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Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-25
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9780309463072
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Summary : Americans' safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex "cyber-physical" system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system's reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system's resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Power Systems Resilience

Power Systems Resilience
  • Author : Naser Mahdavi Tabatabaei,Sajad Najafi Ravadanegh,Nicu Bizon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-16
  • Total pages :353
  • ISBN : 9783319944425
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Summary : This book presents intuitive explanations of the principles and applications of power system resiliency, as well as a number of straightforward and practical methods for the impact analysis of risk events on power system operations. It also describes the challenges of modelling, distribution networks, optimal scheduling, multi-stage planning, deliberate attacks, cyber-physical systems and SCADA-based smart grids, and how to overcome these challenges. Further, it highlights the resiliency issues using various methods, including strengthening the system against high impact events with low frequency and the fast recovery of the system properties. A large number of specialists have collaborated to provide innovative solutions and research in power systems resiliency. They discuss the fundamentals and contemporary materials of power systems resiliency, theoretical and practical issues, as well as current issues and methods for controlling the risk attacks and other threats to AC power systems. The book includes theoretical research, significant results, case studies, and practical implementation processes to offer insights into electric power and engineering and energy systems. Showing how systems should respond in case of malicious attacks, and helping readers to decide on the best approaches, this book is essential reading for electrical engineers, researchers and specialists. The book is also useful as a reference for undergraduate and graduate students studying the resiliency and reliability of power systems.

Power Grid Resiliency for Adverse Conditions

Power Grid Resiliency for Adverse Conditions
  • Author : Nicholas Abi-Samra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-30
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9781630814946
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Summary : Written by a leading expert in the field, this practical book offers a comprehensive understanding of the impact of extreme weather and the possible effects of climate change on the power grid. The impact and restoration of floods, winter storms, wind storms, and hurricanes as well as the effects of heat waves and dry spells on thermal power plants is explained in detail. This book explores proven practices for successful restoration of the power grid, increased system resiliency, and ride-through after extreme weather and provides readers with examples from super storm Sandy. This book presents the effects of lack of ground moisture on transmission line performance and gives an overview of line insulation coordination, stress-strength analysis, and tower insulation strength, and then provides readers with tangible solutions. Structural hardening of power systems against storms, including wind pressure, wood poles, and vegetation management is covered. Moreover, this book provides suggestions for practical implementations to improve future smart grid resiliency.

Weather-related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency

Weather-related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency
  • Author : Richard J. Campbell,Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :15
  • ISBN : OCLC:825076761
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Summary : High winds, especially when combined with precipitation from seasonal storms, can cause damage to electricity utility systems, resulting in service interruptions to large numbers of electricity customers. While most such power outages are caused by damage from trees and tree limbs falling on local electricity distribution lines and poles, major power outages tend to be caused by damage to electricity transmission lines which carry bulk power long distances. Depending on the severity of the storm and resulting impairment, power outages can last a few hours or extend to periods of several days, and have real economic effects. Power outages can impact businesses (primarily through lost orders and damage to perishable goods and inventories), and manufacturers (mainly through downtime and lost production, or equipment damage). Data from various studies lead to cost estimates from storm-related outages to the U.S. economy at between $20 billion and $55 billion annually. Data also suggest the trend of outages from weather-related events is increasing. Suggested solutions for reducing impacts from weather-related outages include improved tree-trimming schedules to keep rights-of-way clear, placing distribution and some transmission lines underground, implementing Smart Grid improvements to enhance power system operations and control, inclusion of more distributed generation, and changing utility maintenance practices and metrics to focus on power system reliability. However, most of these potential solutions come with high costs which must be balanced against the perceived benefits. A number of options exist for Congress to consider which could help reduce storm-related outages. These range from improving the quality of data on storm-related outages, to a greater strategic investment in the U.S. electricity grid. Congress could empower a federal agency to develop standards for the consistent reporting of power outage data. While responsibility for the reliability of the bulk electric system is under the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (as per the Energy Policy Act of 2005), no central responsibility exists for the reliability of distribution systems. One possible option could be to bring distribution systems under the Electric Reliability Organization for reliability purposes. Recovery after storm-related outages might be enhanced by a federal role in formalizing the review or coordination of electric utility mutual assistance agreements (MAAs). This would not necessarily mean federal approval of MAAs, but may help in the cooperative coordination of additional federal and state resources, especially in a wide, multi-state weather event. While there has been much discussion of transmission system inadequacies and inefficiencies, many distribution systems are in dire need of upgrades or repairs. The cost of upgrading the U.S. grid to meet future uses is expected to be high, with the American Society of Civil Engineers estimating a need of $673 billion by 2020. While the federal government recently made funding available of almost $16 billion for specific Smart Grid projects and new transmission lines under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, there has not been a comprehensive effort to study the needs, set goals, and provide targeted funding for modernization of the U.S. grid as part of a long-term national energy strategy. Such an effort would also require decisions about the appropriate roles of government and the private sector. Power delivery systems are most vulnerable to storms and extreme weather events. Improving the overall condition and efficiency of the power delivery system can only serve to improve the resiliency of the system, and help hasten recovery from weather-related outages. Ultimately, however, electric utilities are responsible for this infrastructure. They are in the business of selling electricity, and they cannot sell electricity if their power delivery systems are out of service.

Brittle Power

Brittle Power
  • Author : Amory B. Lovins,L. Hunter,L. Hunter Lovins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105037381840
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Summary : Points out how vulnerable America's energy system is to sabotage, technical failures, and natural disasters, and discusses the advantages of decentralization

Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System

Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Robustness and Resilience of Future Electrical Transmission and Distribution in the United States to Terrorist Attack
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-25
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9780309114042
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Summary : The electric power delivery system that carries electricity from large central generators to customers could be severely damaged by a small number of well-informed attackers. The system is inherently vulnerable because transmission lines may span hundreds of miles, and many key facilities are unguarded. This vulnerability is exacerbated by the fact that the power grid, most of which was originally designed to meet the needs of individual vertically integrated utilities, is being used to move power between regions to support the needs of competitive markets for power generation. Primarily because of ambiguities introduced as a result of recent restricting the of the industry and cost pressures from consumers and regulators, investment to strengthen and upgrade the grid has lagged, with the result that many parts of the bulk high-voltage system are heavily stressed. Electric systems are not designed to withstand or quickly recover from damage inflicted simultaneously on multiple components. Such an attack could be carried out by knowledgeable attackers with little risk of detection or interdiction. Further well-planned and coordinated attacks by terrorists could leave the electric power system in a large region of the country at least partially disabled for a very long time. Although there are many examples of terrorist and military attacks on power systems elsewhere in the world, at the time of this study international terrorists have shown limited interest in attacking the U.S. power grid. However, that should not be a basis for complacency. Because all parts of the economy, as well as human health and welfare, depend on electricity, the results could be devastating. Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System focuses on measures that could make the power delivery system less vulnerable to attacks, restore power faster after an attack, and make critical services less vulnerable while the delivery of conventional electric power has been disrupted.

Electrical Distribution Networks

Electrical Distribution Networks
  • Author : Nouredine Hadjsaïd,Jean-Claude Sabonnadière
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-22
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 9781118601211
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Summary : This book describes the fundamental aspects of the new generationof electrical distribution grids, taking as its starting point theopportunities that exist for restructuring existing infrastructure.It emphasizes the incorporation of renewable energy sources intothe distribution grid and the need for a technological evolutiontowards the implementation of smartgrids. The book is organized into two parts: the first part analyzes theintegration of distributed energy sources into the distributiongrid and the impact of these sources on grid operation. After ageneral description of the general characteristics of distributiongrids and renewable energy sources, it then analyzes the economicsof electrical energy distribution networks and presents the impactof these sources on grid operation. The second part of the bookthen analyzes the various functions which allow for safe operationof the grid and realization of the path towards real worldapplication of smartgrids.

Modernizing America's Electricity Infrastructure

Modernizing America's Electricity Infrastructure
  • Author : Mason Willrich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-10
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780262342414
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Summary : A comprehensive, coherent strategy for modernizing America's electricity infrastructure while ensuring affordable, reliable, secure, and environmentally sustainable electricity services. America's aging electricity infrastructure is deteriorating rapidly even as the need for highly reliable electric service—driven by the explosion of digital technology—continues to rise. Largely missing from national discussions, however, is a coherent, comprehensive national strategy for modernizing this critical infrastructure. Energy expert Mason Willrich presents just such a strategy in this book, connecting the dots across electric utilities, independent suppliers, government bureaucracies, political jurisdictions, and academic disciplines. He explains the need for a coherent approach, offers a framework for analyzing policy options, and proposes a step-by-step strategy for modernizing electrical infrastructure, end-to-end, in a way that ensures the delivery of affordable, reliable, secure, and environmentally sustainable electricity services. Willrich argues that an effective electrical infrastructure modernization strategy must incorporate flexibility, adaptability, and the capacity to coordinate policies at local, state, and federal levels. He reviews the history of America's electrification, from Edison's demonstration of the incandescent light bulb through the recent expansion of wind, solar, and energy efficiency as carbon-free energy resources. He describes the current ownership and operation of the electric industry and the complicated web of federal and state policies that govern it.

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System

Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electric Power Transmission and Distribution System
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-25
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9780309463102
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Summary : Americans' safety, productivity, comfort, and convenience depend on the reliable supply of electric power. The electric power system is a complex "cyber-physical" system composed of a network of millions of components spread out across the continent. These components are owned, operated, and regulated by thousands of different entities. Power system operators work hard to assure safe and reliable service, but large outages occasionally happen. Given the nature of the system, there is simply no way that outages can be completely avoided, no matter how much time and money is devoted to such an effort. The system's reliability and resilience can be improved but never made perfect. Thus, system owners, operators, and regulators must prioritize their investments based on potential benefits. Enhancing the Resilience of the Nation's Electricity System focuses on identifying, developing, and implementing strategies to increase the power system's resilience in the face of events that can cause large-area, long-duration outages: blackouts that extend over multiple service areas and last several days or longer. Resilience is not just about lessening the likelihood that these outages will occur. It is also about limiting the scope and impact of outages when they do occur, restoring power rapidly afterwards, and learning from these experiences to better deal with events in the future.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2014: Department of Energy fiscal year 2014 justifications

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2014: Department of Energy fiscal year 2014 justifications
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210023707662
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Summary :

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks

Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks
  • Author : Kazem Zare,Sayyad Nojavan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-05
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780128148921
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Summary : Operation of Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Distribution Networks defines the barriers and challenges of smart distribution networks, ultimately proposing optimal solutions for addressing them. The book considers their use as an important part of future electrical power systems and their ability to improve the local flexibility and reliability of electrical systems. It carefully defines the concept as a radial network with a cluster of distributed energy generations, various types of loads, and energy storage systems. In addition, the book details how the huge penetration of distributed energy resources and the intermittent nature of renewable generations may cause system problems. Readers will find this to be an important resource that analyzes and introduces the features and problems of smart distribution networks from different aspects. Integrates different types of elements, including electrical vehicles, demand response programs, and various renewable energy sources in distribution networks Proposes optimal operational models for the short-term performance and scheduling of a distribution network Discusses the uncertainties of renewable resources and intermittent load in the decision-making process for distribution networks

Measuring and Enabling Resiliency in Distribution Sysems with Multiple Microgrids

Measuring and Enabling Resiliency in Distribution Sysems with Multiple Microgrids
  • Author : Sayonsom Chanda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:936068893
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Summary :

Energy Storage in Energy Markets

Energy Storage in Energy Markets
  • Author : Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo,Amin Mohammadpour Shotorbani,Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-07
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128203835
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Summary : Energy Storage in Energy Markets reviews the modeling, design, analysis, optimization and impact of energy storage systems in energy markets in a way that is ideal for an audience of researchers and practitioners. The book provides deep insights on potential benefits and revenues, economic evaluation, investment challenges, risk analysis, technical requirements, and the impacts of energy storage integration. Heavily referenced and easily accessible to policymakers, developers, engineer, researchers and students alike, this comprehensive resource aims to fill the gap in the role of energy storage in pool/local energy/ancillary service markets and other multi-market commerce. Chapters elaborate on energy market fundamentals, operations, energy storage fundamentals, components, and the role and impact of storage systems on energy systems from different aspects, such as environmental, technical and economics, the role of storage devices in uncertainty handling in energy systems and their contributions in resiliency and reliability improvement. Provides integrated techno-economic analysis of energy storage systems and the energy markets Reviews impacts of electric vehicles as moving energy storage and loads on the electricity market Analyzes the role and impact of energy storage systems in the energy, ancillary, reserve and regulatory multi-market business Applies advanced methods to the economic integration of large-scale energy storage systems Develops an evaluation framework for energy market storage systems

Advances in Smart Grid Power System

Advances in Smart Grid Power System
  • Author : Anuradha Tomar,Ritu Kandari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-23
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780128243381
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Summary : Advances in Smart Grid Power System: Network, Control and Security discusses real world problems, solutions, and best practices in related fields. The book includes executable plans for smart grid systems, their network communications, tactics on protecting information, and response plans for cyber incidents. Moreover, it enables researchers and energy professionals to understand the future of energy delivery systems and security. Covering fundamental theory, mathematical formulations, practical implementations, and experimental testing procedures, this book gives readers invaluable insights into the field of power systems, their quality and reliability, their impact, and their importance in cybersecurity. Includes supporting illustrations and tables along with valuable end of chapter reference sets Provides a working guideline for the design and analysis of smart grids and their applications Features experimental testing procedures in smart grid power systems, communication networks, reliability, and cybersecurity

America's Energy Future

America's Energy Future
  • Author : National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on America's Energy Future
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-15
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : 9780309149099
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Summary : For multi-user PDF licensing, please contact customer service. Energy touches our lives in countless ways and its costs are felt when we fill up at the gas pump, pay our home heating bills, and keep businesses both large and small running. There are long-term costs as well: to the environment, as natural resources are depleted and pollution contributes to global climate change, and to national security and independence, as many of the world's current energy sources are increasingly concentrated in geopolitically unstable regions. The country's challenge is to develop an energy portfolio that addresses these concerns while still providing sufficient, affordable energy reserves for the nation. The United States has enormous resources to put behind solutions to this energy challenge; the dilemma is to identify which solutions are the right ones. Before deciding which energy technologies to develop, and on what timeline, we need to understand them better. America's Energy Future analyzes the potential of a wide range of technologies for generation, distribution, and conservation of energy. This book considers technologies to increase energy efficiency, coal-fired power generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, oil and natural gas, and alternative transportation fuels. It offers a detailed assessment of the associated impacts and projected costs of implementing each technology and categorizes them into three time frames for implementation.

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids

Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids
  • Author : Rajeev Kumar Chauhan,Kalpana Chauhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-17
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9780128177754
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Summary : Distributed Energy Resources in Microgrids: Integration, Challenges and Optimization unifies classically unconnected aspects of microgrids by considering them alongside economic analysis and stability testing. In addition, the book presents well-founded mathematical analyses on how to technically and economically optimize microgrids via distributed energy resource integration. Researchers and engineers in the power and energy sector will find this information useful for combined scientific and economical approaches to microgrid integration. Specific sections cover microgrid performance, including key technical elements, such as control design, stability analysis, power quality, reliability and resiliency in microgrid operation. Addresses the challenges related to the integration of renewable energy resources Includes examples of control algorithms adopted during integration Presents detailed methods of optimization to enhance successful integration

The Resilience of the Electric Power Delivery System in Response to Terrorism and Natural Disasters

The Resilience of the Electric Power Delivery System in Response to Terrorism and Natural Disasters
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Planning Committee for the Workshop on the Resilience of the Electric Power System to Terrorism and Natural Disasters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :42
  • ISBN : 9780309293983
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Summary : The Resilience of the Electric Power Delivery System in Response to Terrorism and Natural Disasters is the summary of a workshop convened in February 2013 as a follow-up to the release of the National Research Council report Terrorism and the Electric Power Delivery System. That report had been written in 2007 for the Department of Homeland Security, but publication was delayed because of security concerns. While most of the committee's findings were still relevant, many developments affecting vulnerability had occurred in the interval. The 2013 workshop was a discussion of the committee\'s results, what had changed in recent years, and how lessons learned about the grid's resilience to terrorism could be applied to other threats to the grid resulting from natural disasters. The purpose was not to translate the entire report into the present, but to focus on key issues relevant to making the grid sufficiently robust that it could handle inevitable failures without disastrous impact. The workshop focused on five key areas: physical vulnerabilities of the grid; cybersecurity; mitigation and response to outages; community resilience and the provision of critical services; and future technologies and policies that could enhance the resilience of the electric power delivery system. The electric power transmission and distribution system (the grid) is an extraordinarily complex network of wires, transformers, and associated equipment and control software designed to transmit electricity from where it is generated, usually in centralized power plants, to commercial, residential, and industrial users. Because the U.S. infrastructure has become increasingly dependent on electricity, vulnerabilities in the grid have the potential to cascade well beyond whether the lights turn on, impacting among other basic services such as the fueling infrastructure, the economic system, and emergency services. The Resilience of the Electric Power Delivery System in Response to Terrorism and Natural Disasters discusses physical vulnerabilities and the cybersecurity of the grid, ways in which communities respond to widespread outages and how to minimize these impacts, the grid of tomorrow, and how resilience can be encouraged and built into the grid in the future.

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Smart Energy Grid Engineering
  • Author : Hossam Gabbar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-12
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 9780128092323
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Summary : Smart Energy Grid Engineering provides in-depth detail on the various important engineering challenges of smart energy grid design and operation by focusing on advanced methods and practices for designing different components and their integration within the grid. Governments around the world are investing heavily in smart energy grids to ensure optimum energy use and supply, enable better planning for outage responses and recovery, and facilitate the integration of heterogeneous technologies such as renewable energy systems, electrical vehicle networks, and smart homes around the grid. By looking at case studies and best practices that illustrate how to implement smart energy grid infrastructures and analyze the technical details involved in tackling emerging challenges, this valuable reference considers the important engineering aspects of design and implementation, energy generation, utilization and energy conservation, intelligent control and monitoring data analysis security, and asset integrity. Includes detailed support to integrate systems for smart grid infrastructures Features global case studies outlining design components and their integration within the grid Provides examples and best practices from industry that will assist in the migration to smart grids

Risk Assessment Of Power Systems

Risk Assessment Of Power Systems
  • Author : Wenyuan Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 9780471631682
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Summary : "Risk Assessment of Power Systems closes the gap between risk theory and real-world application. As a leading authority in power system risk evaluation for more than fifteen years and the author of a considerable number of papers and more than fifty technical reports on power system risk and reliability evaluation, Wenyuan Li is uniquely qualified to present this material. Following the models and methods developed from the author's hands-on experience, readers learn how to evaluate power system risk in planning, design, operations, and maintenance activities to keep risk at targeted levels."--BOOK JACKET.

Pathways to a Smarter Power System

Pathways to a Smarter Power System
  • Author : Ozan Erdinc,Akin Tascıkaraoglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-23
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780081025932
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Summary : Pathways to a Smarter Power System studies different concepts within smart grids that are used in both industry and system regulators (e.g. distribution and transmission system operators) and research. This book covers these concepts from multiple perspectives and in multiple contexts, presenting detailed technical information on renewable energy systems, distributed generation and energy storage units, methods to activate the demand side of power systems, market structure needs, and advanced planning concepts and new operational requirements, specifically for power system protection, technological evolvements, and requirements regarding technology in ICT, power electronics and control areas. This book provides energy researchers and engineers with an indispensable guide on how to apply wider perspectives to the different technological and conceptual requirements of a smarter power system. Includes concepts regarding conceptual and technological needs and investment planning suggestions for smart grid enabling strategies Contains new electric power system operational concepts required by industry, along with R&D studies addressing new solutions to potential operational problems Covers pathways to smarter power systems from successful existing examples to expected short, medium and long-term possibilities

Reliable and Resilient Future Grid Through T&D Co-simulation and Improved Distribution Systems Protection Using Traveling-wave Relays

Reliable and Resilient Future Grid Through T&D Co-simulation and Improved Distribution Systems Protection Using Traveling-wave Relays
  • Author : Yaswanth Nag Velaga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : OCLC:1157237724
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Summary :