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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
  • Author : Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-01
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128163429
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Summary : Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Applications for Spatial and Temporal Variation offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data, including the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes. It covers data handling techniques that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of physical laws of change underlying available numerical datasets, while also considering in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). Featuring real-world practical applications and practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis in earth and environmental sciences. The notions and methods presented in the book cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Explores the analysis and processing data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
  • Author : Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-15
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 0128163410
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Summary : Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Applications for Spatial and Temporal Variation offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data, including the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes. It covers data handling techniques that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of physical laws of change underlying available numerical datasets, while also considering in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). Featuring real-world practical applications and practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis in earth and environmental sciences. The notions and methods presented in the book cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Addresses the analysis and processing data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
  • Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-18
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 9780128156957
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Summary : Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes

Quantitative Modeling of Earth Surface Processes
  • Author : Jon D. Pelletier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-07
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0521855977
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Summary : This textbook describes some of the most effective and straightforward quantitative techniques for modeling Earth surface processes. By emphasizing a core set of equations and solution techniques, the book presents state-of-the-art models currently employed in Earth surface process research, as well as a set of simple but practical research tools. Detailed case studies demonstrate application of the methods to a wide variety of processes including hillslope, fluvial, aeolian, glacial, tectonic, and climatic systems. Exercises at the end of each chapter begin with simple calculations and then progress to more sophisticated problems that require computer programming. All the necessary computer codes are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521855976. Assuming some knowledge of calculus and basic programming experience, this quantitative textbook is designed for advanced geomorphology courses and as a reference book for professional researchers in Earth and planetary science looking for a quantitative approach to Earth surface processes.

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists
  • Author : John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-12
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118102213
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Summary : A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Quantitative Methods of Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences and Engineering

Quantitative Methods of Data Analysis for the Physical Sciences and Engineering
  • Author : Douglas G. Martinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-30
  • Total pages :598
  • ISBN : 9781107029767
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Summary : Provides thorough and comprehensive coverage of new and important quantitative methods in data science, for graduate students and practitioners.

Value of Information in the Earth Sciences

Value of Information in the Earth Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107040267
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Summary :

Ecological Numeracy

Ecological Numeracy
  • Author : Robert A. Herendeen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-04-20
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 0471183091
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Summary : Master the fundamental math skills necessary to quantify andevaluate a broad range of environmental questions. Environmental issues are often quantitative--how much land, howmany people, what amount of pollution. Computer programs areuseful, but there is no substitute for being able to use a simplecalculation to slice through to the crux of the problem. Having agrasp of how the factors interact and whether the results makesense allows one to explain and argue a point of view forcefully todiverse audiences. With an engaging, down-to-earth style and practical problem-solvingapproach, Ecological Numeracy makes it easy to understand andmaster basic mathematical concepts and techniques that areapplicable to life-cycle assessment, energy consumption, land use,pollution generation, and a broad range of other environmentalissues. Robert Herendeen brings the numbers to life with dozens offascinating, often entertaining examples and problems. Requiring only a moderate quantitative background, EcologicalNumeracy is a superb introduction for advanced undergraduatestudents in environmental science, planning, geography, andphysical and natural sciences. It is also a valuable professionalresource for environmental managers, regulators, andadministrators.

Environmental Data Analysis

Environmental Data Analysis
  • Author : Zhihua Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-01
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9783110424904
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Summary : Most environmental data involve a large degree of complexity and uncertainty. Environmental Data Analysis is created to provide modern quantitative tools and techniques designed specifically to meet the needs of environmental sciences and related fields. This book has an impressive coverage of the scope. Main techniques described in this book are models for linear and nonlinear environmental systems, statistical & numerical methods, data envelopment analysis, risk assessments and life cycle assessments. These state-of-the-art techniques have attracted significant attention over the past decades in environmental monitoring, modeling and decision making. Environmental Data Analysis explains carefully various data analysis procedures and techniques in a clear, concise, and straightforward language and is written in a self-contained way that is accessible to researchers and advanced students in science and engineering. This is an excellent reference for scientists and engineers who wish to analyze, interpret and model data from various sources, and is also an ideal graduate-level textbook for courses in environmental sciences and related fields. Contents: Preface Time series analysis Chaos and dynamical systems Approximation Interpolation Statistical methods Numerical methods Optimization Data envelopment analysis Risk assessments Life cycle assessments Index

Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health

Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health
  • Author : Robert A. Fjeld,Norman A. Eisenberg,Keith L. Compton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-22
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780470096192
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Summary : A COMPREHENSIVE TEXTBOOK AND REFERENCE FOR QUANTITATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ANALYSIS FOR BOTH CHEMICAL AND RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINANTS Environmental risk analysis is complex and interdisciplinary; this book explains the fundamental concepts and analytical methods in each essential discipline. With an emphasis on concepts and applications of quantitative tools plus coverage of analysis of both chemical and radioactive contaminants, this is a comprehensive resource. After an introduction and an overview of the basics of environmental modeling, the book covers key elements in environmental risk analysis methodology, including: Release assessment and source characterization Migration of contaminants in various media, including surface water, groundwater, the atmosphere, and the food chain Exposure assessment Basic human toxicology and dose-response Risk characterization, including dose-response modeling and analysis Risk management process and methods Risk communication and public participation This reference also relates risk analysis to current environmental laws and regulations. An ideal textbook for graduate students and upper-level undergraduates in various engineering and quantitative science disciplines, especially civil and environmental engineering, it is also a great reference for practitioners in industry, environmental consulting firms, and regulatory agencies.

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research

Quantitative Methods in Environmental and Climate Research
  • Author : Michela Cameletti,Francesco Finazzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-30
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9783030015848
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Summary : This books presents some of the most recent and advanced statistical methods used to analyse environmental and climate data, and addresses the spatial and spatio-temporal dimensions of the phenomena studied, the multivariate complexity of the data, and the necessity of considering uncertainty sources and propagation. The topics covered include: detecting disease clusters, analysing harvest data, change point detection in ground-level ozone concentration, modelling atmospheric aerosol profiles, predicting wind speed, precipitation prediction and analysing spatial cylindrical data. The volume presents revised versions of selected contributions submitted at the joint TIES-GRASPA 2017 Conference on Climate and Environment, which was held at the University of Bergamo, Italy. As it is chiefly intended for researchers working at the forefront of statistical research in environmental applications, readers should be familiar with the basic methods for analysing spatial and spatio-temporal data.

Hydroinformatics

Hydroinformatics
  • Author : Praveen Kumar,Mike Folk,Momcilo Markus,Jay C. Alameda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-02
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781000611588
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Summary : Modern hydrology is more interdisciplinary than ever. Staggering amounts and varieties of information pour in from GIS and remote sensing systems every day, and this information must be collected, interpreted, and shared efficiently. Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling introduces the tools, approache

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences
  • Author : George Christakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007883143
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Summary : This book is about modeling as a prinicipal component of scientific investigations. In general terms, modeling is the funamental process of combining intellectual creativity with physical knowledge and mathematical techniques in order to learn the properties of the mechanisms underlying a physical phenomenon and make predictions. The book focuses on a specific class of models, namely, random field models and certain of their physical applications in the context of a stochastic data analysis and processing research program. The term application is considered here in the sense wherein the mathematical random field model is shaping, but is also being shaped by, its objects.

Sustainability Appraisal: Quantitative Methods and Mathematical Techniques for Environmental Performance Evaluation

Sustainability Appraisal: Quantitative Methods and Mathematical Techniques for Environmental Performance Evaluation
  • Author : Marina G Erechtchoukova,Peter A Khaiter,Paulina Golinska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : 9783642320811
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Summary : One of the most important issues in developing sustainable management strategies and incorporating ecodesigns in production, manufacturing and operations management is the assessment of the sustainability of business operations and organizations’ overall environmental performance. The book presents the results of recent studies on sustainability assessment. It provides a solid reference for researchers in academia and industrial practitioners on the state-of-the-art in sustainability appraisal including the development and application of sustainability indices, quantitative methods, models and frameworks for the evaluation of current and future welfare outcomes, recommendations on data collection and processing for the evaluation of organizations’ environmental performance, and eco-efficiency approaches leading to business process re-engineering.

Quantitative Geosciences: Data Analytics, Geostatistics, Reservoir Characterization and Modeling

Quantitative Geosciences: Data Analytics, Geostatistics, Reservoir Characterization and Modeling
  • Author : Y. Z. Ma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9783030178604
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Summary : Earth science is becoming increasingly quantitative in the digital age. Quantification of geoscience and engineering problems underpins many of the applications of big data and artificial intelligence. This book presents quantitative geosciences in three parts. Part 1 presents data analytics using probability, statistical and machine-learning methods. Part 2 covers reservoir characterization using several geoscience disciplines: including geology, geophysics, petrophysics and geostatistics. Part 3 treats reservoir modeling, resource evaluation and uncertainty analysis using integrated geoscience, engineering and geostatistical methods. As the petroleum industry is heading towards operating oil fields digitally, a multidisciplinary skillset is a must for geoscientists who need to use data analytics to resolve inconsistencies in various sources of data, model reservoir properties, evaluate uncertainties, and quantify risk for decision making. This book intends to serve as a bridge for advancing the multidisciplinary integration for digital fields. The goal is to move beyond using quantitative methods individually to an integrated descriptive-quantitative analysis. In big data, everything tells us something, but nothing tells us everything. This book emphasizes the integrated, multidisciplinary solutions for practical problems in resource evaluation and field development.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields
  • Author : Lev Eppelbaum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-18
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9780128116869
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Summary : Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Earth Resources

Earth Resources
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112075687670
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Summary : A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA).

Quantitative Structural Geology

Quantitative Structural Geology
  • Author : David D. Pollard,Stephen J. Martel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-23
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9781107035065
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Summary : A pioneering single-semester undergraduate textbook that balances descriptive and quantitative analysis of geological structures.

Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
  • Author : Otso Ovaskainen,Henrik Johan de Knegt,Maria del Mar Delgado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-01
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780191024221
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Summary : This novel, interdisciplinary text achieves an integration of empirical data and theory with the aid of mathematical models and statistical methods. The emphasis throughout is on spatial ecology and evolution, especially on the interplay between environmental heterogeneity and biological processes. The book provides a coherent theme by interlinking the modelling approaches used for different subfields of spatial ecology: movement ecology, population ecology, community ecology, and genetics and evolutionary ecology (each being represented by a separate chapter). Each chapter starts by describing the concept of each modelling approach in its biological context, goes on to present the relevant mathematical models and statistical methods, and ends with a discussion of the benefits and limitations of each approach. The concepts and techniques discussed throughout the book are illustrated throughout with the help of empirical examples. This is an advanced text suitable for any biologist interested in the integration of empirical data and theory in spatial ecology/evolution through the use of quantitative/statistical methods and mathematical models. The book will also be of relevance and use as a textbook for graduate-level courses in spatial ecology, ecological modelling, theoretical ecology, and statistical ecology.

Rediscovering Geography

Rediscovering Geography
  • Author : Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-04-11
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 9780309577625
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Summary : As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.

Resistivity and Induced Polarization

Resistivity and Induced Polarization
  • Author : Andrew Binley,Lee Slater
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-17
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781108492744
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Summary : A comprehensive text on resistivity and induced polarization covering theory and practice for the near-surface Earth supported by modelling software.