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Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-29
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780323509671
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Summary : Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles provides an overview of PET chemistry, highlighting the main degradation, depolymerization processes and pathways of PET, along with the applications of recycled monomers derived from PET waste. The latest methodologies of recycling and feedstock recovery are covered, providing critical foundational information. In addition, the book discusses a range of established methods of polymer recycling, with an emphasis on real world industrial case studies and the latest academic research. Users will find in-depth lifecycle and cost analysis of each waste management method, comparing the suitability and feasibility of each to support the decision -making process. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) is the most recycled plastic in the world, but still represents a significant amount of landfill waste. This book presents an update on new regulations, providing recommendations for new opportunities in this area, including new processing methods and applications for recycled PET. Features a comprehensive introduction to the waste management of PET bottles, from regulatory concerns, to the range of different methods of materials recovery Enables practitioners to choose the most efficient and effective waste management process Includes detailed lifecycle and cost analysis information Compares traditional thermal recycling methods with more recently developed monomer recovery and chemical recycling methods

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-21
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 0128113618
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Summary : Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles provides an overview of PET chemistry, highlighting the main degradation, depolymerization processes and pathways of PET, along with the applications of recycled monomers derived from PET waste. The latest methodologies of recycling and feedstock recovery are covered, providing critical foundational information. In addition, the book discusses a range of established methods of polymer recycling, with an emphasis on real world industrial case studies and the latest academic research. Users will find in-depth lifecycle and cost analysis of each waste management method, comparing the suitability and feasibility of each to support the decision -making process. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) is the most recycled plastic in the world, but still represents a significant amount of landfill waste. This book presents an update on new regulations, providing recommendations for new opportunities in this area, including new processing methods and applications for recycled PET. Features a comprehensive introduction to the waste management of PET bottles, from regulatory concerns, to the range of different methods of materials recovery Enables practitioners to choose the most efficient and effective waste management process Includes detailed lifecycle and cost analysis information Compares traditional thermal recycling methods with more recently developed monomer recovery and chemical recycling methods

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate
  • Author : Martin J. Forrest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-01
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9783110640458
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Summary : Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is the most recycled plastic in the world. This book covers all from the world market of PET to the many technologies and processes developed for separation, decontamination, recycling and manufacturing into food-grade and non-food-grade products of PET. Also, regulations, testing methods and analytical procedures according to the current regulatory framework are presented.

Polyester

Polyester
  • Author : Nurhan Onar Camlibel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-14
  • Total pages :98
  • ISBN : 9789535138815
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Summary : Polyester is one of the most important polymers for fibers and composites. Significant developments in nanoparticle-doped polyester composites, polyester recycling, flame-retardant unsaturated polyester resins, and application of polyester for construction and automotive industry are currently carried out. Thus, this book provides leading edge research on improvements of functional properties of polyester, modifications of unsaturated polyester resins, and polyester (especially recycled polyester) usage in construction and in automotive application areas in the form of fiber, resin, and composite. The book also covers the characterization of unique features of polyester found by mechanical, chemical, physical, microstructural, and thermal analyses. This book intends to provide an understanding of the developments of functional polyester production, synthesis, and characterization and support to many academic researchers and graduate students in textile, polymer, composite, chemical science, and research and development managers in recycling and composite applications of polyester in the construction and automotive industry.

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-29
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780323509671
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Summary : Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles provides an overview of PET chemistry, highlighting the main degradation, depolymerization processes and pathways of PET, along with the applications of recycled monomers derived from PET waste. The latest methodologies of recycling and feedstock recovery are covered, providing critical foundational information. In addition, the book discusses a range of established methods of polymer recycling, with an emphasis on real world industrial case studies and the latest academic research. Users will find in-depth lifecycle and cost analysis of each waste management method, comparing the suitability and feasibility of each to support the decision -making process. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) is the most recycled plastic in the world, but still represents a significant amount of landfill waste. This book presents an update on new regulations, providing recommendations for new opportunities in this area, including new processing methods and applications for recycled PET. Features a comprehensive introduction to the waste management of PET bottles, from regulatory concerns, to the range of different methods of materials recovery Enables practitioners to choose the most efficient and effective waste management process Includes detailed lifecycle and cost analysis information Compares traditional thermal recycling methods with more recently developed monomer recovery and chemical recycling methods

Sustainable Slope Stabilisation using Recycled Plastic Pins

Sustainable Slope Stabilisation using Recycled Plastic Pins
  • Author : Sahadat Hossain,Sadik Khan,Golam Kibria
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-14
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9781351796323
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Summary : Landslides and slope failure are common in the US and rest of the world. The landslides cause significant damage to infrastructure and millions of dollars are required each year to fix the slope. A sustainable and costeffective option to stabilise the slope can have significant benefits, as it will reduce the cost of maintenance and when using recycled pins, it may help the environment at the same time. The recycled plastic pin is made from recycled plastic bottles and other plastic waste. Several demonstration projects already proved the effectiveness of RPP as an alternative option to fix slope failure, with a maximum failure depth of 7-8 ft. In this book, every detail of the slope stabilisation technique using recycled plastic pins, including the design techniques and several case studies, are included. This will help to explain the basics of this important technique and will be used as reference to design the slope stabilisation scheme using recycled plastic pins.

Introduction to Plastics Recycling

Introduction to Plastics Recycling
  • Author : Vannessa Goodship
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 184735078X
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Summary : As in the successful first edition, this book provides straightforward information on plastic materials and technology, including the options for recycling plastics, with special focus on mechanical recycling. This new edition reflects the great strides that have been made to increase recycling rates worldwide in recent years. It considers the expansion of infrastructure in the UK to support plastic recycling and major achievements that have been made in gaining widespread public support and participation for recycling schemes; specifically the need to manage waste on an individual household level. Current issues surrounding council recycling of plastic bottles, and the practice of providing free plastic carrier bags by supermarkets, are also considered. Biopolymers are expected to have a major impact on plastic markets in the future and therefore some of the issues of biodegradability versus recycling are expanded in this second edition, as is the wider context of life cycle analysis and legislation.

Recycling of Plastic Materials

Recycling of Plastic Materials
  • Author : Francesco Paolo La Mantia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :189
  • ISBN : 9781895198034
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Summary : Recycling of Plastic Materials

Advanced Catalytic Materials

Advanced Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Noreña Luis,Jin-An Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9789535122449
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Summary : Todays chemical industry processes worldwide largely depend on catalytic reactions and the desirable future evolution of this industry toward more selective products, more environmentally friendly products, more energy-efficient processes, a smaller use of hazardous reagents, and a better use of raw materials also largely involves the development of better catalysts and, specifically, purposely designed catalytic materials. The careful study and development of the new-generation catalysts involve relatively large groups of specialists in universities, research centers, and industries, joining forces from different scientific and technical disciplines. This book has put together recent, state-of-the-art topics on current trends in catalytic materials and consists of 16 chapters.

Plastic Water

Plastic Water
  • Author : Gay Hawkins,Emily Potter,Kane Race
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-11
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780262329538
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Summary : How and why branded bottles of water have insinuated themselves into our daily lives, and what the implications are for safe urban water supplies. How did branded bottles of water insinuate themselves into our daily lives? Why did water become an economic good—no longer a common resource but a commercial product, in industry parlance a “fast moving consumer good,” or FMCG? Plastic Water examines the processes behind this transformation. It goes beyond the usual political and environmental critiques of bottled water to investigate its multiplicity, examining a bottle of water's simultaneous existence as, among other things, a product, personal health resource, object of boycotts, and part of accumulating waste matter. Throughout, the book focuses on the ontological dimensions of drinking bottled water—the ways in which this habit enacts new relations and meanings that may interfere with other drinking water practices. The book considers the assemblage and emergence of a mass market for water, from the invention of the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle in 1973 to the development of “hydration science” that accompanied the rise of jogging in the United States. It looks at what bottles do in the world, tracing drinking and disposal practices in three Asian cities with unreliable access to safe water: Bangkok, Chennai, and Hanoi. And it considers the possibility of ethical drinking, examining campaigns to “say no” to the bottle and promote the consumption of tap water in Canada, the United States, and Australia.

Recycling Reconsidered

Recycling Reconsidered
  • Author : Samantha MacBride
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-16
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9780262525244
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Summary : Recycling is widely celebrated as an environmental success story. The accomplishments of the recycling movement can be seen in municipal practice, a thriving private recycling industry, and widespread public support and participation. In the United States, more people recycle than vote. But, as Samantha MacBride points out in this book, the goals of recycling--saving the earth (and trees), conserving resources, and greening the economy--are still far from being realized. The vast majority of solid wastes are still burned or buried. MacBride argues that, since the emergence of the recycling movement in 1970, manufacturers of products that end up in waste have successfully prevented the implementation of more onerous, yet far more effective, forms of sustainable waste policy. Recycling as we know it today generates the illusion of progress while allowing industry to maintain the status quo and place responsibility on consumers and local government. Most disturbingly, it does so with the strong support of environmental social movements that defend recycling even as they grapple with its shortcomings. MacBride offers a series of case studies in recycling that pose provocative questions about whether the current ways we deal with waste are really the best ways to bring about real sustainability and environmental justice. MacBride does not aim to debunk or discourage recycling but to help us think beyond recycling as it is today. In the name of ecological citizenship, she challenges us to consider larger problems of solid waste, the global range of environmental threats, and policy alternatives that go beyond curbside collection of cans, bottles, and paper.

Plastic-Free

Plastic-Free
  • Author : Beth Terry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-21
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781634500357
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Summary : “Guides readers toward the road less consumptive, offering practical advice and moral support while making a convincing case that individual actions . . . do matter.” —Elizabeth Royte, author, Garbage Land and Bottlemania Like many people, Beth Terry didn’t think an individual could have much impact on the environment. But while laid up after surgery, she read an article about the staggering amount of plastic polluting the oceans, and decided then and there to kick her plastic habit. In Plastic-Free, she shows you how you can too, providing personal anecdotes, stats about the environmental and health problems related to plastic, and individual solutions and tips on how to limit your plastic footprint. Presenting both beginner and advanced steps, Terry includes handy checklists and tables for easy reference, ways to get involved in larger community actions, and profiles of individuals—Plastic-Free Heroes—who have gone beyond personal solutions to create change on a larger scale. Fully updated for the paperback edition, Plastic-Free also includes sections on letting go of eco-guilt, strategies for coping with overwhelming problems, and ways to relate to other people who aren’t as far along on the plastic-free path. Both a practical guide and the story of a personal journey from helplessness to empowerment, Plastic-Free is a must-read for those concerned about the ongoing health and happiness of themselves, their children, and the planet.

Responsible Consumption and Production

Responsible Consumption and Production
  • Author : Walter Leal Filho,Anabela Marisa Azul,Luciana Brandli,Pinar Gökcin Özuyar,Tony Wall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-04
  • Total pages :862
  • ISBN : 3319957252
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Summary : The problems related to the process of industrialisation such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions, especially but not only in developing countries, intensify. Therefore, there is an increasing need to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda officially came into force. These goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. It encompasses 17 volumes, each one devoted to one of the 17 SDGs. This volume addresses SDG 12, namely "Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns" and contains the description of a range of terms, which allows a better understanding and fosters knowledge. Concretely, the defined targets are: Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries Achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources Halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses Achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment Substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities Ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities Editorial Board Medani P. Bhandari, Luciana Londero Brandli, Morgane M. C. Fritz, Ulla A. Saari, Leonardo L. Sta Romana

Fantastic Recycled Plastic

Fantastic Recycled Plastic
  • Author : David Edgar,Robin Edgar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :143
  • ISBN : 1600593429
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Summary : Plastic is fantastic to craft with--and these imaginative, whimsical creations are out of the ordinary! From colorful canine silhouette pins and magnets and a holiday snowflake decoration to marvelous masks, they turn recycling into art. Organized by level of difficulty, the items range from simple creations even a schoolchild can do to a fanciful, rolling biplane and a slithering, jointed serpent stuffed with lids and caps. All the necessary techniques--cutting, shaping, fastening, heat-forming, making tabs--unfold in step-by-step photos, along with clear, comprehensive instructions. Sidebars provide extra information on plastics, recycling, and more. Plus there’s a gallery of innovative international work by professional artists to inspire you. What a great way to get creative...while saving the earth, too!

Recycling

Recycling
  • Author : Finn Arne Jørgensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-12
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780262537827
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Summary : An overview of recycling as an activity and a process, following different materials through the waste stream. Is there a point to recycling? Is recycling even good for the environment? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Finn Arne Jørgensen answers (drumroll, please): it depends. From a technical point of view, recycling is a series of processes—collecting, sorting, processing, manufacturing. Recycling also has a cultural component; at its core, recycling is about transformation and value, turning material waste into something useful—plastic bags into patio furniture, plastic bottles into T-shirts. Jørgensen offers an accessible and engaging overview of recycling as an activity and as a process at the intersection of the material and the ideological. Jørgensen follows a series of materials as they move back and forth between producer and consumer, continually transforming in form and value, in a never-ceasing journey toward becoming waste. He considers organic waste and cultural contamination; the history of recyclable writing surfaces from papyrus to newsprint; discarded clothing as it moves from the the Global North to the Global South; the shifting fate of glass bottles; the efficiency of aluminum recycling; the many types of plastic and the difficulties of informed consumer choice; e-waste and technological obsolescence; and industrial waste. Finally, re-asking the question posed by John Tierney in an infamous 1996 New York Times article, “is recycling garbage?” Jørgensen argues that recycling is necessary—as both symbolic action and physical activity that has a tangible effect on the real world.

Modern Polyesters

Modern Polyesters
  • Author : John Scheirs,Timothy E. Long
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-09-01
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780470090671
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Summary : Provides an overview of the family of polyester polymers which comprise an important group of plastics that span the range of commodity polymers to engineering resins. It describes the preparation, properties and applications of polyesters. Readers will also find details on polyester-based elastomers, biodegradable aliphatic polyester, liquid crystal polyesters and unsaturated polyesters for glass-reinforced composites. Presents an overview of the most recent developments. Explores synthesis, catalysts, processes, properties and applications. Looks at emerging polyester materials as well as existing ones. Written by foremost experts from both academia and industry, ensuring that both fundamentals and practical applications are covered.

Uncle Tungsten

Uncle Tungsten
  • Author : Oliver Sacks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-06
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780307367815
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Summary : From the distinguished neurologist who is also one of the most remarkable storytellers of our time — an account of his youth, as unexpected and fascinating as his celebrated case histories. What first aroused Sacks’ boundless curiosity? In this wonderful memoir, he evokes, with warmth and wit, his childhood in wartime England. There was the large, scientifically minded family in which his very early fascination with meals was nurtured – particularly by “Uncle Tungsten.” There were his four years at the boarding school where he was sent at the outbreak of World War II to escape the bombings, and where, though he suffered extreme deprivation and cruelty, one can see the first gleam of his interest in the intellectual pursuits that would begin to shape him. And there was his return to London, an emotionally bereft 10-year-old who found solace in the secret garden of his passion for learning – about the nature of metals, gases and chemicals; about the hidden order of things outside himself. Uncle Tungsten radiates the magic, the delight and the wonder of the birth, in a young boy, of the unquenchable desire for knowledge. It is an unforgettable portrait of an extraordinary mind. From the Hardcover edition.

Food Packaging Materials

Food Packaging Materials
  • Author : Luciano Piergiovanni,Sara Limbo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-26
  • Total pages :75
  • ISBN : 9783319247328
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Summary : This Brief is concerned with the material chemistry of food packaging materials. It introduces the properties and peculiarities of typical packaging materials, such as plastics, cellulose components, ceramics and metals. Their overall performance as food packaging material is determined by the chemical and physical properties. The Brief describes how the final properties of a food packaging material can be influenced through chemical modifications in the structure and composition of the used components. The authors also cover potential chemical reactions of food packaging materials that may affect their performance. Potential hazards that may arise, such as influences on the product quality, or effects on their recycling or disposal, are discussed. Different influences, like metal corrosion, chemical resistance and degradability of the main packaging materials, or properties like hydrophobicity, surface energy and migration have to be taken into account. This Brief gives an introduction to all these different aspects of food packaging.

Follow that Bottle!

Follow that Bottle!
  • Author : Bridget Heos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07
  • Total pages :24
  • ISBN : 1607539640
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Summary : A child tosses a plastic bottle in a recycling bin and the story follows that plastic bottle to through the process of recycling until it becomes a new bottle again. Includes Recycle it Yourself activity and further resources.

Technology of Bottled Water

Technology of Bottled Water
  • Author : Dorothy A. G. Senior,Nicholas Dege
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781405148153
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Summary : The bottled waters industry has become a vital and vigorous sectorof the beverage world, in developed and developing countriesworldwide. Since publication of the first edition in 1998, theindustry has undergone a remarkable expansion, and this has servedto underline the need for an accessible source of technicalguidance. This book is unique in providing an overview of the science andtechnology of the bottled waters industry. The second edition hasbeen strengthened by bringing in a US co-Editor, and the coveragehas been thoroughly revised and considerably extended. A newchapter is included on cleaning and disinfection. The book provides a definitive source of reference for beveragetechnologists, packaging technologists, analytical chemists,microbiologists and health and safety personnel.

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
  • Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :994
  • ISBN : 9781466577237
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Summary : This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.