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Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat
  • Author : Peter T. Harris,Elaine K. Baker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :900
  • ISBN : 9780123851406
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Summary : Annotation This book provides a synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats based on the most recent, up-to-date information. Case studies from around the world are presented.

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat

Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat
  • Author : Peter Harris,Elaine Baker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-05
  • Total pages :1076
  • ISBN : 9780128149614
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Summary : Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats, Second Edition, provides an updated synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats. This new edition includes new case studies from all geographic areas and habitats that were not included in the previous edition, including the Arctic, Asia, Africa and South America. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features, such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges is revealed in unprecedented detail. This timely release offers new understanding for researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, and more. Explores the relationships between seabed geomorphology, oceanography and biology Provides global case studies which directly focus on habitats, including both biological and physical data Describes ways to detect change in the marine environment (change in the condition of benthic habitats), a critical aspect for judging the performance of policies and legislation

Seafloor Geomorphology As Benthic Habitat

Seafloor Geomorphology As Benthic Habitat
  • Author : Peter T. Harris,Elaine K. Baker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10
  • Total pages :1076
  • ISBN : 0128149604
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Summary : Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHab Atlas of Seafloor Geomorphic Features and Benthic Habitats, Second Edition, provides an updated synthesis of seabed geomorphology and benthic habitats. This new edition includes new case studies from all geographic areas and habitats that were not included in the previous edition, including the Arctic, Asia, Africa and South America. Using multibeam sonar, the benthic ecology of submarine features, such as fjords, sand banks, coral reefs, seamounts, canyons, mud volcanoes and spreading ridges is revealed in unprecedented detail. This timely release offers new understanding for researchers in Marine Biodiversity, environmental managers, ecologists, and more.

Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms

Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms
  • Author : J.A. Dowdeswell,M. Canals,M. Jakobsson,B.J. Todd,E.K. Dowdeswell,K. Hogan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-16
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 9781786202680
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Summary : New geophysical techniques (multibeam echo sounding and 3D seismics) have revolutionized high-resolution imaging of the modern seafloor and palaeo-shelf surfaces in Arctic and Antarctic waters, generating vast quantities of data and novel insights into sedimentary architecture and past environmental conditions. The Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms is a comprehensive and timely summary of the current state of knowledge of these high-latitude glacier-influenced systems. The Atlas presents over 180 contributions describing, illustrating and discussing the full variability of landforms found on the high-latitude glacier-influenced seafloor, from fjords and continental shelves to the continental slope, rise and deep-sea basins beyond. The distribution and geometry of these submarine landforms provide key information on past ice-sheet extent and the direction and nature of ice flow and dynamics. The papers discuss individual seafloor landforms, landform assemblages and entire landsystems from relatively mild to extreme glacimarine climatic settings and on timescales from the modern margins of tidewater glaciers, through Quaternary examples to ancient glaciations in the Late Ordovician.

Submarine Geomorphology

Submarine Geomorphology
  • Author : Aaron Micallef,Sebastian Krastel,Alessandra Savini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-18
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 9783319578521
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Summary : This book on the current state of knowledge of submarine geomorphology aims to achieve the goals of the Submarine Geomorphology working group, set up in 2013, by establishing submarine geomorphology as a field of research, disseminating its concepts and techniques among earth scientists and professionals, and encouraging students to develop their skills and knowledge in this field. Editors have invited 30 experts from around the world to contribute chapters to this book, which is divided into 4 sections – (i) Introduction & history, (ii) Data & methods, (ii) Submarine landforms & processes and (iv) Conclusions & future directions. Each chapter provides a review of a topic, establishes the state-of-the-art, identifies the key research questions that need to be addressed, and delineates a strategy on how to achieve this. Submarine geomorphology is a priority for many research institutions, government authorities and industries globally. The book is useful for undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals with limited training in this field.

World Ocean Assessment

World Ocean Assessment
  • Author : World Ocean Assessment team
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-30
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781316510018
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Summary :

Mapping the Deep: The Extraordinary Story of Ocean Science

Mapping the Deep: The Extraordinary Story of Ocean Science
  • Author : Robert Kunzig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-10-17
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780393345353
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Summary : A vivid, up-to-date tour of the Earth's last frontier, a remote and mysterious realm that nonetheless lies close to the heart of even the most land-locked reader. The sea covers seven-tenths of the Earth, but we have mapped only a small percentage of it. The sea contains millions of species of animals and plants, but we have identified only a few thousand of them. The sea controls our planet's climate, but we do not really understand how. The sea is still the frontier, and yet it seems so familiar that we sometimes forget how little we know about it. Just as we are poised on the verge of exploiting the sea on an unprecedented scale—mining it, fertilizing it, fishing it out—this book reminds us of how much we have yet to learn. More than that, it chronicles the knowledge explosion that has transformed our view of the sea in just the past few decades, and made it a far more interesting and accessible place. From the Big Bang to that far-off future time, two billion years from now, when our planet will be a waterless rock; from the lush crowds of life at seafloor hot springs to the invisible, jewel-like plants that float at the sea surface; from the restless shifting of the tectonic plates to the majestic sweep of the ocean currents, Kunzig's clear and lyrical prose transports us to the ends of the Earth. Originally published in hardcover as The Restless Sea. "Robert Kunzig is a creator of what oceanographer Harry Hess once referred to as 'geopoetry.' He covers vast tracts of time and space and makes his subjects electrifying."—Richard Ellis, The Times [London] "The Restless Sea immediately surfaces at the top of the list of journalistic treatments of oceanography. . . .The book opened my eyes to numerous wonders."—Richard Strickland, American Scientist "When you head for the coast this summer, leave that trashy beach novel at home. Instead, pack Robert Kunzig's book. Because just beyond your rental cottage lies the restless sea, where three-mile-tall mountain ranges criss-cross the ocean floor, and deep trenches harbor mysterious creatures. . . . The book is easy to read, and will bring you up to date on the startling discoveries oceanographers have made during the past few decades."—Phillip Manning, The News and Observer [Raleigh, North Carolina] ] "Anyone who loves the sea should read this book."—Sebastian Junger

Ecological Geography of the Sea

Ecological Geography of the Sea
  • Author : Alan R. Longhurst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-03
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 0080465579
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Summary : This book presents an in-depth discussion of the biological and ecological geography of the oceans. It synthesizes locally restricted studies of the ocean to generate a global geography of the vast marine world. Based on patterns of algal ecology, the book divides the ocean into four primary compartments, which are then subdivided into secondary compartments. *Includes color insert of the latest in satellite imagery showing the world's oceans, their similarities and differences *Revised and updated to reflect the latest in oceanographic research *Ideal for anyone interested in understanding ocean ecology -- accessible and informative

Coral Reefs of the Gulf

Coral Reefs of the Gulf
  • Author : Bernhard Riegl,Sam J. Purkis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-13
  • Total pages :379
  • ISBN : 9789400730083
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Summary : Coral Reefs of the Gulf: Adaptation to Climatic Extremes is a complete review and reference for scientists, engineers and students concerned with the geology, biology or engineering aspects of coral reefs in the Middle East. It provides for the first time a complete review of both the geology and biology of all extant coral areas in the Gulf, the water body between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. In summer, this area is the hottest sea with abundant coral growth on earth and already today exhibits a temperature that is predicted to occur across the topical ocean in 2100. Thus, by studying the Gulf today, much can be learned about tomorrow’s world and the capability of coral reefs to adapt to climatic extremes. This volume provides the most authoritative and up-to-date review of the coral reefs in the Gulf. It can be used as a volume of general reference or as a textbook treating recent coral reefs. Written by local and international experts, the text is richly illustrated and will remain a standard reference for the region for decades to come. Contributions stretch from climatology through geology, biology, ecological modelling and fisheries science to practical conservation aspects. The book is useful for the technical expert and casual reader alike.

Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos

Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos
  • Author : Anastasios Eleftheriou,Alasdair McIntyre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780470995112
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Summary : Ecosystems of the benthic environment are a sensitive index to ecological change, and as such demand long-term and effective monitoring. Methods for the Study of Marine Benthos provides comprehensive information on the tools and techniques available to those working in areas where the declining health of the sea, depletion of marine resources and the biodiversity of marine life are major concerns. In response to the need for increasingly detailed information on bottom-living communities, this fully revised new edition offers: Contributions from a broad range of internationally recognised experts New information for those compiling environmental impact statements, pollution assessments and working with eco-system management Two separate chapters on Imaging Techniques and Diving Systems A vital tool for all marine and environmental scientists, ecologists, fisheries workers and oceanographers, libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught will find this book a valuable addition to their shelves.

Marine Animal Forests

Marine Animal Forests
  • Author : Sergio Rossi,Lorenzo Bramanti,Andrea Gori,Covadonga Orejas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-15
  • Total pages :1366
  • ISBN : 3319210114
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Summary : During the last decades there has been an increasing evidence of drastic changes in marine ecosystems due to human-induced impacts, especially on benthic ecosystems. The so called “animal forests” are currently showing a dramatic loss of biomass and biodiversity all over the world. These communities are dominated by sessile suspension feeder organisms (such as sponges, corals, gorgonians, bivalves, etc.) that generate three-dimensional structures, similar to the trees in the terrestrial forest. The animal forest provide several ecosystem services such as food, protection and nursery to the associated fauna, playing an important role in the local hydrodynamic and biogeochemical cycles near the sea floor and acting also as carbon sinks. The present book focus its attention on these three dimensional animal structures including, for the first time, all the different types of animal forests of the world in a single volume.

Rhodolith/Maërl Beds: A Global Perspective

Rhodolith/Maërl Beds: A Global Perspective
  • Author : Rafael Riosmena-Rodríguez,Wendy Nelson,Julio Aguirre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-07
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9783319293158
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Summary : Rhodolith beds are recognized internationally as a unique ecosystem, and they are the focus of this interdisciplinary book. These marine beds occur worldwide, from the tropics to the poles, ranging in depth from intertidal to deep subtidal habitats and they are also represented in extensive fossil deposits. In the light of international interest in rhodoliths and maerl concerning their role in coastal ecosystems and with respect to biodiversity, fisheries, and the production of sediment, this book provides the most comprehensive view possible. As readers will discover, rhodoliths/maerl are fundamental to a range of ecological processes, acting as ecosystem engineers including playing key roles in recruitment and providing nursery habitats. Rhodoliths/maerl have been used commercially in some parts of the world, and they are understood to be vulnerable to coastal modifications and human-induced change, and hence their status may serve as an indicator of ecosystem health. Rhodoliths/maerl contribute to global carbon budgets although the extent remains to be evaluated, as do the potential impacts of changing global climates and ocean acidification.

Australia's Continental Shelf

Australia's Continental Shelf
  • Author : Australian Institute of International Affairs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : UVA:35007004829671
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Summary :

Spatial Analysis in Geomorphology

Spatial Analysis in Geomorphology
  • Author : Richard J. Chorley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-10
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781000000252
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Summary : Originally published in 1972. This book covers from ‘linear’ statistical methods, regression and variance analysis to multivariate methods to wider spatial analytic techniques, in which a clear association is maintained between quantitative data and the spatial coordinates which locate them. The purpose of this volume is to highlight this coherent area of scholarship under the general headings of spatial point systems, networks, continuous distributions, partitioning and simulation. Seventeen authors from Britain and the United States have been brought together to produce a book whose attention is on the body of spatial techniques necessary to enable the building of dynamic spatial models of landforms which formed the keystone of much geomorphic work in future years.

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems

Marine and Coastal Geographical Information Systems
  • Author : Dawn J. Wright,Darius J. Barlett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-12-23
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781135733346
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Summary : Marine and coastal applications of GIS are finally gaining wide acceptance in scientific as well as GIS communities, and cover the fields of deep sea geology, chemistry and biology, and coastal geology, biology, engineering and resource management. Comprising rigorous contributions from a group of leading scholars in marine and coastal GIS, this book will inspire and stimulate continued research in this important new application domain. Launched as a project to mark the UN International Year of the Ocean (1998) and supported by the International Geographical Union's Commission on Coastal Systems, this book covers progress and research in the marine and coastal realms, in the areas of theory, applications and empirical results. It is the first book of its kind to address basic and applied scientific problems in deep sea and coastal science using GIS and remote sensing technologies. It is designed for GIS and remote sensing specialists, but also for those with an interest in oceans, lakes and shores. Coverage ranges from seafloor spreading centres to Exclusive Economic Zones to microscale coastal habitats; and techniques include submersibles, computer modelling, image display, 3-D temporal data visualization, and development and application of new algorithms and spatial data structures. It illustrates the broad usage of GIS, image processing, and computer modelling in deep sea and coastal environments, and also addresses important institutional issues arising out of the use of these technologies.

Biodiversity in Ecosystems

Biodiversity in Ecosystems
  • Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo,Shovonlal Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-17
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 9789535120285
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Summary : The term biodiversity has become a mainstream concept that can be found in any newspaper at any given time. Concerns on biodiversity protection are usually linked to species protection and extinction risks for iconic species, such as whales, pandas and so on. However, conserving biodiversity has much deeper implications than preserving a few (although important) species. Biodiversity in ecosystems is tightly linked to ecosystem functions such as biomass production, organic matter decomposition, ecosystem resilience, and others. Many of these ecological processes are also directly implied in services that the humankind obtains from ecosystems. The first part of this book will introduce different concepts and theories important to understand the links between ecosystem function and ecosystem biodiversity. The second part of the book provides a wide range of different studies showcasing the evidence and practical implications of such relationships.

Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments

Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments
  • Author : Sarah Hamylton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-13
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781107070479
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Summary : This book covers the spatial analytical tools needed to map, monitor and explain or predict coastal features, with accompanying online exercises.

The Norwegian Sea Ecosystem

The Norwegian Sea Ecosystem
  • Author : Hein Rune Skjoldal,Roald Saetre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :559
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822034235010
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Summary : From 1993 to 2001, the Institute of Marine Research in Norway carried out a research program, Mare cognitum, on the Norwegian Sea ecosystem. Drawing upon results from this program, the book summarizes the current knowledge about this ecosystem. In a series of chapters the readers are introduced to the geography, currents and water masses that are the abiotic setting or â??sceneâ? of the ecosystem, and to the plankton, fish, squids, whales, seals and seabirds that are the key biological components or â??actorsâ? in the ecosystem. The â??playâ? is the ecological drama where the animals strive to find their food while avoiding to be eaten themselves. The Norwegian Sea ecosystem contains very large biomasses of zooplankton and pelagic fish stocks. It is characterized by pronounced seasonal cycles in plankton production and large-scale migrations of herring and other animal populations. - Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2005

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter
  • Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-01
  • Total pages :447
  • ISBN : 9783319165103
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Summary : This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Fjord Oceanography

Fjord Oceanography
  • Author : Howard Freeland
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 9781461331056
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Summary : Fjords are deep, glacia11y carved estuaries that are pecu1iar to certain coast1ines, and have severa1 characteristics that dist inguish them from sha110wer embayments. At higher latitudes they indent the western coast1ines of Scandinavia, North and South America, and New Zea1and. They are a1so a common feature of much of the arctic coast1ine. The papers contained in this vo1ume were presented at a workshop funded by the NATO Advanced Studies Institute in Victoria, British Co1umbia. It may seem curious to the reader that this specia1 c1ass of estuaries shou1d have attracted an international gathering of oceanographers from severa1 different discip1ines. The reas on for this interest stems from both practica1 and scientific considerations. On the one hand, fjords are a feature common to the coast1ines of severa1 countries that depend heavi1y on the oceans for communication, fisheries and other resources. The impact of man's activities on these coasts has created a demand for new know1edge of the physica1, bio10gica1 and chemica1 aspects of fjords. Sometimes man's inf1uence on the ocean is intentiona1 as, for examp1e, in the artificia1 contro1 of ice cover; often it is the more insidious bui1d-up of toxic wastes that is of concern. These prob1ems are particu1ar1y acute where the conf1icting demands of fisheries, industria1 deve10pment and re creation meet in a sing1e fjord; and indeed, this is a common occurence a10ng severa1 of the fjords in Scandinavia and Canada.

Seascape Ecology

Seascape Ecology
  • Author : Simon J. Pittman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781119084440
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Summary : Seascape Ecology provides a comprehensive look at the state-of-the-science in the application of landscape ecology to the seas and provides guidance for future research priorities. The first book devoted exclusively to this rapidly emerging and increasingly important discipline, it is comprised of contributions from researchers at the forefront of seascape ecology working around the world. It presents the principles, concepts, methodology, and techniques informing seascape ecology and reports on the latest developments in the application of the approach to marine ecology and management. A growing number of marine scientists, geographers, and marine managers are asking questions about the marine environment that are best addressed with a landscape ecology perspective. Seascape Ecology represents the first serious effort to fill the gap in the literature on the subject. Key topics and features of interest include: The origins and history of seascape ecology and various approaches to spatial patterning in the sea The links between seascape patterns and ecological processes, with special attention paid to the roles played by seagrasses and salt marshes and animal movements through seascapes Human influences on seascape ecology—includes models for assessing human-seascape interactions A special epilogue in which three eminent scientists who have been instrumental in shaping the course of landscape ecology offer their insights and perspectives Seascape Ecology is a must-read for researchers and professionals in an array of disciplines, including marine biology, environmental science, geosciences, marine and coastal management, and environmental protection. It is also an excellent supplementary text for university courses in those fields.