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Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-16
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 0080932150
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Summary : Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules with Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, the 28th volume in the Techniques and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry series, gives a systematic and comprehensive description of pyrolysis of non-polymeric organic molecules. Pyrolysis is involved in many practical applications as well as in many common human activities, but harmful compounds can be generated in the process. The study of pyrolysis and of the formation of undesirable compounds as a result of pyrolytic processes is of considerable interest to chemists, chemical engineers, and toxicologists. Pyrolysis results for compounds not previously studied or reported Updated information from a large body of results published on pyrolysis of individual compounds or classes of compounds Information on mechanisms and kinetics of numerous pyrolytic processes

The Gas-phase Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

The Gas-phase Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
  • Author : Z. H. Shirazi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1063523941
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Summary :

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-14
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780444640017
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Summary : Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules: Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, Second Edition offers a systematic presentation of pyrolysis results for the main classes of non-polymeric organic molecules. It covers a large body of data published on pyrolysis, as well as numerous original contributions to the pyrolysis of compounds not previously studied. This thoroughly revised edition contains new results reported in the literature since the first edition published, including the generation of traces of toxic compounds in various pyrolytic processes; the pyrolysis in the presence of catalysts and solid supports such as alumina, silica, and non-inert metals; and pyrolysis of specific mixtures of compound such as amino acids plus carbohydrates. This new information regarding the pyrolysis of these mixtures has greatly improved the utility of the book, making Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules an essential resource for chemists and chemical engineers involved in processes related to pyrolysis, as well as toxicologists and environmentalists. Presents new information on the pyrolysis of specific compounds Includes data on the mechanisms and kinetics of pyrolytic processes Provides data on the influence of catalysts and solid supports on pyrolytic processes

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-11
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0080527167
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-20
  • Total pages :714
  • ISBN : 0080455867
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

The Mechanisms of Pyrolysis, Oxidation, and Burning of Organic Materials

The Mechanisms of Pyrolysis, Oxidation, and Burning of Organic Materials
  • Author : Leo Aloysius Wall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : UOM:39015086486670
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Summary :

Pyrolytic Methods in Organic Chemistry

Pyrolytic Methods in Organic Chemistry
  • Author : Roger Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780323154178
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Summary : Pyrolytic Methods in Organic Chemistry: Application of Flow and Flash Vacuum Pyrolytic Techniques is concerned with the use of flow pyrolysis and flash vacuum pyrolysis in preparative organic chemistry. Topics covered include pyrolytic generation and reactions of free radicals, arynes, and cyclobutadienes; elimination reactions; rearrangements of carbenes and nitrenes in the gas phase; and fragmentation of cyclic and acyclic structures. Examples of the types of reaction for which flow and flash pyrolytic methods are well suited are provided. This book is comprised of nine chapters and begins by discussing the place of flow and flash vacuum pyrolytic methods in organic chemistry. The next chapter gives an account of apparatus and experimental methods, while the remaining chapters focus on pyrolytic reactions that are grouped together according to the nature of the overall process, the formal structure of the starting material, and mechanistic type. Reactions that are formally related because they involve elimination of a small fragment molecule X-X or X-Y from a larger molecular framework are examined, along with cleavage of carbocyclic systems. The final chapter presents examples of high-temperature rearrangements, focusing on electrocyclic reactions and cycloadditions involving mainly four or six electrons; reactions that proceed through diradical intermediates; and isomerizations of heterocyclic rings. This monograph is intended mainly for practicing academic and industrial organic chemists and for advanced and graduate students.

Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions

Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions
  • Author : Nouria A. Al-Awadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-08
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781119010746
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Summary : Offers a physical organic chemistry and mechanistic perspective of the chemistry of thermal processes in the gas phase The book looks at all aspects of the chemical processing technique called gas-phase pyrolysis, including its methodology and reactors, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, structure, kinetics, and applications. It discusses combinations of pyrolytic reactors with physiochemical techniques, routes for and reactions for the synthesis of organic compounds, and the control of reaction rates. Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions: Synthesis, Mechanisms, and Kinetics starts with in-depth chapter coverage of static pyrolysis, dynamic flow pyrolysis, and analytical pyrolysis. It then examines synthesis and applications, including flash vacuum pyrolysis in organic synthesis, elimination of HX, elimination of CO and CO2, pyrolysis of Meldrum’s acid derivatives, and elimination of N2. A chapter on reaction mechanism comes next and includes coverage of retero-ene reaction and reactive intermediates. Following that are sections covering: structure/reactivity correlation, functional group & structural frame interconversions; gas-phase pyrolysis of hydrazones and phosphorus Ylides; and more. Deals with a growing area of chemistry and engineering interest that fits under the practices of green and sustainable chemistry Addresses several important aspects: methodology and reactors, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, structure, kinetics, and applications Reviews general methods of pyrolysis techniques Sets out the fundamentals and advantages of gas-phase pyrolysis in a way that illustrates its wide potential applications Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions: Synthesis, Mechanisms, and Kinetics will appeal to organic chemists, physical organic chemists, chemical engineers and anyone interested in green/sustainable chemistry, chemical synthesis, or process chemistry.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
  • Author : Serban C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-20
  • Total pages :714
  • ISBN : 0080455867
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
  • Author : C.E.R. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9780444601407
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Summary : Analytical Pyrolysis presents the Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Analytical Pyrolysis, held in Amsterdam on September 7-9, 1976. It looks at newly emergent techniques in analytical pyrolysis, including pyrolysis mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography. The book also covers topics ranging from automation and microbiology to forensic science and pharmacology, reproducibility and specificity, biochemistry, laser-induced pyrolysis, pyrolytic reaction mechanisms, and polymers. Comprised of 50 chapters, this book begins with a discussion of automatic analysis of tire rubber blends using computer-linked pyrolysis gas chromatography, thermal procedures in coupling with thin-layer chromatography, the role of pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography in biomedical studies, and the identification of microorganisms by pyrolysis gas-liquid chromatography. It then examines forensic applications of analytical pyrolysis techniques, structure and degradation behavior of synthetic polymers using pyrolysis in combination with field ion mass spectrometry, determination of polysaccharides in fulvic acids by pyrolysis gas chromatography, and application of Curie-point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy. The reader is also introduced to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of model compounds labeled with stable isotopes, the use of pyrolysis/gas chromatography to determine the quality of porous polymers of styrene cross-linked with divinyl benzene, and application of pyrohydrolysis for a rapid and accurate determination of halides in silicate rocks and minerals. This volume will benefit students, researchers, chemists, and scientists working in the field of analytical pyrolysis.

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety
  • Author : Jeanne Mager Stellman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :906
  • ISBN : 9221098176
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Summary :

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-11
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 0080527167
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Mechanistic Aspects of the Thermal Formation of Halogenated Organic Compounds Including Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins

Mechanistic Aspects of the Thermal Formation of Halogenated Organic Compounds Including Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins
  • Author : Ghulam Ghaus Choudhry,O. Hutzinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 0677061307
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Summary :

Applied Pyrolysis Handbook

Applied Pyrolysis Handbook
  • Author : Thomas P. Wampler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-13
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781420017496
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis allows scientists to use routine laboratory instrumentation for analyzing complex, opaque, or insoluble samples more effectively than other analytical techniques alone. Applied Pyrolysis Handbook, Second Edition is a practical guide to the application of pyrolysis techniques to various samples and sample types for a diversity of fields including microbiology, forensic science, industrial research, and environmental analysis. This second edition incorporates recent technological advances that increase the technique’s sensitivity to trace elements, improve its reproducibility, and expand its applicability. The book reviews the types of instrumentation available to perform pyrolysis and offers guidance for interfacing instruments and integrating other analytical techniques, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Fully updated with new sample pyrograms, figures, references, and real-world examples, this edition also highlights new areas of application including surfactants, historical artifacts, and environmental materials. This book illustrates how the latest advances make pyrolysis a practical, cost-effective, reliable, and flexible alternative for increasingly complex sample analyses. Applied Pyrolysis Handbook, Second Edition is an essential, one-stop guide for determining if pyrolysis meets application-specific needs as well as performing pyrolysis and handling the data obtained.

Mechanistic Aspects of the Thermal Formation of Halogenated Organic Compounds Including Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins

Mechanistic Aspects of the Thermal Formation of Halogenated Organic Compounds Including Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins
  • Author : Ghulam Ghaus Choudhry,O. Hutzinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 0677061307
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Summary :

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook
  • Author : Mike S. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-16
  • Total pages :1368
  • ISBN : 9781118180723
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Summary : Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112087480676
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Summary :

Comets and the Origin and Evolution of Life

Comets and the Origin and Evolution of Life
  • Author : Paul J. Thomas,Roland D. Hicks,Christopher F. Chyba,Christopher P. McKay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-29
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9783540330882
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Summary : This volume considers the role comets may have played in the origins and evolution of life. This is the only book dealing in depth with this subject. It is particularly relevant in light of recent investigations of Halley's comet, of new insights into organic synthesis in meteorites and comets, and of new results of numerical simulations of cometary orbits and impacts on Earth. The book is intended as a comprehensive review of current research.

Essential Readings in Light Metals, Volume 4, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production

Essential Readings in Light Metals, Volume 4, Electrode Technology for Aluminum Production
  • Author : Alan Tomsett,John Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-27
  • Total pages :1194
  • ISBN : 9783319482002
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Summary : This compilation is the most comprehensive historical collection of papers written on primary aluminum science and technology. It is a definitive reference in the field of aluminum production and related light metals technologies and contains a strong mix of materials science and practical, applied technology. Written for materials scientists and engineers, metallurgists, mechanical engineers, aerospace and automobile engineers, electrical and electronics engineers, this volume is a valuable resource for the global aluminum and light metals industries.

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
  • Author : Peter Kusch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :102
  • ISBN : 9781789849585
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Summary : Analytical pyrolysis deals with the structural identification and quantitation of pyrolysis products with the ultimate aim of establishing the identity of the original material and the mechanisms of its thermal decomposition. The pyrolytic process is carried out in a pyrolyzer interfaced with analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatography (GC), mass spectrometry (MS), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS), or with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (GC/FTIR). By measurement and identification of pyrolysis products, the molecular composition of the original sample can often be reconstructed.This book is the outcome of contributions by experts in the field of pyrolysis and includes applications of the analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS to characterize the structure of synthetic organic polymers and lignocellulosic materials as well as cellulosic pulps and isolated lignins, solid wood, waste particle board, and bio-oil. The thermal degradation of cellulose and biomass is examined by scanning electron micrography, FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis, and TG/MS. The calorimetric determination of high heating values of different raw biomass, plastic waste, and biomass/plastic waste mixtures and their by-products resulting from pyrolysis is described.

Reaction Pathways and Mechanisms in Thermocatalytic Biomass Conversion II

Reaction Pathways and Mechanisms in Thermocatalytic Biomass Conversion II
  • Author : Marcel Schlaf,Z. Conrad Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-30
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9789812877697
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Summary : Volume II presents the latest advances in catalytic hydrodeoxygenation and other transformations of some cellulosic platform chemicals to high value-added products. It presents the theoretical evaluation of the energetics and catalytic species involved in potential pathways of catalyzed carbohydrate conversion, pathways leading to the formation of humin-based by-products, and thermal pathways in deriving chemicals from lignin pyrolysis and hydrodeoxygenation. Catalytic gasification of biomass under extreme thermal conditions as an extension of pyrolysis is also discussed. Marcel Schlaf, PhD, is a Professor at the Department of Chemistry, University of Guelph, Canada. Z. Conrad Zhang, PhD, is a Professor at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.