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Recent Advances in High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells

Recent Advances in High-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells
  • Author : Sivakumar Pasupathi,Juan Carlos Calderon Gomez,Huaneng Su,Harikishan Reddy,Piotr Bujlo,Cordellia Sita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-13
  • Total pages :86
  • ISBN : 9780128103869
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Summary : Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Primers is a series focused on Energy applications. Its concise volumes present those coming into this broad and multidisciplinary field with the most recent advances in each of its particular topics. They bring together information that has thus far been scattered in many different sources under one single title, which makes them a useful reference for industry professionals, researchers and graduate students, especially those starting in a new topic of research. This volume, Recent Advances in High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells, provides an up-to-date progress of High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (HTPEMFCs), including three critical subjects for this type of fuel cells: Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) development, stack development and systems development. The MEA and stack development sections cover the recent advances in this area and highlight the areas in most need of improvement. The systems development section focuses on stationary systems, mainly Combined Heat and Power (CHP), based on HTPEMFCs. Finally the conclusions summarize the recent advances of HTPEMFCs in all these areas and provide some insights for future developments. Prof. Bruno G. Pollet, Series Editor Presents the most current knowledge in membrane electrode assembly, stack, and systems development for HTPEMFCs Highlights the areas that need improvement in electrode assembly and stack development Examines stationary high temperature PEMFC systems, including CHP

PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis

PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis
  • Author : Jiujun Zhang,Jifeng Wu,Huamin Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-22
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780444536891
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Summary : PEM Fuel Cell Testing and Diagnosis covers the recent advances in PEM (proton exchange membrane) fuel cell systems, focusing on instruments and techniques for testing and diagnosis, and the application of diagnostic techniques in practical tests and operation. This book is a unique source of electrochemical techniques for researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of fuel cells. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells are currently considered the most promising clean energy-converting devices for stationary, transportation, and micro-power applications due to their high energy density, high efficiency, and environmental friendliness. To advance research and development of this emerging technology, testing and diagnosis are an essential combined step. This book aids those efforts, addressing effects of humidity, temperature and pressure on fuel cells, degradation and failure analysis, and design and assembly of MEAs, single cells and stacks. Provides fundamental and theoretical principles for PEM fuel cell testing and diagnosis. Comprehensive source for selecting techniques, experimental designs and data analysis Analyzes PEM fuel cell degradation and failure mechanisms, and suggests failure mitigation strategies Provides principles for selecting PEM fuel cell key materials to improve durability

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
  • Author : Qingfeng Li,David Aili,Hans Aage Hjuler,Jens Oluf Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-15
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 9783319170824
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive review of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFCs are the preferred fuel cells for a variety of applications such as automobiles, cogeneration of heat and power units, emergency power and portable electronics. The first 5 chapters of the book describe rationalization and illustration of approaches to high temperature PEM systems. Chapters 6 - 13 are devoted to fabrication, optimization and characterization of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes, the very first electrolyte system that has demonstrated the concept of and motivated extensive research activity in the field. The last 11 chapters summarize the state-of-the-art of technological development of high temperature-PEMFCs based on acid doped PBI membranes including catalysts, electrodes, MEAs, bipolar plates, modelling, stacking, diagnostics and applications.

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
  • Author : Klaus-Dieter Kreuer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-14
  • Total pages :801
  • ISBN : 9781461457855
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Summary : The expected end of the “oil age” will lead to increasing focus and reliance on alternative energy conversion devices, among which fuel cells have the potential to play an important role. Not only can phosphoric acid and solid oxide fuel cells already efficiently convert today’s fossil fuels, including methane, into electricity, but other types of fuel cells, such as polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, have the potential to become the cornerstones of a possible future hydrogen economy. Featuring 21 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Fuel Cells offers concise yet comprehensive coverage of the current state of research and identifies key areas for future investigation. Internationally renowned specialists provide authoritative introductions to a wide variety of fuel cell types, and discuss materials, components, and systems for these technologies. The entries also cover sustainability and marketing considerations, including comparisons of fuel cells with alternative technologies.

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
  • Author : Qingfeng Li,David Aili,Hans Aage Hjuler,Jens Oluf Jensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-15
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 9783319170824
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive review of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFCs are the preferred fuel cells for a variety of applications such as automobiles, cogeneration of heat and power units, emergency power and portable electronics. The first 5 chapters of the book describe rationalization and illustration of approaches to high temperature PEM systems. Chapters 6 - 13 are devoted to fabrication, optimization and characterization of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes, the very first electrolyte system that has demonstrated the concept of and motivated extensive research activity in the field. The last 11 chapters summarize the state-of-the-art of technological development of high temperature-PEMFCs based on acid doped PBI membranes including catalysts, electrodes, MEAs, bipolar plates, modelling, stacking, diagnostics and applications.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 7

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 7
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781566775670
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Summary :

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000005718592
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Summary :

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources

Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources
  • Author : Jurgen Garche,Chris K. Dyer,Patrick T. Moseley,Zempachi Ogumi,David A. J. Rand,Bruno Scrosati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-20
  • Total pages :4538
  • ISBN : 9780444527455
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of Electrochemical Power Sources is a truly interdisciplinary reference for those working with batteries, fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, and photo-electrochemical cells. With a focus on the environmental and economic impact of electrochemical power sources, this five-volume work consolidates coverage of the field and serves as an entry point to the literature for professionals and students alike. Covers the main types of power sources, including their operating principles, systems, materials, and applications Serves as a primary source of information for electrochemists, materials scientists, energy technologists, and engineers Incorporates nearly 350 articles, with timely coverage of such topics as environmental and sustainability considerations

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells

Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells
  • Author : San Ping Jiang,Pei Kang Shen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-07
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9781466512535
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Summary : Boasting chapters written by leading international experts, Nanostructured and Advanced Materials for Fuel Cells provides an overview of the progress that has been made so far in the material and catalyst development for fuel cells. The book covers the most recent developments detailing all aspects of synthesis, characterization, and performance.It

Advanced Electrocatalysts for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells

Advanced Electrocatalysts for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells
  • Author : Francisco Javier Rodríguez-Varela,Teko W. Napporn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-09
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9783319990194
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Summary : This book introduces the reader to the state of the art in nanostructured anode and cathode electrocatalysts for low-temperature acid and alkaline fuel cells. It explores the electrocatalysis of anode (oxidation of organic molecules) and cathode (oxygen reduction) reactions. It also offers insights into metal-carbon interactions, correlating them with the catalytic activity of the electrochemical reactions. The book explores the electrocatalytic behaviour of materials based on noble metals and their alloys, as well as metal-metal oxides and metal-free nanostructures. It also discusses the surface and structural modification of carbon supports to enhance the catalytic activity of electrocatalysts for fuel-cell reactions.

Fuel Cells Compendium

Fuel Cells Compendium
  • Author : Dr. Nigel N.P Brandon,Dr. David Thompsett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-11-24
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0080457258
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Summary : Fuel cells continue to be heralded as the energy source of the future, and every year an immense amount of research time and money is devoted making them more economically and technically viable. Fuel Cells Compendium brings together an up-to-date review of the literature and commentary surrounding fuel cells research. Covering all relevant disciplines from science to engineering to policy, it is an exceptional resource for anyone with an invested interest in the field. Provides an comprehensive selection of reviews and other industrially focused material on fuel cells research Broadly scoped to encompass many disciplines, from science to engineering, to applications and policy In-depth coverage of the two major types of fuel cells: Ceramic (Solid Oxide) and Polymers (Proton Exchange Membranes)

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools

PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools
  • Author : Haijiang Wang,Xiao-Zi Yuan,Hui Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-25
  • Total pages :578
  • ISBN : 9781439839201
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Summary : PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses. The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters. Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability
  • Author : Felix N. Büchi,Minoru Inaba,Thomas J. Schmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-08
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 9780387855363
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Summary : This book covers a significant number of R&D projects, performed mostly after 2000, devoted to the understanding and prevention of performance degradation processes in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). The extent and severity of performance degradation processes in PEFCs were recognized rather gradually. Indeed, the recognition overlapped with a significant number of industrial dem- strations of fuel cell powered vehicles, which would suggest a degree of technology maturity beyond the resaolution of fundamental failure mechanisms. An intriguing question, therefore, is why has there been this apparent delay in addressing fun- mental performance stability requirements. The apparent answer is that testing of the power system under fully realistic operation conditions was one prerequisite for revealing the nature and extent of some key modes of PEFC stack failure. Such modes of failure were not exposed to a similar degree, or not at all, in earlier tests of PEFC stacks which were not performed under fully relevant conditions, parti- larly such tests which did not include multiple on–off and/or high power–low power cycles typical for transportation and mobile power applications of PEFCs. Long-term testing of PEFCs reported in the early 1990s by both Los Alamos National Laboratory and Ballard Power was performed under conditions of c- stant cell voltage, typically near the maximum power point of the PEFC.

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells

Polymer Membranes for Fuel Cells
  • Author : Javaid Zaidi,Takeshi Matsuura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-15
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9780387735320
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Summary : From the late-1960’s, perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSAs) ionomers have dominated the PEM fuel cell industry as the membrane material of choice. The “gold standard’ amongst the many variations that exist today has been, and to a great extent still is, DuPont’s Nafion® family of materials. However, there is significant concern in the industry that these materials will not meet the cost, performance, and durability requirementsnecessary to drive commercialization in key market segments – es- cially automotive. Indeed, Honda has already put fuel cell vehicles in the hands of real end users that have home-grown fuel cell stack technology incorporating hydrocarbon-based ionomers. “Polymer Membranes in Fuel Cells” takes an in-depth look at the new chem- tries and membrane technologies that have been developed over the years to address the concerns associated with the materials currently in use. Unlike the PFSAs, which were originally developed for the chlor-alkali industry, the more recent hydrocarbon and composite materials have been developed to meet the specific requirements of PEM Fuel Cells. Having said this, most of the work has been based on derivatives of known polymers, such as poly(ether-ether ketones), to ensure that the critical requirement of low cost is met. More aggressive operational requi- ments have also spurred the development on new materials; for example, the need for operation at higher temperature under low relative humidity has spawned the creation of a plethora of new polymers with potential application in PEM Fuel Cells.

Fuel Cell Seminar 2008

Fuel Cell Seminar 2008
  • Author : Mark C. Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9781566777292
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Summary : The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented at the 2008 Fuel Cell Seminar & Exposition, held in Phoenix, Arizona, October 27 to October 31, 2008.

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Degradation

Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Degradation
  • Author : Matthew M. Mench,Emin Caglan Kumbur,T. Nejat Veziroglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780123869364
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Summary : For full market implementation of PEM fuel cells to become a reality, two main limiting technical issues must be overcome- cost and durability. This cutting-edge volume directly addresses the state-of-the-art advances in durability within every fuel cell stack component. [...] chapters on durability in the individual fuel cell components -- membranes, electrodes, diffusion media, and bipolar plates -- highlight specific degradation modes and mitigation strategies. The book also includes chapters which synthesize the component-related failure modes to examine experimental diagnostics, computational modeling, and laboratory protocol"--Back cover.

Pem Fuel Cells

Pem Fuel Cells
  • Author : Frano Barbir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9780123877109
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Summary : This new edition of Dr. Barbir's groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed."--pub. desc.

Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Letter

Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Letter
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058758080
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Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
  • Author : Tolga Taner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-09
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9781789230666
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Summary : The main idea of this study is to scrutinize the performance efficiency and enhancement of modelling and simulations of PEM fuel cell. Besides, the research of PEM fuel cell performance can figure out many critical issues for an alternative resource energy. The chapters collected in the book are contributions by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains nine chapters in three sections: (1) "General Information About PEM Fuel Cell", (2) "PEM Fuel Cell Technology" and (3) "Many Different Applications of PEM Fuel Cell". This book presents detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas and was written by academics with experience in their field. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to PEM fuel cell and other alternative energy resource workers, researchers, academics, PhD students and other scientists both in the present and in the future.

Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells

Sliding-Mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells
  • Author : Cristian Kunusch,Paul Puleston,Miguel Mayosky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-15
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781447124306
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Summary : Sliding-mode Control of PEM Fuel Cells demonstrates the application of higher-order sliding-mode control to PEMFC dynamics showing the advantages of sliding modes. The book introduces the theory of fuel cells and sliding-mode control. It contextualises PEMFCs both in terms of their development and within the hydrogen economy and today’s energy production situation as a whole. It then discusses fuel-cell operation principles, the mathematical background of high-order sliding-mode control and to a feasibility study for the use of sliding modes in the control of an automotive fuel stack. Part II presents experimental results of sliding-mode-control application to laboratory fuel cells and deals with subsystem-based modelling, detailed design, and observability and controllability. Simulation results are contrasted with empirical data and performance, robustness and implementation issues are treated in depth. Possibilities for future research are also laid out.

Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology

Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047884039
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Summary :