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Rheology

Rheology
  • Author : Aleksandr I͡Akovlevich Malkin,Alexander Ya Malkin,Avraam I. Isayev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9781895198331
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Summary : There are few comprehensive books on the market on the subject of rheology – the complex science dealing with flow and deformation of matter – and these are several years old. At last there is now a book that explains the meaning of a science that many scientists need to use but only a few can fully grasp. It does so by striking the balance between oversimplification and overload of theory in a very compelling and readable manner. The author's systematic presentation enables the authors to include all components of rheology in one volume. The first four chapters of this book discuss various aspects of theoretical rheology and, by examples of many studies, show how particular theory, model, or equation can be used in solving different problems. The main emphasis is on liquids, but solid materials are discussed in one full chapter as well. Methods of measurement and raw data treatment are included in one large chapter which constitutes more than one quarter of the book. Eight groups of methods are discussed giving many choices for experimentation and guidance on where and how to use them properly. The final chapter shows how to use rheological methods in different groups of products and methods of their manufacture. Usefulness of chemorheological (rheokinetical) measurements is also emphasized. This chapter continues with examples of purposeful applications in practical matters.

Rheology

Rheology
  • Author : Alexander Ya. Malkin,Avraam I. Isayev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-29
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 1895198496
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Summary : The pursuit of the golden balance between oversimplification and overload with theory has always been the primary goal of every author of book on rheology. Rheology: Concepts, Methods, and Applications, Second Edition is a tool for chemists and chemical engineers to solve many practical problems. They have to learn what to measure, how to measure, and what to do with the data. But, the learning process should not take users away from their major goals, such as manufacturing quality products, developing new materials, analysis of material durability. In the book various aspects of theoretical rheology as well as methods of measurement and raw data treatment and how to use rheological methods in different groups of products are discusses. The authors share their experiences of many years of experimental studies and teaching to show use of rheology in studies of materials. They and were very meticulous in giving historical background of contributors to rheology as a science and as the method of solving many practical problems. This book is very useful as a teaching tool in universities and colleges because it is consistent with programs of rheology courses. Practicality of this book will prepare students for typical tasks in industry. Equally it serves the industry and accomplished rheologists because it contains expert advice of two very famous and accomplished scientists and teachers who know discoveries first-hand because they may have taken part in some of them. introductory rheology for students and scientists easy to understand many practical examples

Rheology Fundamentals

Rheology Fundamentals
  • Author : Aleksandr I︠A︡kovlevich Malkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781895198096
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Summary : Most technological improvements are realized through application of rheology used to modify properties of materials. At the same time, rheology is a complex discipline not fully understood by most researchers and engineers. It is not because rheology is too difficult to understand but mostly because the discipline uses its own language full of terms and models, understood by rheologists but not commonly used by others. ChemTec Publishing introduces a new series entitled Fundamental Topics in Rheology, designed to facilitate conversion of rheology from a field familiar to a narrow group of specialists to a popularly applied science.

Rheology of the Earth

Rheology of the Earth
  • Author : Giorgio Ranalli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-05-31
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 0412546701
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Summary : Beginning with basic principles, this advanced text gives a complete treatment of deformation and flow of earth materials from both the continuum mechanics and the microphysical viewpoints. It covers the role and consequences of rheological processes in geophysics and geodynamics in a quantitative and authoritative manner. The second edition of this successful text: provides the only unified treatment of the rheology of the Earth at this level, making it useful to students and researchers alike; includes discussions of seismology, mantle convection and plate tectonics; is completely up to date, providing a much needed account of thermal and mechanical processes in geodynamics.

Melt Rheology and Its Role in Plastics Processing

Melt Rheology and Its Role in Plastics Processing
  • Author : John M Dealy,K.F. Wissbrun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-07-31
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 0412739100
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Summary : This book is designed to fulfill a dual role. On the one hand it provides a description of the rheological behavior of molten poly mers. On the other, it presents the role of rheology in melt processing operations. The account of rheology emphasises the underlying principles and presents results, but not detailed deriva tions of equations. The processing operations are described qualita tively, and wherever possible the role of rheology is discussed quantitatively. Little emphasis is given to non-rheological aspects of processes, for example, the design of machinery. The audience for which the book is intended is also dual in nature. It includes scientists and engineers whose work in the plastics industry requires some knowledge of aspects of rheology. Examples are the polymer synthetic chemist who is concerned with how a change in molecular weight will affect the melt viscosity and the extrusion engineer who needs to know the effects of a change in molecular weight distribution that might result from thermal degra dation. The audience also includes post-graduate students in polymer science and engineering who wish to acquire a more extensive background in rheology and perhaps become specialists in this area. Especially for the latter audience, references are given to more detailed accounts of specialized topics, such as constitutive relations and process simulations. Thus, the book could serve as a textbook for a graduate level course in polymer rheology, and it has been used for this purpose.

An Introduction to Rheology

An Introduction to Rheology
  • Author : Howard A. Barnes,John Fletcher Hutton,K. Walters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989-06-15
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 0444871403
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Summary : This text introduces the subject of rheology in terms understandable to non-experts and describes the application of rheological principles to many industrial products and processes.

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics

High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics
  • Author : Scott S Bair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-06
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 0080475302
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Summary : Computational elastohydrodynamics, a part of tribology, has existed happily enough for about fifty years without the use of accurate models for the rheology of the liquids used as lubricants. For low molecular weight liquids, such as low viscosity mineral oils, it has been possible to calculate, with precision, the film thickness in a concentrated contact provided that the pressure and temperature are relatively low, even when the pressure variation of viscosity is not accurately modelled in detail. Other successes have been more qualitative in nature, using effective properties which come from the fitting of parameters used in calculations to experimental measurements of the contact behaviour, friction or film thickness. High Pressure Rheology for Quantitative Elastohydrodynamics is intended to provide a sufficiently accurate framework for the rheology of liquids at elevated pressure that it may be possible for computational elastohydrodynamics to discover the relationships between the behaviour of a lubricated concentrated contact and the measurable properties of the liquid lubricant. The required high-pressure measurement techniques are revealed in detail and data are presented for chemically well-defined liquids that may be used as quantitative reference materials. * Presents the property relations required for a quantitative calculation of the tribological behaviour of lubricated concentrated contacts. * Details of high-pressure experimental techniques. * Complete description of the pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity for high pressures. * Some little-known limitations on EHL modelling.

Introduction to Polymer Rheology

Introduction to Polymer Rheology
  • Author : Montgomery T. Shaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-12
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781118170212
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Summary : An introduction to the rheology of polymers, with simplemath Designed for practicing scientists and engineers interested inpolymer rheology science, education, consulting, or research anddevelopment, Introduction to Polymer Rheology is acomprehensive yet accessible guide to the study of the deformationand flow of matter under applied stress. Often considered acomplicated topic for beginners, the book makes grasping thefundamentals of polymer rheology easy by presenting information inan approachable way and limiting the use of complex mathematics. Bydoing so, this introductory overview provides readers with easyaccess to the key concepts underlying the flow behavior of polymermelts, solutions, and suspensions. Incorporating sample problemsthat are worked through and explained on the page, as well asnumerous practice problems to gauge learning comprehension, thebook prepares new students and practitioners for moving on to moreadvanced concepts. Comprising twelve chapters, the book covers stress, velocity andrate of deformation, the relationship between stress and rate ofdeformation (Newtonian fluid), generalized Newtonian fluids, normalstresses and elastic behavior, experimental methods, small andlarge strain, the molecular origins of rheological behavior,elementary polymer processing concepts, quality control inrheology, and the flow of modified polymers and those withsupermolecular structure. The essential reference for accurately interpreting polymerrheology data, Introduction to Polymer Rheology providesreaders with an elementary understanding of the key issues andmodern approaches to resolving problems in the field. An Instructor’s Guide with answers to select problems in thetext, 60 new problems with full solutions, hints for effectivepresentation of the material in the text, and an errata listing isavailable for professors using the book as a course textbook.

The Rheology Handbook

The Rheology Handbook
  • Author : Thomas G. Mezger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :299
  • ISBN : 3878701748
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Rheology

Rheology
  • Author : Alexander Ya. Malkin,Avraam I. Isayev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-14
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781927885222
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Summary : Rheology: Concepts, Methods and Applications, Third Edition provides a thorough historical and theoretical grounding in the field, and introduces rheology as the method of solving many practical problems in materials science and engineering. The book is practical and relevant for industry, but is also consistent with rheology courses in academia, making it relevant to both academics and accomplished rheologists in industry. The first four chapters discuss various aspects of theoretical rheology and, through examples from numerous studies, show how particular theories, models, or equations can be used in solving different problems. The shared experience and insight contained in these chapters assists practitioners carrying out rheological studies in generating relevant data. This helps to avert costly errors in analysis which are common when data are generated under the wrong conditions, or are incorrectly used. The fifth chapter covers methods of measurement and treatment of raw data—eight groups of methods are discussed in this chapter, providing the reader with many options for experimentation, along with guidance on where and how to use them properly. The final chapter demonstrates how to use rheological methods for different groups of products and manufacturing methods. The usefulness of chemorheological (rheokinetical) measurements is also emphasized. The chapter has a particular emphasis on real-world applications of rheology, and gives practical guidance to enable materials scientists to gather data and solve problems using these methods. This book is a systematic presentation of the subject of rheology—written by two of the foremost researchers in the field—showing the subject as an interrelated system of concepts, principal phenomena, experimental methods, and directions of their application. It also links with other branches of theoretical and applied sciences. Provides substantial experience and insight to assist rheologists working in a range of industries to generate relevant data, avoiding costly errors in analysis Includes eight groups of measurement methods, providing the reader with options so they can choose the most effective for their situation Offers thorough coverage of different applications of rheology, demonstrating how to use rheological methods for different products—from polymeric materials to food products, biological fluids, and electro and magnetic materials

Rheology for Chemists

Rheology for Chemists
  • Author : James William Goodwin,Roy W. Hughes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-01
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9780854048397
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Summary : Rheology is primarily concerned with materials: scientific, engineering and everyday products whose mechanical behaviour cannot be described using classical theories. From biological to geological systems, the key to understanding the viscous and elastic behaviour firmly rests in the relationship between the interactions between atoms and molecules and how this controls the structure, and ultimately the physical and mechanical properties. Rheology for Chemists An Introduction takes the reader through the range of rheological ideas without the use of the complex mathematics. The book gives particular emphasis on the temporal behaviour and microstructural aspects of materials, and is detailed in scope of reference. An excellent introduction to the newer scientific areas of soft matter and complex fluid research, the second edition also refers to system dimension and the maturing of the instrumentation market. This book is a valuable resource for practitioners working in the field, and offers a comprehensive introduction for graduate and post graduates. Extracts from reviews of 1st Edition: ..". well-suited for self-study by research workers and technologists, who, confronted with technical problems in this area, would like a straightforward introduction to the subject of rheology." Chemical Educator, ..". full of valuable insights and up-to-date information." Chemistry World

Applied Fluid Rheology

Applied Fluid Rheology
  • Author : J. Ferguson,Z. Kemblowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-10-31
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781851665884
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Rheology - Volume II

Rheology - Volume II
  • Author : Crispulo Gallegos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-30
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9781848263208
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Summary : Rheology is a component of Encyclopedia of Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Rheology is the study of the flow of matter. It is classified as a physics discipline and focuses on substances that do not maintain a constant viscosity or state of flow. That can involve liquids, soft solids and solids that are under conditions that cause them to flow. It applies to substances which have a complex molecular structure, such as muds, sludges, suspensions, polymers and other glass formers, as well as many foods and additives, bodily fluids and other biological materials. The theme on Rheology focuses on five main areas, namely, basic concepts of rheology; rheometry; rheological materials, rheological processes and theoretical rheology. Of course, many of the chapters contain material from more than one general area. Rheology is an interdisciplinary subject which embraces many aspects of mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering and biology. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The Rheology Handbook

The Rheology Handbook
  • Author : Thomas Mezger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-25
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9783866305328
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Summary : Already in its 5th edition, this standard work describes the principles of rheology clearly, vividly and in practical terms. The book includes the rheology of additives in waterborne dispersions and surfactant systems. Not only it is a great reference book, it can also serve as a textbook for studying the theory behind the methods. The practical use of rheology is presented in the areas quality control, production and application, chemical and mechanical engineering, materials science and industrial research and development. After reading this book, the reader should be able to perform tests with rotational and oscillatory rheometers and interpret the results correctly.

A Practical Approach to Rheology and Rheometry

A Practical Approach to Rheology and Rheometry
  • Author : Gebhard Schramm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034276983
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Practical Food Rheology

Practical Food Rheology
  • Author : Ian T. Norton,Fotios Spyropoulos,Philip Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-01
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1444391054
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Summary : Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses

Rheology

Rheology
  • Author : Giovanni Astarita,Giuseppe Marrucci,Luigi Nicolais
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-22
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : 1468437429
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Summary : At the VIIth International Congress on Rheology, which was held in Goteborg in 1976, Proceedings were for the first time printed in advance and distributed to all participants at the time of the Congress. Although of course we Italians would be foolish to even try to emulate our Swedish friends as far as efficiency of organization is concerned, we decided at the very beginning that, as far as the Proceedings were concerned, the VIIIth International Congress on Rheology in Naples would follow the standards of time liness set by the Swedish Society of Rheology. This book is the result we have obtained. We wish to acknowledge the cooperation of Plenum Press in producing it within the very tight time schedule available. Every four years, the International Congress on Rheology represents the focal point where all rheologists meet, and the state of the art is brought up to date for everybody interested; the Proceedings represent the written record of these milestones of scientific progress in rheology. We have tried to make use of the traditions of having invited lectures, and of leaving to the organizing committee the freedom to choose the lecturers as they see fit, in order to collect a group of invited lectures which gives as broad as possible a landscape of the state of the art in every relevant area of rheology. The seventeen invited lectures are collected in the first volume of the proceedings.

Dough Rheology and Baked Product Texture

Dough Rheology and Baked Product Texture
  • Author : H. Faridi,J.M. Faubion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :628
  • ISBN : 9781461308614
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Summary : Cereal chemists are interested in rheology because the dough undergoes some type of deformation in every phase of the conversion of flour into baked products. During mixing, dough is subjected to extreme deformations, many that exceed the rupture limit; during fermentation, the deformations are much smaller and therefore exhibit a different set of rheological properties; during sheeting and molding, deformations are at an intermediate level; and, finally, during proofing and baking, the dough is subjected to a range of deformations at varying temperatures. Accordingly, the application of rheological concepts to explain the behavior of dough seems a natural requirement of research on the interrelationships among flour constituents, added ingredients, process parameters, and the required characteristics of the final baked product. At any moment in the baking process, the rheological behavior, that is, the nature of the deformation, exhibited by a specific dough derives from the applied stress and how long the stress is maintained. The resulting deformation may be simple, such as pure viscous flow or elastic deformation, and therefore easy to define precisely. Moreover, under some conditions of stress and time (i. e. , shear rate), doughs behave as ideal materials and their behavior follows theory derived from fundamental concepts. Under usual conditions encountered in baking, however, the rheological behavior is far from ideal; shear rates vary widely and sample size and dimensions are ill-defined.

Advances in the Flow and Rheology of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Advances in the Flow and Rheology of Non-Newtonian Fluids
  • Author : D.A. Siginer,D. De Kee,R.P. Chhabra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-05-07
  • Total pages :1514
  • ISBN : 0080540554
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Summary : These two volumes contain chapters written by experts in such areas as bio and food rheology, polymer rheology, flow of suspensions, flow in porous media, electrorheological fluids, etc. Computational as well as analytical mathematical descriptions, involving appropriate constitutive equations deal with complex flow situations of industrial importance. This work is unique in that it brings together state of the art reviews and recent advances in a variety of areas, involving viscoelastic materials, in a desirable and timely manner.

Flow and Rheology in Polymer Composites Manufacturing

Flow and Rheology in Polymer Composites Manufacturing
  • Author : S.G. Advani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-02-17
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 0444893474
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Summary : This book is aimed at scientists and practicing engineers who are currently exploring or would like to explore the complexity of fabrication processes of polymer composites. It deals with the mechanics and modeling aspects of discontinuous and continuous fiber composites and familarizes the engineer with the critical and fundamental issues of material processing and transport phenomena in polymeric composites and their applications in modeling and simulating specific composite manufacturing processes. Divided into three parts, Part A deals with the deformation science or rheology of these filled materials. It clearly shows the need to characterize their flow behavior before one can draw any conclusions about its processibility during manufacturing. Part B focuses on development of constitutive equations to describe the flow and deformation behavior of such materials under external processing conditions. Part C discusses the mathematical models for selected composite processes and their implementation into a computer simulation to analyze the process behavior. The processes represented in Part C cover a cross-section of important manufacturing processes and maintain a balance between processes that use short fibers and continuous fibrous materials.

Polymer Rheology

Polymer Rheology
  • Author : Lawrence E. Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040319769
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Summary :