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Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Firooz Allahdadi,Isabelle Rongier,Paul Wilde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780080969220
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Summary : Endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) and drawing on the expertise of the world’s leading experts in the field, Safety Design for Space Operations provides the practical how-to guidance and knowledge base needed to facilitate effective launch-site and operations safety in line with current regulations. With information on space operations safety design currently disparate and difficult to find in one place, this unique reference brings together essential material on: Best design practices relating to space operations, such as the design of spaceport facilities. Advanced analysis methods, such as those used to calculate launch and re-entry debris fall-out risk. Implementation of safe operation procedures, such as on-orbit space traffic management. Safety considerations relating to the general public and the environment in addition to personnel and asset protection. Taking in launch operations safety relating unmanned missions, such as the launch of probes and commercial satellites, as well as manned missions, Safety Design for Space Operations provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, spaceport operators, satellite operators and consulting firms. Fully endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), with contributions from leading experts at NASA, the European Space Agency (EASA) and the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), amongst others Covers all aspects of space operations relating to safety of the general public, as well as the protection of valuable assets and the environment Focuses on launch operations safety relating to manned and unmanned missions, such as the launch of probes and commercial satellites

Safety Design for Space Systems

Safety Design for Space Systems
  • Author : Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-27
  • Total pages :992
  • ISBN : 0080559220
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Summary : Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Isabelle Rongier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054833
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Summary : This chapter covers all aspects of spaceport design for safety. This includes the choice of launch site, and explores the approach taken when choosing a location for the French Guiana Space Centre. Once the choice of geographical location has been made, the principles for the deployment these facilities in this location must be defined - the master plan. The chapter then looks at ground safety and the regulations concerned, and goes on to discuss the flight risk control within a launch site perimeter during a launch operation. Safety design for a spaceport includes limiting exposure of personnel in hazard zones. The location and design of buildings and roadways, and safety distances all need to be considered. Lightning protection systems are discussed in detail. Launch pad escape systems are essential for human spaceflight and the development of these systems is covered. The final section covers environmental protection.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Tommaso Sgobba,Paul D. Wilde,Isabelle Rongier,Firooz A. Allahdadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054826
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Summary : The safety of any space system requires a deliberate and interdisciplinary integration of the flight hardware design with the design of its operations throughout the entire lifecycle of the system. This chapter introduces the subsequent chapters that more thoroughly address safety issues associated with the operations of space vehicles, from the design of the infrastructure on ground, through launch, on-orbit, and re-entry operations. This chapter begins with a discussion of safety and risk management at the conceptual level, including several fundamental goals and definitions. The balance of the chapter describes several seminal events and lays the foundation for a graduate level education in space operations safety.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Michael G. Lutomski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054932
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Summary : This chapter provides an understanding of quantitative risk assessment as it is applied in the operational phase of complex aerospace missions. It addresses the application of a quantitative risk model that has already been built and reviewed for a project or program that is in the operations phase. Several aerospace examples are discussed, but the focus of the chapter is the use of risk modeling in the operational phase of the International Space Station (ISS) program. Examples are presented to highlight the application and flexibility of risk assessments or trade studies in the operations phase. Operational risk trades account for nearly all of the risk analysis performed for the ISS program.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Jerry Haber,Christophe Bonnal,Carine Leveau,Jérôme Vila,Marc Toussaint
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054857
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Summary : This chapter provides a guideline for managing third party risks generated by the launch of a space booster. First it defines the hazardous conditions necessary for risk to be present, exposure of people or assets to the hazards, and the vulnerability of people or assets to the hazardous conditions. This provides the structure for how to control risks. Commonly used risk measures are defined. The discussion then turns to the implementation of risk and hazard controls including defining exclusion regions based on prelaunch analyses to protect populations and defining real-time range safety systems for limiting the risk during an operation. The remainder of the chapter is devoted to the flight safety analysis process with an emphasis on debris risk analysis, and includes both highly simplified models for rapid risk estimation and more sophisticated models.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Tommaso Sgobba,Firooz A. Allahdadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054895
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Summary : This chapter deals with some key topics of orbital safety. It starts with an overview of the issue of space traffic control and space situational awareness, and then proceeds to address conjunction analyses and collision avoidance maneuvers (CAM), including for the International Space Station. Another kind of collision risk discussed is the jettison of discarded hardware. The chapter then covers rendezvous and docking/berthing operations. Collision safety risks, their causes and consequences, and the measures for protection are discussed in detail. The chapter also covers the issues of space vehicles charging and contamination hazards, including the shock hazard for astronauts involved in extravehicular activities. Finally, the chapter presents end-of life mitigation measures and techniques for space debris removal, such as space tugs, drag devices and electrodynamic propulsion.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Paul Kirkpatrick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054840
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Summary : This chapter is in two sections. The first section describes the typical hazards that may be encountered when processing payloads on the ground. Also described are some of the more common controls for these hazards. Many of these controls are based on hard requirements but they are also based on specific lessons learned. The second section covers gases storage and handling safety. First, for purposes of background, an overview of energy considerations of stored gases is given. The subsection that follows describes the hazards and corresponding causes associated with compressed gases. The remaining three subsections contain the operational controls that should be followed to minimize these risks.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Jerry Haber,Jon Chrostowski,Randy Nyman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054864
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Summary : Chapter 5 extends the launch safety analysis to toxic and distant focusing overpressure hazards. A major section of this chapter is devoted to each of these hazards. Rocket motor propellants and their combustion products may pose toxic hazards in the extended launch vicinity. Moreover, accidental explosions on or near a launch pad may, with adverse atmospheric conditions, cause explosive shock waves to break windows at distant population centers potentially threatening their occupants. Currently, liquid propellants may be hazardous; however, their combustion products are not. Solid propellants, by contrast, do not directly pose a toxic hazard; their combustion products are, however, frequently hazardous. The chapter introduces the reader to each of the hazards, characterizing the source term, factors governing the propagation of the hazards to people, and guidelines for evaluating the severity of the hazardous conditions that may exist at population centers. Comprehensive modeling of these two hazards is complex. Consequently, for each hazard one or more screening methodologies is presented to allow scoping studies to be performed to assess if there is a need for more comprehensive modeling. Each section then presents a comprehensive discussion of the analysis of the threat and the risk posed by the two hazards so that the reader understands how the complete analyses must be performed.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Erik Larson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054918
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Summary : Hazards to aircraft are a particular concern for the design of safe space vehicle operations. A valid risk mitigation strategy requires accurately computed risks, and the first section of this chapter discusses this. This is followed by a section on aircraft vulnerability modeling. A straightforward approach for managing aircraft risk, which is often sufficient for low-use airspace, is then discussed. Potential methods for reducing the impact on airspace, which may be useful in the absence of a real-time system, are then explored. Real-time management is covered in the subsequent section, and gives a potential architecture based on the used for management of the US National Air Space for Space Shuttle Orbiter re-entries after the Columbia accident.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Paul D. Wilde,William Ailor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054901
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Summary : From the beginning of humankind’s use of space, human-made objects have re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere and experienced the severe aerodynamic heating and loads characteristic of high-speed atmospheric re-entry. Some of these reentries have generated fragments that survived to impact the Earth’s surface and be hazardous to people and damaging to property. This chapter addresses the safety of both broad types of space hardware re-entries: either controlled so impact is targeted in a specific area, or uncontrolled, where re-entry can occur anywhere within the latitude band defined by the orbital inclination of the reentering object. The overall objective of this chapter is to help prepare safety engineers to answer the ultimate questions involved in the design of safety re-entry operations.

Space Safety and Human Performance

Space Safety and Human Performance
  • Author : Barbara G. Kanki,Jean-Francois Clervoy,Gro Sandal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-10
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 9780081018705
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Summary : Space Safety and Human Performance provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, operators, and consulting firms. The book draws upon the expertise of the world’s leading experts in the field and focuses primarily on humans in spaceflight, but also covers operators of control centers on the ground and behavior aspects of complex organizations, thus addressing the entire spectrum of space actors. During spaceflight, human performance can be deeply affected by physical, psychological and psychosocial stressors. Strict selection, intensive training and adequate operational rules are used to fight performance degradation and prepare individuals and teams to effectively manage systems failures and challenging emergencies. The book is endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS). Provides information on critical aspects of human performance in space missions Addresses the issue of human performance, from physical and psychosocial stressors that can degrade performance, to selection and training principles and techniques to enhance performance Brings together essential material on: cognition and human error; advanced analysis methods such as human reliability analysis; environmental challenges and human performance in space missions; critical human factors and man/machine interfaces in space systems design; crew selection and training; and organizational behavior and safety culture Includes an endorsement by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS)

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Karl U. Schreiber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054925
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Summary : Because of the inherent high sensor resolution satellite laser ranging (SLR) has been developed into a widely used range measurement technology, today more than 30 observing stations all across the world are routinely tracking a large variety of satellites in order to determine their orbits with high resolution. Recently this concept was also adopted for high-precision time transfer activities, such as the T2L2 experiment on Jason 2 and the European Laser Time Transfer (ELT) for the International Space Station. With complex targets such as the ISS one has to comply with stringent laser eye safety requirements in order to ensure the health of the astronauts. At the same time laser safety for air traffic has to be secured.

Safety Design for Space Operations

Safety Design for Space Operations
  • Author : Firooz A. Allahdadi,Sayavur I. Bakhtiyarov,Gregory D. Wyss,Gary F. Polansky,Joseph A. Sholtis,Curt D. Botts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-24
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9780128054871
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Summary : This chapter introduces the concepts of Space Nuclear Power Systems (SNPSs), describes the history and nature of these ingenious energy-generating machines. The basic principles of the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) and the recently developed Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG) are explored and an account of their application in several extra-terrestrial missions is presented. Nuclear fission power as a promising alternative for future outer planet and extra-solar explorations is discussed. The flight safety review and launch approval processes for U.S., as well as the failures and accidents for U.S. and U.S.S.R. (Russian) nuclear powered space missions since 1961 are presented chronologically. A comprehensive probabilistic consequence analysis of all conceivable potential hazards associated with nuclear powered space flights is set out. The chapter concludes with how SNPSs must be designed with the built-in safety features to minimize accidents and to prevent radiation exposure.

Orbital Debris

Orbital Debris
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Space Debris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-07-07
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780309051255
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Summary : Since the beginning of space flight, the collision hazard in Earth orbit has increased as the number of artificial objects orbiting the Earth has grown. Spacecraft performing communications, navigation, scientific, and other missions now share Earth orbit with spent rocket bodies, nonfunctional spacecraft, fragments from spacecraft breakups, and other debris created as a byproduct of space operations. Orbital Debris examines the methods we can use to characterize orbital debris, estimates the magnitude of the debris population, and assesses the hazard that this population poses to spacecraft. Potential methods to protect spacecraft are explored. The report also takes a close look at the projected future growth in the debris population and evaluates approaches to reducing that growth. Orbital Debris offers clear recommendations for targeted research on the debris population, for methods to improve the protection of spacecraft, on methods to reduce the creation of debris in the future, and much more.

Space Safety Regulations and Standards

Space Safety Regulations and Standards
  • Author : Joseph N. Pelton,Ram Jakhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-16
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 0080961924
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Summary : When international rules and regulations governing space travel were first being developed, only a few countries had any space presence and commercial space activity was non-existent. Today, over 50 countries have on-orbit satellites and commercial space presence is essential to commercial telecommunications and broadcasting, yet international space law remains in its infancy. Space Safety Regulations and Standards is the definitive book on regulatory initiatives involving space safety, new space safety standards, and safety related to new space technologies under development. More than 30 world experts come together in this book to share their detailed knowledge of regulatory and standard making processes in the area, combining otherwise disparate information into one essential reference and providing case studies to illustrate applications throughout space programs internationally. They address the international regulatory framework that relates to traditional space safety programs as well as the emerging regulatory framework that relates to commercial space programs, space tourism, and efforts to create commercial space station facilities. . Fully endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS) and provides the only definitive reference on regulations and standards for the field of space safety Combines the technical, legal and regulatory information in a clear and integrated reference work suitable for technical professionals, regulators, legal experts, and students in the field Presents a truly global insight from experienced space safety experts worldwide, with representatives from the leading associations, institutions and companies operating in the arena today

Plant Design and Operations

Plant Design and Operations
  • Author : Ian Sutton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-06
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780323311472
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Summary : Plant Design and Operations provides practical guidance on the design, operation, and maintenance of process facilities. The book is based on years of hands-on experience gathered during the design and operation of a wide range of facilities in many different types of industry including chemicals, refining, offshore oil and gas, and pipelines. The book helps managers, engineers, operators, and maintenance specialists with advice and guidance that can be used right away in working situations. Each chapter provides information and guidance that can be used immediately. For example, the chapter on Energy Control Procedures describes seven levels of positive isolation — ranging from a closed block valve all the way to double block and bleed with line break. The Safety in Design chapter describes topics such as area classification, fire protection, stairways and platforms, fixed ladders, emergency showers, lighting, and alarms. Other areas covered in detail by the book include security, equipment, and transportation. A logical, practical guide to maintenance task organization is provided, from conducting a Job Hazards Analysis to the issue of a work permit, and to the shutdown and isolation of equipment. Common hazards are covered in detail, including flow problems, high pressure, corrosion, power failure, and many more. Provides information to managers, engineers, operators and maintenance personnel which is immediately applicable to their operations Supported by useful, real-world examples and experience from a wide range of facilities and industries Includes guidance on occupational health and safety, industrial hygiene and personal protective equipment

Space Safety is No Accident

Space Safety is No Accident
  • Author : Tommaso Sgobba,Isabelle Rongier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-04
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9783319159829
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Summary : Includes the proceedings from the 7th IAASS Conference, "Space Safety is No Accident," held in Friedrichshafen, Germany, in October 2014. The 7th IAASS Conference, “Space Safety is No Accident” is an invitation to reflect and exchange information on a number of topics in space safety and sustainability of national and international interest. The conference is also a forum to promote mutual understanding, trust and the widest possible international cooperation in such matters. The once exclusive “club” of nations with autonomous sub-orbital and orbital space access capabilities is becoming crowded with fresh and ambitious new entrants. New commercial spaceports are starting operations and others are being built. In the manned spaceflight arena a commercial market is becoming a tangible reality with suborbital spaceflights and government use of commercial services for cargo and crew transportation to orbit. Besides the national ambitions in space, the international cooperation both civil and commercial is also gaining momentum. In the meantime robotic space exploration will accelerate and with it the need to internationally better regulate the usage of nuclear power sources. Space-bound systems and aviation traffic will share more and more a crowded airspace, while aviation will increasingly rely on space-based safety-critical services. Finally, most nations own nowadays space assets, mainly satellites of various kinds and purposes, which are under the constant threat of collision with other spacecraft and with the ever increasing number of space debris. Awareness is increasing internationally (as solemnly declared since decades in space treaties) that space is a mankind asset and that we all have the duty of caring for it. Without proactive and courageous international initiatives to organize space, we risk to negate access and use of space to future generations.

Spacecraft Operations

Spacecraft Operations
  • Author : Thomas Uhlig,Florian Sellmaier,Michael Schmidhuber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-20
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9783709118030
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Summary : The book describes the basic concepts of spaceflight operations, for both, human and unmanned missions. The basic subsystems of a space vehicle are explained in dedicated chapters, the relationship of spacecraft design and the very unique space environment are laid out. Flight dynamics are taught as well as ground segment requirements. Mission operations are divided into preparation including management aspects, execution and planning. Deep space missions and space robotic operations are included as special cases. The book is based on a course held at the German Space Operation Center (GSOC).

Space Operations: Contributions from the Global Community

Space Operations: Contributions from the Global Community
  • Author : Craig Cruzen,Michael Schmidhuber,Young H. Lee,Bangyeop Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-30
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9783319519418
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Summary : This book includes a selection of 30 reviewed and enhanced manuscripts published during the 14th SpaceOps Conference held in May 2016 in Daejeon, South Korea. The selection was driven by their quality and relevance to the space operations community. The papers represent a cross-section of three main subject areas: · Mission Management – management tasks for designing, preparing and operating a particular mission. · Spacecraft Operations – preparation and implementation of all activities to operate a space vehicle (crewed and uncrewed) under all conditions. · Ground Operations – preparation, qualification, and operations of a mission dedicated ground segment and appropriate infrastructure including antennas, control centers, and communication means and interfaces. This book promotes the SpaceOps Committee’s mission to foster the technical interchange on all aspects of space mission operations and ground data systems while promoting and maintaining an international community of space operations experts.

Space Vehicle Design

Space Vehicle Design
  • Author : Michael Douglas Griffin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :660
  • ISBN : 1600861121
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Summary :