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Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology
  • Author : Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-10
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9780128026083
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Summary : Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology

Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology
  • Author : Babbette LaMarca, Ph.D.,Barbara T. Alexander, PhD, FAHA, FAPS
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780128131978
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Summary : Sex Differences in Cardiovascular Physiology and Pathophysiology is a comprehensive look into the often overlooked and underappreciated fundamental sex differences between men and women and how those differences affect the cardiovascular system. It covers cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling and the development of pathology. With contributions from world-renowned research investigators, this up-to-date reference compiles critical knowledge on cardiovascular sex differences, providing researchers and clinicians with a better understanding of the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Identifies the fundamental sex differences in the physiology and pathophysiology of the cardiovascular system Describes cell signaling pathways involved in sex-associated cardiovascular function and diseases Puts the sex differences in cardiovascular diseases in the forefront to improve cardiovascular prognoses

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-07-02
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0309132975
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Summary : It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology

Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology
  • Author : Joan C. Chrisler,Donald R. McCreary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-12
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 144191465X
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Summary : Donald R. McCreary and Joan C. Chrisler The Development of Gender Studies in Psychology Studies of sex differences are as old as the ?eld of psychology, and they have been conducted in every sub?eld of the discipline. There are probably many reasons for the popularity of these studies, but three reasons seem to be most prominent. First, social psychological studies of person perception show that sex is especially salient in social groups. It is the ?rst thing people notice about others, and it is one of the things we remember best (Fiske, Haslam, & Fiske, 1991; Stangor, Lynch, Duan, & Glass, 1992). For example, people may not remember who uttered a witty remark, but they are likely to remember whether the quip came from a woman or a man. Second, many people hold ?rm beliefs that aspects of physiology suit men and women for particular social roles. Men’s greater upper body strength makes them better candidates for manual labor, and their greater height gives the impression that they would make good leaders (i. e. , people we look up to). Women’s reproductive capacity and the caretaking tasks (e. g. , breastfeeding, baby minding) that accompany it make them seem suitable for other roles that require gentleness and nurturance. Third, the logic that underlies hypothesis testing in the sciences is focused on difference. Researchers design their studies with the hope that they can reject the null hypothesis that experimental groups do not differ.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System
  • Author : Rebecca M. Shansky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-14
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780128021989
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Summary : Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology

Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • Author : Marek Malik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-11
  • Total pages :1032
  • ISBN : 9780128177297
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Summary : Sex and Cardiac Electrophysiology: Differences in Cardiac Electrical Disorders Between Men and Women is a comprehensive investigation into all aspects of sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology. As there are substantial differences between female and male patients in physiology, pathology triggering factors, disease progression, clinical approaches and treatment outcome, this book provides a comprehensive examination. In cardiology, the differences between women and men are more recognized, hence this title summarizes these important differences, providing the essential information needed for clinical specialists and researchers involved in the design and implementation of clinical studies. Explores topics ranging from the physiologic differences between women and men to the differences in clinical handling of arrhythmic disorders between female and male patients Provides sex differences in cardiac electrophysiology in separate chapters Covers the sex differences of cardiac electrical disorders, providing insights beyond cardiac metabolic syndrome, hypertension, atherogenesis and heart failure

Principles of Sex-based Differences in Physiology

Principles of Sex-based Differences in Physiology
  • Author : Virginia L. Miller,Virginia M. Miller,Meredith Hay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 044451497X
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Summary : Presentation of topics allows for easy adaptation into course lectures Presents the physiological foundation for applying genomic and proteomic research Explains the "why" behind sex-based differences in presentation and treatment of diseases.

Brain Storm

Brain Storm
  • Author : Rebecca M. Jordan-Young
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-07
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780674058798
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Summary : Jordan-Young has written a stunning book that demolishes most of the science associated with the dominant paradigm of the development of sex and gender identity, behavior, and orientation. The current paradigm, brain organization theory, proposes: "Because of early exposure to different sex hormones, males and females have different brains"; and these hormones also create "gay" and "straight" brains. Jordan-Young interviewed virtually every major researcher in the field and reviewed hundreds of published scientific papers. Her conclusion: "Brain organization theory is little more than an elaboration of longstanding folk tales about antagonistic male and female essences and how they connect to antagonistic male and female natures." She explains, in exquisite detail, the flaws in the underlying science, from experimental designs that make no statistical sense to "conceptually sloppy" definitions of male and female sexuality, contradictory results, and the social construction of normality. Her conclusion that the patterns we see are far more complicated than previously believed and due to a wider range of variables will shake up the research community and alter public perception.

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine
  • Author : Marianne J. Legato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-07-02
  • Total pages :1396
  • ISBN : 9780080492148
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Summary : Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine examines how normal human biology differs between men and women and how the diagnosis and treatment of disease differs as a function of gender. This revealing research covers various conditions that predominantly occur in men, and as well conditions that predominantly occur in women. Among the subjects covered are cardiovascular disease, mood disorders, the immune system, lung cancer as a consequence of smoking, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and infectious diseases. * Gathers important information in the field of gender-based biology and clinical medicine, proving that a patient's sex is increasingly important in preventing illness, making an accurate diagnosis, and choosing safe and effective treatment of disease * Addresses gender-specific areas ranging from organ transplantation, gall bladder and biliary diseases, to the epidemiology of osteoporosis and fractures in men and women * Many chapters present questions about future directions of investigations

Gender Differences in Different Contexts

Gender Differences in Different Contexts
  • Author : Aida Alvinius
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-01
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9789535129059
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Summary : The development of gender differences as an area of research has been rapid over the last decades. Varieties of studies have focused on the gender differences as well as the similarities of women and men. The common purpose of the research attempt is to find out the possibilities and even the consequences of gender differences and the impact on human beings on one side, and social and cultural environment on the other. This book is an attempt to provide theoretical and empirical framework to better understand gender differences in various contexts and on different levels. Therefore, the contributions cover an array of themes that span from an individual level to an organizational and societal level.

Gender Differences in Metabolism

Gender Differences in Metabolism
  • Author : Mark Tarnopolsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-15
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9781351080675
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Summary : Gender Differences in Metabolism: Practical and Nutritional Implications is the first book to successfully integrate nutritional science, exercise physiology/medicine, and metabolism. This volume explores recent scientific evidence that male and female athletes exhibit different metabolic responses and, therefore, differ in their nutritional needs and advice. Anyone interested in good health, exercise, and nutrition will find this book a valuable resource.

ROAR

ROAR
  • Author : Stacy Sims,Selene Yeager
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-05
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781623366872
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Summary : Women are not small men. Stop eating and training like one. Because most nutrition products and training plans are designed for men, it’s no wonder that so many female athletes struggle to reach their full potential. ROAR is a comprehensive, physiology-based nutrition and training guide specifically designed for active women. This book teaches you everything you need to know to adapt your nutrition, hydration, and training to your unique physiology so you can work with, rather than against, your female physiology. Exercise physiologist and nutrition scientist Stacy T. Sims, PhD, shows you how to be your own biohacker to achieve optimum athletic performance. Complete with goal-specific meal plans and nutrient-packed recipes to optimize body composition, ROAR contains personalized nutrition advice for all stages of training and recovery. Customizable meal plans and strengthening exercises come together in a comprehensive plan to build a rock-solid fitness foundation as you build lean muscle where you need it most, strengthen bone, and boost power and endurance. Because women’s physiology changes over time, entire chapters are devoted to staying strong and active through pregnancy and menopause. No matter what your sport is—running, cycling, field sports, triathlons—this book will empower you with the nutrition and fitness knowledge you need to be in the healthiest, fittest, strongest shape of your life.

Sex Hormones in Neurodegenerative Processes and Diseases

Sex Hormones in Neurodegenerative Processes and Diseases
  • Author : Gorazd Drevensek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-02
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781789230147
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Summary : The book provides chapters on sex hormones and their modulation in neurodegenerative processes and pathologies, from basic molecular mechanisms, physiology, gender differences, to neuroprotection and clinical aspects for potential novel pharmacotherapy approaches. The book contains 14 chapters written by authors from various biomedical professions, from basic researchers in biology and physiology to medicine and veterinary medicine, pharmacologists, psychiatrist, etc. Chapters sum up the past and current knowledge on sex hormones, representing original new insights into their role in brain functioning, mental disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. The book is written for a broad range of audience, from biomedical students to highly profiled medical specialists and biomedical researchers, helping them to expand their knowledge on sex hormones in neurodegenerative processes and opening new questions for further investigation.

Estrous Cycle

Estrous Cycle
  • Author : Leonel H. Durand
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-01
  • Total pages :117
  • ISBN : 1629484768
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Summary : The estrous cycle represents a cyclic pattern of ovarian activity in which many physiological and morphological events occur to enable ovulation, receptivity, and to maintain the establishment of pregnancy. In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the physiology, endocrinology, role in breeding and reproductive management of the estrous cycle. Topics discussed include the importance of hormones and rearing environments corresponding to sex differences in physiology and behavior; cell renewal in hormone-responsive tissues during the estrous cycle; new improvements for estrous cycle synchronization in cattle; a picture of zona pellucida as seen by way of a transmission electron microscope; and a comparative study of different populations of spiny mice (Acomys) and their reproductive response to increased salinity, melatonin, and aldosterone treatments assessed by the estrous cycle.

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine
  • Author : Marianne J. Legato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-15
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 9780128035429
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Summary : The announcement that we had decoded the human genome in 2000 ushered in a new and unique era in biomedical research and clinical medicine. This Third Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses, as in the past two editions, on the essentials of sexual dimorphism in human physiology and pathophysiology, but emphasizes the latest information about molecular biology and genomic science in a variety of disciplines. Thus, this edition is a departure from the previous two; the editor solicited individual manuscripts from innovative scientists in a variety of fields rather than the traditional arrangement of sections devoted to the various subspecialties of medicine edited by section chiefs. Wherever it was available, these authors incorporated the latest information about the impact of the genome and the elements that modify its expression on human physiology and illness. All chapters progress translationally from basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapy and suggest the most important topics for future investigation. This book is essential reading for all biomedical investigators and medical educators involved in gender-specific medicine. It will also be useful for primary care practitioners who need information about the importance of sex and gender in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness. Outlines sex-specific differences in normal human function and explains the impact of age, hormones, and environment on the incidence and outcome of illness Reflects the latest information about the molecular basis of the sexual dimorphism in human physiology and the experience of disease Reviews the implications of our ever-improving ability to describe the genetic basis of vulnerability to disease and our capacity to alter the genome itself Illustrates the importance of new NIH guidelines that urge the inclusion of sex as a variable in research protocols

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine

Sex and Gender Aspects in Clinical Medicine
  • Author : Sabine Oertelt-Prigione,Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-15
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 0857298321
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Summary : This book is a concise, easy to read professional text with a focus on practical aspects. All chapters include tables on sex/gender differences in symptoms and management and a series of suggestions to the novice in the field. Chapters are specialty-specific. The focus is not on women’s health, but the presentation of differences in clinical symptoms, management and outcomes in women and men. Gender Medicine strives to employ the knowledge about these differences to improve diagnosis, better understand pathogenesis and advance patient-oriented therapy.

The Female Brain

The Female Brain
  • Author : Louann Brizendine, M.D.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-07
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0767928415
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Summary : Since Dr. Brizendine wrote The Female Brain ten years ago, the response has been overwhelming. This New York Times bestseller has been translated into more than thirty languages, has sold nearly a million copies between editions, and has most recently inspired a romantic comedy starring Whitney Cummings and Sofia Vergara. And its profound scientific understanding of the nature and experience of the female brain continues to guide women as they pass through life stages, to help men better understand the girls and women in their lives, and to illuminate the delicate emotional machinery of a love relationship. Why are women more verbal than men? Why do women remember details of fights that men can’t remember at all? Why do women tend to form deeper bonds with their female friends than men do with their male counterparts? These and other questions have stumped both sexes throughout the ages. Now, pioneering neuropsychiatrist Louann Brizendine, M.D., brings together the latest findings to show how the unique structure of the female brain determines how women think, what they value, how they communicate, and who they love. While doing research as a medical student at Yale and then as a resident and faculty member at Harvard, Louann Brizendine discovered that almost all of the clinical data in existence on neurology, psychology, and neurobiology focused exclusively on males. In response to the overwhelming need for information on the female mind, Brizendine established the first clinic in the country to study and treat women’s brain function. In The Female Brain, Dr. Brizendine distills all her findings and the latest information from the scientific community in a highly accessible book that educates women about their unique brain/body/behavior. The result: women will come away from this book knowing that they have a lean, mean, communicating machine. Men will develop a serious case of brain envy.

Knobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction

Knobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction
  • Author : Tony M. Plant,Anthony J. Zeleznik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-15
  • Total pages :2684
  • ISBN : 9780123977694
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Summary : The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.

Eel Physiology

Eel Physiology
  • Author : Francesca Trischitta,Yoshio Takei,Philippe Sebert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9781466598287
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Summary : Eel of the genus Anguilla is an extraordinary fish, which due to its particular life cycle has fascinated biologists and physiologists ever since the pioneering works of Homer H. Schmidt in the 1930s. The Eel has become an excellent model for various aspects of adaptive physiological research. Despite that, several books dealing with eel biology, a

Le Deuxième Sexe

Le Deuxième Sexe
  • Author : Simone de Beauvoir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :746
  • ISBN : 9780679724513
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Summary : The classic manifesto of the liberated woman, this book explores every facet of a woman's life.

The Active Female

The Active Female
  • Author : Jacalyn J. McComb,Reid Norman,Mimi Zumwalt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-26
  • Total pages :457
  • ISBN : 1597455342
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Summary : This book investigates the growing and ever-changing health issues for girls and women who lead an active lifestyle and participate in sports and exercise. Easy to read, the volume provides an educational foundation for understanding how disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis can be interrelated while also looking at image disorders and reproductive health. It contains thorough analysis of common prevention and management techniques, and provides useful links to resources on the internet for additional screening tools.