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Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures
  • Author : Ming L. Wang,Jerome P. Lynch,Hoon Sohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-26
  • Total pages :598
  • ISBN : 9780857099136
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Summary : Sensors are used for civil infrastructure performance assessment and health monitoring, and have evolved significantly through developments in materials and methodologies. Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure Volume I provides an overview of sensor hardware and its use in data collection. The first chapters provide an introduction to sensing for structural performance assessment and health monitoring, and an overview of commonly used sensors and their data acquisition systems. Further chapters address different types of sensor including piezoelectric transducers, fiber optic sensors, acoustic emission sensors, and electromagnetic sensors, and the use of these sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures. Developments in technologies applied to civil infrastructure performance assessment are also discussed, including radar technology, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) and nanotechnology. Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure provides a standard reference for structural and civil engineers, electronics engineers, and academics with an interest in the field. Describes sensing hardware and data collection, covering a variety of sensors Examines fiber optic systems, acoustic emission, piezoelectric sensors, electromagnetic sensors, ultrasonic methods, and radar and millimeter wave technology Covers strain gauges, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), multifunctional materials and nanotechnology for sensing, and vision-based sensing and lasers

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures
  • Author : Ming L. Wang,Jerome P. Lynch,Hoon Sohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-19
  • Total pages :738
  • ISBN : 9781782422433
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Summary : Sensors are used for civil infrastructure performance assessment and health monitoring, and have evolved significantly through developments in materials and methodologies. Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure Volume II provides an overview of sensor data analysis and case studies in assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures. Part one focuses on sensor data interrogation and decision making, with chapters on data management technologies, data analysis, techniques for damage detection and structural damage detection. Part two is made up of case studies in assessing and monitoring specific structures such as bridges, towers, buildings, dams, tunnels, pipelines, and roads. Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure provides a standard reference for structural and civil engineers, electronics engineers, and academics with an interest in the field. Provides an in-depth examination of sensor data management and analytical techniques for fault detection and localization, looking at prognosis and life-cycle assessment Includes case studies in assessing structures such as bridges, buildings, super-tall towers, dams, tunnels, wind turbines, railroad tracks, nuclear power plants, offshore structures, levees, and pipelines

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures

Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructures
  • Author : Ming L. Wang,Jerome P. Lynch,Hoon Sohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-11-15
  • Total pages :825
  • ISBN : 008102696X
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Summary : Sensor Technologies for Civil Infrastructure, Volume 1: Sensing Hardware and Data Collection Methods for Performance Assessment, Second Edition, provides an overview of sensor hardware and its use in data collection. The first chapters provide an introduction to sensing for structural performance assessment and health monitoring, and an overview of commonly used sensors and their data acquisition systems. Further chapters address different types of sensor including piezoelectric transducers, fiber optic sensors, acoustic emission sensors, and electromagnetic sensors, and the use of these sensors for assessing and monitoring civil infrastructures. The new edition now includes chapters on machine learning methods and reliability analysis for structural health monitoring. All chapters have been revised to include the latest advances in materials (such as piezoelectric and mechanoluminescent materials), technologies (such as LIDAR), and applications. Describes sensing hardware and data collection, covering a variety of sensors including LIDAR Examines fiber optic systems, acoustic emission, piezoelectric sensors, electromagnetic sensors, terahertz technologies, ultrasonic methods, and radar and millimeter wave technology Covers strain gauges, micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS), multifunctional materials and nanotechnology for sensing, and vision-based sensing and lasers Includes new chapters on machine learning methods and reliability analysis

Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems
  • Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari,F Ansari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-25
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9781845696825
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Summary : Structural health monitoring is an extremely important methodology in evaluating the ‘health’ of a structure by assessing the level of deterioration and remaining service life of civil infrastructure systems. This book reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications in this area of civil engineering. It discusses ways of obtaining and analysing data, sensor technologies and methods of sensing changes in structural performance characteristics. It also discusses data transmission and the application of both individual technologies and entire systems to bridges and buildings. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems is a valuable reference for students in civil and structural engineering programs as well as those studying sensors, data analysis and transmission at universities. It will also be an important source for practicing civil engineers and designers, engineers and researchers developing sensors, network systems and methods of data transmission and analysis, policy makers, inspectors and those responsible for the safety and service life of civil infrastructure. Reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications Discusses systems used to obtain and analyse data and sensor technologies Assesses methods of sensing changes in structural performance

Wireless Sensor Networks for Civil Infrastructure Monitoring

Wireless Sensor Networks for Civil Infrastructure Monitoring
  • Author : David Rodenas-Herráiz,Ken'ichi Soga,Paul R. A. Fidler,Nicholas De Battista
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 072776151X
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Summary : This guide is intended to offer best practice guidance compiled from recent research and development from both industry and academia on the monitoring of civil engineering infrastructure with wireless sensor network technology. It is designed to provide a well-defined strategy for the implementation of WSNs in infrastructure and to make the decision-making process more effective by offering advice on good practice for data interpretation and information valuation for a variety of asset types. It will also offer advice on what to do with the data obtained, and then how to proceed upon the project completion, i.e. when the monitoring tasks are finished.

Sensing Issues in Civil Structural Health Monitoring

Sensing Issues in Civil Structural Health Monitoring
  • Author : Farhad Ansari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-14
  • Total pages :527
  • ISBN : 1402036604
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Summary : Civil infrastructure systems are generally the most expensive assets in any country, and these systems are deteriorating at an alarming rate. In addition, these systems have a long service life in comparison to most other commercial products. As well, the introduction of intelligent materials and innovative design approaches in these systems is painfully slow due to heavy relianceon traditional construction and maintenance practices, and the conservative nature of design codes. Feedback on the "state of the health" of constructed systems is practically nonexistent. In the quest for lighter, stronger and corrosion-resistant structures, the replacement of ferrous materials by high-strength fibrous ones is being actively pursued in several countries around the world, both with respect to the design of new structures as well as for the rehabilitation and strengthening of existing ones. In North America, active research in the design of new highway bridges is focused on a number of specialty areas, including the replacement of steel reinforcing bars in concrete deck slabs by randomly distributed low-modulus fibers, and the replacement of steel prestressing cables for concrete components by tendons comprising super-strong fibers. Research is also being conducted on using FRPs to repair and strengthen existing structures.

Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures

Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures
  • Author : Hua-Peng Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-29
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781119166634
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Summary : A critical review of key developments and latest advances in Structural Health Monitoring technologies applied to civil engineering structures, covering all aspects required for practical application Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) provides the facilities for in-service monitoring of structural performance and damage assessment, and is a key element of condition based maintenance and damage prognosis. This comprehensive book brings readers up to date on the most important changes and advancements in the structural health monitoring technologies applied to civil engineering structures. It covers all aspects required for such monitoring in the field, including sensors and networks, data acquisition and processing, damage detection techniques and damage prognostics techniques. The book also includes a number of case studies showing how the techniques can be applied in the development of sustainable and resilient civil infrastructure systems. Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures offers in-depth chapter coverage of: Sensors and Sensing Technology for Structural Monitoring; Data Acquisition, Transmission, and Management; Structural Damage Identification Techniques; Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures; Finite Element Model Updating; Vibration Based Damage Identification Methods; Model Based Damage Assessment Methods; Monitoring Based Reliability Analysis and Damage Prognosis; and Applications of SHM Strategies to Large Civil Structures. Presents state-of-the-art SHM technologies allowing asset managers to evaluate structural performance and make rational decisions Covers all aspects required for the practical application of SHM Includes case studies that show how the techniques can be applied in practice Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures is an ideal book for practicing civil engineers, academics and postgraduate students studying civil and structural engineering.

Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next-Generation Smart Composite Structures

Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next-Generation Smart Composite Structures
  • Author : Jayantha Ananda Epaarachchi,Gayan Chanaka Kahandawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-15
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : 9781315356044
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Summary : Due to the increased use of composite materials in aerospace, energy, automobile, and civil infrastructure applications, concern over composite material failures has grown, creating a need for smart composite structures that are able to self-diagnose and self-heal. Structural Health Monitoring Technologies and Next-Generation Smart Composite Structures provides valuable insight into cutting-edge advances in SHM, smart materials, and smart structures. Comprised of chapters authored by leading researchers in their respective fields, this edited book showcases exciting developments in general embedded sensor technologies, general sensor technologies, sensor response interrogation and data communication, damage matrix formulation, damage mechanics and analysis, smart materials and structures, and SHM in aerospace applications. Each chapter makes a significant contribution to the prevention of structural failures by describing methods that increase safety and reduce maintenance costs in a variety of SHM applications.

Frontier Technologies for Infrastructures Engineering

Frontier Technologies for Infrastructures Engineering
  • Author : Alfredo H.S. Ang,Shi-Shuenn Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-21
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9780415498753
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Summary : An exclusive collection of papers introducing current and frontier technologies of special significance to the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of civil infrastructures. This volume is intended for professional and practicing engineers involved with infrastructure systems such as roadways, bridges, buildings, power generating and distribution systems, water resources, environmental facilities, and other civil infrastructure systems. Contributions are by internationally renowned and eminent experts, and cover: 1. Life-cycle cost and performance; 2.Reliability engineering; 3. Risk assessment and management; 4. Optimization methods and optimal design; 5. Role of maintenance, inspection, and repair; 6. Structural and system health monitoring; 7. Durability, fatigue and fracture; 8. Corrosion technology for metal and R/C structures; 9. Concrete materials and concrete structures.

World Forum on Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology

World Forum on Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology
  • Author : B.F. Spencer Jr.,M. Tomizuka,C.B. Yun,W.M. Chen,R.W. Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-23
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 143982844X
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Summary : This collection of almost 300 articles provides the critical knowledge and technological bases required for meeting one of the ultimate engineering challenges: the design and construction of smart structures and systems. It meets that trend that research in smart materials and structures seeks to apply multifunctional capabilities. Contributions deal with the use of new and existing materials to develop structures and systems that are capable of self-sensing, self-diagnosing, self-healing. Moreover such systems should be able to give adaptive responses to prevent loss and catastrophe, to minimize costs, and to prolong service life. Intended for researchers and practitioners from a broad range of disciplines. Set of book of abstracts (840 pp) and full paper, searchable CD-ROM (1994 pp).

Infrastructure Computer Vision

Infrastructure Computer Vision
  • Author : Ioannis Brilakis,Carl Thomas Michael Haas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-28
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780128172582
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Summary : Infrastructure Computer Vision delves into this field of computer science that works on enabling computers to see, identify, process images and provide appropriate output in the same way that human vision does. However, implementing these advanced information and sensing technologies is difficult for many engineers. This book provides civil engineers with the technical detail of this advanced technology and how to apply it to their individual projects. Explains how to best capture raw geometrical and visual data from infrastructure scenes and assess their quality Offers valuable insights on how to convert the raw data into actionable information and knowledge stored in Digital Twins Bridges the gap between the theoretical aspects and real-life applications of computer vision

Underground Sensing

Underground Sensing
  • Author : Sibel Pamukcu,Liang Cheng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-01
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : 9780128031544
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Summary : Underground Sensing: Monitoring and Hazard Detection for Environment and Infrastructure brings the target audience the technical and practical knowledge of existing technologies of subsurface sensing and monitoring based on a classification of their functionality. In addition, the book introduces emerging technologies and applications of sensing for environmental and geo-hazards in subsurface – focusing on sensing platforms that can enable fully distributed global measurements. Finally, users will find a comprehensive exploration of the future of underground sensing that can meet demands for preemptive and sustainable response to underground hazards. New concepts and paradigms based on passively powered and/or on-demand activated, embeddable sensor platforms are presented to bridge the gap between real-time monitoring and global measurements. Presents a one-stop-shop reference for underground sensing and monitoring needs that saves valuable research time Provides application cases for all technologies that are covered and described in detail Includes full, four color images of equipment and applications Designed to cover a wide variety of underground sensors, from agriculture to geohazards

Applications of Fiber Optic Sensors in Engineering Mechanics

Applications of Fiber Optic Sensors in Engineering Mechanics
  • Author : Farhad Ansari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : UOM:39015029476747
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Summary : This report describes the current state of the art for fiber optic technology and the possibility of its use in civil structures.

Distributed Optical Fibre Sensing for Monitoring Geotechnical Infrastructures

Distributed Optical Fibre Sensing for Monitoring Geotechnical Infrastructures
  • Author : Cedric Kechavarzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-25
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 0727760556
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Summary : This book aims to consolidate academic knowledge on distributed optical fibre sensing into a practical guide in order to demonstrate the capabilities of fibre optic strain sensing, the opportunities it can offer to the construction industry, and how it can be implemented to monitor geotechnical infrastructures.

Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures

Structural Health Monitoring of Large Civil Engineering Structures
  • Author : Hua-Peng Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-09
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781119166436
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Summary : The book will provide a critical review of key developments in the structural health monitoring technologies applied to civil engineering structures. It covers all aspects required for such monitoring in the field, including sensors and networks, data acquisition and processing, damage detection techniques and damage prognostics techniques. A number of case studies, showing how the techniques can be applied to large civil engineering structures are included.

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering: Towards an Integrated Vision
  • Author : Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-31
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9781351857574
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Summary : This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

New Developments in Sensing Technology for Structural Health Monitoring

New Developments in Sensing Technology for Structural Health Monitoring
  • Author : Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-14
  • Total pages :427
  • ISBN : 9783642210990
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Summary : The book has focussed on the different aspects of sensing technology, i.e. high reliability, adaptability, recalibration, information processing, data fusion, validation and integration of novel and high performance sensors specifically aims to use to inspect mechanical health of structure and similar applications. This book is dedicated to Sensing systems for Structural Health Monitoring offers to variety of users, namely, Master and PhD degree students, researchers, practitioners, especially Civil and Construction engineers. The book will provide an opportunity of a dedicated and a deep approach in order to improve their knowledge in this specific field.

Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors

Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors
  • Author : Victor Giurgiutiu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-20
  • Total pages :1024
  • ISBN : 9780124201026
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Summary : Structural Health Monitoring with Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors, Second Edition provides an authoritative theoretical and experimental guide to this fast-paced, interdisciplinary area with exciting applications across a range of industries. The book begins with a detailed yet digestible consolidation of the fundamental theory relating to structural health monitoring (SHM). Coverage of fracture and failure basics, relevant piezoelectric material properties, vibration modes in different structures, and different wave types provide all the background needed to understand SHM and apply it to real-world structural challenges. Moving from theory to experimental practice, the book then provides the most comprehensive coverage available on using piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to detect and quantify damage in structures. Updates to this edition include circular and straight-crested Lamb waves from first principle, and the interaction between PWAS and Lamb waves in 1-D and 2-D geometries. Effective shear stress is described, and tuning expressions between PWAS and Lamb waves has been extended to cover axisymmetric geometries with a complete Hankel-transform-based derivation. New chapters have been added including hands-on SHM case studies of PWAS stress, strain, vibration, and wave sensing applications, along with new sections covering essential aspects of vibration and wave propagation in axisymmetric geometries. Comprehensive coverage of underlying theory such as piezoelectricity, vibration, and wave propagation alongside experimental techniques Includes step-by-step guidance on the use of piezoelectric wafer active sensors (PWAS) to detect and quantify damage in structures, including clear information on how to interpret sensor signal patterns Updates to this edition include a new chapter on composites and new sections on advances in vibration and wave theory, bringing this established reference in line with the cutting edge in this emerging area

Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures

Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures
  • Author : Baoguo Han,Xun Yu,Jinping Ou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-30
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9780128006580
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Summary : Concrete is the second most used building material in the world after water. The problem is that over time the material becomes weaker. As a response, researchers and designers are developing self-sensing concrete which not only increases longevity but also the strength of the material. Self-Sensing Concrete in Smart Structures provides researchers and designers with a guide to the composition, sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of self-healing concrete along with their structural applications Provides a systematic discussion of the structure of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Compositions of intrinsic self-sensing concrete and processing of intrinsic self-sensing concrete Explains the sensing mechanism, measurement, and sensing properties of intrinsic self-sensing concrete

Laser Scanning

Laser Scanning
  • Author : Belén Riveiro,Roderik Lindenbergh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-18
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 9781351018845
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Summary : This book provides an overview on the evolution of laser scanning technology and its noticeable impact in the structural engineering domain. It provides an up-to-date synthesis of the state-of-the-art of the technology for the reverse engineering of built constructions, including terrestrial, mobile, and different portable solutions, for laser scanning. Data processing of large point clouds has experienced an important advance in the last years, and thus, an intense activity in the development of automated data processing algorithms has been noticed. Thus, this book aims to provide an overview of state-of-the-art algorithms, different best practices and most recent processing tools in connection to particular applications. Readers will find this a comprehensive book, that updates the practice of laser scanning for researchers and professionals not only from the geomatic domain, but also other fields such as structural and construction engineering. A set of successful applications to structural engineering are illustrated, including also synergies with other technologies, that can inspire professionals to adopt laser scanning in their day-to-day activity. This cutting-edge edited volume will be a valuable resource for students, researchers and professional engineers with an interest in laser scanning and its applications in the structural engineering domain.

Sensor Systems and Networks

Sensor Systems and Networks
  • Author : Kara J. Peters
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : UOM:39015068753014
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.