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Robust Satellite Techniques for Natural and Man-Made Hazards

Robust Satellite Techniques for Natural and Man-Made Hazards
  • Author : Valerio Tramutoli,Nicola Pergola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 0128119977
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Summary : Robust Satellite Techniques for Natural and Man-made Hazards provides an introduction the Robust Satellite Techniques (RST) change detection method. This method is used to identify significant signal changes in a reliable way even in the presence of varying disturbing conditions, as they apply to natural, environmental, and industrial hazards. Providing both general and specific examples for the use of RST, Robust Satellite Techniques for Natural and Man-made Hazards offers a variety of applications for these techniques, spanning from natural hazard detection and environmental monitoring to industrial accident and terrorist attach early identification. Applicable to researchers, students, and policy makers alike in a variety of fields including Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, and disaster risk reduction, this book is essential for understanding advanced applications and analyses of remote sensing data. Introduces a unique method to reliably detect hazards Addresses natural, environmental, and industrial hazards all in one compact resource Presents concepts in plain language to aid in multidisciplinary research and includes an appendix for non-experts in remote sensing Includes case studies and testing datasets with RST algorithms to reinforce concepts

Earth Observing System: MODIS, moderate-resolution imaging spectrometer

Earth Observing System: MODIS, moderate-resolution imaging spectrometer
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D01484407T
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Summary :

From Pattern to Process

From Pattern to Process
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : IND:30000068273527
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Summary :

Earth Observing System

Earth Observing System
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : IND:30000036868804
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Summary :

Remote Sensing from Space

Remote Sensing from Space
  • Author : Bhupendra Jasani,Martino Pesaresi,Stefan Schneiderbauer,Gunter Zeug
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-17
  • Total pages :297
  • ISBN : 1402084846
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Summary : David Stevens Space-based information, which includes earth observation data, is increasingly becoming an integral part of our lives. We have been relying for decades on data obtained from meteorological satellites for updates on the weather and to monitor weather-related natural disasters such as hurricanes. We now count on our personal satellite-based navigation systems to guide us to the nearest Starbucks Coffee and use web-based applications such as Google Earth and Microsoft Virtual Earth to study the area of places we will or would like to visit. At the same time, satellite-based technologies have experienced impressive growth in recent years with an increase in the number of available sensors, an increase in spatial, temporal and spectral resolutions, an increase in the availability of radar satellites such as Terrasar-X and ALOS, and the launching of specific constellations such as the Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC), COSMO- SkyMed (COnstellation of small Satellites for the Mediterranean basin Observation) and RapidEye. Even more recent are the initiatives being set-up to ensure that space-based information is being accessed and used by decision makers, such as Sentinel Asia for the Asia and Pacific region and SERVIR for the Latin America and Caribbean region.

AGU 2004 Joint Assembly

AGU 2004 Joint Assembly
  • Author : American Geophysical Union. Joint Assembly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : CHI:69104014
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Summary :

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
  • Author : Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-28
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107380103
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Summary : This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Government Reports Announcements & Index

Government Reports Announcements & Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-11
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89053087425
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Summary :

Natech Risk Assessment and Management

Natech Risk Assessment and Management
  • Author : Elisabeth Krausmann,Ana Maria Cruz,Ernesto Salzano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-01
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780128038796
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Summary : Natech Risk Assessment and Management: Reducing the Risk of Natural-Hazard Impact on Hazardous Installations covers the entire spectrum of issues pertinent to Natech risk assessment and management. After a thorough introduction of the topic that includes definitions of terms, authors Krausmann, Cruz, and Salzano discuss various examples of international frameworks and provide a detailed view of the implementation of Natech Risk Management in the EU and OECD. There is a dedicated chapter on natural-hazard prediction and measurement from an engineering perspective, as well as a consideration of the impact of climate change on Natech risk. The authors also discuss selected Natech accidents, including recent examples, and provide specific ‘lessons learned’ from each, as well as an analysis of all essential elements of Natech risk assessment, such as plant layout, substance hazards, and equipment vulnerability. The final section of the book is dedicated to the reduction of Natech risk, including structural and organizational prevention and mitigation measures, as well as early warning issues and emergency foreword planning. Teaches chemical engineers and safety managers how to safeguard chemical processing plants and pipelines against natural disasters Includes international regulations and explains how to conduct a natural hazards risk assessment, both of which are supported by examples and case studies Discusses a broad range of hazards and the multidisciplinary aspects of risk assessment in a detailed and accessible style

Natural Hazards Analysis

Natural Hazards Analysis
  • Author : John Pine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-22
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 1420070401
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Summary : Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid PhilosophyEconomic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Ana

Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning

Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning
  • Author : Kay C. Goss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 078814829X
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Summary : Meant to aid State & local emergency managers in their efforts to develop & maintain a viable all-hazard emergency operations plan. This guide clarifies the preparedness, response, & short-term recovery planning elements that warrant inclusion in emergency operations plans. It offers the best judgment & recommendations on how to deal with the entire planning process -- from forming a planning team to writing the plan. Specific topics of discussion include: preliminary considerations, the planning process, emergency operations plan format, basic plan content, functional annex content, hazard-unique planning, & linking Federal & State operations.

Risk Management in Civil Infrastructure

Risk Management in Civil Infrastructure
  • Author : Mohammed M. Ettouney,Sreenivas Alampalli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-01
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781482208450
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Summary : This book presents several original theories for risk, including Theory of Risk Monitoring, and Theory of Risk Acceptance, in addition to several analytical models for computing relative and absolute risk. The book discusses risk limit, states of risk, and the emerging concept of risk monitoring. The interrelationships between risk and resilience are also highlighted in an objective manner. The book includes several practical case studies showing how risk management and its components can be used to enhance performance of infrastructures at reasonable costs.

Financial Management of Flood Risk

Financial Management of Flood Risk
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-29
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9789264257689
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Summary : Disasters present a broad range of human, social, financial, economic and environmental impacts, with potentially long-lasting effects. This report applies the lessons from the OECD’s analysis of disaster risk financing practices and its risk guidance to the specific case of floods.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards
  • Author : Birkmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 8179931226
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Summary : Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Successful Response Starts with a Map

Successful Response Starts with a Map
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Mapping Science Committee,Committee on Planning for Catastrophe: A Blueprint for Improving Geospatial Data, Tools, and Infrastructure
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-19
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9780309103404
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Summary : In the past few years the United States has experienced a series of disasters, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005, which have severely taxed and in many cases overwhelmed responding agencies. In all aspects of emergency management, geospatial data and tools have the potential to help save lives, limit damage, and reduce the costs of dealing with emergencies. Great strides have been made in the past four decades in the development of geospatial data and tools that describe locations of objects on the Earth's surface and make it possible for anyone with access to the Internet to witness the magnitude of a disaster. However, the effectiveness of any technology is as much about the human systems in which it is embedded as about the technology itself. Successful Response Starts with a Map assesses the status of the use of geospatial data, tools, and infrastructure in disaster management, and recommends ways to increase and improve their use. This book explores emergency planning and response; how geospatial data and tools are currently being used in this field; the current policies that govern their use; various issues related to data accessibility and security; training; and funding. Successful Response Starts with a Map recommends significant investments be made in training of personnel, coordination among agencies, sharing of data and tools, planning and preparedness, and the tools themselves.

A Safer Future

A Safer Future
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,U.S. National Committee for the Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-02-01
  • Total pages :76
  • ISBN : 9780309045469
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Summary : Initial priorities for U.S. participation in the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, declared by the United Nations, are contained in this volume. It focuses on seven issues: hazard and risk assessment; awareness and education; mitigation; preparedness for emergency response; recovery and reconstruction; prediction and warning; learning from disasters; and U.S. participation internationally. The committee presents its philosophy of calls for broad public and private participation to reduce the toll of disasters.

Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community

Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Health and Medicine Division,Institute for Laboratory Animal Research,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of Academic Research Communities
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-20
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780309462495
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Summary : The academic biomedical research community is a hub of employment, economic productivity, and scientific progress. Academic research institutions are drivers of economic development in their local and state economies and, by extension, the national economy. Beyond the economic input that the academic biomedical research community both receives and provides, it generates knowledge that in turn affects society in myriad ways. The United States has experienced and continues to face the threat of disasters, and, like all entities, the academic biomedical research community can be affected. Recent disasters, from hurricanes to cyber-attacks, and their consequences have shown that the investments of the federal government and of the many other entities that sponsor academic research are not uniformly secure. First and foremost, events that damage biomedical laboratories and the institutions that house them can have impacts on the safety and well-being of humans and research animals. Furthermore, disasters can affect career trajectories, scientific progress, and financial stability at the individual and institutional levels. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community offers recommendations and guidance to enhance the disaster resilience of the academic biomedical research community, with a special focus on the potential actions researchers, academic research institutions, and research sponsors can take to mitigate the impact of future disasters.

Remote Sensing Time Series Image Processing

Remote Sensing Time Series Image Processing
  • Author : Qihao Weng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-17
  • Total pages :243
  • ISBN : 9781351680561
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Summary : Today, remote sensing technology is an essential tool for understanding the Earth and managing human-Earth interactions. There is a rapidly growing need for remote sensing and Earth observation technology that enables monitoring of world’s natural resources and environments, managing exposure to natural and man-made risks and more frequently occurring disasters, and helping the sustainability and productivity of natural and human ecosystems. The improvement in temporal resolution/revisit allows for the large accumulation of images for a specific location, creating a possibility for time series image analysis and eventual real-time assessments of scene dynamics. As an authoritative text, Remote Sensing Time Series Image Processing brings together active and recognized authors in the field of time series image analysis and presents to the readers the current state of knowledge and its future directions. Divided into three parts, the first addresses methods and techniques for generating time series image datasets. In particular, it provides guidance on the selection of cloud and cloud shadow detection algorithms for various applications. Part II examines feature development and information extraction methods for time series imagery. It presents some key remote sensing-based metrics, and their major applications in ecosystems and climate change studies. Part III illustrates various applications of time series image processing in land cover change, disturbance attribution, vegetation dynamics, and urbanization. This book is intended for researchers, practitioners, and students in both remote sensing and imaging science. It can be used as a textbook by undergraduate and graduate students majoring in remote sensing, imaging science, civil and electrical engineering, geography, geosciences, planning, environmental science, land use, energy, and GIS, and as a reference book by practitioners and professionals in the government, commercial, and industrial sectors.

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021810614
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Summary :

Disaster Resilience

Disaster Resilience
  • Author : nist,National Institute of Standards and Technology
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-18
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 1494738422
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Summary : Although there is a great deal of high-quality information available on resilience-related topics hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment, risk management, and loss estimation as well as disaster resilience itself, there is no central source of data and tools to which the owners and managers of constructed facilities, community planners, policy makers, and other decision makers can turn for help in defining and measuring the resilience of their structures and communities. The purpose of this document is to provide a survey of the literature and an annotated bibliography of printed and electronic resources that serves as that central source of data and tools to help readers develop methodologies for defining and measuring the disaster resilience of their structures and communities. The report covers resilience-related topics at two different levels: (1) individual constructed facilities and correlated collections of constructed facilities that form a network (e.g., hospitals) and (2) community/regional scale frameworks (e.g., physical infrastructure, business and economic relationships, population and employment demographics). Thus, the first level focuses on physical infrastructure, whereas the second takes a broader look at how the physical infrastructure interacts with other activities that collectively define modern communities. The reason for taking this approach is to establish a foundation for developing methodologies for defining and measuring the disaster resilience of structures. This step is especially important because physical infrastructure enables the community to function as a place of employment, a window to the regional and national economy, and a home for individuals. Developing better metrics and tools for defining and measuring the resilience of structures is an important step in meeting the challenge of measuring disaster resilience at the community scale.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa
  • Author : Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9789966792099
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Summary : The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.