future trends in metabolomics for nutrition research.

The Handbook of Metabonomics and Metabolomics

The Handbook of Metabonomics and Metabolomics
  • Author : John C. Lindon,Jeremy K. Nicholson,Elaine Holmes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-11
  • Total pages :572
  • ISBN : 0080468004
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Summary : Molecular biology operates at three levels – genes, proteins and metabolites. This book is unique in that it provides a comprehensive description of an approach (metabonomics) to characterise the endogenous metabolites in a living system, complementing gene and protein studies (genomics and proteomics). These "omics" methods form the basis for understanding biology at a systems level. The Handbook of Metabonomics and Metabolomics aims to be the definitive work on the rapidly expanding subjects of metabolic profiling, metabolite and biomarker identification, encompassing the fields of metabonomics and metabolomics. It covers the principles of the subject, the analytical and statistical techniques used and the wide variety of applications. * comprehensive description of an approach (metabonomics) to characterise the endogenous metabolites in a living system, complementing gene and protein studies * aims to be the definitive work on the rapidly expanding subjects of metabolic profiling, metabolite and biomarker identification * covers the principles of the subject, the analytical and statistical techniques used and the wide variety of applications.

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism
  • Author : Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-23
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889192823
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Summary :

Metabolic Interaction in Infection

Metabolic Interaction in Infection
  • Author : Ricardo Silvestre,Egídio Torrado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-06
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9783319749327
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Summary : This book focuses on host–pathogen interactions at the metabolic level. It explores the metabolic requirements of the infectious agents, the microbial metabolic pathways that are dedicated to circumvent host immune mechanisms as well as the molecular mechanisms by which pathogens hijack host cell metabolism for their own benefit. Finally, it provides insights on the possible clinical and immunotherapeutic applications, as well as on the available experimental and analytical methods. The contributions break new ground in understanding the metabolic crosstalk between host and pathogen.

Reviews on Biomarker Studies of Metabolic and Metabolism-Related Disorders

Reviews on Biomarker Studies of Metabolic and Metabolism-Related Disorders
  • Author : Paul C. Guest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-27
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9783030126681
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Summary : The book recognizes that throughout the scientific, medical, and economic communities, new tests incorporating biomarkers are needed to improve the diagnosis of patients suffering from metabolic disorders. The early identification of those at risk of developing obesity will help to place these individuals on the best treatment course as early as possible for improved treatment outcomes. This will also help to cut costs incurred by the healthcare services. For all of this to occur, new research efforts are needed to identify novel biomarkers that can be used to predict the disease in the presymptomatic stage, for disease monitoring and for prediction of treatment response. It is also possible that new drug targets can be identified using these approaches which, in turn, can lead to the development of new treatment approaches. This volume also includes a series of reviews on biomarker discovery and usage in the study of diseases marked by perturbations in metabolism. It will describe the pros and cons of the various approaches and cover the successes and failures in this important research field.

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry

Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry
  • Author : Niruj Agrawal,Rafey Faruqui,Mayur Bodani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-24
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780198757139
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Summary : New from Oxford Textbooks in Psychiatry, the Oxford Textbook of Neuropsychiatry bridges the gap between general psychiatric textbooks and reference texts in neuropsychiatry. Divided into four sections, it covers core knowledge and skills for practice in all psychiatric disciplines, with key information for training in neuropsychiatry.

The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes

The Handbook of Neuropsychiatric Biomarkers, Endophenotypes and Genes
  • Author : Michael Ritsner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-21
  • Total pages :273
  • ISBN : 9781402094644
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Summary : Neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, alcoholism, substance abuse and others are some of the most debilitating illnesses worldwide characterizing by the complexity of the causes, and lacking the laboratory tests that may promote diagnostic and prognostic procedures. Recent advances in neuroscience, genomic, genetic, proteomic and metabolomic knowledge and technologies have opened the way to searching biomarkers and endophenotypes, which may offer powerful and exciting opportunity to understand the etiology and the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropsychiatric disorders. The challenge now is to translate these advances into meaningful diagnostic and therapeutic advances. This book offers a broad synthesis of the current knowledge about diverse topics of the biomarker and endophenotype strategies in neuropsychiatry. The book is organized into four interconnected volumes: “Neuropsychological Endophenotypes and Biomarkers” (with overview of methodological issues of the biomarker and endophenotype approaches in neuropsychiatry and some technological advances), “Neuroanatomical and Neuroimaging Endophenotypes and Biomarkers”, “Metabolic and Peripheral Biomarkers” and “Molecular Genetic and Genomic Markers”. The contributors are internationally and nationally recognized researchers and experts from 16 countries. This four-volume handbook is intended for a broad spectrum of readers including neuroscientists, psychiatrists, neurologists, endocrinologists, pharmacologists, clinical psychologists, general practitioners, geriatricians, health care providers in the field of neurology and mental health interested in trends that have crystallized in the last decade, and trends that can be expected to further evolve in the coming years. It is hoped that this book will also be a useful resource for the teaching of psychiatry, neurology, psychology and mental health.

Emerging Sample Treatments in Proteomics

Emerging Sample Treatments in Proteomics
  • Author : José-Luis Capelo-Martínez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-24
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9783030122980
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Summary : Proteomics is a well-established area of Science; yet with a strong area in constant evolution, namely sample treatment. There few books that currently cover the field of emerging sample treatments in proteomics, this new volume will be the first to cover all emerging and existing studies. This unique book presents the latest advances in the field focusing on emerging trends linked to high-resolution mass spectrometry, technology addressed to treat samples faster and to attempts to simplify the proteome for the reader.

Plant Metabolomics

Plant Metabolomics
  • Author : Kazuki Saito,Richard A. Dixon,Lothar Willmitzer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-29
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9783540297826
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Summary : Metabolomics – which deals with all metabolites of an organism – is a rapidly-emerging sector of post-genome research fields. It plays significant roles in a variety of fields from medicine to agriculture and holds a fundamental position in functional genomics studies and their application in plant biotechnology. This volume comprehensively covers plant metabolomics for the first time. The chapters offer cutting-edge information on analytical technology, bioinformatics and applications. They were all written by leading researchers who have been directly involved in plant metabolomics research throughout the world. Up-to-date information and future developments are described, thereby producing a volume which is a landmark of plant metabolomics research and a beneficial guideline to graduate students and researchers in academia, industry, and technology transfer organizations in all plant science fields.

Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics

Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics
  • Author : Daniel Raftery
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-01
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 1493912577
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Summary : Metabolomics is a fast growing field in systems biology and offers a powerful and promising approach for a large range of applications. Metabolomics focuses on deriving the concentrations and fluxes of low molecular weight metabolites in bio-fluids, cells or tissue, plants, foods and related samples and this information provides enormous detail on biological systems and their current status. Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics: Methods and Protocols presents a broad coverage of the major mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomics methods and applications. MS is one of most powerful and commonly used analytical methods in metabolomics; because so many different MS systems are used in metabolomics, this volume includes a wide variety such as triple quads, time of flight, Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance and even simple quadrupole systems. A wide range of studies are described, with samples ranging from blood and urine to tissue and even plants. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics: Methods and Protocols seeks to serve both professionals and novices with its well-honed methodologies in an effort to further the dynamic field of metabolomics.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
  • Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-26
  • Total pages :920
  • ISBN : 9789535112358
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Summary : Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Serum/Plasma Proteomics

Serum/Plasma Proteomics
  • Author : Richard J Simpson,David W Greening
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-01
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 1493958011
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Summary : Blood science has become a cornerstone of multiple disciplines. This book, contributed to by leading experts in the field, provides a comprehensive resource of protocols for areas, pre-analytical through to analytical, of plasma and serum proteomics.