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Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology

Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology
  • Author : Manuel Simoes,Anabel Borges,Lucia Chaves Simoes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-04
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0128194987
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Summary : Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology helps researchers working on fundamental aspects of biofilm formation and control conduct biofilm studies and interpret results. The book provides a remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation, the methods used, monitoring characterization and mathematical modeling, the problems/advantages caused by their presence in the food industry, environment and medical fields, and the current and emergent strategies for their control. Research on biofilms has progressed rapidly in the last decade due to the fact that biofilms have required the development of new analytical tools and new collaborations between biologists, engineers and mathematicians. Presents an overview of the process of biofilm formation and its implications Provides a clearer understanding of the role of biofilms in infections Creates a foundation for further research on novel control strategies Updates readers on the remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation

Biofilms - Science and Technology

Biofilms - Science and Technology
  • Author : L. Melo,T.R. Bott,M. Fletcher,B. Capdeville
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :708
  • ISBN : 9401118248
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Summary : Biofilms -- Science and Technology covers the main topics of biofilm formation and activity, from basic science to applied aspects in engineering and medicine. The book presents a masterly discussion of microbial adhesion, the metabolism of microorganisms in biofilms, modelling of mass transfer and biological reaction within biofilms, as well as the behaviour of these microbial communities in industry (waste water treatment, heat exchanger biofouling, membranes, food processing) and in medicine (teeth, implants, prosthetic devices). Laboratory techniques and industrial monitoring methods are also presented. The book is directed at readers at the postgraduate level and is organised as a textbook, containing 11 chapters, a glossary, and a detailed subject index.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms
  • Author : Mukesh Kumar Yadav,Bhim Pratap Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-10
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0444642803
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Summary : New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms is divided into three sections: microbial adhesion/biofilms in medical settings, microbial adhesion/biofilms in agriculture, and microbial adhesion/biofilm in the environment and industry. Chapters cover adhesion and biofilm formation by pathogenic microbes on tissue and on indwelling medical devices, including sections on human infections, microbial communication during biofilm mode of growth, host defense and antimicrobial resistance, and more. Other sections cover the biofilms of agriculturally important and environmental friendly microbes, including biofilm formation on plants, in soil, and in aquatic environments. Finally, the latest scientific research on microbial adhesion and biofilm formation in the environment and in industry is covered. Provides an overview on the growth, structure, cell-to-cell interactions, and control/dispersal of bacterial and fungal of in vitro and in vivo biofilms Presents an overview on the microbial adhesion, biofilm formation and structures of single-species and multi-species biofilms on human tissues/medical devices, agriculture, environment and chemical industries Includes chapters on microbial biofilms of pathogenic microbes on human tissues and in medical indwelling devices Covers factors affecting microbial biofilm, adhesion and formation

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells
  • Author : Patit Paban Kundu,Kingshuk Dutta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-07
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0444640185
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Summary : Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells provides an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals, working principles, applications and advancements (including commercialization aspects) made in the field of Microbial Fuel Cells research, with critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world. Microbial Fuel cell, as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, has been progressing steadily towards fruitful commercialization. Involvements of electrolyte membranes and catalysts have been two of the most critical factors toward achieving this progress. Added applications of MFCs in areas of bio-hydrogen production and wastewater treatment have made this technology extremely attractive and important. . Reviews and compares MFCs with other alternative energy harnessing devices, particularly in comparison to other fuel cells. Analyses developments of electrolyte membranes, electrodes, catalysts and biocatalysts as critical components of MFCs, responsible for their present and future progress. Includes commercial aspects of MFCs in terms of (i) generation of electricity, (ii) microbial electrolysis cell, (iii) microbial desalination cell, and (iv) wastewater and sludge treatment.

Fundamentals of Biofilm Research

Fundamentals of Biofilm Research
  • Author : Zbigniew Lewandowski,Haluk Beyenal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-16
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 1466559608
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Summary : The six years that have passed since the publication of the first edition have brought significant advances in both biofilm research and biofilm engineering, which have matured to the extent that biofilm-based technologies are now being designed and implemented. As a result, many chapters have been updated and expanded with the addition of sections

Advances in Biofilm Science and Engineering

Advances in Biofilm Science and Engineering
  • Author : Ryan Jordan,Diane Williams,Ursula Charaf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 0974180211
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Summary : Microbial biofilms provide challenges in many fields of science, technology, and engineering. Advances in Biofilm Science and Engineering offers a state of the art review of new science about microbial biofilms in the areas of biotechnology, healthcare, and medicine.The purpose of this text is to strengthen [the biofilm] information nucleus by offering six core discussions of established concepts in biofilm science. The audience for this text is not just academic; it is trade. This book is for physicians, industrial microbiologists, product managers, process engineers, policy makers and public health officials. [The] authors represent some of the brightest researchers in the field of biofilm science and engineering and comprise a small subset of the research community with a passion for bringing biofilm information to industrial and medical trade professionals.Table of ContentsForward, by Ryan JordanChapter 1. The History and Use of Heterotrophic Plate Counts in Water Systems, by Anne Camper (Center for Biofilm Engineering, Montana State University)Chapter 2. Methods for Biofilm Study and Assays for Biofilm Susceptibility and Target Recognition: Approaches to Deal with the Biofilm Mode of Life, by Howard Ceri, Merle E. Olson, D. Storey, and D. Morck (Biofilm Research Group and Biological Sciences, University of Calgary)Chapter 3. Extracellular Polymeric Substances, by H.C. Flemming and J. Wingender (Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg Insitute of Interfacial Biotechnology Department of Aquatic Microbiology, Duisburg, Germany)Chapter 4. Biofilms and Antimicrobial Resistance: Beyond Physiological and Chemical Elements, by Peter Gilbert and Andrew McBain (School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Manchester)Chapter 5. Diverse Mechanisms of Biofilm Formation, by Lisa Friedman and Roberto Kolter (Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School)Chapter 6. Biofilm Formation and Control in Food Processing Environments, by Amy C. Lee Wong (Department of Food Microbiology and Toxicology, Food Research Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Y.V. Nancharaiah,Vayalam P. Venugopalan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-18
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 1351857320
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Summary : Biofilms represent the natural living style of microbial communities and play a pivotal role in biogeochemical cycles and natural attenuation. Biofilms can be engineered for biodegradation and biotransformation of organic and inorganic contaminants, for both in situ bioremediation and ex situ treatment in bioreactors. This book focuses on microbial biofilms and their potential technological applications for sustainable development. It covers recent advances in biofilm technologies for contaminant remediation coupled to recovery of resources and serves as a complete reference on the science and technology behind biofilm mediated bioremediation and wastewater treatment.

Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industries

Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industries
  • Author : P M Fratamico,B A Annous,N W Guenther
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-22
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 1845697162
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Summary : When bacteria attach to and colonise the surfaces of food processing equipment and foods products themselves, there is a risk that biofilms may form. Human pathogens in biofilms can be harder to remove than free microorganisms and may therefore pose a more significant food safety risk. Biofilms in the food and beverage industries reviews the formation of biofilms in these sectors and best practices for their control. The first part of the book considers fundamental aspects such as molecular mechanisms of biofilm formation by food-associated bacteria and methods for biofilm imaging, quantification and monitoring. Part two then reviews biofilm formation by different microorganisms. Chapters in Part three focus on significant issues related to biofilm prevention and removal. Contributions on biofilms in particular food industry sectors, such as dairy and red meat processing and fresh produce, complete the collection. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Biofilms in the food and beverage industries is a highly beneficial reference for microbiologists and those in industry responsible for food safety. Considers fundamental aspects concerning the ecology and characteristics of biofilms and considers methods for their detection Examines biofilm formation by different micro-organisms such as samonella and food spoilage Discusses specific issues related to biofilm prevention and removal, such as cleaning and sanitation of food contact surfaces and food processing equipment

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Applications
  • Author : Ram Prasad,Busi Siddhardha,Madhu Dyavaiah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-12
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 3030403378
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Summary : In the pursuit of technological advancement in the field of biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries to counteract health issues, bacterial infections remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The ability of bacterial pathogens to form biofilms further agglomerates the situation by showing resistance to conventional antibiotics. To overcome this serious issue, bioactive metabolites and other natural products were exploited to combat bacterial infections and biofilm-related health consequences. Natural products exhibited promising results in vitro, however; their efficacy in in vivo conditions remain obscured due to their low-solubility, bioavailability, and biocompatibility issues. In this scenario, nanotechnological interventions provide a multifaceted platform for targeted delivery of bioactive compounds by slow and sustained release of drug-like compounds. The unique physico-chemical properties, biocompatibility and eco-friendly nature of bioinspired nanostructures has revolutionized the field of biology to eradicate microbial infections and biofilm-related complications. The green-nanotechnology based metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and polymeric nanoparticles have been regularly employed for antimicrobial and antibiofilm applications without causing damage to host tissues. The implications of these nanoparticles toward achieving sustainability in agriculture by providing systemic resistance against a variety of phytopathogens therefore plays crucial role in growth and crop productivity. Also the advent of smart and hybrid nanomaterials such as metal-based polymer nanocomposites, lipid-based nanomaterials and liposomes have the inherent potential to eradicate bacterial biofilm-related infections in an efficient manner. The recent development of carbon-based nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and silica based nanomaterials such as mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) also exploit a target of dreadful healthcare conditions such as cancer, immunomodulatory diseases, and microbial infections, as well as biofilm-related issues owing to their stability profile, biocompatibility, and unique physio-chemical properties. Recently novel physical approaches such as photothermal therapy (PTT) and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) also revolutionized conventional strategies and are engaged in eradicating microbial biofilm-related infections and related health consequences. These promising advancements in the development of novel strategies to treat microbial infections and biofilm-related multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon may provide new avenues and aid to conventional antimicrobial therapeutics.

Science and Technology Against Microbial Pathogens

Science and Technology Against Microbial Pathogens
  • Author : A Mendez-Vilas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-06
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9814458694
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Summary : The aim of this book is to disseminate the most recent research in science and technology against microbial pathogens presented at the first edition of the ICAR Conference Series (ICAR2010) held in Valladolid, Spain, in November 2010. This volume is a compilation of 86 chapters written by active researchers that offer information and experiences and afford critical insights into anti-microbe strategies in a general context marked by the threat posed by the increasing antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic microorganisms. “Anti” is here taken in a wide sense as “against cell cycle, adhesion, or communication”, and when harmful for the human health (infectious diseases, chemotherapy etc.) and industry or economy (food, agriculture, water systems etc.) The book examines this interesting subject area from antimicrobial resistance (superbugs, emerging and re-emerging pathogens etc.), to the use of natural products or microbes against microbial pathogens, not forgetting antimicrobial chemistry, physics and material science. Readers will find in a single volume, up-to-date information of the current knowledge in antimicrobial research. The book is recommended for researchers from a broad range of academic disciplines that are contributing in the battle against harmful microorganisms, not only those more traditionally involved in this research area (microbiologists, biochemists, geneticists, clinicians etc.), but also experimental and theoretical/computational chemists, physicists or engineers. Contents:Antimicrobial Peptides:A new class of Scots pine antimicrobial proteins, which act by binding β-glucan (Sanjeewani Sooriyaarachchi, Adrian Suárez Covarrubias, Wimal Ubhayasekera, Frederick O Asiegbu and Sherry L Mowbray)Antimicrobial aza-β3-peptides: Structure-activity relationship? (B Legrand, M Laurencin, C Zatylny-Gaudin, J Henry, A Bondon and M Baudy Floc'h)Differential antimicrobial activities of Human Beta-Defensins against Methicillin Resistant (MRSA) and Methicillin sensitive (MSSA) Staphylococcus aureus (N D S Herathge, J T George and D A Rowley)Non-antibiotics Biocides:Evaluation of biocidal activity of Evolyse, a disinfectant based on hydrogen peroxide and silver nitrate (M Barbara Pisano, V Altana, M Elisabetta Fadda, L Mura, M Deplano and S Cosentino)Increased resistance to detergent in Enterococcus faecalis (Jacqueline Keyhani and Ezzatollah Keyhani)Legionella pneumophila isolation rate in a Spanish hospital pre- and post-installation of an electrochemical activation system for potable water disinfection (Jose-Maria Rivera, Juan-Jose Granizo, Jose-Maria Aguiar, Ana Vos-Arenilla, Maria-Jose Giménez and Lorenzo Aguilar)Antimicrobial Evaluation: Clinical and Pre-clinical Trials:Adherence to ART and its associated factors among HIV Aids Patients in Addis Ababa (Ezra Muluneh)Effectiveness and safety of miconazole with hydrocortisone (Daktacort) feminine care cream in the treatment of vulvar candidiasis (J Perez-Peralta and G Balaccua)Natural Products: Terrestrial and Marine Organisms:Analysis of the 2-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate present in Brassica leaves and their potential application as antimicrobial agent against bacteria strains isolated from Human and Pig gastrointestinal tracts (A Aires, C Dias, R N Bennett, E A S Rosa and M J Saavedra)Antimicrobial effect of carvacrol on Escherichia coli K12 growth at different temperatures (C M Belda-Galbis, A Martínez and D Rodrigo)Bacteriostatic effect of cocoa powder rich in polyphenols to control Cronobacter sakazakii proliferation on infant milk formula (M C Pina-Pérez, D Rodrigo and A Martínez-López)Antimicrobial Surfaces. Biofilms. Quorum Sensing. Consumer Products:Antimicrobial active packaging films based on sorbic acid (C Hauser, J Wunderlich and G Ziegleder)Bacteriophages actions on Salmonella Enteritidis biofilm (A A Ferreira, R C S Mendonça, H M Hungaro, M M Carvalho and J A M Pereira)Biocompatibility and antibacterial property of cold sprayed ZnO/Titanium composite coating (Noppakun Sanpo, Chen Hailan, Kelvin Loke, Koh Pak Keng, Philip Cheang, C C Berndt and K A Khor)Methods and Techniques. Mechanisms of Action. Physics:A new approach for detection of bacterial contamination in cooling lubricants (D Oberschmidt, A Spielvogel, C Hein, J E Langbein, D Lorenz, U Stahl and E Uhlmann)Development of a liquid-medium assay for screening antimicrobial natural products against marine bacteria (M Geiger, J Dupont, O Grovel, Y F Pouchus and P Hess)Experimental planning can help to optimize the selective photoinactivation of microorganisms (J R Perussi, P L Fernandes, C Bernal and H Imasato)Resistance and Susceptibility:A 3-year review on the profile of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative in a tertiary teaching hospital inMalaysia (H Habsah, Z Z Deris, M Zeehaida, A R Zaidah, H Siti Asma' and I Nabilah)Antimicrobial susceptibility in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus harbouring of mecA and lukFS-PV genes in Northern Portugal (N Silva, C Prudêncio, C Tomaz and R Fernandes)Antimicrobial susceptibility profile and effect of stem bark extracts of Curtisia dentata on multi-drug resistant verotoxic Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter spp. isolates obtained from water and wastewater samples (Hamuel James Doughari, Patrick Alois Ndakidemi, Izanne Susan Human and Spinney Benade)Chemistry:Antimicrobial cyclic pseudopeptides including Aza-β3-amino acids (M Laurencin, B Legrand, L Mouret, A Bondon, Y Fleury and M Baudy Floc'h)Effect of paracetamol on the pharmacokinetics of cephalexin in dogs (N A Afifi, M Atef, K Abo-El-Sooud and N El-Mokadem)Importance of the C9 absolute configuration for the antifungal activity of natural and semisynthetic sesquiterpenes (M Derita, M Di Liberto and S Zacchino)Antimicrobial Microbes and Viruses. Biosynthesis of Antibiotics:Antimicrobial properties of Lactobacillus plantarum Tensia (DSM 21380) and Inducia (DSM 21379) (M Rätsep, P Hütt, R Avi, M Utt and E Songisepp)Cell growth control by tRNase ribotoxins from bacteria and yeast (Eyemen Kheir, Christian Bär, Daniel Jablonowski and Raffael Schaffrath)Comparison of anti-listerial effect spectrum of bacteriocins (Selin Kalkan, Emel Ünal and Zerrin Erginkaya)and other papers Readership: Professionals - microbiologists, biochemists, geneticists, clinicians, chemists, physicists, engineers. Keywords:Antimicrobial Research;Antimicrobial Resistance;Antimicrobial in Natural Products;Antimicrobial Microbes;Antimicrobial Materials Science and Surface Chemistry;Microbial Pathogens;Antibacterial;Antifungal;ICAR2010 Conference Proceedings Book;Mendez-VilasKey Features:The book examines this interesting subject area from antimicrobial resistance (superbugs, emerging and re-emerging pathogens etc.), to the use of natural products or microbes against microbial pathogens, not forgetting the antimicrobial chemistry, physics and material scienceReaders will be able to find updated information of the current knowledge in antimicrobial research

Bacterial Biofilms and Their Control in Medicine and Industry

Bacterial Biofilms and Their Control in Medicine and Industry
  • Author : Julian W. T. Wimpenny,British Biofilms Club
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Advances in Microbial Biotechnology

Advances in Microbial Biotechnology
  • Author : Pradeep Kumar, PhD.,Jayanta Kumar Patra,Pranjal Chandra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 1351248898
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Summary : Over the last few decades, the rapid and vast development of advanced microbial bioresources and metagenomics techniques has completely transformed the field of microbial biotechnology. Our understanding of microbial diversity, evolutionary biology, and microbial interaction with their animal and plant hosts at molecular level has been revolutionized with an abundance of new research. This new volume, Advances in Microbial Biotechnology: Current Trends and Future Prospect, focuses on the application of microorganisms for several purposes: for plant protection and improvement, for environmental remediation purposes, and for the improvement of human health. Various applications of microorganisms are covered broadly and have been appropriately reflected in depth in different chapters. The book is divided into four major sections: applied microbiology in agriculture microbes in the environment microbes in human health microbes in nanotechnology The book provides insight into the diverse microorganisms that have been explored and exploited in the development of various applications for agricultural improvements. The book also looks at the application of microbes for the removal of pollutants and the recovery of metals and oils. Also discussed is the detection and exploitation of microorganisms in the diagnosis of human diseases, providing possible holistic approaches to health. This new volume will provide a wealth of information on new research on the application of microbial biotechnology today.

Understanding Stress Response in Desulfovibrio Vulgaris Hildenborough

Understanding Stress Response in Desulfovibrio Vulgaris Hildenborough
  • Author : Alyssa Marie Redding
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Biofilm Systems IV

Biofilm Systems IV
  • Author : F. Rogalla,Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-05-31
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : In the last decade biofilm systems have made staggering progress. With adaptation of the process to nitrogen removal, trickling filters have become an economical alternative to activated sludge, enabling the upgrading of thousands of plants. Better understanding of rotating biological contractors has made them a preferred technology for small-scale plants, and there is growing use of biological aerated filters, especially in small-footprint nitrogen removal. High-rate fluidised bed or airlift reactors, both anaerobic and aerobic, with and without carriers, have shown their efficiency in several hundred industrial applications, leading to applications in municipal treatment. Moving bed biofilm reactors now compete with hybrid systems for upgrading existing activated sludge basins. The biofilm conference also brings together professionals studying clean water aspects of biofilms with those applying them to wastewater reactors. While the latter use the growth of fixed bacteria to optimise the efficiency of treatment systems, the former aim to combat formation of biofilms in distribution networks. But many tools for analysis and modelling can be shared, and the knowledge of what favours biofilm growth and performance can be used to inhibit their occurrence. These proceedings offer an unrivalled authoritative collection of current work worldwide on the research, development and application of biofilm systems.

Microbial Biofilms

Microbial Biofilms
  • Author : Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Nooruddin Thajuddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9535124358
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Summary : In the book Microbial Biofilms: Importance and applications, eminent scientists provide an up-to-date review of the present and future trends on biofilm-related research. This book is divided with four subdivisions as biofilm fundamentals, applications, health aspects, and their control. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on microbial interactions in biofilms, pyocyanin, and extracellular DNA in facilitating Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation, atomic force microscopic studies of biofilms, and biofilms in beverage industry. The book comprises a total of 21 chapters from valued contributions from world leading experts in Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Serbia, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, and Turkey. This book may be used as a text or reference for everyone interested in biofilms and their applications. It is also highly recommended for environmental microbiologists, soil scientists, medical microbiologists, bioremediation experts, and microbiologists working in biocorrosion, biofouling, biodegradation, water microbiology, quorum sensing, and many other related areas. Scientists in academia, research laboratories, and industry will also find it of interest.

Ionic Liquids

Ionic Liquids
  • Author : Scott Handy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-22
  • Total pages :606
  • ISBN : 9535129015
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Summary : Ionic liquids, including the newer subcategory of deep eutectic solvents, continue to attract a great deal of research attention in an even increasing number of areas, including traditional areas such as synthesis (organic and materials), electrochemistry, and physical property studies and predictions, as well as less obvious areas such as lubrication and enzymatic transformations. In this volume, recent advances in a number of these different areas are reported and reviewed, thus granting some appreciation for the future that ionic liquid research holds and affording inspiration for those who have not previously considered the application of ionic liquids in their area of interest.

Recent Trends in Computational Science and Engineering

Recent Trends in Computational Science and Engineering
  • Author : Serdar Celebi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-30
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 1789231922
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Summary : Computational science and engineering (CSE) is a broad multidisciplinary and integrative area including a variety of applications in science, engineering, numerical methods, applied mathematics, and computer science disciplines. The book covers a collection of different types of applications and visions to various disciplinary key aspects, which comprises both problem-driven and methodology-driven approaches at the same time. These selected applications are: Computational and information technologies for numerical models and large unstructured data processing Evolution of matrix computations and new concepts in computing Inverse problems covering both classical and newer approaches Integro-differential scheme (IDS) that combines finite volume and finite difference methods Smart city wireless networks Signal processing methods

Journal of Food Protection

Journal of Food Protection
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Sci-tech News

Sci-tech News
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Extracellular Polymeric Substances - the Construction Material of Biofilms

Extracellular Polymeric Substances - the Construction Material of Biofilms
  • Author : Hans-Curt Flemming,A. Leis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-03-31
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) provide the structural matrix for all microbial aggregates such as biofilms, flocs and sludge, and are of great technical and ecological importance. EPS provide and form the space between biofilm cells, mediating both cohesion and adhesion. They serve as a multipurpose functional matrix for microbial communities, which allows the establishment of stable microconsortia. The EPS matrix governs diffusional and convectional mass transport because it occurs in various densities, including void spaces such as pores and channels. This creates different types of physico-chemical gradients, providing habitats in which aerobic and anaerobic organisms can coexist in close proximity and largely independent of the conditions in the water phase. Major aspects of EPS include mechanical stability, as in the case of biofouling when unwanted biofilms have to be removed, and the stability of biofilms in bioreactors; interaction with substrata in bioleaching, biocorrosion, and biodeterioration; sorption capacity for dissolved and particulate substances (biosorption), representing both a sink and source of sorbed material; enhanced resistance of biofilm organisms to biocides. The 25 peer-reviewed articles selected for these proceedings provde both a starting point for newcomers to the field and a state-of-the-art survey for the more experienced. With a diversity of approaches, ranging from sophisticated microanalysis to industrial applications, these papers provide a broad understanding of EPS from the viewpoints of microbiologists, polymer scientists, chemists and engineers, and showing how EPS may be seen as the key to understanding and controlling all forms of microbial aggregates.

New Scientist

New Scientist
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :