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Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems

Research Approaches to Sustainable Biomass Systems
  • Author : Seishu Tojo,Tadashi Hirasawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-02
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780124046832
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Summary : Researchers, students and engineers working with biofuels and biomass are increasingly expected to comprehend a new holistic systems perspective that begins with wise crop breeding and cultivation techniques and informs the entire conversion to energy process. This volume provides diverse examples of successfully implemented sustainable biomass research in Asia, highlighting the challenges faced by designers of new biomass production facilities and tips on how to develop approaches to overcome them. In addition to providing an authoritative guide on the utilization of the authors’ sample feedstocks, rice straw and sunflower, the authors provide lessons relevant to stakeholders involved with all manner of biomass production projects by drawing out important comparisons and contrasts that must be taken into account when deciding how to utilize biomass as an energy resource in a way that is economically feasible and environmentally sustainable. Provides diverse examples of successfully implemented biomass research, highlighting insights on common bottlenecks and approaches developed to overcome them Features coverage of the full feedstock life cycle, from crop breeding to commercial application, focusing on 3 key areas: biomass production, biofuel conversion technologies, and sustainable practices Examines two regionally compatible feedstock, rice-straw and sunflower, performing a compare and contrast analysis of agricultural production methods, economics, conversion systems, and environmental impacts

A Sustainable Bioeconomy

A Sustainable Bioeconomy
  • Author : Mika Sillanpää,Chaker Ncibi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-13
  • Total pages :343
  • ISBN : 9783319556376
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Summary : An authoritative and comprehensive volume of knowledge and green technologies wholly focused on the future of the bioeconomy. The authors present data, show opportunities, discuss R&D findings, analyze strategies, assess the wider economic impact, showcase achievements, criticize policies and propose solutions for the green revolution in biofuels, biochemicals and biomaterials’ production and power generation. A fascinating range of case studies from the US, China and many European countries are used to inform readers about the impact of this field on society and how various technologies are currently being implemented. Additionally, the role of industry on this green industrial revolution is outlined with contributions from several major companies such as DuPont (US), UPM-Kymmene Oy (Finland), Anhui BBCA Biochemical Co (China).

Lignocellulosic Ethanol Production from a Biorefinery Perspective

Lignocellulosic Ethanol Production from a Biorefinery Perspective
  • Author : Deepansh Sharma,Anita Saini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-20
  • Total pages :227
  • ISBN : 9789811545733
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the multi-dimensional approach for the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass. The sustainability of this biofuel, the current and future status of the technology and its role in waste valorization are also addressed. Bioethanol from lignocellulosic material has emerged as an alternative to the traditional first-generation bioethanol. The book also discusses various pretreatment methods for effective separation of the various components of lignocellulosic feedstock as well as their advantages, and limitations. It describes the valorization of lignocellulosic waste through the production of bioethanol and emphasizes the significance of waste utilization in managing the production cost of the fuel. Finally, the utilization of genetically engineered plants and microorganisms to increase the conversion efficiency is reviewed.

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines

Alternative Fuels and Their Utilization Strategies in Internal Combustion Engines
  • Author : Akhilendra Pratap Singh,Yogesh C. Sharma,Nirendra N. Mustafi,Avinash Kumar Agarwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-10
  • Total pages :329
  • ISBN : 9789811504181
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Summary : This book covers alternative fuels and their utilization strategies in internal combustion engines. The main objective of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in the production and utilization aspects of different types of liquid and gaseous alternative fuels. In the last few years, methanol and DME have gained significant attention of the energy sector, because of their capability to be utilized in different types of engines. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers alike.

Chemistry of Renewables

Chemistry of Renewables
  • Author : Arno Behr,Thomas Seidensticker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-29
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9783662614303
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Summary : This textbook introduces the industrial production and processing of natural resources. It is divided into six major topics (fats and oils, carbohydrates, lignin, terpenoids, other natural products, biorefinery), which are divided into a total of 20 chapters. Each chapter is self-contained and therefore a compact learning unit, which can be worked on by students in self-study or presented by lecturers. Clear illustrations, flow diagrams, apparatus drawings and photos facilitate the understanding of the subject matter. All chapters end with a succinct summary, the "Take Home Messages". Each chapter is supplemented by ten short test questions, which can be solved quickly after working through the chapter; the answers are at the end of the book. All chapters contain bibliographical references that focus on essential textbooks and reference works. As a prior knowledge, only basic knowledge of chemistry is required.

Advances in Carbon Management Technologies

Advances in Carbon Management Technologies
  • Author : Subhas K. Sikdar,Frank Princiotta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-01
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9781000220155
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Summary : Volume 2 of Advances in Carbon Management Technologies has 21 chapters. It presents the introductory chapter again, for framing the challenges that confront the proposed solutions discussed in this volume. Section 4 presents various ways biomass and biomass wastes can be manipulated to provide a low-carbon footprint of the generation of power, heat and co-products, and of recovery and reuse of biomass wastes for beneficial purposes. Section 5 provides potential carbon management solutions in urban and manufacturing environments. This section also provides state-of the-art of battery technologies for the transportation sector. The chapters in section 6 deals with electricity and the grid, and how decarbonization can be practiced in the electricity sector. The overall topic of advances in carbon management is too broad to be covered in a book of this size. It was not intended to cover every possible aspect that is relevant to the topic. Attempts were made, however, to highlight the most important issues of decarbonization from technological viewpoints. Over the years carbon intensity of products and processes has decreased, but the proportion of energy derived from fossil fuels has been stubornly stuck at about 80%. This has occurred despite very rapid development of renewable fuels, because at the same time the use of fossil fuels has also increased. Thus, the challenges are truly daunting. It is hoped that the technology choices provided here will show the myriad ways that solutions will evolve. While policy decisions are the driving forces for technology development, the book was not designed to cover policy solutions.

Sustainable Ecological Systems

Sustainable Ecological Systems
  • Author : W. Wallace Covington
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :363
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D03001030H
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Summary : "This conference brought together scientists and managers from federal, state, and local agencies, along with private-sector interests, to examine key concepts involving sustainable ecological systems, and ways in which to apply these concepts to ecosystem management. Session topics were: ecological consequences of land and water use changes, biology of rare and declining species and habitats, conservation biology and restoration ecology, developing and applying ecological theory to management of ecological systems and forest health, and sustainable ecosystems to respond to human needs. A plenary session established the philosophical and historical contexts for ecosystem management."--Title page verso.

The Electric Program Investment Charge

The Electric Program Investment Charge
  • Author : Pam Doughman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822032672438
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Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems

Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems
  • Author : Norman Uphoff,Andrew S. Ball,Erick Fernandes,Hans Herren,Olivier Husson,Mark Laing,Cheryl Palm,Jules Pretty,Pedro Sanchez,Nteranya Sanginga,Janice Thies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-03
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9781420017113
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Summary : Global agriculture is now at the crossroads. The Green Revolution of the last century is losing momentum. Rates of growth in food production are now declining, with land and water resources becoming scarcer, while world population continues to grow. We need to continue to identify and share the knowledge that will support successful and sustainable agriculture systems. These depend crucially on soil. Gaining international attention, Dr. Uphoff’s efforts to promote and develop sustainable agriculture was recently featured in the N.Y. Times Led by Norman Uphoff, internationally renowned for his proactive approach to world hunger, this volume brings together 102 experts representing 28 nations and multiple disciplines to report on achievements in sustainable soil-system management. While accepting some continuing role for chemical and other external inputs, this book presents ways in which crops can be produced cost effectively in greater abundance with lessened dependence on the exogenous resources that have driven the expansion of agriculture in the past. Including the work of both researchers and practitioners, this important volume — · Explores soil systems in a variety of climate conditions · Discusses the importance of symbiotic relationships between plants and soil organisms, looking at crops as integral and interdependent participants in ecosystems · Seeks to reduce the distance between scientific research and technical practice · Examines related considerations such as pest and disease control, climate change, fertility restoration, and uses of monitoring and modeling With 50 self-contained chapters, this work provides researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with a comprehensive understanding of the science and steps needed to utilize soil systems for the long-term benefit of humankind. For information on the SRI, System of Rice Intensification being developed by Uphoff and others, go to http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/

A Method for Federal Energy Research Planning

A Method for Federal Energy Research Planning
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :120
  • ISBN : PSU:000031127448
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Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts
  • Author : R. Praveen Kumar,Edgard Gnansounou,Jegannathan Kenthorai Raman,Gurunathan Baskar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-08
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 9780128189979
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Summary : The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors

Bioeconomy

Bioeconomy
  • Author : Iris Lewandowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-11
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783319681528
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Summary : This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability. The authors are ideally situated to elaborate on the diverse aspects of the bioeconomy. They have acquired in-depth experience of interdisciplinary research through the university’s focus on “Bioeconomy”, its contribution to the Bioeconomy Research Program of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, and its participation in the German Bioeconomy Council. With the number of bioeconomy-related projects at European universities rising, this book will provide graduate students and researchers with background information on the bioeconomy. It will familiarize scientific readers with bioeconomy-related terms and give scientific background for economists, agronomists and natural scientists alike.

Advances in Complex Societal, Environmental and Engineered Systems

Advances in Complex Societal, Environmental and Engineered Systems
  • Author : Mohamed Nemiche,Mohammad Essaaidi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-20
  • Total pages :297
  • ISBN : 9783319461649
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Summary : This book addresses recent technological progress that has led to an increased complexity in many natural and artificial systems. The resulting complexity research due to the emergence of new properties and spatio-temporal interactions among a large number of system elements - and between the system and its environment - is the primary focus of this text. This volume is divided into three parts: Part one focuses on societal and ecological systems, Part two deals with approaches for understanding, modeling, predicting and mastering socio-technical systems, and Part three includes real-life examples. Each chapter has its own special features; it is a self-contained contribution of distinguished experts working on different fields of science and technology relevant to the study of complex systems. Advances in Complex Systems of Contemporary Reality: Societal, Environmental and Engineered Systems will provide postgraduate students, researchers and managers with qualitative and quantitative methods for handling the many features of complex contemporary reality.

Energy from Organic Materials (Biomass)

Energy from Organic Materials (Biomass)
  • Author : Martin Kaltschmitt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-21
  • Total pages :1445
  • ISBN : 1493978128
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Summary : This comprehensive reference is a state-of-the-art survey of biomass as an energy carrier for the provision of heat, electricity, and transportation fuel, considering technical, economic, environmental, and social aspects. On a global scale, biomass contributes roughly 12 to 16 % of the energy needed to cover the overall primary energy consumption. Thus far, it is humanity’s most important source of renewable energy, used on practically all continents and growing in importance even in industrialized nations. With detailed coverage of the production of solid, gaseous and liquid fuels, as well as a final energy provision, this volume serves as an introduction for readers just entering the field, but also offers new insights, up-to-date information, as well as latest findings for advanced researchers, industry experts, and decision makers.

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio-based Chemistry

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio-based Chemistry
  • Author : Valentin I Popa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-22
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781000358285
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Summary : The process of photosynthesis is a potential source of energy and bioproducts. Renewable sources of polymeric materials offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically attractive technology. The innovations in the development of materials from biopolymers, preservation of fossil-based raw materials, complete biological degradability, reduction in the volume of garbage and compostability in the natural cycle, climate protection through reduction of carbon dioxide released, and the application possibilities of agricultural resources for the production of bio/green materials are some of the reasons why such materials are attracting public interest. FEATURES Discusses waste from urban areas, forestry and agricultural processes, specifically grown crops such as trees, starch crops, sugar crops hydrocarbon plants and oils, and finally aquatic plants such as water seaweeds and algae, which can be used as raw materials for sustainable development. Presents recent advances in the development of some specifically chemical components of biomasses for a sustainable future. Focuses on lignocellulose as a source of bio-based products. Draws upon expertise from various countries. Describes how upgraded and integrated biomass processing may reduce the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania.

Practices and Perspectives in Sustainable Bioenergy

Practices and Perspectives in Sustainable Bioenergy
  • Author : Madhumi Mitra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9788132239659
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Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
  • Author : Hu Li,S. Saravanamurugan,Ashok Pandey,Sasikumar Elumalai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2022-01-01
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780323860017
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Summary : As academia and industry are now striving to substitute fossil-based chemicals with alternative renewable resources, second-generation lignocellulosic biomass which does not depend on the food cycle has become increasingly important. Lignocellulosic biomass is composed of three major polymeric components - lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose. The polymers can be degraded into monomeric counterparts through selective conversion routes like hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose and of hemicellulose to xylose. Biochemicals and Materials Production from Sustainable Biomass Resources provides a detailed overview of the experimentally developed approaches and strategies that facilitate carbon-based materials and fine chemicals derivation from biomass feedstocks with robust catalyst systems and renewed conversion routes. It also highlights theoretical methods like techno-economic analysis of biobutanol synthesis. Includes the recent development of biomass-derived high-value chemicals and functional materials Describes theoretical and technical details of specific conversion routes and preparation methods Covers jointly organic transformations, catalytic synthesis, reaction mechanisms, thermal stability, reaction parameters and solvent effects

Production of Materials from Sustainable Biomass Resources

Production of Materials from Sustainable Biomass Resources
  • Author : Zhen Fang,Richard L. Smith, Jr,Xiao-Fei Tian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-04
  • Total pages :401
  • ISBN : 9789811337680
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Summary : This book presents a collection of studies on state-of-art techniques developed specifically for lignocellulose component derivation, and for the production of functional materials, composite polymers, carbonaceous biocatalysts, and pellets from lignocellulosic biomass, with an emphasis on using sustainable chemistry and engineering to develop innovative materials and fuels for practical application. Technological strategies for the physical processing or biological conversion of biomass for material production are also presented. All chapters were contributed by respected experts in the field from around the globe, providing a broad range of perspectives on cutting-edge applications. The book offers an ideal reference guide for academic researchers and industrial engineers in the fields of natural renewable materials, biorefinery of lignocellulose, biofuels and environmental engineering. It can also be used as a comprehensive reference source for university students in chemical engineering, material science and environmental engineering.

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 1999: Testimony of members of Congress and other interested individual[s] and organizations

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 1999: Testimony of members of Congress and other interested individual[s] and organizations
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : LOC:00185903114
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Current Literature on Science of Science

Current Literature on Science of Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015079672849
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Summary :

Fiscal Year 1999 Budget Authorization Requests for the Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency Research and Development, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 25, 1998

Fiscal Year 1999 Budget Authorization Requests for the Department of Energy, Environmental Protection Agency Research and Development, and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment of the Committee on Science, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 25, 1998
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment,United States
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : PSU:000033116310
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Summary :