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Radioactivity: Introduction and History

Radioactivity: Introduction and History
  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-23
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0080548881
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Summary : Radioactivity: Introduction and History provides an introduction to radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth and radiation of cosmic origins. This book answers many questions for the student, teacher, and practitioner as to the origins, properties, detection and measurement, and applications of radioactivity. Written at a level that most students and teachers can appreciate, it includes many calculations that students and teachers may use in class work. Radioactivity: Introduction and History also serves as a refresher for experienced practitioners who use radioactive sources in his or her field of work. Also included are historical accounts of the lives and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates who have contributed to our knowledge of the science of radioactivity. * Provides entry-level overview of every form of radioactivity including natural and artificial sources, and radiation of cosmic origin. * Includes many solved problems to practical questions concerning nuclear radiation and its interaction with matter * Historical accounts of the major achievements of pioneers and Nobel Laureates, who have contributed to our current knowledge of radioactivity

Radioactivity

Radioactivity
  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :932
  • ISBN : 9780444634962
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Summary : A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

Radioactivity

Radioactivity
  • Author : Marjorie C. Malley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-25
  • Total pages :267
  • ISBN : 9780199766413
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Summary : Beginning with an obscure discovery in 1896, radioactivity led researchers on a quest for understanding that ultimately confronted the intersection of knowledge and mystery. This book tells the story of a new science that profoundly changed physics and chemistry, as well as areas such as medicine, geology, meteorology, archaeology, industry, politics, and popular culture.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
  • Author : Vlado Valkovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-09-26
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780080540245
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Summary : Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Natural Environmental Radioactivity

Natural Environmental Radioactivity
  • Author : Alfred W. Klement
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1965
  • Total pages :125
  • ISBN : UOM:39015095075506
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Summary :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis
  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-07
  • Total pages :1074
  • ISBN : 9780128143964
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Summary : Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

The Nature of Radioactive Fallout and Its Effects on Man

The Nature of Radioactive Fallout and Its Effects on Man
  • Author : United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy. Special Subcommittee on Radiation
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1957
  • Total pages :2216
  • ISBN : LOC:00040108816
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Summary : Includes British Medical Research Council report "Hazards to Man of Nuclear and Allied Radiations," June 1956 (p. 1539-1668); "Report of the World Health Organization on Genetic Effects of Radiation," Mar. 13, 1957 (p. 1728-1827); and Legislative Reference Service bibliography "Radioactive Fallout," prepared by Ruth A. Little, June 30, 1957 (p. 1999-2053).

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis
  • Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :771
  • ISBN : 9780323137881
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Summary : Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis is written by experts in the measurement of radioactivity. The book describes the broad scope of analytical methods available and instructs the reader on how to select the proper technique. It is intended as a practical manual for research which requires the accurate measurement of radioactivity at all levels, from the low levels encountered in the environment to the high levels measured in radioisotope research. This book contains sample preparation procedures, recommendations on steps to follow, necessary calculations, computer controlled analysis, and high sample throughput techniques. Each chapter includes practical techniques for application to nuclear safety, nuclear safeguards, environmental analysis, weapons disarmament, and assays required for research in biomedicine and agriculture. The fundamentals of radioactivity properties, radionuclide decay, and methods of detection are included to provide the basis for a thorough understanding of the analytical procedures described in the book. Therefore, the Handbook can also be used as a teaching text. Key Features * Includes sample preparation techniques for matrices such as soil, air, plant, water, animal tissue, and surface swipes * Provides procedures and guidelines for the analysis of commonly encountered na

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine

An Introduction to the Physics of Nuclear Medicine
  • Author : Laura Harkness-Brennan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-27
  • Total pages :94
  • ISBN : 9781643270340
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Summary : The complexity and vulnerability of the human body has driven the development of a diverse range of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques in modern medicine. The Nuclear Medicine procedures of Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Radionuclide Therapy are well-established in clinical practice and are founded upon the principles of radiation physics. This book will offer an insight into the physics of nuclear medicine by explaining the principles of radioactivity, how radionuclides are produced and administered as radiopharmaceuticals to the body and how radiation can be detected and used to produce images for diagnosis. The treatment of diseases such as thyroid cancer, hyperthyroidism and lymphoma by radionuclide therapy will also be explored.

Radioactive Eggs

Radioactive Eggs
  • Author : David Kritchevsky,Martha R. Kirk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1951
  • Total pages :12
  • ISBN : UOM:39015086560920
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Summary :

Radiation and Radioactivity on Earth and Beyond

Radiation and Radioactivity on Earth and Beyond
  • Author : Ivan G. Draganic,Jean-Pierre Adloff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-26
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781000102062
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Summary : This book features information regarding the Chernobyl nuclear accident, the production of elementary particles, radiation exposure, the geopolitical effects of the end of the nuclear arms race between the U.S. and the former Soviet Union, and the future of nuclear power.

Marine Radioactivity

Marine Radioactivity
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-09-17
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 0080496385
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Summary : This book on Marine Radioactivity sets out to cover most of the aspects of marine radioactivity which have been the focus of scientific study in recent decades. The authors and their reviews divide into topic areas which have defined the field over its history. They cover the suite of natural radioisotopes which have been present in the oceans since their formation and quantitatively dominate the inventory of radioactivity in the oceans. Also addressed are the suite of artificial radionuclides introduced to the oceans as a consequence of the use of the atom for development of nuclear energy, nuclear weapons and various applications of nuclear science. The major source of these continues to derive from the global fallout of atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons in the 1950s and 1960s but also includes both planned and accidental releases of radioactivity from both civilian and military nuclear technology. The other division of the major study direction depends on whether the objective is to use the radionuclides as powerful tools to study oceanic processes, to describe and understand the ocean distribution of the various natural or artificial radionuclides or to assess the different radionuclides' impact on and pathways to man or marine organisms. The oceans cover 70% of the Earth's surface and thus contains a corresponding large share of the Earth's radioactivity. Marine Radioactivity covers topics of recent scientific study in this young field. It examines both natural radioactivity (radioactivity naturally present in oceans since their formation) and artificial radioactivity (radioactivity introduced by man and use of atomic and nuclear energy) with regard to possible effects on the global environment.

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols
  • Author : Constantin Papastefanou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 0080555985
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Summary : Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Radioactivity And Radioactive Decay

Radioactivity And Radioactive Decay
  • Author : D.K. Jha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 8171418708
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Summary : This book has been divided into four chapters Radioactivity and Isotopes, X-particles, Bdecay, Y Radiations. This book is very helpful for the students of Degree/Honours and post graduates. This book is also very useful to the candidate appearing in the various competitions like I.A.S. and others. Contents: Radioactivity and Isotopes, Alpha Particles, Beta-Decay, Gamma Radiation.

Radioactivity Measurements

Radioactivity Measurements
  • Author : W. B. Mann,A. Rytz,A. Spernol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :213
  • ISBN : 9780080983943
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Summary : The authors have addressed the basic need for internationally consistent standards and methods demanded by the new and increasing use of radioactive materials, radiopharmaceuticals and labelled compounds. Particular emphasis is given to the basic and practical problems that may be encountered in measuring radioactivity. The text provides information and recommendations in the areas of radiation protection, focusing on quality control and the precautions necessary for the preparation and handling of radioactive substances. New information is also presented on the applications of both traditional and innovative instruments in the fields of diagnostic and clinical radiology, radiation protection, biomedical research, industrial and agricultural applications, power production and waste control.

Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation

Radioactivity Radionuclides Radiation
  • Author : Joseph Magill,Jean Galy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-05
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 3540268812
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Summary : Offers basic data on more than 3,600 radionuclides. Emphasizes practical application such as basic research, acheo0logy and dating, medical radiology and industrial. Balanced and informative details on the biological effects of radiation and resultant controversy. Trimmed down student version of a product that costs many times the price.

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309037419
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Summary : Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial and Military Sources

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial and Military Sources
  • Author : Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-03-26
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 0080505805
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Summary : Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Radioactivity

Radioactivity
  • Author : P. Andrew Karam,Ben P. Stein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-01
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9781438120119
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Summary : "Radioactivity" explains the science behind radiation, from the radiation in the body to the radiation in the environment; how radiation can create energy and cause destruction; and how it saves lives every day.

Radioactivity in Nuclear Spectroscopy. Modern Techniques and Applications. Vanderbilt University, Nashville. 11-15 August, 1969

Radioactivity in Nuclear Spectroscopy. Modern Techniques and Applications. Vanderbilt University, Nashville. 11-15 August, 1969
  • Author : Joseph H. Hamilton,Jose C. Manthuruthil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1972
  • Total pages :1497
  • ISBN : OCLC:488769168
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Summary :

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident
  • Author : Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-09
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780124114876
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Summary : Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches