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Punishment Without Crime

Punishment Without Crime
  • Author : Alexandra Natapoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-31
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0465093809
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Summary : A revelatory account of the misdemeanor machine that unjustly brands millions of Americans as criminals Punishment Without Crime offers an urgent new interpretation of inequality and injustice in America by examining the paradigmatic American offense: the lowly misdemeanor. Based on extensive original research, legal scholar Alexandra Natapoff reveals the inner workings of a massive petty offense system that produces over 13 million cases each year. People arrested for minor crimes are swept through courts where defendants often lack lawyers, judges process cases in mere minutes, and nearly everyone pleads guilty. This misdemeanor machine starts punishing people long before they are convicted; it punishes the innocent; and it punishes conduct that never should have been a crime. As a result, vast numbers of Americans -- most of them poor and people of color -- are stigmatized as criminals, impoverished through fines and fees, and stripped of drivers' licenses, jobs, and housing. For too long, misdemeanors have been ignored. But they are crucial to understanding our punitive criminal system and our widening economic and racial divides. A Publishers Weekly Best Book of 2018

Punishment Without Crime

Punishment Without Crime
  • Author : Alexandra Natapoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 9781541645776
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Summary : A revelatory account of the misdemeanor machine that unjustly brands millions of Americans as criminals Punishment Without Crime offers an urgent new interpretation of inequality and injustice in America by examining the paradigmatic American offense: the lowly misdemeanor. Based on extensive original research, legal scholar Alexandra Natapoff reveals the inner workings of a massive petty offense system that produces over 13 million cases each year. People arrested for minor crimes are swept through courts where defendants often lack lawyers, judges process cases in mere minutes, and nearly everyone pleads guilty. This misdemeanor machine starts punishing people long before they are convicted; it punishes the innocent; and it punishes conduct that never should have been a crime. As a result, vast numbers of Americans-most of them poor and people of color-are stigmatized as criminals, impoverished through fines and fees, and stripped of drivers' licenses, jobs, and housing. For too long, misdemeanors have been ignored. But they are crucial to understanding our punitive criminal system and our widening economic and racial divides. A Publishers Weekly Best Book of 2018.

Punishment Without Crime

Punishment Without Crime
  • Author : Arkady Grinberg,Svetlana Grinberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-14
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9781733751018
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Summary : Based on true events, a story of a family experiencing the upheavals of the Russian society since the middle of the XIX century. Generations of the family are immersed in clashes between Russian nobles and serfs, Christians and Jews, Communists and ordinary people, Soviet oligarchy and all other citizens. Some family members succumb to the events, others survive, keeping the hope of the better future alive.

Crime Without Punishment

Crime Without Punishment
  • Author : Lawrence M. Friedman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-31
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 1108427537
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Summary : Explores different examples of unpunished homicides and what these tell us about the interaction of law and society.

Punishment Without Crime

Punishment Without Crime
  • Author : Louis Jay Hazam,Solomon Andhil Fineberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1949
  • Total pages :20
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Crime Without Punishment

Crime Without Punishment
  • Author : John L. McClellan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-23
  • Total pages :253
  • ISBN : 1789126851
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Summary : The Rackets Committee of the United States Senate, of which Senator John L. McClellan was chairman, was engaged for more than five years in a bitter battle against criminals at all levels of our society, whether in labor unions or in great corporations, whether sleek, polished leaders of national crime syndicates or furtive, fly-by-night tinhorns who help their bosses extort upwards of fifty billion dollars annually from united States citizens. In this report of the committee’s activities, Senator McClellan tells how some of the greatest labor unions in the nation were corrupted by conscienceless men, how racketeers prey upon honest businessmen, how criminal influences have become so widespread that they threaten the very future of our nation. In Crime Without Punishment, Senator McClellan takes his readers behind the scenes of the nationally televised hearings and shows how they were developed by a dedicated staff of top-notch investigators, formerly headed by the committee’s chief counsel, Robert F. Kennedy, who became Attorney General of the United States. The reader sees the full picture of James Hoffa and Dave Beck, of the mammoth Teamsters Union, of the invasion of racketeers into many other unions, of the operations of the nation’s top-level gangsters in the fields of labor and management. This report of the committee’s activities and findings does more, however, than tell a fascinating story: it sounds a warning to every citizen of the nation. It reveals in stark terms the national apathy which permits criminals to travel their evil pathways without stop or hindrance. It raises a question that must be answered: are the punishments, the penalties, to be exacted from the men who committed the crime—or must they be visited upon the entire nation? Crime Without Punishment is important, vital reading. “Pulls no punches—names names...from top to bottom of the crime hierarchy.”—Miami Herald

Punishment Without Crime

Punishment Without Crime
  • Author : ISIDORE. ZIMMERMAN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1964
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Snitching

Snitching
  • Author : Alexandra Natapoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-01
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9780814758588
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Summary : Winner of the 2010 American Bar Association Honorable Mention for Books Albert Burrell spent thirteen years on death row for a murder he did not commit. Atlanta police killed 92-year-old Kathryn Johnston during a misguided raid on her home. After being released by Chicago prosecutors, Darryl Moore—drug dealer, hit man, and rapist—returned home to rape an eleven-year-old girl. Such tragedies are consequences of snitching—police and prosecutors offering deals to criminal offenders in exchange for information. Although it is nearly invisible to the public, criminal snitching has invaded the American legal system in risky and sometimes shocking ways. Snitching is the first comprehensive analysis of this powerful and problematic practice, in which informant deals generate unreliable evidence, allow criminals to escape punishment, endanger the innocent, compromise the integrity of police work, and exacerbate tension between police and poor urban residents. Driven by dozens of real-life stories and debacles, the book exposes the social destruction that snitching can cause in high-crime African American neighborhoods, and how using criminal informants renders our entire penal process more secretive and less fair. Natapoff also uncovers the farreaching legal, political, and cultural significance of snitching: from the war on drugs to hip hop music, from the FBI’s mishandling of its murderous mafia informants to the new surge in white collar and terrorism informing. She explains how existing law functions and proposes new reforms. By delving into the secretive world of criminal informants, Snitching reveals deep and often disturbing truths about the way American justice really works.

Punishment without Crime: or Imprisonment for Debt proved unjust ... in an address to the Prince Regent ... and in a petition to the Houses of Lords and Commons; with notes and essays; together with letters to and from Lords Moira, Folkstone, etc

Punishment without Crime: or Imprisonment for Debt proved unjust ... in an address to the Prince Regent ... and in a petition to the Houses of Lords and Commons; with notes and essays; together with letters to and from Lords Moira, Folkstone, etc
  • Author : Walter J. BALDWIN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1813
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Justice Alternatives

Justice Alternatives
  • Author : Pat Carlen,Leandro Ayres França
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-11
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 0429886837
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Summary : Justice is one of the most debated and reinterpreted of concepts within the fields of law, criminology and criminal justice. Bringing together 35 leading thinkers, analysts and campaigners from around the world, this collection presents a range of on-going struggles for justice from abolitionist, transitional, transformative, indigenous, green and restorative perspectives. Against a background of contemporary concerns about dark money, plutocracies and populism, these chapters raise questions about the relationships between social justice and criminal justice and between democracy, knowledge and justice. Overall, the chapters also demonstrate the breadth, variety and vibrancy of contemporary criminology and include, amongst other cutting-edge contributions, chapters by John Braithwaite, Michelle Brown, Ian Loader, Pat O’Malley, Joe Sim, Susanne Karstedt, Phil Scraton, Richard Sparks, Loïc Wacquant and Sandra Walklate. Justice Alternatives is essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice and law, as well as for other scholars and activists concerned about social justice, policing, courts, imprisonment, mass supervision, rights and privatized justice. The book’s emphasis upon the importance of imagination, experimentation, innovation and debate aims to promote an optimism that there are always alternatives to inequality, domination and oppression.

Emile Durkheim on Crime and Punishment (An Exegesis)

Emile Durkheim on Crime and Punishment (An Exegesis)
  • Author : Seamus Breathnach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781581121544
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Summary : in civilised society the rising "crime rate" is a thing of terror. Clever governments manipulate it, the public messianically fear it, and the social scientists misunderstand it. In the face of such confusion Emile Durkheim reminds us that without a crime rate society is utterly impossible; it cannot constitute itself, maintain its solidarity, or develop morally. In short, we cannot live with or without a crime rate. This dissertation is an exegetical work, and attempts to unpack the Criminology of Emile Durkheim. It is divided into six chapters, five of which are expository, the sixth critical. It begins with a look - in overview - at Durkheim`s philosophy and how it underpins his theories of crime and punishment (chap.1). By their nature theories of crime and punishment (chap.2) presuppose the more primary theoretical formulations both of evolution and society (chap.3), the one answering the theoretical time requirement, the other the spatial requirement, and each symbiotically related to the other in an integral theory of social evolution. Durkheim`s treatment of the modern State (and the Conscience Collective) as an organ of social control (chap.4), is of primary importance, not least because it underpins his treatment of the broader issues, such as the connection between civil and criminal law, morality, and authority (chap. 5). Since there is hardly a serious Durkheimian proposition that is reducible to a provable or an uncontentious fact (chap. 6), it can hardly surprise us that, on the one hand, he attracted such copious criticism and, on the other, has remained, perhaps the most popular sociologist of the twentieth and twenty first centuries.

Crimes and Punishments

Crimes and Punishments
  • Author : James Anson Farrer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1880
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Criminal Punishment and Human Rights: Convenient Morality

Criminal Punishment and Human Rights: Convenient Morality
  • Author : Adnan Sattar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-05
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 0429861478
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Summary : This book examines the relationship between international human rights discourse and the justifi cations for criminal punishment. Using interdisciplinary discourse analysis, it exposes certain paradoxes that underpin the ‘International Bill of Human Rights’, academic commentaries on human rights law, and the global human rights monitoring regime in relation to the aims of punishment in domestic penal systems. It argues that human rights discourse, owing to its theoretical kinship with Kantian philosophy, embodies a paradoxical commitment to human dignity on the one hand, and retributive punishment on the other. Further, it sustains the split between criminal justice and social justice, which results in a sociologically ill-informed understanding of punishment. Human rights discourse plays a paradoxical role vis-à-vis the punitive power of the state as it seeks to counter criminalisation in some areas and backs the introduction of new criminal offences – and longer prison sentences – in others. The underlying priorities, it is argued, have been shaped by a number of historical circumstances. Drawing on archival material, the study demonstrates that the international penal discourse produced during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century laid greater emphasis on offender rehabilitation and was more attentive to the social context of crime than is the case with the modern human rights discourse.

Chernobyl

Chernobyl
  • Author : Alla A. JaroÅ¡inskaja,Rosalie Bertell,Lynn Howard Ehrle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 1412842964
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Summary : Translation of: Chernobyl 20 let spust'ia.

Katyn

Katyn
  • Author : Wojciech Materski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9780300151855
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Summary : In the spring of 1940, the Soviet Union carried out the mass executions of 14,500 Polish prisoners of war - army officers, police, gendarmes, and civilians - taken by the Red Army when it invaded eastern Poland in September 1939. This work details the Soviet killings, the elaborate cover-up of the crime, and the subsequent revelations.

Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment
  • Author : Lill Scherdin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-08
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 1317169921
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Summary : As most jurisdictions move away from the death penalty, some remain strongly committed to it, while others hold on to it but use it sparingly. This volume seeks to understand why, by examining the death penalty’s relationship to state governance in the past and present. It also examines how international, transnational and national forces intersect in order to understand the possibilities of future death penalty abolition. The chapters cover the USA - the only western democracy that still uses the death penalty - and Asia - the site of some 90 per cent of all executions. Also included are discussions of the death penalty in Islam and its practice in selected Muslim majority countries. There is also a comparative chapter departing from the response to the mass killings in Norway in 2011. Leading experts in law, criminology and human rights combine theory and empirical research to further our understanding of the relationships between ways of governance, the role of leadership and the death penalty practices. This book questions whether the death penalty in and of itself is a hazard to a sustainable development of criminal justice. It is an invaluable resource for all those researching and campaigning for the global abolition of capital punishment.

Usual Cruelty

Usual Cruelty
  • Author : Alec Karakatsanis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-29
  • Total pages :231
  • ISBN : 1620975289
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Summary : From an award-winning civil rights lawyer, a profound challenge to our society’s normalization of the caging of human beings, and the role of the legal profession in perpetuating it Alec Karakatsanis is interested in what we choose to punish. For example, it is a crime in most of America for poor people to wager in the streets over dice; dice-wagerers can be seized, searched, have their assets forfeited, and be locked in cages. It’s perfectly fine, by contrast, for people to wager over international currencies, mortgages, or the global supply of wheat; wheat-wagerers become names on the wings of hospitals and museums. He is also troubled by how the legal system works when it is trying to punish people. The bail system, for example, is meant to ensure that people return for court dates. But it has morphed into a way to lock up poor people who have not been convicted of anything. He’s so concerned about this that he has personally sued court systems across the country, resulting in literally tens of thousands of people being released from jail when their money bail was found to be unconstitutional. Karakatsanis doesn’t think people who have gone to law school, passed the bar, and sworn to uphold the Constitution should be complicit in the mass caging of human beings—an everyday brutality inflicted disproportionately on the bodies and minds of poor people and people of color and for which the legal system has never offered sufficient justification. Usual Cruelty is a profoundly radical reconsideration of the American “injustice system” by someone who is actively, wildly successfully, challenging it.

Misdemeanorland

Misdemeanorland
  • Author : Issa Kohler-Hausmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-27
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 0691196117
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Summary : A criminal defense attorney, sociologist, and legal scholar takes readers inside New York City's lower criminal courts.

When Brute Force Fails

When Brute Force Fails
  • Author : Mark A. R. Kleiman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-17
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781400831265
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Summary : Since the crime explosion of the 1960s, the prison population in the United States has multiplied fivefold, to one prisoner for every hundred adults--a rate unprecedented in American history and unmatched anywhere in the world. Even as the prisoner head count continues to rise, crime has stopped falling, and poor people and minorities still bear the brunt of both crime and punishment. When Brute Force Fails explains how we got into the current trap and how we can get out of it: to cut both crime and the prison population in half within a decade. Mark Kleiman demonstrates that simply locking up more people for lengthier terms is no longer a workable crime-control strategy. But, says Kleiman, there has been a revolution--largely unnoticed by the press--in controlling crime by means other than brute-force incarceration: substituting swiftness and certainty of punishment for randomized severity, concentrating enforcement resources rather than dispersing them, communicating specific threats of punishment to specific offenders, and enforcing probation and parole conditions to make community corrections a genuine alternative to incarceration. As Kleiman shows, "zero tolerance" is nonsense: there are always more offenses than there is punishment capacity. But, it is possible--and essential--to create focused zero tolerance, by clearly specifying the rules and then delivering the promised sanctions every time the rules are broken. Brute-force crime control has been a costly mistake, both socially and financially. Now that we know how to do better, it would be immoral not to put that knowledge to work.

Imagining a Greater Justice

Imagining a Greater Justice
  • Author : Samuel H. Pillsbury
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-11
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0429756453
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Summary : Even for violent crime, justice should mean more than punishment. By paying close attention to the relational harms suffered by victims, this book develops a concept of relational justice for survivors, offenders and community. Relational justice looks beyond traditional rules of legal responsibility to include the social and emotional dimensions of human experience, opening the way for a more compassionate, effective and just response to crime. The book’s chapters follow a journey from victim experiences of violence to community healing from violence. Early chapters examine the relational harms inflicted by the worst wrongs, the moral responsibility of wrongdoers and common mistakes made in judging wrongdoing. Particular attention is paid here to sexual violence. The book then moves to questions of just punishment: proper sentencing by judges, mandatory sentences approved by the public, and the realities of contemporary incarceration, focusing particularly on solitary confinement and sexual violence. In its remaining chapters, the book looks at changes brought by the victims' rights movement and victim needs that current law does not, and perhaps cannot meet. It then addresses possibilities for offender change and challenges for majority America in addressing race discrimination in criminal justice. The book concludes with a look at how individuals might live out the ideals of a greater—relational—justice.

Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment

Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment
  • Author : Thalia Anthony
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-24
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 1134620489
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Summary : Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment examines criminal sentencing courts’ changing characterisations of Indigenous peoples’ identity, culture and postcolonial status. Focusing largely on Australian Indigenous peoples, but drawing also on the Canadian experiences, Thalia Anthony critically analyses how the judiciary have interpreted Indigenous difference. Through an analysis of Indigenous sentencing remarks over a fifty year period in a number of jurisdictions, the book demonstrates how judicial discretion is moulded to dominant white assumptions about Indigeneity. More specifically, Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment shows how the increasing demonisation of Indigenous criminality and culture in sentencing has turned earlier ‘gains’ in the legal recognition of Indigenous peoples on their head. The recognition of Indigenous difference is thereby revealed as a pliable concept that is just as likely to remove concessions as it is to grant them. Indigenous People, Crime and Punishment suggests that Indigenous justice requires a two-way recognition process where Indigenous people and legal systems are afforded greater control in sentencing, dispute resolution and Indigenous healing.