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Reasoning

Reasoning
  • Author : Magdalena Balcerak Jackson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-02
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780198791478
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Summary : Philosophers have always recognized the value of reason, but the process of reasoning itself has only recently begun to emerge as a philosophical topic in its own right. Is reasoning a distinctive kind of mental process? If so, what is its nature? How does reasoning differ from merely freely associating thoughts? What is the relationship between reasoning about what to believe and reasoning about how to act? Is reasoning itself something you do, or something that happens to you? And what is the value of reasoning? Are there rules for good or correct reasoning and, if so, what are they like? Does good reasoning always lead to justified belief or rational action? Is there more than one way to reason correctly from your evidence? This volume comprises twelve new essays by leading researchers in the philosophy of reasoning that together address these questions and many more, and explore the connections between them.

Reliable Reasoning

Reliable Reasoning
  • Author : Gilbert Harman,Sanjeev Kulkarni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-13
  • Total pages :108
  • ISBN : 9780262517348
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Summary : The implications for philosophy and cognitive science of developments in statistical learning theory. In Reliable Reasoning, Gilbert Harman and Sanjeev Kulkarni--a philosopher and an engineer--argue that philosophy and cognitive science can benefit from statistical learning theory (SLT), the theory that lies behind recent advances in machine learning. The philosophical problem of induction, for example, is in part about the reliability of inductive reasoning, where the reliability of a method is measured by its statistically expected percentage of errors--a central topic in SLT. After discussing philosophical attempts to evade the problem of induction, Harman and Kulkarni provide an admirably clear account of the basic framework of SLT and its implications for inductive reasoning. They explain the Vapnik-Chervonenkis (VC) dimension of a set of hypotheses and distinguish two kinds of inductive reasoning. The authors discuss various topics in machine learning, including nearest-neighbor methods, neural networks, and support vector machines. Finally, they describe transductive reasoning and suggest possible new models of human reasoning suggested by developments in SLT.

Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
  • Author : James Allen,Richard E. Fikes,Erik Sandewall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105031381101
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Summary : The proceedings of the Second International Conference on [title] held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 1991, comprise 55 papers on topics including the logical specifications of reasoning behaviors and representation formalisms, comparative analysis of competing algorithms and formalisms, and ana

Logic

Logic
  • Author : John Leechman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1864
  • Total pages :209
  • ISBN : BL:A0025146678
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Summary :

MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2020-2021

MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2020-2021
  • Author : Kaplan Test Prep
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-02
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781506248714
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Summary : Kaplan’s MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2020-2021 is updated to reflect the latest, most accurate, and most testable materials on the MCAT. A new layout makes our book even more streamlined and intuitive for easier review. You’ll get efficient strategies, detailed subject review, and hundreds of practice questions—all authored by the experts behind the MCAT prep course that has helped more people get into medical school than all other major courses combined. Efficient Strategies and In-Depth Review New to this edition: Entirely revamped content with updated methods for the latest challenges the testmaker has built into the exam High Yield badges indicate the most testable content based on AAMC materials Concept summaries that boil down the need-to-know information in each chapter, including any necessary equations to memorize Chapter Profiles indicate the degree to which each chapter is tested and the testmaker content categories to which it aligns Realistic Practice One-year online access to instructional videos, practice questions, and quizzes Hundreds of practice questions show you how to apply concepts Learning objectives and concept checks ensure you’re focusing on the most important information in each chapter Expert Guidance Sidebars illustrate connections between concepts and include references to more information, real-world tie ins, mnemonics, and MCAT-specific tips Comprehensive subject review written by top-rated, award-winning Kaplan instructors who guide you on where to focus your efforts and how to organize your review. All material is vetted by editors with advanced science degrees and by a medical doctor. We know the test: The Kaplan MCAT team has spent years studying every MCAT-related document available, and our experts ensure our practice questions and study materials are true to the test

Logic for the Million: a familiar exposition of the art of reasoning. By a Fellow of the Royal Society J. W. Gilbart

Logic for the Million: a familiar exposition of the art of reasoning. By a Fellow of the Royal Society J. W. Gilbart
  • Author : James William GILBART
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1860
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : BL:A0025146760
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Summary :

super reasoning

super reasoning
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Thinking and Reasoning

Thinking and Reasoning
  • Author : Jonathan Evans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 0863774156
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Summary : This is a collection of all papers published in volume one of the journal "Thinking and Reasoning", an international journal dedicated to the understanding of human thought processes with a particular emphasis on studies on reasoning. Whilst the primary focus is on psychological studies of thinking, contributions are included from philosophers, artificial intelligence researchers and other cognitive scientists whose work bears upon the central concerns of the journal. Topics covered include studies of deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, problem solving, decision making, probability judgement, conceptual thinking, and the influence of language and culture on thought.

Logical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning
  • Author : Bradley Harris Dowden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :493
  • ISBN : 0534176887
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Summary : This book is designed to engage students' interest and promote their writing abilities while teaching them to think critically and creatively. Dowden takes an activist stance on critical thinking, asking students to create and revise arguments rather than simply recognizing and criticizing them. His book emphasizes inductive reasoning and the analysis of individual claims in the beginning, leaving deductive arguments for consideration later in the course.

Reasoning Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day

Reasoning Skills Success in 20 Minutes a Day
  • Author : LearningExpress (Organization)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :159
  • ISBN : 1576857204
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Summary : Provides tips and techniques for developing one's reasoning skills, focusing on such topics as problem-solving strategies, working with arguments, and evaluating evidence.

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems
  • Author : Sebastian Rudolph,Claudio Gutierrez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-19
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9783642235795
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems, RR 2011, held in Galway, Ireland in August 2011. The 13 revised full papers, 12 revised short papers presented together with 2 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. The papers address all current topics in Semantic Web, interplay between classical reasoning approach with welll established web languages such as RDF and OWL, reasoning languages, querying and optimization and rules and ontologies.

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions
  • Author : Joy Higgs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780750688857
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Summary : Clinical reasoning is the foundation of professional clinical practice. Totally revised and updated, this book continues to provide the essential text on the theoretical basis of clinical reasoning in the health professions and examines strategies for assisting learners, scholars and clinicians develop their reasoning expertise. key chapters revised and updated nature of clinical reasoning sections have been expanded increase in emphasis on collaborative reasoning core model of clinical reasoning has been revised and updated

Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods

Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods
  • Author : Uwe Egly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-07-17
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 3540439293
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Summary : Intelligent systems enhance the capacities made available by the internet and other computer-based technologies. This book is devoted to various aspects of the management of intelligent systems. Particular attention is paid to situations in which the available information and data may be imprecise, uncertain, incomplete or of linguistic nature. Various methods developed to manage such information are discussed in the context of several domains of application. Topics included in the book include preference modelling and decision making, learning, clustering and data mining, information retrieval. The paradigm of computing with words is also addressed.

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems

Web Reasoning and Rule Systems
  • Author : Massimo Marchiori,Jeff Z. Pan,Christian de Sainte Marie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-27
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9783540729822
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Web Reasoning and Rule Systems, RR 2007, held in Innsbruck, Austria. It address all current topics in Web reasoning and rule systems, including acquisition of rules and ontologies by knowledge extraction, design and analysis of reasoning languages, reasoning with constraints, rule languages and systems, semantic Web services modeling and applications.

Theory Reasoning in Connection Calculi

Theory Reasoning in Connection Calculi
  • Author : Peter Baumgartner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-18
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9783540655091
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Summary : The ability to draw inferences is a central operation in any artificial intelligence system. Automated reasoning is therefore among the traditional disciplines in AI. Theory reasoning is about techniques for combining automated reasoning systems with specialized and efficient modules for handling domain knowledge called background reasoners. Connection methods have proved to be a good choice for implementing high-speed automated reasoning systems. They are the starting point in this monograph,in which several theory reasoning versions are defined and related to each other. A major contribution of the book is a new technique of linear completion allowing for the automatic construction of background reasoners from a wide range of axiomatically given theories. The emphasis is on theoretical investigations, but implementation techniques based on Prolog are also covered.

Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals

Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals
  • Author : Gary George Ford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-13
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 9780761930945
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Summary : Ethical Reasoning for Mental Health Professionals addresses a fundamental need of ethics training in psychology and counseling: the development of reasoning skills to resolve the complex professional ethical issues that arise. Author Gary G. Ford provides readers with a background in ethical reasoning and introduces them to an easy-to-follow eight step model of ethical decision making.

Reasoning with a Computer in Pascal

Reasoning with a Computer in Pascal
  • Author : Daniel Solow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :481
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105032334190
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Summary :

Evaluative and Explanatory Reasoning

Evaluative and Explanatory Reasoning
  • Author : Stuart S. Nagel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105001592893
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Summary : This volume is a culmination of years of development, and the first to introduce the concepts of superoptimum evaluative and explanatory reasoning. Nagel's new Quorum book will help academic and practicing attorneys in two important ways. By understanding evaluative reasoning, they will gain a better grasp of the appropriate behavior to be adopted to achieve desired goals, and by understanding explanatory reasoning, they will learn why decisions are reached through the hypothesizing of goals or the causal perceptions of decision makers.

Text-based Learning and Reasoning

Text-based Learning and Reasoning
  • Author : Charles A. Perfetti,M. Anne Britt,Mara C. Georgi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9780805816433
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Summary : History is both an academic discipline and a school subject. As a discipline, it fosters a systematic way of discovering and evaluating the events of the past. As a school subject, American history is a staple of middle grades and high school curricula in the United States. In higher education, it is part of the liberal arts education tradition. Its role in school learning provides a context for our approach to history as a topic of learning. In reading history, students engage in cognitive processes of learning, text processing, and reasoning. This volume touches on each of these cognitive problems -- centered on an in-depth study of college students' text learning and extended to broader issues of text understanding, the cognitive structures that enable learning of history, and reasoning about historical problems. Slated to occupy a distinctive place in the literature on human cognition, this volume combines at least three key features in a unique examination of the course of learning and reasoning in one academic domain -- history. The authors draw theory and analysis of text understanding from cognitive science; and focus on multiple "natural" texts of extended length rather than laboratory texts as well as multiple and extended realistic learning situations. The research demonstrates that history stories can be described by causal-temporal event models and that these models capture the learning achieved by students. This text establishes that history learning includes learning a story, but does not assume that story learning is all there is in history. It shows a growth in students' reasoning about the story and a linkage -- developed over time and with study -- between learning and reasoning. It then illustrates that students can be exceedingly malleable in their opinions about controversial questions -- and generally quite influenced by the texts they read. And it presents patterns of learning and reasoning within and between individuals as well as within the group of students as a whole. By examining students' ability to use historical documents, this volume goes beyond story learning into the problem of document-based reasoning. The authors show not just that history is a story from the learner's point of view, but also that students can develop a certain expertise in the use of documents in reasoning.

Reasoning

Reasoning
  • Author : Michael Scriven
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : UOM:39015001429243
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Summary :

Human Reasoning

Human Reasoning
  • Author : Anonimo,Jonathan St. B. C. Evans,Jonathan St. B. T. Evans,Stephen E. Newstead,Ruth M. J. Byrne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 0863773133
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Summary : Seductive reasoning is widely regarded as an activity central to human intelligence, and as such has attracted a large amount of psychological study. In this book, the authors provide a detailed and balanced review of all the main kinds.