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Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography
  • Author : Valentí Rull
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-05
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780128204740
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Summary : Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems

Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea

Biogeography and Ecology of New Guinea
  • Author : J.L. Gressit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :983
  • ISBN : 9789400986329
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Summary : J. L. Gressitt New Guinea is a fantastic island, unique and fascinating. It is an area of incredible variety of geomorphology, biota, peoples, languages, history, tradi tions and cultures. Diversity is its prime characteristic, whatever the subject of interest. To a biogeographer it is tantalizing, as well as confusing or frustrating when trying to determine the history of its biota. To an ecologist, and to all biologists, it is a happy hunting ground of endless surprises and unanswered questions. To a conservationist it is like a dream come true, a "flash-back" of a few centuries, as well as a challenge for the future. New Guinea is so special that it is hard to compare it with other islands or tropical areas. It is something apart, with its very complicated history (chapters I: 2-4, II: 1-4, III: I, VI: I, 2). It is partly old but to a great extent very young, yet extremely rich and complex. It has biota of different sources - to such a degree that it is still disputed in this volume as to what Realm it belongs to: the Paleotropical or Notogaean (Australian); or what Region: Oriental, "Oceanic," Papuan or Australian. The terms Papuasian, Indo-Australian and Australasian also have been applied to the area.

Quaternary Ecology

Quaternary Ecology
  • Author : Hazel R. Delcourt,P. Delcourt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-07-31
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 0412297906
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Summary : Over the past several decades the field of Quaternary ecology has undergone a fundamental change in perspective. Paleoecologists, who were formerly con cerned with biostratigraphic questions, have increasingly begun to develop and test explicitly ecological hypotheses. Literature emphasizing the con tributions of paleoecology to contemporary issues in ecology is growing, but many of the key papers are published in journals not traditionally read by ecologists. The tendency toward increased specialization within ecology, along with the proliferation of new journals as publication outlets, increasingly makes it difficult to communicate effectively across sUbdisciplines within ecology. With this book, we hope to bridge the communication gap between Quaternary ecologists and other ecologists. In this book we do not attempt to cover the subject of Quaternary ecology in a traditional textbook presentation. Two comprehensive books, one contemporary text (Birks and Birks, 1980) and a handbook of techniques (Berglund, 1986) appropriate to various specialties within this field are available to the reader who is interested in the details of methods used in reconstructing past communities and ecosystems.

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924097811263
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Summary : Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

Pure and Applied Biogeography

Pure and Applied Biogeography
  • Author : Levente Hufnagel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-24
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9789535137542
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Summary : This book, Pure and Applied Biogeography, gives a very interesting report and overview about the frontiers of such parts of recent biogeographical research, which plays important roles in solving our most pressing global problems (biodiversity crisis, climate change, water issues, and sustainable agriculture). Our book consists of three sections: "Introduction", "Pure Biogeography and Global Patterns" and "Applied Biogeography and Regional Issues." After the introductory chapter, which is about the main branches and aims of biogeography in service of solving global problems, - we can find three chapters as parts of the first section. First chapter in this section is in close relation with the origin of biodiversity and conservation. The second and third chapters are about the biogeograhical aspects of climate change and biodiversity. In the second section of this book three applied biogeographical chapters can be found, which are related to agriculture, theoretical background of biological plant protection against herbivores, and regional patterns in ecological biogeography.

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89086141595
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Summary :

Paleozoology and Paleoenvironments

Paleozoology and Paleoenvironments
  • Author : J. Tyler Faith,R. Lee Lyman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-28
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9781108480352
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Summary : Outlines the ecological fundamentals, assumptions, and techniques for reconstructing past environments using fossil animals from archaeological and paleontological sites.

Methods in Quaternary Ecology

Methods in Quaternary Ecology
  • Author : Geological Association of Canada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : UOM:39015059971500
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Summary :

Neotropical Diversification: Patterns and Processes

Neotropical Diversification: Patterns and Processes
  • Author : Valentí Rull,Ana Carolina Carnaval
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-30
  • Total pages :820
  • ISBN : 9783030311674
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the patterns of biodiversity in various neotropical ecosystems, as well as a discussion on their historical biogeographies and underlying diversification processes. All chapters were written by prominent researchers in the fields of tropical biology, molecular ecology, climatology, paleoecology, and geography, producing an outstanding collection of essays, synthetic analyses, and novel investigations that describe and improve our understanding of the biodiversity of this unique region. With chapters on the Amazon and Caribbean forests, the Atlantic rainforests, the Andes, the Cerrado savannahs, the Caatinga drylands, the Chaco, and Mesoamerica – along with broad taxonomic coverage – this book summarizes a wide range of hypotheses, views, and methods concerning the processes and mechanisms of neotropical diversification. The range of perspectives presented makes the book a truly comprehensive, state-of-the-art publication on the topic, which will fascinate both scientists and general readers alike.

Biodiversity of Pantepui

Biodiversity of Pantepui
  • Author : Valentí Rull,Teresa Vegas-Vilarrúbia,Otto Huber,Celsa Señaris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-12
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9780128155929
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Summary : Biodiversity of Pantepui: The Pristine "Lost World" of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on the biota, origin, and evolution of the Pantepui biogeographical province. It synthesizes historical information and recent discoveries, covering the main biogeographic patterns, evolutionary trends, and conservational efforts. Written by international experts on the biodiversity of this pristine land, this book explores what makes Pantepui a unique natural laboratory to study the origin and evolution of Neotropical biodiversity under the influence of only natural drivers. It discusses the organisms living in Pentepui, including algae, plants, several groups of invertebrates, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. The latter portion of the book delves into the effects of human activity and global warming on Pantepui, and current conservational efforts to combat these threats. Biodiversity of Pantepui is an important resource for researchers in ecology, biogeography, evolution, and conservation, who want to understand the biodiversity and natural history of this region, and how to help conserve and protect the Guiana Highlands from environmental and human damages. Offers a climactic and ecological history of the region since the Late Glacial epoch Discusses the evolutionary origin of the Pantepui biota and its biogeographical patterns Led by a team of editors whose expertise includes Pantepui, the Guiana Shield, and the Neotropics in general

Historical Biogeography

Historical Biogeography
  • Author : Jorge CRISCI,Liliana Katinas,Paula Posadas,Jorge Víctor Crisci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-30
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780674030046
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Summary : Though biogeography may be simply defined--the study of the geographic distributions of organisms--the subject itself is extraordinarily complex, involving a range of scientific disciplines and a bewildering diversity of approaches. For convenience, biogeographers have recognized two research traditions: ecological biogeography and historical biogeography. This book makes sense of the profound revolution that historical biogeography has undergone in the last two decades, and of the resulting confusion over its foundations, basic concepts, methods, and relationships to other disciplines of comparative biology. Using case studies, the authors explain and illustrate the fundamentals and the most frequently used methods of this discipline. They show the reader how to tell when a historical biogeographic approach is called for, how to decide what kind of data to collect, how to choose the best method for the problem at hand, how to perform the necessary calculations, how to choose and apply a computer program, and how to interpret results.

Time and Change

Time and Change
  • Author : Dimitra Papagianni,Robert Layton,Herbert D. G. Maschner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105131739877
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Summary : This volume explores long-term behavioral patterns and processes of change in hunter-gatherer societies from the Lower Palaeolithic to the present. In doing so, this volume questions the disciplinary distinctions between fine and coarse-grain understandings of hunter-gatherer societies in anthropology and archaeology and challenges the perception that these distinctions are inherent to the two disciplines. The volume brings together studies that specifically address long-term behavioral patterns in hunter-gatherer societies past and present. Some of the contributors also combine historical/archival data and archaeological evidence with anthropological work on contemporary hunter-gatherers. All the papers are based on case-studies that, taken together, cover a wide geographical and chronological range. They represent current research dynamics in anthropology and archaeology across the globe (North and South America, Europe and Australia), and a variety of theoretical perspectives. The papers range chronologically from the Lower Palaeolithic to the present, and encompass groups at various levels of complexity of social organisation and degrees of sedentism, interaction with farmers and 'pristine-ness'.

Biogeography

Biogeography
  • Author : Mihails Gailis,Stefans Kalninʹ
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :253
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105215458121
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Summary : Biogeography is the study of the geographic distribution of taxa and their attributes in space and time. Investigating biogeographic patterns and processes requires considerable amounts of data collected over large spatial and/or temporal scales. Evolutionary biogeography integrates distributional, phylogenetic, molecular and paleontological data in order to discover biogeographic patterns and assess the historical changes that have shaped them, following a step-wise approach. This book aims to understand the biogeography of the Drosophilidae in Africa and in other regions. This book also examines the development of preventive and educational components of conservation biogeography. The relevance of biogeographical evolutionary analyses for conservation science is discussed as well. In addition, the general methods that can be applied to prioritise areas for protection at regional global scales are also briefly commented on and exemplified with Mexico as a case study.

Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus

Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus
  • Author : David M. Richardson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-07-31
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 0521789109
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Summary : A comprehensive review essential for all involved in the management of natural and planted pine forests.

Biogeography and Ecology of Forest Bird Communities

Biogeography and Ecology of Forest Bird Communities
  • Author : Allen Keast
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : UOM:39015021988533
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Summary :

Conservation Biogeography

Conservation Biogeography
  • Author : Richard Ladle,Robert J. Whittaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-09
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781444398113
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Summary : The Earth’s ecosystems are in the midst of an unprecedentedperiod of change as a result of human action. Many habitats havebeen completely destroyed or divided into tiny fragments, othershave been transformed through the introduction of new species, orthe extinction of native plants and animals, while anthropogenicclimate change now threatens to completely redraw the geographicmap of life on this planet. The urgent need to understand andprescribe solutions to this complicated and interlinked set ofpressing conservation issues has lead to the transformation of thevenerable academic discipline of biogeography – the study ofthe geographic distribution of animals and plants. The newlyemerged sub-discipline of conservation biogeography uses theconceptual tools and methods of biogeography to address real worldconservation problems and to provide predictions about the fate ofkey species and ecosystems over the next century. This bookprovides the first comprehensive review of the field in a series ofclosely interlinked chapters addressing the central issues withinthis exciting and important subject. View ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ladle/biogeography"www.wiley.com/go/ladle/biogeography/a yoaccess the figures from the book.

GeoRef Thesaurus and Guide to Indexing

GeoRef Thesaurus and Guide to Indexing
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015053927359
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Summary :

Ecology Abstracts

Ecology Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015050439705
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Summary : Coverage: 1982- current; updated: monthly. This database covers current ecology research across a wide range of disciplines, reflecting recent advances in light of growing evidence regarding global environmental change and destruction. Major ares of subject coverage include: Algae/lichens, Animals, Annelids, Aquatic ecosystems, Arachnids, Arid zones, Birds, Brackish water, Bryophytes/pteridophytes, Coastal ecosystems, Conifers, Conservation, Control, Crustaceans, Ecosyst em studies, Fungi, Grasses, Grasslands, High altitude environments, Human ecology, Insects, Legumes, Mammals, Management, Microorganisms, Molluscs, Nematodes, Paleo-ecology, Plants, Pollution studies, Reptiles, River basins, Soil, TAiga/tundra, Terrestrial ecosystems, Vertebrates, Wetlands, Woodlands.

Biogeography of the Sierra Nevada Alpine Lifezone

Biogeography of the Sierra Nevada Alpine Lifezone
  • Author : Sean Dennis Schoville
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : UCAL:C3521573
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Summary :

Intermountain Biogeography

Intermountain Biogeography
  • Author : Kimball T. Harper,James L. Reveal,Brigham Young University
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105031408417
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Summary :

The Theory of Island Biogeography

The Theory of Island Biogeography
  • Author : Robert H. MacArthur,Edward O. Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 0691088365
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Summary : Population theory.