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Reliability and Probabilistic Safety Assessment in Multi-Unit Nuclear Power Plants

Reliability and Probabilistic Safety Assessment in Multi-Unit Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : C. Senthil Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-10-15
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 0128193921
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Summary : Reliability and Probabilistic Safety Assessment in Multi-Unit Nuclear Power Plants presents a comprehensive framework to integrate the risk contributions from single and multi-unit Nuclear Power Plants and aggregate the risks that may arise due to applicable hazards and operating states. The book combines the key features of multi-unit risk assessment in this one resource, reviewing the practices adopted in various countries around the globe to exemplify the dependencies between units on a site. These dependencies include multi-unit interactions, environmental stresses, the sharing of systems, and the sharing of human resource in a control room, factors which can all introduce an increase potential for heightened accident conditions. This book helps the reader to systematically identify events and evaluation techniques of possible accident outcomes within multi-units. It serves as a ready reference for PSA analysts in identifying a suitable site and the sharing of resources, while carrying out multi-unit risk assessments to ensure the safety of the public and the environment. This book will also be valuable for nuclear researchers, designers and regulators of nuclear power plants, nuclear regulatory agencies, PSA engineers and practising safety professionals. The first reference book to provide a framework for nuclear and PSA researchers and professionals to guide them through the design and operation of multi-unit risk assessments Reviews practices adopted in various regions around the globe to analyse dependencies between units Includes modelling techniques of inter-connections and shared resources, as well as risk aggregation

Technical Approach to Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Multiple Reactor Units

Technical Approach to Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Multiple Reactor Units
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-23
  • Total pages :171
  • ISBN : 9201026188
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Summary : The technical approach described in this publication builds on the use of a single unit probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) and identifies considerations that are needed from the multi-unit perspective. This is the first attempt to expand the current PSA process to take account of multi-unit issues, and has been done by distilling lessons learned from the Fukushima Daiichi accident and other multi-unit events, and by reviewing previous PSAs and supporting research that have addressed the risks of multi-unit accidents. The publication provides a roadmap and methodology for performing a multi-unit PSA, proposes a set of site level risk metrics, and presents examples of approaches to resolve specific issues.

Consideration of External Hazards in Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Single Unit and Multi-Unit Nuclear Power Plants

Consideration of External Hazards in Probabilistic Safety Assessment for Single Unit and Multi-Unit Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-28
  • Total pages :56
  • ISBN : 9201019173
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Summary : This publication outlines the generic methodology for probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) of nuclear power plants (NPPs) against external hazards. It integrates design, procedural, operational, human factors and both protection and mitigation aspects that are essential to model a NPP response to an external hazard and to assess the associated risk. It specifically addresses the identification and screening of external hazards considering the multi-unit impact.

Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems

Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems
  • Author : John C. Lee,Norman J. McCormick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-12
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781118043455
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Summary : The book has been developed in conjunction with NERS 462, a course offered every year to seniors and graduate students in the University of Michigan NERS program. The first half of the book covers the principles of risk analysis, the techniques used to develop and update a reliability data base, the reliability of multi-component systems, Markov methods used to analyze the unavailability of systems with repairs, fault trees and event trees used in probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs), and failure modes of systems. All of this material is general enough that it could be used in non-nuclear applications, although there is an emphasis placed on the analysis of nuclear systems. The second half of the book covers the safety analysis of nuclear energy systems, an analysis of major accidents and incidents that occurred in commercial nuclear plants, applications of PRA techniques to the safety analysis of nuclear power plants (focusing on a major PRA study for five nuclear power plants), practical PRA examples, and emerging techniques in the structure of dynamic event trees and fault trees that can provide a more realistic representation of complex sequences of events. The book concludes with a discussion on passive safety features of advanced nuclear energy systems under development and approaches taken for risk-informed regulations for nuclear plants.

Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management

Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management
  • Author : Cornelia Spitzer,Ulrich Schmocker,Vinh N. Dang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-04
  • Total pages :3728
  • ISBN : 9780857294104
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Summary : A collection of papers presented at the PSAM 7 – ESREL ’04 conference in June 2004, reflecting a wide variety of disciplines, such as principles and theory of reliability and risk analysis, systems modelling and simulation, consequence assessment, human and organisational factors, structural reliability methods, software reliability and safety, insights and lessons from risk studies and management/decision making. This volume covers both well-established practices and open issues in these fields, identifying areas where maturity has been reached and those where more development is needed.

The Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident

The Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident
  • Author : Peter Bernard Ladkin,Christoph Goeker,Bernd Sieker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :291
  • ISBN : 9783643904461
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Summary : In March 2011, following a strong earthquake, a tsunami rolled over the protective seawall of the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear power plant in Japan and flooded it. The cooling systems were taken out, following a scenario described by a sociologist four years previously. How is it that a sociologist predicted an accident mechanism that engineers had somehow missed? System safety engineers and sociologists gathered together in Bielefeld, Germany, in August 2011, to discuss this and other phenomena. This book is the result of that gathering. *** "The authors of the chapters in this book are truly outstanding scholars, whose expertise, intellectual prowess, and wisdom about disasters such as that which occurred at Fukushima cannot be questioned." -- Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, September 2014 (Series: Engineering / Ingenieurwissenschaften - Vol. 1) [Subject: Engineering, Sociology]~

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World
  • Author : Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-15
  • Total pages :3202
  • ISBN : 9781351174640
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Summary : Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems

Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems
  • Author : Luca Podofillini,Bruno Sudret,Bozidar Stojadinovic,Enrico Zio,Wolfgang Kröger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-03
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9781315648415
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Summary : Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems contains the Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015, held 7-10 September 2015 in Zurich, Switzerland. It includes about 570 papers accepted for presentation at the conference. These contributions focus on theories and methods in the area of risk, safety and

Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety

Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety
  • Author : Uday Kumar,Alireza Ahmadi,Ajit Kumar Verma,Prabhakar Varde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-14
  • Total pages :738
  • ISBN : 9783319235974
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Summary : Containing selected papers from the ICRESH-ARMS 2015 conference in Lulea, Sweden, collected by editors with years of experiences in Reliability and maintenance modeling, risk assessment, and asset management, this work maximizes reader insights into the current trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety (RAMS) and Risk Management. Featuring a comprehensive analysis of the significance of the role of RAMS and Risk Management in the decision making process during the various phases of design, operation, maintenance, asset management and productivity in Industrial domains, these proceedings discuss key issues and challenges in the operation, maintenance and risk management of complex engineering systems and will serve as a valuable resource for those in the field.

Safety Assessment of Emergency Power Systems for Nuclear Power Plants

Safety Assessment of Emergency Power Systems for Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :85
  • ISBN : UOM:39015029533836
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Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants
  • Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants,National Research Council,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-29
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 030927253X
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Summary : The March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan. They were responsible for more than 15,900 deaths and 2,600 missing persons as well as physical infrastructure damages exceeding $200 billion. The earthquake and tsunami also initiated a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Three of the six reactors at the plant sustained severe core damage and released hydrogen and radioactive materials. Explosion of the released hydrogen damaged three reactor buildings and impeded onsite emergency response efforts. The accident prompted widespread evacuations of local populations, large economic losses, and the eventual shutdown of all nuclear power plants in Japan. "Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants" is a study of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. This report examines the causes of the crisis, the performance of safety systems at the plant, and the responses of its operators following the earthquake and tsunami. The report then considers the lessons that can be learned and their implications for U.S. safety and storage of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste, commercial nuclear reactor safety and security regulations, and design improvements. "Lessons Learned" makes recommendations to improve plant systems, resources, and operator training to enable effective ad hoc responses to severe accidents. This report's recommendations to incorporate modern risk concepts into safety regulations and improve the nuclear safety culture will help the industry prepare for events that could challenge the design of plant structures and lead to a loss of critical safety functions. In providing a broad-scope, high-level examination of the accident, "Lessons Learned" is meant to complement earlier evaluations by industry and regulators. This in-depth review will be an essential resource for the nuclear power industry, policy makers, and anyone interested in the state of U.S. preparedness and response in the face of crisis situations.

Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks

Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Nuclear Risks
  • Author : Katsuhiro Kamae
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :177
  • ISBN : 9784431558224
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Summary : This book covers seismic probabilistic risk assessment (S-PRA) and related studies which have become more important to increase the safety of nuclear facilities against earthquakes and tsunamis in the face of the many uncertainties after the Fukushima accident. The topics are (1) Active faults and active tectonics important for seismic hazard assessment of nuclear facilities,(2) Seismic source modeling and simulation and modeling techniques indispensable for strong ground motion prediction, and (3) PRA with external hazard and risk communication. The Fukushima accident has showed us the limitations of the deterministic evaluation approach to external events (an earthquake and tsunami) in which there are many uncertainties. Furthermore, public anxiety regarding nuclear safety because of an unexpected threat caused by an earthquake or tsunami is growing. The current policy on the estimation of the design basis of ground motion as well as tsunami height still has not been improved following the Fukushima accident. In particular, the risk concept in a nuclear system regarding seismic motion and a tsunami beyond the design basis is indispensable. Therefore, research and development for PRA enhancing nuclear safety are being actively pursued not only in Japan but also worldwide. This book provides an opportunity for readers to consider the future direction of nuclear safety vis-à-vis natural disasters.

Procedures for Conducting Probabilistic Safety Assessments of Nuclear Power Plants (level 3)

Procedures for Conducting Probabilistic Safety Assessments of Nuclear Power Plants (level 3)
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : UOM:39015038601509
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INIS Atomindex

INIS Atomindex
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021589499
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Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis

Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis
  • Author : R.D.J.M. Steenbergen,P.H.A.J.M. van Gelder,S. Miraglia,A.C.W.M. Vrouwenvelder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-18
  • Total pages :758
  • ISBN : 9781315815596
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Summary : During the last decade there have been increasing societal concerns over sustainable developments focusing on the conservation of the environment, the welfare and safety of the individual and at the same time the optimal allocation of available natural and financial resources. As a consequence the methods of risk and reliability analysis are becomi

Safety and Reliability. Theory and Applications

Safety and Reliability. Theory and Applications
  • Author : Marko Cepin,Radim Bris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-14
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9781351809726
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Summary : Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.

Basic Safety Principles for Nuclear Power Plants

Basic Safety Principles for Nuclear Power Plants
  • Author : International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group,International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :97
  • ISBN : UOM:39015042637481
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Assessment of Vulnerabilities of Operating Nuclear Power Plants to Extreme External Events

Assessment of Vulnerabilities of Operating Nuclear Power Plants to Extreme External Events
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9201088175
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Summary : The Fukushima Daiichi accident showed the need to explore scenarios where external hazards exceed the design basis. Knowledge of plant behaviour along those scenarios helps improve global safety, since the weak points can be identified and measures to limit the progression of potential accidents or to mitigate their consequences can be introduced. Based on an IAEA methodology document for Member States issued in 2011, the current publication expands the previous version by giving a more comprehensive approach and introducing the enhancements that could be identified from the research developments and practical applications in the recent years.

The Fukushima Daiichi Accident

The Fukushima Daiichi Accident
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :1258
  • ISBN : 9201070152
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Summary : The Fukushima Daiichi Accident consists of a Report by the IAEA Director General and five technical volumes. It is the result of an extensive international collaborative effort involving five working groups with about 180 experts from 42 Member States with and without nuclear power programmes and several international bodies. It provides a description of the accident and its causes, evolution and consequences, based on the evaluation of data and information from a large number of sources available at the time of writing. The Fukushima Daiichi Accident will be of use to national authorities, international organizations, nuclear regulatory bodies, nuclear power plant operating organizations, designers of nuclear facilities and other experts in matters relating to nuclear power, as well as the wider public. The set contains six printed parts and five supplementary CD-ROMs.

Reliability and Safety Engineering

Reliability and Safety Engineering
  • Author : Ajit Kumar Verma,Srividya Ajit,Durga Rao Karanki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-28
  • Total pages :571
  • ISBN : 9781447162698
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Summary : Reliability and safety are core issues that must be addressed throughout the life cycle of engineering systems. Reliability and Safety Engineering presents an overview of the basic concepts, together with simple and practical illustrations. The authors present reliability terminology in various engineering fields, viz., electronics engineering, software engineering, mechanical engineering, structural engineering and power systems engineering. The book describes the latest applications in the area of probabilistic safety assessment, such as technical specification optimization, risk monitoring and risk informed in-service inspection. Reliability and safety studies must, inevitably, deal with uncertainty, so the book includes uncertainty propagation methods: Monte Carlo simulation, fuzzy arithmetic, Dempster-Shafer theory and probability bounds. Reliability and Safety Engineering also highlights advances in system reliability and safety assessment including dynamic system modeling and uncertainty management. Case studies from typical nuclear power plants as well as from structural, software and electronic systems are also discussed. Reliability and Safety Engineering combines discussions of the existing literature on basic concepts and applications with state-of-the-art methods used in reliability and risk assessment of engineering systems. It is designed to assist practicing engineers, students and researchers in the areas of reliability engineering and risk analysis.

Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment, PSA '99,

Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Probabilistic Safety Assessment, PSA '99,
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :1433
  • ISBN : UOM:39015043404568
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Summary :