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Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security
  • Author : M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,A. J. James
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-03
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128041383
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Summary : Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security covers the technological, institutional, and policy choices for building rural water supply systems that are sustainable from physical, economic, and ecological points-of-view in developing countries. While there is abundant theoretical discourse on designing village water supply schemes as multiple use systems, there is too little understanding of the type of water needs in rural households, how they vary across socio-economic and climatic settings, the extent to which these needs are met by the existing single use water supply schemes, and what mechanisms exist to take care of unmet demands. The case studies presented in the book from different agro ecological regions quantify these benefits under different agro ecological settings, also examining the economic and environmental trade-offs in maximizing benefits. This book demonstrates how various physical and socio-economic processes alter the hydrology of tanks in rural settings, thereby affecting their performance, also including quantitative criteria that can be used to select tanks suitable for rehabilitation. Covers interdisciplinary topics deftly interwoven in the rural context of varying geo-climatic and socioeconomic situations of people in developing areas Presents methodologies for quantifying the multiple water use benefits from wetlands and case studies from different agro ecologies using these methodologies to help frame appropriate policies Provides analysis of the climatic and socioeconomic factors responsible for changes in hydrology of multiple use wetlands in order to help target multiple use water bodies for rehabilitation Includes implementable models for converting single use water supply systems into multiple use systems

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes
  • Author : M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,Rushabh Hemani,Nitin Bassi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-20
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 9783030594596
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Summary : This volume provides a theoretical basis for the argument that available research that analyzes the impacts of climate on hydrology, water resources, and water systems, without factoring in the effect of climate variability, are inadequate and often misleading. Also, the book empirically shows that the impacts of climate variability on hydrology and water resources, and irrigation, water supply & sanitation systems are far more pronounced than the likely impacts of future change in climate. The book discusses technological, institutional and policy alternatives for reducing these impacts on various competitive use sectors, especially, irrigation, and water supply and sanitation through case studies of river basins in different hydrological setting. To set the context, the volume first presents the long term trends in precipitation and temperature in different regions of India, and compares them against inter-annual, inter-seasonal and intra-day variations in climatic parameters, to show how their differential impacts on water resources.

Water Scarcity, Livelihoods and Food Security

Water Scarcity, Livelihoods and Food Security
  • Author : Larry W. Harrington,Myles J. Fisher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-21
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9781317916376
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Summary : This volume reviews the evolution of ten years’ learning and discovery about water scarcity, livelihoods, and food security within the CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food. It draws on the experiences of over 100 projects conducted in ten river basins in the developing world. The book describes how the program’s design evolved from an emphasis on water scarcity, water productivity, and water access to an emphasis on using water innovations to improve livelihoods and address development challenges in specific river basins. It shows how the research was used to foster change in stakeholder behavior, linking it to improved knowledge, attitudes, and skills, which were fostered by stakeholder participation, innovation, dialogue, and negotiation. The authors describe development challenges, their drivers and their political context, how to address them through technical, institutional, and policy innovations; and the consequences of change at different scales, time frames on equity, resilience, and ecosystem services. Overall, the work represents a major synthesis and landmark publication for all concerned with water resource management and sustainable development.

Water Policy Science and Politics

Water Policy Science and Politics
  • Author : M. Dinesh Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-07
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9780128149041
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Summary : Water Policy Science and Politics: An Indian Perspective presents the importance of politics and science working together in policymaking in the water sector. Many countries around the developed and developing world, including India, are experiencing major water scarcity problems that will undoubtedly increase with the impacts of climate change. This book discusses specific topics in India’s water, agriculture and energy sectors, focusing on scientific aspects, academic and political discourse, and policy issues. The author presents cases from the interrelated sectors of water resources, supplies, sanitation, and energy and climate, including controversial topics that illustrate how science and politics can work together. Challenges the linear and conventional approaches to water management and water policymaking in India that are also applicable in developing countries across South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa Presents best practice ideas and methods that help science and politics work together Highlights a key gap of communication between science and policy in water research, with solutions on how this can be addressed

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies
  • Author : M. Dinesh Kumar,M. V. K. Sivamohan,Nitin Bassi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-26
  • Total pages :233
  • ISBN : 9780415624077
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Summary : This book addresses strategies for food security and sustainable agriculture in developing economies. The book focuses primarily on India, a fast developing economy, whose natural resource base comprising land and water supporting agricultural production is not only under enormous stress, but also complex and not amenable to a uniform strategy. It critically reviews issues which continue to dominate the debate on water management for agricultural and food production. The book examines the validity of the claim that large water resources projects cause serious social and environmental damages using global and national datasets. The authors examine claims that the future of Indian agriculture is in rain-fed farming supported by small water harvesting. They question whether water-abundant eastern India could become the granary of India, through a groundwater revolution with the right policy inputs. In the process, they look at the less researched aspect of the food security challenge, which is land scarcity in eastern India. The book analyzes the physical, economic and social impacts of large-scale adoption of micro irrigation systems, using a farming system approach for north Gujarat. Through an economic valuation of the multiple use benefits from tank systems in western Orissa, it shows how value of water from large public irrigation systems could be enhanced. The book also looks at the reasons for the limited success in bringing about the much needed institutional reforms in canal irrigation for securing higher productivity and equity using case studies of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Finally it addresses how other countries in the developing world, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa could learn from Indian experience.

Agriculture + Rural Development

Agriculture + Rural Development
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924089458529
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Summary :

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook
  • Author : World Bank,Food and Agriculture Organization,International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :764
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D02903627P
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Summary : "The Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues with rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. The Sourcebook is a joint product of the World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and contributions from more than 100 writers and reviewers." --Résumé de l'éditeur.

Achieving Water Security

Achieving Water Security
  • Author : R. C. Calow,Eva Ludi,Josephine Tucker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 1853397636
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Summary : While achieving water security remains an elusive goal across large swathes of sub-Saharan Africa, the benefits of investing in water, sanitation and hygiene to achieve basic water security and alleviate poverty are clear. Households benefit through a range of health, educational, nutritional and broader livelihood impacts; local, regional and national economies benefit from greater economic activity, spending and investment; and over the longer-term, households and economies benefit through greater resilience to climate change and shocks. So why are governments and their development partners struggling to meet water and sanitation targets? What factors make it difficult to sustain services at scale? And how can policies and plans for delivering and sustaining services for poor people be strengthened in the face of multiple pressures, including climate change? This book, the outcome of a five-year research program in Ethiopia, addresses these questions head-on. Based on extensive field research and in-depth interviews, Achieving Water Security draws conclusions for policy and practice of relevance not just for Ethiopia, but for sub-Saharan Africa more widely, linking findings with current international debates on service delivery in rural areas. The book also discusses how research findings can be fast-tracked into policy and practice through an innovative action research approach based on learning and practice alliances, aimed at bridging the gap between researchers and decision-makers. As well as detailed field-based research, the book draws on wider analysis of the institutional and political factors that drive or constrain sector progress, offering real insight into the political economy of reform and the hidden incentives that shape decision-making. Findings from the action research project are presented and discussed in the context of this broader landscape. This book should be read by the staff of government agencies, donor organizations and NGOs, as well as academics, students and researchers involved in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector.

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture

The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-17
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781136498879
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Summary : The State of the World's Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture is FAO's first flagship publication on the global status of land and water resources. It is an 'advocacy' report, to be published every three to five years, and targeted at senior level decision makers in agriculture as well as in other sectors. SOLAW is aimed at sensitizing its target audience on the status of land resources at global and regional levels and FAO's viewpoint on appropriate recommendations for policy formulation. SOLAW focuses on these key dimensions of analysis: (i) quantity, quality of land and water resources, (ii) the rate of use and sustainable management of these resources in the context of relevant socio-economic driving factors and concerns, including food security and poverty, and climate change. This is the first time that a global, baseline status report on land and water resources has been made. It is based on several global spatial databases (e.g. land suitability for agriculture, land use and management, land and water degradation and depletion) for which FAO is the world-recognized data source. Topical and emerging issues on land and water are dealt with in an integrated rather than sectoral manner. The implications of the status and trends are used to advocate remedial interventions which are tailored to major farming systems within different geographic regions.

Water for Food Security

Water for Food Security
  • Author : Claudia Ringler,Arif Anwar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-22
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9781317661955
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Summary : Pakistan’s water management is at a critical watershed. The world’s seventh-most populous country faces serious challenges that will require improvements in both the "hardware" and "software" of agricultural water management. Water shortages are growing rapidly as a result of growing demand across all water-using sectors. Rapid population growth, from 175 million people in 2010 to an estimated 236 million by 2030 and 280 million by 2050, and international food-price spikes create pressure to increase agricultural production of staples; but demand for cash crops is also growing rapidly, including for cotton, fruit trees and tobacco, to raise rural incomes and generate rural employment to absorb the relatively young, rapidly growing rural population. Water management is also increasingly affected by climate change – including an increased number of flood and drought events – and growing energy shortages, which affect how water is being sourced and used. Last but not least, Pakistan’s political situation is fragile, which has reduced incentives to invest in enhanced agricultural water (and other) technologies. How Pakistan addresses these challenges will be decisive for its population’s future water and food security, for economic growth, and for environmental sustainability. It will also affect water and food outcomes globally, due to the interconnectedness of global food trade. This book was published as a special issue of Water International.

Annual Report

Annual Report
  • Author : International Water Management Institute
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P011537803
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Summary :

Developing Groundwater

Developing Groundwater
  • Author : Alan M. MacDonald,John Chilton,Jeff Davies,Roger Calow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060884452
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Summary : A user-friendly guide to developing groundwater for rural water supplies in developing countries. It provides information on simple, effective techniques for siting wells and boreholes, assessing resource sustainability, constructing and testing the yield of boreholes and wells, and monitoring groundwater quality.

Rural Development Abstracts

Rural Development Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105214546173
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Summary :

Sustainable Rural Livelihoods

Sustainable Rural Livelihoods
  • Author : Diana Carney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :213
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924100388515
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Summary : Papers presented at the Department for International Development's Natural Advisers' Conference, July 1998.

Adaptive capacity and livelihood resilience

Adaptive capacity and livelihood resilience
  • Author : Marcus Moench,Ajaya Dixit,Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (Boulder, Colo.),Institute for Social and Environmental Transition (Nepal)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : UOM:39015063100161
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Summary : Contributed articles.

Economic Reforms and Food Security

Economic Reforms and Food Security
  • Author : Ashok Gulati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-16
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105127410970
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Summary : This book analyzes various facets of economic reforms in South Asia and their implications for attaining food security. It illuminates relevant issues regarding the constraints and challenges in achieving food security, focusing on South Asian countries where a large percentage of the world's poor reside. This timely resource examines possible future courses of action involving trade and new technological advances to improve agriculture-led development in the region. The book examines the economic reforms and experiences of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Experts present lively, important debate on such significant issues as current economic reforms; trade liberalization; new technological options; the challenges of water¿pricing, subsidies, and other issues in irrigation; agricultural diversification and market reforms-how they increase food availability; interventions in food and nutrition security -- short-term solutions to reduce food insecurity; and more. Economic Reforms and Food Security: The Impact of Trade and Technology in South Asia contains numerous tables and figures to demonstrate the current food situation in this area of the world and offers projections of where improvements can be made.

Supporting Rural Water Supply

Supporting Rural Water Supply
  • Author : Harold Lockwood,Stef Smits
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 1853397296
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Summary : This book offers insights into ways countries and individual organisations can move towards a service delivery approach and is a valuable resource for professionals in who are interested in improving the design and implementation of rural water supply programmes. Published in association with IRC.

Water in a Changing World

Water in a Changing World
  • Author : World Water Assessment Programme (United Nations),UN-Water,Unesco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9231040952
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Summary : A global assessment of the state of freshwater resources.

Plant Diversity, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and the HIV/AIDS Crisis

Plant Diversity, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and the HIV/AIDS Crisis
  • Author : Josep A. Garí
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :26
  • ISBN : UOM:39015052698456
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Summary :

Strengthening Rural Livelihoods

Strengthening Rural Livelihoods
  • Author : David J. Grimshaw,Shalini Kala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9781853397226
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Summary : Enthusiasm among international development agencies about harnessing the potential of information and communications technologies (ICTs) for development has waned as observers have recently questioned the impact and sustainability of such interventions. By presenting the findings of research specifically designed to measure impact on livelihoods, Strengthening Rural Livelihoods offers new evidence for the development benefits of ICTs. The book presents an overview of six research projects within the Knowledge Networking for Rural Development in Asia Pacific research program. Using a control trial approach in four out of the six project case studies, and critically assessing the pros and cons of this methodology including the ethical implications, the authors have provided significant new insights into how to overcome the challenges of mainstreaming ICTs into rural livelihoods and more effectively measuring its effects. This book will appeal to academics, civil society organizations, practitioners and students who are interested in what does and doesn't work when applying ICTs to rural livelihoods.

Developments

Developments
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89098223605
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Summary :