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Reflections on Native-newcomer Relations

Reflections on Native-newcomer Relations
  • Author : James Rodger Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0802086691
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Summary : The twelve essays that make up Reflections on Native-Newcomer Relations illustrate the development in thought by one of Canada's leading scholars in the field of Native history - J.R. Miller. The collection, comprising pieces that were written over a period spanning nearly two decades, deals with the evolution of historical writing on First Nations and M?tis, methodological issues in the writing of Native-newcomer history, policy matters including residential schools, and linkages between the study of Native-newcomer relations and academic governance and curricular matters. Half of the essays appear here in print for the first time, and all use archival, published, and oral history evidence to throw light on Native-Newcomer relations. Miller argues that the nature of the relationship between Native peoples and newcomers in Canada has varied over time, based on the reasons the two parties have had for interacting. The relationship deteriorates into attempts to control and coerce Natives during periods in which newcomers do not perceive them as directly useful, and it improves when the two parties have positive reasons for cooperation. Reflections on Native-Newcomer Relations opens up for discussion a series of issues in Native-newcomer history. It addresses all the trends in the discipline of the past two decades and never shies from showing their contradictions, as well as those in the author's own thinking as he matured as a scholar.

Skyscrapers Hide the Heavens

Skyscrapers Hide the Heavens
  • Author : James Rodger Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :481
  • ISBN : 0802081533
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Summary : A comprehensive account of Indian-white relations throughout Canada's history. Miller charts the deterioration of the relationship from the initial, mutually beneficial contact in the fur trade to the current impasse.

Compact, Contract, Covenant

Compact, Contract, Covenant
  • Author : James Rodger Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :379
  • ISBN : 9780802097415
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Summary : "Compact, Contract, Covenant" is renowned historian of Native-newcomer relations J.R. Miller's exploration and explanation of more than four centuries of treating-making.

New Histories for Old

New Histories for Old
  • Author : Theodore Binnema,Susan Neylan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-01
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780774840125
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Summary : Scholarly depictions of the history of Aboriginal people in Canada have changed dramatically since the 1970s when Arthur J. ("Skip") Ray entered the field. New Histories for Old examines this transformation while extending the scholarship on Canada's Aboriginal history in new directions. This collection combines essays by prominent senior historians, geographers, and anthropologists with contributions by new voices in these fields. The chapters reflect themes including Native struggles for land and resources under colonialism, the fur trade, "Indian" policy and treaties, mobility and migration, disease and well-being, and Native-newcomer relations.

Living with Strangers

Living with Strangers
  • Author : David G. McCrady
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-11
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781442609907
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Summary : In The Pension Fund Revolution, originally published nearly two decades ago under the title The Unseen Revolution, Drucker reports that institutional investors, especially pension funds, have become the controlling owners of America's large companies, the country's only capitalists. He maintains that the shift began in 1952 with the establishment of the first modern pension fund by General Motors. By 1960 it had become so obvious that a group of young men decided to found a stock-exchange firm catering exclusively to these new investors. Ten years later this firm (Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette) became the most successful, and one of the biggest, Wall Street firms. Drucker's argument, that through pension funds ownership of the means of production had become socialized without becoming nationalized, was unacceptable to the conventional wisdom of the country in the 1970s. Even less acceptable was the second theme of the book: the aging of America. Among the predictions made by Drucker in The Pension Fund Revolution are: that a major health care issue would be longevity; that pensions and social security would be central to American economy and society; that the retirement age would have to be extended; and that altogether American politics would increasingly be dominated by middle-class issues and the values of elderly people. While readers of the original edition found these conclusions hard to accept, Drucker's work has proven to be prescient. In the new epilogue, Drucker discusses how the increasing dominance of pension funds represents one of the most startling power shifts in economic history, and he examines their present-day Impact. The Pension Fund Revolution is now considered a classic text regarding the effects of pension fund ownership on the governance of the American corporation and on the structure of the American economy altogether. The reissuing of this book is more timely now than ever. It provides a wealth of information for sociologists, economists, and political theorists.

Makúk

Makúk
  • Author : John Sutton Lutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-01-01
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780774858274
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Summary : John Lutz traces Aboriginal people's involvement in the new economy, and their displacement from it, from the arrival of the first Europeans to the 1970s. Drawing on an extensive array of oral histories, manuscripts, newspaper accounts, biographies, and statistical analysis, Lutz shows that Aboriginal people flocked to the workforce and prospered in the late nineteenth century. He argues that the roots of today's widespread unemployment and "welfare dependency" date only from the 1950s, when deliberate and inadvertent policy choices � what Lutz terms the "white problem" drove Aboriginal people out of the capitalist, wage, and subsistence economies, offering them welfare as "compensation."

Aboriginal Peoples and Forest Lands in Canada

Aboriginal Peoples and Forest Lands in Canada
  • Author : D.B. Tindall,Ronald L. Trosper,Pamela Perreault
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-11
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780774823371
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Summary : Aboriginal people in Canada have long struggled to regain control over their traditional forest lands. Aboriginal Peoples and Forest Lands in Canada brings together the diverse perspectives of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scholars to address the political, cultural, environmental, and economic implications of forest use. This book discusses the need for professionals working in forestry and conservation to understand the context of Aboriginal participation in resource management. It also addresses the importance of considering traditional knowledge and traditional land use and examines the development of co-management initiatives and joint ventures between government, forestry companies, and Aboriginal communities.

Myth and Memory

Myth and Memory
  • Author : John Sutton Lutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-01
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780774840828
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Summary : The moment of contact between two peoples, two alien societies, marks the opening of an epoch and the joining of histories. What if it had happened differently? The stories that indigenous peoples and Europeans tell about their first encounters with one another are enormously valuable historical records, but their relevance extends beyond the past. Settler populations and indigenous peoples the world over are engaged in negotiations over legitimacy, power, and rights. These struggles cannot be dissociated from written and oral accounts of "contact" moments, which not only shape our collective sense of history but also guide our understanding of current events. For all their importance, contact stories have not been systematically or critically evaluated as a genre. Myth and Memory explores the narratives of indigenous and newcomer populations from New Zealand and across North America, from the Lost Colony of Roanoke on the Atlantic seaboard of the United States to the Pacific Northwest and as far as Sitka, Alaska. It illustrates how indigenous and explorer accounts of the same meetings reflect fundamentally different systems of thought, and focuses on the cultural misunderstandings embedded in these stories. The contributors discuss the contemporary relevance, production, and performance of Aboriginal and European contact narratives, and introduce new tools for interpreting the genre. They argue that we are still in the contact zone, striving to understand the meaning of contact and the relationship between indigenous and settler populations.

Tsawalk

Tsawalk
  • Author : E. Richard Atleo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-01
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9780774850841
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Summary : In Tsawalk, hereditary chief Umeek develops a theory of "Tsawalk," meaning "one," that views the nature of existence as an integrated and orderly whole, and thereby recognizes the intrinsic relationship between the physical and spiritual. Umeek demonstrates how Tsawalk provides a viable theoretical alternative that both complements and expands the view of reality presented by Western science. Tsawalk, he argues, allows both Western and indigenous views to be combined in order to advance our understanding of the universe. In addition, he shows how various fundamental aspects of Nuu-chah-nulth society are based upon Tsawalk, and what implications it has today for both Native and non-Native peoples.

Residential Schools and Reconciliation

Residential Schools and Reconciliation
  • Author : J.R. Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781487502188
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Summary : Residential Schools and Reconciliation is a unique, timely, and provocative work that tackles and explains the institutional responses to Canada's residential school legacy.

Natives and Settlers Now and Then

Natives and Settlers Now and Then
  • Author : Paul W. DePasquale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-01
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780888646866
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Summary : “Natives and Settlers provides a beginning to what should be (and should have been) a continuing, respectful discussion.” —Blanca Schorcht, Associate Professor, University of Northern British Columbia. Is Canada truly postcolonial? Burdened by a past that remains ‘refracted’ in its understanding and treatment of Native peoples, this collection reinterprets treaty making and land claims from Aboriginal perspectives. These five essays not only provide fresh insights to the interpretations of treaties and treaty-making processes, but also examine land claims still under negotiation. Natives and Settlers reclaims the vitality of Aboriginal laws and paradigms in Canada, a country new to decolonization.

The Power of Place, the Problem of Time

The Power of Place, the Problem of Time
  • Author : Keith Carlson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :375
  • ISBN : 9780802098399
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Summary : The Indigenous communities of the Lower Fraser River, British Columbia (a group commonly called the Stó:lõ), have historical memories and senses of identity deriving from events, cultural practices, and kinship bonds that had been continuously adapting long before a non-Native visited the area directly. In The Power of Place, the Problem of Time, Keith Thor Carlson re-thinks the history of Native-newcomer relations from the unique perspective of a classically trained historian who has spent nearly two decades living, working, and talking with the Stó:lõ peoples. Stó:lõ actions and reactions during colonialism were rooted in their pre-colonial experiences and customs, which coloured their responses to events such as smallpox outbreaks or the gold rush. Profiling tensions of gender and class within the community, Carlson emphasizes the elasticity of collective identity. A rich and complex history, The Power of Place, the Problem of Time looks to both the internal and the external factors which shaped a society during a time of great change and its implications extend far beyond the study region.

Battle Grounds

Battle Grounds
  • Author : P. Whitney Lackenbauer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-01
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9780774840026
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Summary : Base closures, use of airspace for weapons testing and low-level flying, environmental awareness, and Aboriginal land claims have focused attention in recent years on the use of Native lands for military training. But is the military's interest in Aboriginal lands new? Battle Grounds analyzes a century of government-Aboriginal interaction and negotiation to explore how the Canadian military came to use Aboriginal lands for training. It examines what the process reveals about the larger and evolving relationship between governments and Aboriginal communities and how increasing Aboriginal assertiveness and activism have affected the issue.

The Colonial Problem

The Colonial Problem
  • Author : Lisa Monchalin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-08
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781442606647
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Summary : Indigenous peoples are vastly overrepresented in the Canadian criminal justice system. The Canadian government has framed this disproportionate victimization and criminalization as being an "Indian problem." In The Colonial Problem, Lisa Monchalin challenges the myth of the "Indian problem" and encourages readers to view the crimes and injustices affecting Indigenous peoples from a more culturally aware position. She analyzes the consequences of assimilation policies, dishonoured treaty agreements, manipulative legislation, and systematic racism, arguing that the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in the Canadian criminal justice system is not an Indian problem but a colonial one.

Mixed Blessings

Mixed Blessings
  • Author : Tolly Bradford,Chelsea Horton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780774829427
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Summary : Mixed Blessings transforms our understanding of the relationship between Indigenous people and Christianity in Canada from the early 1600s to the present day. While acknowledging the harm of colonialism, including the trauma inflicted by church-run residential schools, this interdisciplinary collection challenges the portrayal of Indigenous people as passive victims of malevolent missionaries who experienced a uniformly dark history. Instead, this book illuminates the diverse and multifaceted ways that Indigenous communities and individuals – including prominent leaders such as Louis Riel and Edward Ahenakew – have interacted, and continue to interact, meaningfully with Christianity.

Shingwauk's Vision

Shingwauk's Vision
  • Author : J.R. Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-05-24
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 9781442690738
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Summary : With the growing strength of minority voices in recent decades has come much impassioned discussion of residential schools, the institutions where attendance by Native children was compulsory as recently as the 1960s. Former students have come forward in increasing numbers to describe the psychological and physical abuse they suffered in these schools, and many view the system as an experiment in cultural genocide. In this first comprehensive history of these institutions, J.R. Miller explores the motives of all three agents in the story. He looks at the separate experiences and agendas of the government officials who authorized the schools, the missionaries who taught in them, and the students who attended them. Starting with the foundations of residential schooling in seventeenth-century New France, Miller traces the modern version of the institution that was created in the 1880s, and, finally, describes the phasing-out of the schools in the 1960s. He looks at instruction, work and recreation, care and abuse, and the growing resistance to the system on the part of students and their families. Based on extensive interviews as well as archival research, Miller's history is particularly rich in Native accounts of the school system. This book is an absolute first in its comprehensive treatment of this subject. J.R. Miller has written a new chapter in the history of relations between indigenous and immigrant peoples in Canada. Co-winner of the 1996 Saskatchewan Book Award for nonfiction. Winner of the 1996 John Wesley Dafoe Foundation competition for Distinguished Writing by Canadians Named an 'Outstanding Book on the subject of human rights in North America' by the Gustavus Myer Center for the Study of Human Rights in North America.

Orality and Literacy

Orality and Literacy
  • Author : Keith Thor Carlson,Kristina Fagan,Natalia Khanenko-Friesen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-30
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781442669239
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Summary : Orality and Literacy investigates the interactions of the oral and the literate through close studies of particular cultures at specific historical moments. Rejecting the 'great-divide' theory of orality and literacy as separate and opposite to one another, the contributors posit that whatever meanings the two concepts have are products of their ever-changing relationships to one another. Through topics as diverse as Aboriginal Canadian societies, Ukrainian-Canadian narratives, and communities in ancient Greece, Medieval Europe, and twentieth-century Asia, these cross-disciplinary essays reveal the powerful ways in which cultural assumptions, such as those about truth, disclosure, performance, privacy, and ethics, can affect a society's uses of and approaches to both the written and the oral. The fresh perspectives in Orality and Literacy reinvigorate the subject, illuminating complex interrelationships rather than relying on universal generalizations about how literacy and orality function.

Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian

Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian
  • Author : Barry T. Klein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :777
  • ISBN : 0915344777
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Summary :

Great Plains Quarterly

Great Plains Quarterly
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P01013766S
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Summary :

One of the Family

One of the Family
  • Author : Brenda Macdougall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-01
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780774859127
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Summary : In recent years there has been growing interest in identifying the social and cultural attributes that define the Metis as a distinct people. In this groundbreaking study, Brenda Macdougall employs the concept of wahkootowin � the Cree term for a worldview that privileges family and values interconnectedness � to trace the emergence of a Metis community in northern Saskatchewan. Wahkootowin describes how relationships worked and helps to explain how the Metis negotiated with local economic and religious institutions while nurturing a society that emphasized family obligation and responsibility. This innovative exploration of the birth of Metis identity offers a model for future research and discussion.

Gathering Places

Gathering Places
  • Author : Laura Lynn Peers,Carolyn Podruchny
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780774818438
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Summary : British traders and Ojibwe hunters. Cree women and their metis daughters. These people and their complex identities were not featured in history writing until the 1970s, when scholars from multiple disciplines began to bring new perspectives to bear on the past. Gathering Places presents some of the most innovative approaches to metis, fur trade, and First Nations history being practised today. By drawing on archaeological, material, oral, and ethnographic evidence and exploring personal approaches to history and scholarship, the authors depart from the old paradigm of history writing and offer new models for recovering Aboriginal and cross-cultural experiences and perspectives.