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Remote Sensing with Imaging Radar

Remote Sensing with Imaging Radar
  • Author : John A. Richards
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-08
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 3642020208
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Summary : This book is concerned with remote sensing based on the technology of imaging radar. It assumes no prior knowledge of radar on the part of the reader, commencing with a treatment of the essential concepts of microwave imaging and progressing through to the development of multipolarisation and interferometric radar, modes which underpin contemporary applications of the technology. The use of radar for imaging the earth’s surface and its resources is not recent. Aircraft-based microwave systems were operating in the 1960s, ahead of optical systems that image in the visible and infrared regions of the spectrum. Optical remote sensing was given a strong impetus with the launch of the first of the Landsat series of satellites in the mid 1970s. Although the Seasat satellite launched in the same era (1978) carried an imaging radar, it operated only for about 12 months and there were not nearly so many microwave systems as optical platforms in service during the 1980s. As a result, the remote sensing community globally tended to develop strongly around optical imaging until Shuttle missions in the early to mid 1980s and free-flying imaging radar satellites in the early to mid 1990s became available, along with several sophisticated aircraft platforms. Since then, and particularly with the unique capabilities and flexibility of imaging radar, there has been an enormous surge of interest in microwave imaging technology. Unlike optical imaging, understanding the theoretical underpinnings of imaging radar can be challenging, particularly when new to the field.

Land Applications of Radar Remote Sensing

Land Applications of Radar Remote Sensing
  • Author : Damien Closson,Francesco Holecz,Paolo Pasquali,Nada Milisavljevic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-11
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9789535115892
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Summary : The aim of this book is to demonstrate the use of SAR data in three application domains, i.e. land cover (Part II), topography (Part III), and land motion (Part IV). These are preceded by Part I, where an extensive and complete review on speckle and adaptive filtering is provided, essential for the understanding of SAR images. Part II is dedicated to land cover mapping. Part III is devoted to the generation of Digital Elevation Models based on radargrammetry and on a wise fusion (by considering sensor characteristic and acquisition geometry) of interferometric and photogrammetric elevation data. Part IV provides a contribution to three applications related to land motion.

Radar Remote Sensing of Urban Areas

Radar Remote Sensing of Urban Areas
  • Author : Uwe Soergel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-10
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9048137519
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Summary : One of the key milestones of radar remote sensing for civil applications was the launch of the European Remote Sensing Satellite 1 (ERS 1) in 1991. The platform carried a variety of sensors; the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is widely cons- ered to be the most important. This active sensing technique provides all-day and all-weather mapping capability of considerably ?ne spatial resolution. ERS 1 and its sister system ERS 2 (launch 1995) were primarily designed for ocean app- cations, but soon the focus of attention turned to onshore mapping. Examples for typical applications are land cover classi?cation also in tropical zones and mo- toring of glaciers or urban growth. In parallel, international Space Shuttle Missions dedicated to radar remote sensing were conducted starting already in the 1980s. The most prominent were the SIR-C/X-SAR mission focussing on the investigation of multi-frequency and multi-polarization SAR data and the famous Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). Data acquired during the latter enabled to derive a DEM of almost global coverage by means of SAR Interferometry. It is indispe- ableeventodayandformanyregionsthebestelevationmodelavailable. Differential SAR Interferometry based on time series of imagery of the ERS satellites and their successor Envisat became an important and unique technique for surface defor- tion monitoring. The spatial resolution of those devices is in the order of some tens of meters.

Spaceborne Radar Remote Sensing

Spaceborne Radar Remote Sensing
  • Author : Charles Elachi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : UOM:39015018895055
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Summary :

Microwave Radar and Radiometric Remote Sensing

Microwave Radar and Radiometric Remote Sensing
  • Author : Fawwaz Tayssir Ulaby,David G. Long,William J. Blackwell,Charles Elachi,Kamal Sarabandi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :984
  • ISBN : 0472119354
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Summary :

Polarimetric SAR Imaging

Polarimetric SAR Imaging
  • Author : Yoshio Yamaguchi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-18
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9781000075649
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Summary : Radar polarimetry has been highly sought after for its use in the precise monitoring of Earth's surface. Polarimetric SAR Imaging explains the basic concepts of polarimetry and its diverse applications including: deforestation, tree classification, landslide detection, tsunamis, volcano eruptions and ash distribution, snow accumulation, rice field monitoring, urban area exploration, ship detection, among other applications. The explanations use actual data sets taken by Advanced Land Observing Satellite (ALOS and ALOS2). With the increasing problems presented by climate change, there is a growing need for detailed earth observation using polarimetric data. As the treatment of vector nature of radar waves is complex, there is a gap between the theory and the application. Polarimetric SAR Imaging: Theory and Applications addresses and fills this gap. Features: Provides cutting-edge polarimetric applications for earth observation with full color images. Includes detailed descriptions of theory, equations, expansions, and flowcharts, and numerous real examples. Explains concepts, data analysis, and applications in simple and clear language aimed at an intuitive comprehension. Provides specific and unique examples of PolSAR images derived from actual space and airborne systems (ALOS/ALOS2, PiSAR-x/L) Covers the wide range of the radar polarimetry, especially the decomposition of the polarimetry data, an original method developed by the author using the Japanese polarimetric SAR data Illustrated in full color using images generated by polarimetric techniques, this book is easy to understand and use for both student and expert, and is an excellent resource both in the classroom and in the field.

Remote Compositional Analysis

Remote Compositional Analysis
  • Author : Janice L. Bishop,James F. Bell III,Jeffrey E. Moersch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-30
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9781107186200
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Summary : Comprehensive overview of the spectroscopic, mineralogical, and geochemical techniques used in planetary remote sensing.

Microwave Remote Sensing: Radar remote sensing and surface scattering and emission theory

Microwave Remote Sensing: Radar remote sensing and surface scattering and emission theory
  • Author : Fawwaz Tayssir Ulaby,Richard K. Moore,Adrian K. Fung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :19
  • ISBN : MINN:319510001234447
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Summary :

Remote Sensing with Polarimetric Radar

Remote Sensing with Polarimetric Radar
  • Author : Harold Mott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-05
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780470079805
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Summary : Discover the principles and techniques of remote sensing with polarimetric radar This book presents the principles central to understanding polarized wave transmission, scattering, and reception in communication systems and polarimetric and non-polarimetric radar. Readers gain new insight into the methods for remotely gathering data about the earth's surface and atmosphere with polarimetric synthetic-aperture radar and polarimetric interferometry, including the changes that take place with seasons, floods, earthquakes, and other natural phenomena. In particular, with the book's focus on polarimetric radars, readers discover how to exploit the many special features of these systems, which provide the maximum amount of information that can be obtained remotely with radar. Introductory-level coverage of electromagnetic wave propagation, antennas, radar and synthetic aperture radar, probability and random processes, and radar interferometry serves as a foundation for advancing to more complex material. A more advanced mathematical and technical treatment enables readers to fully grasp polarized wave transmission, propagation, and reception in communication systems and polarimetric-radar remote sensing. Readers will discover much new material in this text, including: Distinguishing between coherently-measured and incoherently-measured target matrices for power, recognizing that the two matrix types are not equivalent in representing targets Removing unpolarized components from the scattered wave and deriving a target matrix for classification from the resulting coherently-scattered wave Selecting an antenna polarization to maximize the contrast between desired and undesired depolarizing targets Problems ranging in complexity from introductory to challenging are presented throughout the text. Engineers will find this an ideal reference to help them fully utilize the powerful capabilities of polarimetric radar. It will also help agronomists, geographers, meteorologists, and other scientists who use remotely obtained data about the earth to evaluate procedures and better interpret the data. The book can also be tailored to both undergraduate and graduate courses in remote sensing, and recommendations are given for text material suitable for such courses.

Ocean Remote Sensing with Synthetic Aperture Radar

Ocean Remote Sensing with Synthetic Aperture Radar
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-25
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 3038427209
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Summary : The ocean covers approximately 71% of the Earth's surface, 90% of the biosphere and contains 97% of Earth's water. The Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) can image the ocean surface in all weather conditions and day or night. SAR remote sensing on ocean and coastal monitoring has become a research hotspot in geoscience and remote sensing. This book--Progress in SAR Oceanography--provides an update of the current state of the science on ocean remote sensing with SAR. Overall, the book presents a variety of marine applications, such as, oceanic surface and internal waves, wind, bathymetry, oil spill, coastline and intertidal zone classification, ship and other man-made objects' detection, as well as remotely sensed data assimilation. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from graduate students, university teachers and working scientists to policy makers and managers. Efforts have been made to highlight general principles as well as the state-of-the-art technologies in the field of SAR Oceanography.

Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces

Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces
  • Author : Kun-Shan Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-19
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9781351011563
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Summary : Radar scattering and imaging of rough surfaces is an active interdisciplinary area of research with many practical applications in fields such as mineral and resource exploration, ocean and physical oceanography, military and national defense, planetary exploration, city planning and land use, environmental science, and many more. By focusing on the most advanced analytical and numerical modeling and describing both forward and inverse modeling, Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces: Modeling and Applications with MATLAB® connects the scattering process to imaging techniques by vivid examples through numerical and experimental demonstrations and provides computer codes and practical uses. This book is unique in its simultaneous treatment of radar scattering and imaging. Key Features Bridges physical modeling with simulation for resolving radar imaging problems (the first comprehensive work to do so) Provides excellent basic and advanced information for microwave remote-sensing professionals in various fields of science and engineering Covers most advanced analytical and numerical modeling for both backscattering and bistatic scattering Includes MATLAB® codes useful not only for academics but also for radar engineers and scientists to develop tools applicable in different areas of earth studies Covering both the theoretical and the practical, Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces: Modeling and Applications with MATLAB® is an invaluable resource for professionals and students using remote sensing to study and explain the Earth and its processes. University and research institutes, electrical and radar engineers, remote-sensing image users, application software developers, students, and academics alike will benefit from this book. The author, Kun-Shan Chen, is an internationally known and respected engineer and scientist and an expert in the field of electromagnetic modeling.

A Strategy for Active Remote Sensing Amid Increased Demand for Radio Spectrum

A Strategy for Active Remote Sensing Amid Increased Demand for Radio Spectrum
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee on a Survey of the Active Sensing Uses of the Radio Spectrum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-21
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9780309373081
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Summary : Active remote sensing is the principal tool used to study and to predict short- and long-term changes in the environment of Earth - the atmosphere, the oceans and the land surfaces - as well as the near space environment of Earth. All of these measurements are essential to understanding terrestrial weather, climate change, space weather hazards, and threats from asteroids. Active remote sensing measurements are of inestimable benefit to society, as we pursue the development of a technological civilization that is economically viable, and seek to maintain the quality of our life. A Strategy for Active Remote Sensing Amid Increased Demand for Spectrum describes the threats, both current and future, to the effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum required for active remote sensing. This report offers specific recommendations for protecting and making effective use of the spectrum required for active remote sensing.

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing
  • Author : Iain H. Woodhouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781351989015
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Summary : Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing offers an extensive overview of this versatile and extremely precise technology for technically oriented undergraduates and graduate students. This textbook emphasizes an important shift in conceptualization and directs it toward students with prior knowledge of optical remote sensing: the author dispels any linkage between microwave and optical remote sensing. Instead, he constructs the concept of microwave remote sensing by comparing it to the process of audio perception, explaining the workings of the ear as a metaphor for microwave instrumentation. This volume takes an “application-driven” approach. Instead of describing the technology and then its uses, this textbook justifies the need for measurement then explains how microwave technology addresses this need. Following a brief summary of the field and a history of the use of microwaves, the book explores the physical properties of microwaves and the polarimetric properties of electromagnetic waves. It examines the interaction of microwaves with matter, analyzes passive atmospheric and passive surface measurements, and describes the operation of altimeters and scatterometers. The textbook concludes by explaining how high resolution images are created using radars, and how techniques of interferometry can be applied to both passive and active sensors.

Imaging Radar for Resources Surveys

Imaging Radar for Resources Surveys
  • Author : J.W. Trevett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789400940895
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Summary : The use of air photographs as an aid to understanding and mapping natural resources has long been an established technique. The advent of satellite imagery was, and indeed by many still is, regarded as a very high altitude air photograph, but with the introduction of digital techniques the full analysis of imagery has become very sophisticated. Radar imagery presents the resource scientist with a new imaging technique that has to be understood and used, a technique which, although in many respects still in its infancy, has considerable applications potential for resources studies. Remote sensing now forms an element in study courses in the earth sciences in many major universities and a number of universities offer specialist post-graduate courses in remote sensing. Nevertheless there are a large number of earth scientists already working with imagery who have progressed from the air photograph base to satellite imagery. Such scientists may find themselves confronted with microwave or radar imagery or wish to use the imagery for surveys and find themselves hindered by a lack of understanding of the differences between radar imagery and optical imagery. Unfortunately reference to much of the literature will not be of very great help, many excellent text books on the theory and interaction of microwaves, on instrument design and construction and on the research carried out on specific target types exist, most of these are however written for specialists who are usually physicists not earth scientists.

Automatic Detection Algorithms of Oil Spill in Radar Images

Automatic Detection Algorithms of Oil Spill in Radar Images
  • Author : Maged Marghany
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-03
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9780429627453
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Summary : Synthetic Aperture Radar Automatic Detection Algorithms (SARADA) for Oil Spills conveys the pivotal tool required to fully comprehend the advanced algorithms in radar monitoring and detection of oil spills, particularly quantum computing and algorithms as a keystone to comprehending theories and algorithms behind radar imaging and detection of marine pollution. Bridging the gap between modern quantum mechanics and computing detection algorithms of oil spills, this book contains precise theories and techniques for automatic identification of oil spills from SAR measurements. Based on modern quantum physics, the book also includes the novel theory on radar imaging mechanism of oil spills. With the use of precise quantum simulation of trajectory movements of oil spills using a sequence of radar images, this book demonstrates the use of SARADA for contamination by oil spills as a promising novel technique. Key Features: Introduces basic concepts of a radar remote sensing. Fills a gap in the knowledge base of quantum theory and microwave remote sensing. Discusses the important aspects of oil spill imaging in radar data in relation to the quantum theory. Provides recent developments and progresses of automatic detection algorithms of oil spill from radar data. Presents 2-D oil spill radar data in 4-D images.

Remote Sensing from Air and Space

Remote Sensing from Air and Space
  • Author : Richard C. Olsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 0819462357
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Summary : This book will guide you in the use of remote sensing for military and intelligence gathering applications. It is a must read for students working on systems acquisition or for anyone interested in the products derived from remote sensing systems.

Polarimetric Radar Imaging

Polarimetric Radar Imaging
  • Author : Jong-Sen Lee,Eric Pottier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9781420054989
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Summary : The recent launches of three fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) satellites have shown that polarimetric radar imaging can provide abundant data on the Earth’s environment, such as biomass and forest height estimation, snow cover mapping, glacier monitoring, and damage assessment. Written by two of the most recognized leaders in this field, Polarimetric Radar Imaging: From Basics to Applications presents polarimetric radar imaging and processing techniques and shows how to develop remote sensing applications using PolSAR imaging radar. The book provides a substantial and balanced introduction to the basic theory and advanced concepts of polarimetric scattering mechanisms, speckle statistics and speckle filtering, polarimetric information analysis and extraction techniques, and applications typical to radar polarimetric remote sensing. It explains the importance of wave polarization theory and the speckle phenomenon in the information retrieval problem of microwave imaging and inverse scattering. The authors demonstrate how to devise intelligent information extraction algorithms for remote sensing applications. They also describe more advanced polarimetric analysis techniques for polarimetric target decompositions, polarization orientation effects, polarimetric scattering modeling, speckle filtering, terrain and forest classification, manmade target analysis, and PolSAR interferometry. With sample PolSAR data sets and software available for download, this self-contained, hands-on book encourages you to analyze space-borne and airborne PolSAR and polarimetric interferometric SAR (Pol-InSAR) data and then develop applications using this data.

Synthetic Aperture Radar Polarimetry

Synthetic Aperture Radar Polarimetry
  • Author : Jakob J. van Zyl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-14
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9781118116098
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Summary : This book describes the application of polarimetric syntheticaperture radar to earth remote sensing based on research at theNASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). This book synthesizes allcurrent research to provide practical information for both thenewcomer and the expert in radar polarimetry. Thetext offers a concise description of the mathematicalfundamentals illustrated with many examples using SAR data, with amain focus on remote sensing of the earth. The book begins with basics of synthetic aperture radar toprovide the basis for understanding how polarimetric SAR images areformed and gives an introduction to the fundamentals of radarpolarimetry. It goes on to discuss more advanced polarimetricconcepts that allow one to infer more information about the terrainbeing imaged. In order to analyze data quantitatively, the signalsmust be calibrated carefully, which the book addresses in achapter summarizing the basic calibration algorithms. The bookconcludes with examples of applying polarimetric analysis toscattering from rough surfaces, to infer soil moisture from radarsignals.

Principles of Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging

Principles of Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging
  • Author : Kun-Shan Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-05
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 9781466593152
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Summary : Principles of Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging: A System Simulation Approach demonstrates the use of image simulation for SAR. It covers the various applications of SAR (including feature extraction, target classification, and change detection), provides a complete understanding of SAR principles, and illustrates the complete chain of a SAR operation. The book places special emphasis on a ground-based SAR, but also explains space and air-borne systems. It contains chapters on signal speckle, radar-signal models, sensor-trajectory models, SAR-image focusing, platform-motion compensation, and microwave-scattering from random media. While discussing SAR image focusing and motion compensation, it presents processing algorithms and applications that feature extraction, target classification, and change detection. It also provides samples of simulation on various scenarios, and includes simulation flowcharts and results that are detailed throughout the book. Introducing SAR imaging from a systems point of view, the author: Considers the recent development of MIMO SAR technology Includes selected GPU implementation Provides a numerical analysis of system parameters (including platforms, sensor, and image focusing, and their influence) Explores wave-target interactions, signal transmission and reception, image formation, motion compensation Covers all platform motion compensation and error analysis, and their impact on final image radiometric and geometric quality Describes a ground-based SFMCW system Principles of Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging: A System Simulation Approach is dedicated to the use, study, and development of SAR systems. The book focuses on image formation or focusing, treats platform motion and image focusing, and is suitable for students, radar engineers, and microwave remote sensing researchers.

Radar Interferometry

Radar Interferometry
  • Author : Ramon F. Hanssen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-18
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780306476334
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Summary : This book is the product of five and a half years of research dedicated to the und- standing of radar interferometry, a relatively new space-geodetic technique for m- suring the earth’s topography and its deformation. The main reason for undertaking this work, early 1995, was the fact that this technique proved to be extremely useful for wide-scale, fine-resolution deformation measurements. Especially the interf- ometric products from the ERS-1 satellite provided beautiful first results—several interferometric images appeared as highlights on the cover of journals such as Nature and Science. Accuracies of a few millimeters in the radar line of sight were claimed in semi-continuous image data acquired globally, irrespective of cloud cover or solar illumination. Unfortunately, because of the relative lack of supportive observations at these resolutions and accuracies, validation of the precision and reliability of the results remained an issue of concern. From a geodetic point of view, several survey techniques are commonly available to measure a specific geophysical phenomenon. To make an optimal choice between these techniques it is important to have a uniform and quantitative approach for describing the errors and how these errors propagate to the estimated parameters. In this context, the research described in this book was initiated. It describes issues involved with different types of errors, induced by the sensor, the data processing, satellite positioning accuracy, atmospheric propagation, and scattering character- tics. Nevertheless, as the first item in the subtitle “Data Interpretation and Error Analysis” suggests, data interpretation is not always straightforward.

Satellite Radar Interferometry

Satellite Radar Interferometry
  • Author : V. B. H. (Gini) Ketelaar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-07
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781402094286
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Summary : This book investigates the applicability of satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) for deformation monitoring. The presented methodologies are demonstrated in an integrated way for the entire northern part of the Netherlands and a part of Germany.