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Senescence Signalling and Control in Plants

Senescence Signalling and Control in Plants
  • Author : Maryam Sarwat,Narendra Tuteja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-29
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128131886
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Summary : Senescence Signalling and Control in Plants discusses the studies showing the importance of hormone action on developmental senescence. It shows the involvement of various signaling components (such as EIN2, LOX2) and transcription factors (such as oresara1 or ORE1) in controlling hormonal activity during senescence. Further, the involvement of various micro RNAs (miR164, miR319) in regulating leaf senescence are discussed. Through this book, the authors throw light on all the reverse and forward genetic approaches to reveal the role of various other phytohormones regulating plant senescence and the molecular mechanisms involved. Chapters on relevant topics are contributed by experts working in the area, making this a comprehensive treatise designed to provide an in-depth analysis on the subject matter. Throws light on the involvement of hormones (other than the well- known hormones cytokine and ethylene) in plant senescence Shows the underlying mechanisms on the hormonal actions during senescence Exhibits the involvement of microRNAs during this important plant developmental process

Plant Senescence

Plant Senescence
  • Author : Yongfeng Guo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-02
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 1493976702
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Summary : This detailed volume covers a wide variety of techniques either developed specially for plant senescence studies or optimized for studying senescing plants. After an introduction to the topic, the book continues with sections on phenotypic analysis and molecular markers of plant organ senescence, hormonal control of plant senescence, stress-induced senescence, molecular and cellular processes in plant senescence, as well as systems biology approaches. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Plant Senescence: Methods and Protocols aims to provide a useful hand book of standard protocols for plant molecular biologists working on senescence.

Senescence and Aging in Plants

Senescence and Aging in Plants
  • Author : L.D. Nooden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9780323145954
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Summary : Senescence and Aging in Plants reviews the state of knowledge in the processes involved in plant senescence and aging. The book begins by discussing the emergence of senescence as a concept; experimental analysis of senescence; and patterns of senescence. It then examines membrane deterioration during senescence; photosynthesis in relation to leaf senescence; senescence of detached plant organs; changing patterns of nucleic acid and protein synthesis during senescence; and degradative and associated assimilatory aspects of nitrogen removal. This is followed by chapters on aspects of ethylene that may impinge upon its role in promoting senescence of higher plants; the role of cytokinins in plant senescence; the promoters and retardants of senescence; and the role of calcium in plant senescence. The concept of whole plant senescence is discussed, which can be subdivided into patterns, correlative controls, cessation of vegetative growth, declining assimilatory processes, assimilate partitioning, and hormonal controls. The final chapters cover the deterioration of cellular membranes during the plant aging process and seed aging.

Signaling in Plants

Signaling in Plants
  • Author : František Baluška,Stefano Mancuso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-27
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 3540892281
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Summary : This is the first comprehensive monograph on all emerging topics in plant signaling. The book addresses diverse aspects of signaling at all levels of plant organization. Emphasis is placed on the integrative aspects of signaling.

Hormone Metabolism and Signaling in Plants

Hormone Metabolism and Signaling in Plants
  • Author : Jiayang Li,Chuanyou Li,Steven M Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-19
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780128115633
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Summary : Plant Hormones: Biosynthesis and Mechanisms of Action is based on research funded by the Chinese government’s National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). This book brings a fresh understanding of hormone biology, particularly molecular mechanisms driving plant hormone actions. With growing understanding of hormone biology comes new outlooks on how mankind values and utilizes the built-in potential of plants for improvement of crops in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner. This book is a comprehensive description of all major plant hormones: how they are synthesized and catabolized; how they are perceived by plant cells; how they trigger signal transduction; how they regulate gene expression; how they regulate plant growth, development and defense responses; and how we measure plant hormones. This is an exciting time for researchers interested in plant hormones. Plants rely on a diverse set of small molecule hormones to regulate every aspect of their biological processes including development, growth, and adaptation. Since the discovery of the first plant hormone auxin, hormones have always been the frontiers of plant biology. Although the physiological functions of most plant hormones have been studied for decades, the last 15 to 20 years have seen a dramatic progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of hormone actions. The publication of the whole genome sequences of the model systems of Arabidopsis and rice, together with the advent of multidisciplinary approaches has opened the door to successful experimentation on plant hormone actions. Offers a comprehensive description of all major plant hormones including the recently discovered strigolactones and several peptide hormones Contains a chapter describing how plant hormones regulate stem cells Offers a fresh understanding of hormone biology, particularly molecular mechanisms driving plant hormone actions Discusses the built-in potential of plants for improvement of crops in an environmentally friendly and sustainable manner

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
  • Author : Bruce Alberts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0815332181
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Summary :

Plant Hormones

Plant Hormones
  • Author : Peter J. Davies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-06
  • Total pages :802
  • ISBN : 9781402026867
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Summary : Plant hormones play a crucial role in controlling the way in which plants grow and develop. While metabolism provides the power and building blocks for plant life, it is the hormones that regulate the speed of growth of the individual parts and integrate them to produce the form that we recognize as a plant. This book is a description of these natural chemicals: how they are synthesized and metabolized, how they act at both the organismal and molecular levels, how we measure them, a description of some of the roles they play in regulating plant growth and development, and the prospects for the genetic engineering of hormone levels or responses in crop plants. This is an updated revision of the third edition of the highly acclaimed text. Thirty-three chapters, including two totally new chapters plus four chapter updates, written by a group of fifty-five international experts, provide the latest information on Plant Hormones, particularly with reference to such new topics as signal transduction, brassinosteroids, responses to disease, and expansins. The book is not a conference proceedings but a selected collection of carefully integrated and illustrated reviews describing our knowledge of plant hormones and the experimental work that is the foundation of this information. The Revised 3rd Edition adds important information that has emerged since the original publication of the 3rd edition. This includes information on the receptors for auxin, gibberellin, abscisic acid and jasmonates, in addition to new chapters on strigolactones, the branching hormones, and florigen, the flowering hormone.

Plant Cell Death Processes

Plant Cell Death Processes
  • Author : Larry D. Nooden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-09
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0080492088
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Summary : Programmed cell death is a common pattern of growth and development in both animals and plants. However, programmed cell death and related processes are not as generally recognized as central to plant growth. This is changing fast and is becoming more of a focus of intensive research. This edited work will bring under one cover recent reviews of programmed cell death, apoptosis and senescence. Summaries of the myriad aspects of cell death in plants Discussion of the broadest implications of these disparite results A unification of fields where there has been no cross talk Enables easy entry into diverse but related lines of research

Annual Plant Reviews, Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants

Annual Plant Reviews, Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants
  • Author : William Plaxton,Hans Lambers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-15
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781118958858
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Summary : The development of phosphorus (P)-efficient crop varieties is urgently needed to reduce agriculture's current over-reliance on expensive, environmentally destructive, non-renewable and inefficient P-containing fertilizers. The sustainable management of P in agriculture necessitates an exploitation of P-adaptive traits that will enhance the P-acquisition and P-use efficiency of crop plants. Action in this area is crucial to ensure sufficient food production for the world’s ever-expanding population, and the overall economic success of agriculture in the 21st century. This informative and up-to-date volume presents pivotal research directions that will facilitate the development of effective strategies for bioengineering P-efficient crop species. The 14 chapters reflect the expertise of an international team of leading authorities in the field, who review information from current literature, develop novel hypotheses, and outline key areas for future research. By evaluating aspects of vascular plant and green algal P uptake and metabolism, this book provides insights as to how plants sense, acquire, recycle, scavenge and use P, particularly under the naturally occurring condition of soluble inorganic phosphate deficiency that characterises the vast majority of unfertilised soils, worldwide. The reader is provided with a full appreciation of the diverse information concerning plant P-starvation responses, as well as the crucial role that plant–microbe interactions play in plant P acquisition. Annual Plant Reviews, Volume 48: Phosphorus Metabolism in Plants is an important resource for plant geneticists, biochemists and physiologists, as well as horticultural and environmental research workers, advanced students of plant science and university lecturers in related disciplines. It is an essential addition to the shelves of university and research institute libraries and agricultural and ecological institutions teaching and researching plant science.

Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Plant Reproduction

Molecular and Cellular Aspects of Plant Reproduction
  • Author : R. J. Scott,A. D. Stead
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-11-24
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 0521455251
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Summary : Molecular aspects of flower morphogenesis for researchers and students from SEB Seminar. The book will appeal to students and researchers in floral physiology.

Regulation of Neuroendocrine Aging

Regulation of Neuroendocrine Aging
  • Author : Arthur V. Everitt,Judie R. Walton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : UOM:39015014467578
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Annual Plant Reviews, Senescence Processes in Plants

Annual Plant Reviews, Senescence Processes in Plants
  • Author : Susheng Gan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780470994269
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Summary : The scientific and economic significance of plant senescence means that much effort has been made to understand the processes involved and to devise means of manipulating them agriculturally. During the past few years there has been considerable progress in this regard, especially in the molecular, genetic and genomic aspects. Senescence has a tremendous impact on agriculture. For example, leaf senescence limits crop yield and biomass production, and contributes substantially to postharvest loss in vegetable and ornamental crops during transportation, storage and on shelves. In addition, proteins, antioxidants and other nutritional compounds are degraded during senescence. Senescing tissues also become more susceptible to pathogen infection, and some of the pathogens may produce toxins, rendering food unsafe. Mitotic senescence may also determine sizes of leaves, fruits and whole plants. This volume summarizes recent progresses in the physiology, biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, and biotechnology of plant senescence. Beginning with a chapter on senescence-related terminology and our current knowledge of mitotic senescence in plants (a less well-studied area), the book focuses on post-mitotic senescence, and includes chapters addressing the senescence of leaves, flowers and fruits. Later chapters examine the development of various new biotechnologies for manipulating the senescence processes of fruit and leaves, some of which are approaching commercialization. The book is directed at researchers and professionals in plant molecular genetics, physiology and biochemistry.

Phytohormones

Phytohormones
  • Author : Mohamed A. El-Esawi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-16
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9789535134114
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Summary : Phytohormones are regulatory compounds that play crucial roles in plants. This book brings together recent work and progress that has recently been made in the dynamic field of phytohormone regulation in plant development and stress responses. It also provides new insights and sheds new light regarding the exciting hormonal cross talk phenomenon in plants. This book will provoke interest in many readers and scientists, who can find this information useful for the advancement of their research works.

Fundamental, Ecological and Agricultural Aspects of Nitrogen Metabolism in Higher Plants

Fundamental, Ecological and Agricultural Aspects of Nitrogen Metabolism in Higher Plants
  • Author : J.T. Lambers,G. Stulen,J.J. Neeteson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9789400943568
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Summary : Rinie Hofstra has been a member of the Department of Plant Physiology, University of Groningen, the Netherlands, for 24 years. The nearer we came to 31 March 1985, her 65th birthday, the more we all realized how we would miss her - not only scientifically, but also socially. She left her mark on both research and teaching, always with an open mind and willing to change. After her PhD Thesis on 'Nitrogen Metabolism in Tomato Plants' she first continued working in that field, but soon started a joint project with the Department of Plant Ecology on hemiparasites. She then became involved in carbon metabolism, which resulted in her giving a Biotrop Course on C /C metabolism in 3 4 Indonesia. Her own research group, originally working on 'Nitrogen Metabolism', soon embraced 'Energy and Nitrogen Metabolism', as the research on respiration became more and more important. In running her group she showed all sides of her person. She used to stimulate and encourage everyone around her and to integrate the various lines of research. At the same time she always had an open mind for the opinion of all members of her group. And together they regularly criticized and evaluated the various projects and decided how to continue.

Processes and Control of Plant Senescence

Processes and Control of Plant Senescence
  • Author : Y.Y. Leshem,A.H. Halevy,C. Frenkel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9780444598462
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Summary : This monograph provides basic and empiric information underlying processes believed to be involved in the doubtless multifunctional plant senescence syndrome. While essentially assuming a `basic science' approach the authors, drawing on data obtained from many of the main laboratories and research centres involved in senescence research the world over, and also on findings of the research groups they are associated with, have described how principles of basic science have been applied to practical problems, and have outlined the partial means presently available to man for achieving plant senescence control. Moreover, information is provided on current problems in the forefront of senescence research. This approach will hopefully engender further enquiry and lead at least to partial solutions to some of the as yet unsolved problems. The book will be an asset to the book shelves of students on advanced courses in agriculture, biology and biochemistry as well as scientists and research workers, university and agricultural research station libraries and horticulturalists.

Hormonal Control of Important Agronomic Traits

Hormonal Control of Important Agronomic Traits
  • Author : Chi-Kuang Wen,Yunde Zhao,Yong-Ling Ruan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-21
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889456864
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Summary : One of the goals of plant science is to improve agricultural sustainability, increasing yield, food diversity, and nutrition, while minimizing the negative impact on our environment. In response to internal and external cues, plant hormones control various aspects of plant growth and development. The wealth of our knowledge on plant hormones shall greatly advance sustainable agriculture.

Polyamines

Polyamines
  • Author : Tomonobu Kusano,Hideyuki Suzuki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-07
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9784431552123
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Summary : This book covers key topics in polyamine research from a range of organisms, including plants, mammals, and prokaryotes such as bacteria and archaea. The book provides an introduction to general concepts in the field of polyamine research, as well as more detailed information. With the availability of genome sequence data from a broad range of organisms, the evolution of the genes involved in polyamine metabolism is discussed. The mode of action of polyamines has been shown to be dependent on cation channels, and this mechanism is described in the book. The origin of polyamine transporters (from bacteria, yeasts, and plants) is described. The various effects of polyamines on growth and survival are also documented. The book details the mechanisms of polyamine homeostasis and the role of polyamine molecules as precursors of secondary metabolites such as plant alkaloids and toxins derived from spiders and wasps. The role of polyamines in longevity and disease is discussed. A link between polyamine contents and cancer progression is reported, as is the use of polyamine metabolites as diagnostic markers in the initial stages of cancer. Moreover, a novel approach that utilizes the polyamine pathway of a parasite as a drug target in African sleeping sickness is described. Therefore, this book is a valuable resource, both as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students and also as a reference book for front-line polyamine researchers.

Ethylene Action in Plants

Ethylene Action in Plants
  • Author : Nafees A. Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-10
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9783540328469
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Summary : The plant hormone ethylene plays a prominent role among several intrinsic and extrinsic factors that control growth and physiology of plants. Its biological activity was discovered over a century ago. However, extensive studies on its mode of action came later. This book brings into focus the recent developments on the biochemical, physiological, and molecular basis for ethylene action in plants.

Growth Control in Woody Plants

Growth Control in Woody Plants
  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski,Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-21
  • Total pages :641
  • ISBN : 0080532683
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Summary : The processes and mechanisms that control the growth of woody plants are of crucial importance for both economic and biological reasons. The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and roots). Other major topics covered include seed germination, seedling growth, physiological and environmental regulation of growth, cultural practices, and biotechnology. This comprehensive treatment of the many factors that control the growth of woody plants can serve both as a valuable text and as a frequently used reference. * Includes comprehensive representation of a broad subject * Provides thorough bibliographic coverage * Well illustrated * Serves as a vital companion to Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition

Indian Journal of Experimental Biology

Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0078655024
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Summary :

Plant Proteases

Plant Proteases
  • Author : Mercedes Diaz-Mendoza,Juan Guiamet,Frank Van Breusegem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 9782889633999
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Summary : Plant proteases are involved in most aspects of plant physiology and development, playing key roles in the generation of signaling molecules and as regulators of essential cellular processes such as cell division and metabolism. They take part in important pathways like protein turnover by the degradation of misfolded proteins and the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, and they are responsible for post-translational modifications of proteins by proteolysis at highly specific sites. Proteases are also implicated in a great variety of environmentally controlled processes, including mobilization of storage proteins during seed germination, development of seedlings, senescence, programmed cell death and defense mechanisms against pests and pathogens. However, in spite of their importance, little is known about the functions and mode of actions of specific plant proteases. This Research Topic collects contributions covering diverse aspects of plant proteases research.