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Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology
  • Author : R. H. Ettinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-03
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9781351978705
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Summary : With increases in the prevalence of psychiatric and behavioral disorders and rapid advances in the development of new drug therapies, there is an increasing need to present the science behind these developments. Students and educators are often confronted with conflicting and exaggerated claims about the effectiveness of drugs. As recently as ten years ago, the mechanisms of action of many medications prescribed for common psychological disorders were not well understood, even by the scientists developing them. Now, drug treatment has advanced to a stage where drugs are designed for their effects on specific receptors, membrane proteins, or secondary messengers within particular cells in the brain. This text introduces a sufficient background in neuroanatomy and physiology so students can comprehend the necessary details of drug action. Psychopharmacology, Second Edition, presents its subject matter in the context of the behavioral disorders they are designed to treat, rather than by traditional drug classifications. Students are often familiar with the major diagnostic categories, so presenting psychopharmacology as it pertains to these familiar disorders strengthens their understanding of the physiology and neurochemistry underlying them as well as the approaches to their treatment. Each disorder is discussed from a historical context along with diagnostic criteria and descriptions of typical cases. In addition, what we presently know about the underlying pathology of each disorder is carefully described. A critical examination of drug claims is missing from most psychopharmacology texts, but is offered here. Students will read about the most current research available from a critical perspective. When alternatives to traditional drug therapies are supported by research, these studies are presented as well. Throughout, this text discusses how drug effectiveness is measured in both human and animal studies. Psychopharmacology has contributed significantly over the past 75 years to the treatment of severe psychological disorders as well as to our understanding of the brain and human behavior. This symbiotic relationship between psychopharmacology and the neural and behavioral sciences will continue long into the future. This fully updated second edition is ideal for undergraduate and pre-professional students, and includes a robust companion website.

Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology

Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Stephen M. Stahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-27
  • Total pages :1117
  • ISBN : 9780521857024
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Summary : Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology has established itself as the preeminent source of education and information in its field. This much-expanded third edition relies on advances in neurobiology and recent clinical developments to explain the concepts underlying drug treatment of psychiatric disorders. New neurotransmitter systems; theories on schizophrenia; clinical advances in antipsychotic and antidepressant therapy; coverage of attention deficit disorder and drug abuse; and new coverage of sleep disorders, chronic pain, and disorders of impulse control. The fully revised text is complemented with many new, instructive and entertaining illustrations, their captions may be used independent of the main text for a rapid introduction to the field or for review. This edition will be indispensable for students, scientists, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals, enabling them to master the complexities of psychopharmacology and to plan treatment approaches based on current knowledge. Accreditation and Credit Designation Statements The Neuroscience Education Institute is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The Neuroscience Education Institute designates this educational activity for a maximum of 90.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits(tm). Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Sponsorship Information Sponsored by Neuroscience Education Institute Support This activity is supported solely by the sponsor. Neither the Neuroscience Education Institute nor Stephen M. Stahl, MD, PhD has received any funds or grants in support of this educational activity.

Fundamentals of Psychopharmacology

Fundamentals of Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Brian E. Leonard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-05-03
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780470842379
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Summary : Treatment with drugs is fundamental to modern therapy of psychiatric disorders. The number of disorders responsive to drug treatment is increasing, reflecting the extensive synthesis of novel compounds and the greater understanding of the aetiology of the disorders. This third edition provides new and updated material, including an additional chapter on clinical trials and their importance in assessing the efficacy and safety of psychotropic drugs. As molecular biology and imaging techniques are of increasing importance to basic and clinical neuroscience, these areas have also been extended to illustrate their relevance to our understanding of psychopharmacology. This book is essential reading for undergraduates in pharmacology and the neurosciences, postgraduate neuropharmacologists, psychiatrists in training and in practice and medical researchers. Reviews of the Second Edition "...this text is eminently readable, well researched, and probably the best of its kind. The book is well worth buying and anyone who claims to know anything about psychopharmacology will be expected to have a heavily annotated copy." Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine "...[this is] a very good book, especially suited to those interested in psychopharmacologic research and psychiatric residency in training." Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy

Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology
  • Author : René Spiegel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-31
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780470869468
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Summary : Describes the latest advances in psychopharmacology - one of the most rapidly developing fields in modern science. This latest edition has been updated to cover new developments in drug therapy and research including newly introduced antipsychotics, antidepressants and antidementia drugs. Sections on the treatment of depression and dementia have been revised to include new developments in treatment strategies. It will be welcomed for its essentially clinical and psychological approach to modern pharmaceuticals, their therapeutic uses and limitations, adverse reactions and future directions for research.

The Creation of Psychopharmacology

The Creation of Psychopharmacology
  • Author : David Healy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0674038452
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Summary : David Healy follows his widely praised study, The Antidepressant Era, with an even more ambitious and dramatic story: the discovery and development of antipsychotic medication. Healy argues that the discovery of chlorpromazine (more generally known as Thorazine) is as significant in the history of medicine as the discovery of penicillin, reminding readers of the worldwide prevalence of insanity within living memory. But Healy tells not of the triumph of science but of a stream of fruitful accidents, of technological discovery leading neuroscientific research, of fierce professional competition and the backlash of the antipsychiatry movement of the 1960s. A chemical treatment was developed for one purpose, and as long as some theoretical rationale could be found, doctors administered it to the insane patients in their care to see if it would help. Sometimes it did, dramatically. Why these treatments worked, Healy argues provocatively, was, and often still is, a mystery. Nonetheless, such discoveries made and unmade academic reputations and inspired intense politicking for the Nobel Prize. Once pharmaceutical companies recognized the commercial potential of antipsychotic medications, financial as well as clinical pressures drove the development of ever more aggressively marketed medications. With verve and immense learning, Healy tells a story with surprising implications in a book that will become the leading scholarly work on its compelling subject.

Clinical Geriatric Psychopharmacology

Clinical Geriatric Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Carl Salzman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 078174380X
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Summary : Thoroughly updated for its Fourth Edition, this volume is the most authoritative clinical reference on the pharmacologic treatment of psychiatric disorders in elderly patients. This edition provides complete information on new psychotropic drugs, new uses for established drugs, and clinically relevant advances in the neurosciences. Four new chapters cover genes, pharmacokinetics, and their impact on prescribing; new cognitive-enhancing strategies and drugs; late-life depression and physical illness; and depression and cardiac disease in late life. The book offers detailed guidelines—including drug names, dosages, and prescribing recommendations—for pharmacologic treatment of specific disorders. Chapters include clinical vignettes and tables presenting current clinical trial data. Appendices provide succinct information on prescribing and drug interactions.

Nicotine Psychopharmacology

Nicotine Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Jack E. Henningfield,Edythe London,Sakire Pogun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-01
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9783540692485
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Summary : The fact that tobacco ingestion can affect how people feel and think has been known for millennia, placing the plant among those used spiritually, honori?cally, and habitually (Corti 1931; Wilbert 1987). However, the conclusion that nicotine - counted for many of these psychopharmacological effects did not emerge until the nineteenth century (Langley 1905). This was elegantly described by Lewin in 1931 as follows: “The decisive factor in the effects of tobacco, desired or undesired, is nicotine. . . ”(Lewin 1998). The use of nicotine as a pharmacological probe to und- stand physiological functioning at the dawn of the twentieth century was a landmark in the birth of modern neuropharmacology (Limbird 2004; Halliwell 2007), and led the pioneering researcher John Langley to conclude that there must exist some “- ceptive substance” to explain the diverse actions of various substances, including nicotine, when applied to muscle tissue (Langley 1905). Research on tobacco and nicotine progressed throughout the twentieth century, but much of this was from a general pharmacological and toxicological rather than a psychopharmacological perspective (Larson et al. 1961). There was some attention to the effects related to addiction, such as euphoria (Johnston 1941), tolerance (Lewin 1931), and withdrawal (Finnegan et al. 1945), but outside of research supported by the tobacco industry, addiction and psychopharmacology were not major foci for research (Slade et al. 1995; Hurt and Robertson 1998; Henning?eld et al. 2006; Henning?eld and Hartel 1999; Larson et al. 1961).

Essential Psychopharmacology

Essential Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Stephen M. Stahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-06-26
  • Total pages :601
  • ISBN : 0521646154
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Summary : Much expanded, fully revised, and with many more new illustrations, this remains the essential text for anyone who has to master the complexities of psychopharmacology.

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology

The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Alan F. Schatzberg,Charles B. Nemeroff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :1616
  • ISBN : 9781585623099
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Summary : Now updated to keep professionals current with the latest research and trends in the field, this edition covers both basic science and clinical practice, and draws on the talents of 53 new contributors to guarantee fresh, authoritative perspectives on advances in psychiatric drug therapy.

Psychopharmacology and Psychotherapy

Psychopharmacology and Psychotherapy
  • Author : Michelle B. Riba,Richard Balon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0880489138
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Summary : Psychopharmacology and Psychotherapy: A Collaborative Approach serves as a roadmap for the growing numbers of health professionals who are teaming up to provide psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy to patients. The complicated issues involved in medication backup are addressed in a comprehensive, practical manner.

Evidence-based Psychopharmacology

Evidence-based Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Dan J. Stein,Bernard Lerer,Stephen M. Stahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-21
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 0521824818
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Summary : This book summarizes the recent advances in evidence-based pharmacological treatment of psychiatric disorders.

Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychopharmacology

Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Wayne H. Green
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :379
  • ISBN : 0781759501
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Summary : Written by a preeminent expert on child and adolescent psychopharmacology, the Fourth Edition of this acclaimed reference is a current, authoritative clinical guide to the pediatric use of psychotropic drugs. For each class of drugs, Dr. Green offers practical advice on titration, dosing, maintenance therapy, discontinuation, and management of side effects. This thoroughly updated edition covers all new drugs and new drug formulations, particularly extended-release and "dextro" stimulant preparations. Dr. Green also reviews recent controlled clinical trials and examines current controversies regarding untoward effects of some drugs. Numerous tables—including a new table on atypical antipsychotics—summarize crucial information.

Psychotherapist'S Guide To Psychopharmacology

Psychotherapist'S Guide To Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Michael J. Gitlin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-30
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781439136683
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Summary : The last twenty-five years have witnessed an explosion of knowledge about the influence of brain biochemistry on mood and behavior and about pharmacological approaches to treating mental and emotional disorders. A substantial portion of patients seen in clinical practice are taking some medication or might usefully be advised to do so. But many clinical psychologists, social workers, and counselors need additional information in order to better treat patients already on medication, know when and to whom to refer new patients for psychiatric consultation, and work collaboratively with psychiatrists when appropriate. Michael J. Gitlin's indispensable first edition of The Psychotherapists Guide to Psychopharmacology has now been updated and revised -- this new second edition now reflects major changes that have influenced the clinical arena in the last five years such as the recent release of DSM-IV and the domination of the psychopharmacological field by the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, such as fluoxetine (Prozac). The Psychotherapists Guide to Psychopharmacology, Second Edition also now includes coverage of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and contains updated sections on the new antipsychotics for schizophrenia and the increased use of anticonvulsant mood stabilizers for bipolar disorder. The book also includes other significant changes that have influenced the field over the last few years, such as brain imaging studies, research in obsessive compulsive disorder and social phobia, and such prominent topics in women's health as pregnancy, PMS, postpartum disorders, and breast feeding. This revision of an already established guide will again be an essential reference for all nonmedical professionals involved in treating mental and emotional disorders.

Behavioural Models in Psychopharmacology

Behavioural Models in Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Paul Willner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-02-21
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 052139192X
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Summary : Behavioural models in psychopharmacology are used for different purposes. The main concern of industrial psychopharmacologists is specifically to develop new and improved drugs for the treatment of mental disorders, while basic scientists use animal models to investigate the underlying nature of such conditions. The important distinction between these different perspectives is made explicit for the first time in this book. By considering such conditions as anxiety, depression, mania and schizophrenia, feeding disorders, dementia, and drug dependence, this book provides a comprehensive and critical review of the adequacy of the behavioural procedures used by psychopharmacologists to model psychiatric disorders. Graduate students and research workers in pscyhopharmacology, from both academic and industrial spheres, as well as clinicians, will find this book of considerable interest.

Basic Notes in Psychopharmacology

Basic Notes in Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Michael I. Levi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :86
  • ISBN : 1857756711
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Summary : Provides a concise summary of psychopharmacology in the form of notes.

Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals

Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionals
  • Author : Jeffrey E. Kelsey,Charles B. Nemeroff,D. Jeffrey Newport
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-26
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780471794622
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Summary : Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionalsaddresses the current "split" model of mental health care, in whichphysicians provide pharmaco-therapy while non-prescribingpractitioners oversee other services such as psychotherapy.Bringing these two areas together, this book familiarizes mentalhealth professionals with the medications used to treat psychiatricdisorders. Prepared by world-renowned psychopharmacologists and psychiatrists,this useful resource helps non-prescribing practitioners understandwhen and why a given medication is appropriate to use, when it isnot indicated, and what potential side effects may occur. Alsodiscussed are the appropriate times in therapy when a referral fora medication evaluation is indicated as well as how to broach thisissue with the patient. Recognizing that there are almost always anumber of medications from which to choose, the authors combineresearch outcomes with their extensive clinical experience tohighlight the important considerations in selecting one medicationover another. As an educational tool, the text encourages andsupports clinicians who wish to increase patients' understanding oftreatment. After an introduction and overview, chapters cover: * Basics of psychopharmacology * Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder * Mood disorders * Sleep disorders * Schizophrenia * Cognitive disorders * Anxiety disorders * Personality disorders * Substance use disorders * Traumatic brain injury * Eating disorders * Side effects Every chapter includes diagnostic considerations, history ofmedication treatments, and emerging trends for each disease. Principles of Psychopharmacology for Mental Health Professionalslays out what psychotherapists and other mental healthpractitioners need to know about psychotropic medications, givingthem and their patients an invaluable guide to the full array oftreatments available.

Handbook of Clinical Psychopharmacology

Handbook of Clinical Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Joe P. Tupin,Richard I. Shader,David S. Harnett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 0876685238
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Summary : There have been significant advances in the field of psychopharmacology since the first edition of this handbook nearly 20 years ago. Most clinicians cannot keep up with all of these.

The Therapist's Guide to Psychopharmacology, Revised Edition

The Therapist's Guide to Psychopharmacology, Revised Edition
  • Author : JoEllen Patterson,A. Ari Albala,Margaret E. McCahill,Todd M. Edwards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-28
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781606237144
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Summary : This indispensable book provides therapists and counselors with crucial knowledge about psychotropic medications: when and how to make medication referrals, how to answer patients' questions and help them handle problems that arise, and how to combine medication and psychotherapy effectively. Ideal for readers without extensive background in neurobiology, the book clearly explains how medications work in the brain and how they affect an individual's emotions, behavior, and relationships. Strategies for collaborating successfully with patients, their family members, and prescribers are discussed in detail. In this edition, psychopharmacology content has been fully updated.

The Psychopharmacology of Herbal Medicine

The Psychopharmacology of Herbal Medicine
  • Author : Marcello Spinella,Marcello Spinella, Ph.D.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :578
  • ISBN : 0262692651
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Summary : A compilation of current scientific knowledge about psychoactive herbal drugs. Virtually all cultures consume drugs from psychoactive plants. Caffeine, for example, is probably the most common stimulant in the world, and many modern medicines, such as morphine and codeine, are derived from plant sources. In these cases, scientific research has revealed the composition of the plants and how they interact with the nervous system. There are also many herbal medications with reputed therapeutic value that have not yet gained acceptance into mainstream medicine, partly because there has not been enough research to support their usefulness. Instead they are regarded as "alternative medicines." This is an active research area, however, and many current studies are focusing on identifying the active components, pharmacological properties, physiological effects, and clinical efficacy of herbal medicines. This book compiles and integrates the most up-to-date information on the major psychoactive herbal medicines--that is, herbal medicines that alter mind, brain, and behavior. It focuses particularly on the effects on various areas of cognition, including attention, learning, and memory. The book covers all major classes of psychoactive drugs, including stimulants, cognitive enhancers, sedatives and anxiolytics, psychotherapeutic herbs, analgesics and anesthetic plants, hallucinogens, and cannabis.

Handbook of Essential Psychopharmacology

Handbook of Essential Psychopharmacology
  • Author : Ronald W. Pies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-02
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 1585626600
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Summary : Handbook of Essential Psychopharmacology, Second Edition, provides an indispensable guide to vital information in the rapidly expanding field of psychopharmacology. The updated edition of this popular handbook will continue to be a reference that is simply the essential starting point in psychopharmacology for residents and experienced clinicians alike. Busy residents and clinicians will find a quick, current, and accessible guide to basic facts about psychotropic drugs, including dosages, indications, and drug interactions. As in the first edition, its structure is clear and easy to read, including An all-new introductory chapter, designed to equip the reader with a basic understanding of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics Four main chapters covering the four main groups of psychotropic medications: antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, and mood stabilizers A consistent format for all four chapters that summarizes critical information about each group of medications, including drug class, indications, mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, main side effects, drug-drug interaction, potentiating maneuvers, and use in special populations A wealth of tables and graphs for quick clinical consultation and unique self-instruction sets of questions and answers Fascinating and educational vignettes and puzzlers, extensive references for further reading, and -- new to this edition -- an invaluable appendix of fifty questions and answers, designed to test the reader's knowledge and comprehension of the text Densely informative and packed with practical material and special features, this truly essential guide is a handy clinical reference for experienced clinicians, an ideal teaching tool for educators, and a useful resource for residents, especially those preparing for the psychiatry board examinations.

Essential Psychopharmacology: the Prescriber's Guide

Essential Psychopharmacology: the Prescriber's Guide
  • Author : Stephen M. Stahl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-22
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : 9780521616348
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Summary : This is a pragmatic, easy-to-use formulary for prescribing clinicians, covering the main drugs for depression.