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Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-11
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781455731589
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Summary : The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process—these in turn cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to acheive optimal performance. The second edition of Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications introduces engineers and scientists to the range of reactive polymers available, explains the reactions that take place, and details applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, and applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g. epoxides, cyanacrylates, etc.); followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, and case studies. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are all covered as well. Most comprehensive source of information about reactive polymers Covers basics as well as most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites, and fluorosilicones Indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike—providing extensive literature and patent review

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-15
  • Total pages :794
  • ISBN : 9780815518822
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Summary : Loaded with practical knowledge, Reactive Polymers Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers comprehensively presents the state-of-art of methods and materials for the formulation of polymeric resins. It is an indispensable tool for chemists, engineers, and manufacturers who use, formulate, and cure raw materials into final products. The text focuses on the chemical modification of properties during the final stage of part fabrication from plastics. Newer applications range from the small scale, such as dental fillings, to industrial processes for batch fabrication. The book covers resin groups in major use in industry and under active research and development.

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications

Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : Johannes Karl Fink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 9780128145104
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Summary : Reactive Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications: A Concise Guide to Industrial Polymers, Third Edition introduces engineers and scientists to a range of reactive polymers and then details their applications and performance benefits. Basic principles and industrial processes are described for each class of reactive resin (thermoset), as well as additives, the curing process, applications and uses. The initial chapters are devoted to individual resin types (e.g., epoxides, cyanacrylates), followed by more general chapters on topics such as reactive extrusion and dental applications. Injection molding of reactive polymers, radiation curing, thermosetting elastomers, and reactive extrusion equipment are covered as well. The use of reactive polymers enables manufacturers to make chemical changes at a late stage in the production process, which, in turn, cause changes in performance and properties. Material selection and control of the reaction are essential to achieve optimal performance. Material new to this edition includes the most recent developments, applications and commercial products for each chemical class of thermosets, as well as sections on fabrication methods, reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers and case studies. Covers the basics and most recent developments, including reactive biopolymers, recycling of reactive polymers, nanocomposites and fluorosilicones Offers an indispensable guide for engineers and advanced students alike Provides extensive literature and patent review Reflects a thorough review of all literature published in this area since 2014 Features revised and updated chapters to reflect the latest research in reactive polymers

Printing on Polymers

Printing on Polymers
  • Author : Joanna Izdebska,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-24
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9780323375009
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Summary : Printing on Polymers: Fundamentals and Applications is the first authoritative reference covering the most important developments in the field of printing on polymers, their composites, nanocomposites, and gels. The book examines the current state-of-the-art and new challenges in the formulation of inks, surface activation of polymer surfaces, and various methods of printing. The book equips engineers and materials scientists with the tools required to select the correct method, assess the quality of the result, reduce costs, and keep up-to-date with regulations and environmental concerns. Choosing the correct way of decorating a particular polymer is an important part of the production process. Although printing on polymeric substrates can have desired positive effects, there can be problems associated with various decorating techniques. Physical, chemical, and thermal interactions can cause problems, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling. Safety, environmental sustainability, and cost are also significant factors which need to be considered. With contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions, this book serves as a one-stop reference for this field—from print ink manufacture to polymer surface modification and characterization; and from printing methods to applications and end-of-life issues. Enables engineers to select the correct decoration method for each material and application, assess print quality, and reduce costs Increases familiarity with the terminology, tests, processes, techniques, and regulations of printing on plastic, which reduces the risk of adverse reactions, such as cracking, peeling, or dulling of the print Addresses the issues of environmental impact and cost when printing on polymeric substrates Features contributions from leading researchers from industry, academia, and private research institutions

Thermal Analysis of Polymers

Thermal Analysis of Polymers
  • Author : Joseph D. Menczel,R. Bruce Prime
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-09
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781118995990
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Summary : Presents a solid introduction to thermal analysis, methods,instrumentation, calibration, and application along with thenecessary theoretical background. Useful to chemists, physicists, materials scientists, andengineers who are new to thermal analysis techniques, and toexisting users of thermal analysis who wish expand their experienceto new techniques and applications Topics covered include Differential Scanning Calorimetry andDifferential Thermal Analysis (DSC/DTA), Thermogravimetry,Thermomechanical Analysis and Dilatometry, Dynamic MechanicalAnalysis, Micro-Thermal Analysis, Hot Stage Microscopy, andInstrumentation. Written by experts in the various areas of thermalanalysis Relevant and detailed experiments and examples follow eachchapter.

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing

Rheological Fundamentals of Polymer Processing
  • Author : J.A. Covas,J.F. Agassant,A.C. Diogo,J. Vlachopoulos,K. Walters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9789401585712
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Summary : Experts in rheology and polymer processing present up-to-date, fundamental and applied information on the rheological properties of polymers, in particular those relevant to processing, contributing to the physical understanding and the mathematical modelling of polymer processing sequences. Basic concepts of non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, micro-rheological modelling and constitutive modelling are reviewed, and rheological measurements are described. Topics with practical relevance are debated, such as linear viscoelasticity, converging and diverging flows, and the rheology of multiphase systems. Approximation methods are discussed for the computer modelling of polymer melt flow. Subsequently, polymer processing technologies are studied from both simulation and engineering perspectives. Mixing, crystallization and reactive processing aspects are also included. Audience: An integrated and complete view of polymer processing and rheology, important to institutions and individuals engaged in the characterisation, testing, compounding, modification and processing of polymeric materials. Can also support academic polymer processing engineering programs.

Handbook of Telechelic Polyesters, Polycarbonates, and Polyethers

Handbook of Telechelic Polyesters, Polycarbonates, and Polyethers
  • Author : Sophie M. Guillaume
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-31
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781315340791
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Summary : Telechelic polymers have garnered a great deal of scientific interest due to their reactive chain-end functions. This comprehensive book compiles and details the basic principles of and cutting-edge research in telechelic polyesters, polycarbonates, and polyethers, ranging from synthesis to applications. It discusses general strategies toward telechelic polymers, centered on the fundamental aspects of polycondensation reactions, of cationic, anionic, coordination-insertion, and activated monomer mechanisms of the metal-, enzyme-, or otherwise organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization of cyclic monomers, and of postpolymerization chemical modification methods of polymer precursors. All main classes of polymers are covered separately, comprising polyhydroxyalkanoates, poly(ε-caprolactone)s, poly(lactic acid)s, polylactides, polycarobnates, and polyethers, including synthetic approaches as well as some illustrative, up-to-date examples and uses. The book also addresses applications of hydroxyl, thiol, amino, or acrylate/methacrylate end-capped polymers as starting materials for the preparation of diverse polymer architectures ranging from block, graft, and star-shaped polymers and micelles to precursors for ATRP macroinitiators, polyurethane copolymers, shape-memory polymers, or nanosized drug delivery systems. The book will appeal to advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students of polymer science; researchers in macromolecular science, especially those with an interest in functional and reactive polymers; and polymer chemists in academia and industry.

Functional Polymers

Functional Polymers
  • Author : Raja Shunmugam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-08
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781771882972
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Summary : This new book covers the synthetic as well application aspects of functional polymers. It highlights modern trends in the field and showcases the recent characterization techniques that are being employed in the field of polymer science. The chapters are written by top-notch scientists who are internationally recognized in the field. The chapters will highlight the modern trend in the field.

Fundamentals and Applications of Micro and Nanofibers

Fundamentals and Applications of Micro and Nanofibers
  • Author : Alexander L. Yarin,Behnam Pourdeyhimi,Seeram Ramakrishna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-08
  • Total pages :453
  • ISBN : 9781107060296
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Summary : A comprehensive exposition of micro and nanofiber formation processes, from physical foundations to production and applications.

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion
  • Author : Marino Xanthos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-01-01
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 1569901139
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Summary : Based on a highly successful PPI advanced technical course given by the author, this book combines the applied and fundamental aspects of reactive extrusion.

Shape Memory Polymers

Shape Memory Polymers
  • Author : Jinlian Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-27
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9781909030336
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Summary : Shape-memory polymers (SMP) are a unique branch of the smart materials family which are capable of changing shape on-demand upon exposure to external stimulus. The discovery of SMP made a significant breakthrough in the developments of novel smart materials for a variety of engineering applications, superseded the traditional materials, and also influenced the current methods of product designing. This book provides the latest advanced information of on-going research domains of SMP. This will certainly enlighten the reader to the achievements and tremendous potentials of SMP. The basic fundamentals of SMP, including shape-memory mechanisms and mechanics are described. This will aid reader to become more familiar with SMP and the basic concepts, thus guiding them in undergoing independent research in the SMP field. The book also provides the reader with associated challenges and existing application problems of SMP. This could assist the reader to focus more on these issues and further exploit their knowledge to look for innovative solutions. Future outlooks of SMP research are discussed as well. This book should prove to be extremely useful for academics, R&D managers, researcher scientists, engineers, and all others related to the SMP research.

Polymeric Dispersions: Principles and Applications

Polymeric Dispersions: Principles and Applications
  • Author : J.M. Asua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :565
  • ISBN : 9789401155120
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Summary : A comprehensive and up to date survey of the science and technology of polymeric dispersions. The book discusses the kinetics and mechanisms of polymerization in dispersed media, examines the processes controlling particle morphology, presents both off-line and on-line methods for the characterization of polymer colloids, considers reactor engineering and control, and covers a wide variety of applications, such as latex paint formulations, encapsulation of inorganic particles, reactive latexes, adhesives, paper coating, and biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. Audience: A valuable resource for scientists and engineers, academic and industrial, who are involved in the manufacture or application of polymeric dispersions.

Heterophase Network Polymers

Heterophase Network Polymers
  • Author : Boris A Rozenberg,Grigori M Sigalov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-17
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781134453849
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Summary : This volume explains the theory and experimental investigations in the preparation of heterophase polymer network materials through cure reaction-induced microphase separation (CRIMPS). It describes the synthesis of a new family of block- and graft-copolymers with controlled solubility in epoxies and characterizes CRIMPS processes using novel applications of known methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance and photochemistry. The text develops a new method for characterizing the molecular mass distribution (MMD) of linear and network polymers using thermomechanical analysis data, as well as new methods for determining internal stresses and flaw formation during thermoset curing. The CRIMPS theory will be helpful for researchers and engineers designing and improving toughened plastics and other smart heterophase network materials for different applications. The new method for MMD characterization of polymers in bulk will be very useful to quickly analyze a polymer's MMD and to design new polymers. This book will provide a useful reference for graduates, researchers and working professionals in polymer chemistry and physics and materials science.

Electrochemical Supercapacitors

Electrochemical Supercapacitors
  • Author : B. E. Conway
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :698
  • ISBN : 9781475730586
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Summary : The first model for the distribution of ions near the surface of a metal electrode was devised by Helmholtz in 1874. He envisaged two parallel sheets of charges of opposite sign located one on the metal surface and the other on the solution side, a few nanometers away, exactly as in the case of a parallel plate capacitor. The rigidity of such a model was allowed for by Gouy and Chapman inde pendently, by considering that ions in solution are subject to thermal motion so that their distribution from the metal surface turns out diffuse. Stern recognized that ions in solution do not behave as point charges as in the Gouy-Chapman treatment, and let the center of the ion charges reside at some distance from the metal surface while the distribution was still governed by the Gouy-Chapman view. Finally, in 1947, D. C. Grahame transferred the knowledge of the struc ture of electrolyte solutions into the model of a metal/solution interface, by en visaging different planes of closest approach to the electrode surface depending on whether an ion is solvated or interacts directly with the solid wall. Thus, the Gouy-Chapman-Stern-Grahame model of the so-called electrical double layer was born, a model that is still qualitatively accepted, although theoreti cians have introduced a number of new parameters of which people were not aware 50 years ago.

Chemorheology of Polymers

Chemorheology of Polymers
  • Author : Peter J. Halley,Graeme A. George
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :443
  • ISBN : 9780521807197
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Summary : Understanding the dynamics of reactive polymer processes allows scientists to create new, high-value, high-performance polymers. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers and practitioners working in this area. It includes coverage of thermoplastics, thermoset and reactive polymers, together with practical industrial processes and modern chemorheological models and tools.

Handbook of Ring-Opening Polymerization

Handbook of Ring-Opening Polymerization
  • Author : Philippe Dubois,Olivier Coulembier,Jean-Marie Raquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-02
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9783527319534
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Summary : This comprehensive, truly one-stop reference discusses monomers, methods, stereochemistry, industrial applications and more. Chapters written by internationally acclaimed experts in their respective fields cover both basic principles and up-to-date information, ranging from the controlled ring-opening polymerization methods to polymer materials of industrial interest. All main classes of monomers including heterocyclics, cyclic olefins and alkynes, and cycloalkanes, are discussed separately as well as their specificities regarding the ring-opening polymerization techniques, the mechanisms, the degree of control, the properties of the related polymers and their applications. The two last chapters are devoted to the implementation of green chemistry in ring-opening polymerization processes. Of much interest to chemists in academia and industry.

Ion Exchange in Environmental Processes

Ion Exchange in Environmental Processes
  • Author : Arup K. SenGupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-18
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781119157397
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Summary : 7.1.1 Heavy Metals: What are They?

Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites

Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends, and Composites
  • Author : Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Seno Jose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-21
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9783527823611
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Summary : State-of-the-art overview on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites -- covering all aspects from fundamentals to applications! Bioepoxy polymers is an emerging area and have attracted more and more attention due to their biodegradability and good thermo-mechanical performance. In recent years, research progress has been made in synthesis, processing, characterization, and applications of bioepoxy blends and composites. Bioepoxy polymers are very promising candidates to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers. Bio-Based Epoxy Polymers, Blends and Composites summaries recent research progress on bioepoxy polymers as well as their blends and composites. It covers aspects from synthesis, processing, various characterization techniques to broad spectrum of applications. It provides a correlation of physical properties with macro, micro and nanostructures of the materials. Moreover, research trends, future directions, and opportunities are also discussed. Attracts attention: Bioepoxy polymers are environmentally friendly and considered as a promising candidate to replace the traditional thermosetting nonbiodegradable polymers Highly application-oriented: Bioepoxy polymers can be used in a broad range of applications such as polymer foams, construction, aerospace, automobiles, self-healing systems One-stop reference: Covers all aspects of bioepoxy polymer, their blends and composites, such as synthesis, properties, processing, characterization and applications Broad audience: Attracts attention from both academia and industry

Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature

Compendium of Polymer Terminology and Nomenclature
  • Author : International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature,Richard G. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01
  • Total pages :443
  • ISBN : 9780854044917
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Summary : Rev. and enl. ed. of: Compendium of macromolecular nomenclature. 1991.

Applications of Electroactive Polymers

Applications of Electroactive Polymers
  • Author : Ger Stienen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9789401115681
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Summary : Electroactive polymers have been the object of increasing academic and industrial interest and in the past ten to fifteen years substantial progress has been achieved in the development and the characterization of this important new class of conducting materials. These materials are usually classified in two large groups, according to the mode of their electric transport. One group includes polymers having transport almost exclusively of the ionic type and they are often called 'polymer electrolytes' or, in a broader way, 'polymer ionics'. The other group includes polymeric materials where the transport mechanism is mainly electronic in nature and which are commonly termed 'conducting polymers'. Ionically conducting polymers or polymer ionics may be typically described as polar macromolecular solids in which one or more of a wide range of salts has been dissolved. The most classic example is the combina tion of poly(ethylene oxide), PEO, and lithium salts, LiX. These PEO-LiX polymer ionics were first described and proposed for applications just over ten years ago. The practical relevance of these new materials was im mediately recognized and in the course of a few years the field expanded tremendously with the involvement of many academic and industrial lab oratories. Following this diversified research activity, the ionic transport mechanism in polymer ionics was soon established and this has led to the development of new host polymers of various types, new salts and advanced polymer architectures which have enabled room temperature conductivity to be raised by several orders of magnitude.

Polymeric Foams

Polymeric Foams
  • Author : Shau-Tarng Lee,Chul B. Park,N. S. Ramesh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-21
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 142000462X
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Summary : Polymers are among the major hallmarks of 20th-century science, and the explosive outgrowth and tremendous importance of polymeric foams is a testament to their amazing versatility and unique properties. With applications from automotive to acoustic and medical, polymeric foams pervade all areas of our lives. If this growth is to continue into the