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Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics

Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics
  • Author : Dietrich Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :127
  • ISBN : 1569905266
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Summary : Processors and users of plastics often need to determine the chemical nature of a plastics specimen. This highly practical and useful manual, now in a fifth revised and supplemented edition, will enable you to determine the class of plastic of a particular specimen. No extensive knowledge of chemistry is required and yet it is more complex than a simple tabular compilation. This manual is a handy and highly effective tool for many practical situations. An additional supplement is a chapter that shows strategies for identifying historical plastic objects; this is of particular interest for assemblers and collectors, and conservators.

Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics

Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics
  • Author : Dietrich Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01-01
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : 3446211136
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Summary : For plastics, technicians, engineers, and technical customer service representatives who need to identify at least the general class of a mystery plastic but do not have access to the sophisticated and expensive equipment used by the plastics industry. Braun has successfully carried out all of the tests. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Simple Methods of Identification of Plastics

Simple Methods of Identification of Plastics
  • Author : D. Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : OCLC:656594973
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Summary :

Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics

Simple Methods for Identification of Plastics
  • Author : Dietrich Braun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : 1569902801
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Summary : Processors and users of plastics often need to determine the chemical nature of a plastics specimen. The highly practial and useful manual will enable you to determine the class of plastics of the specimen. No extensive knowledge of chemistry is required and yet it is far more than a simple tabular compilation. It is a handy and highly effective tool for many practical situations.

Identification of Plastics

Identification of Plastics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982-06-01
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0686481135
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Summary :

Easy Identification of Plastics and Rubbers

Easy Identification of Plastics and Rubbers
  • Author : Guénaëlle A. L. Verleye,Noel P. G. Roeges,Marc O. De Moor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 1859572685
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Summary : Polymers are found in every aspect of daily life. Materials must be carefully selected to ensure that properties match performance requirements, and this resource explains how to pick the appropriate materials.

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-19
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 9781420006360
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Summary : Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter
  • Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-01
  • Total pages :447
  • ISBN : 9783319165103
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Summary : This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-01-01
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780309049986
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Summary : Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Additives in Polymers

Additives in Polymers
  • Author : Jan C. J. Bart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-08
  • Total pages :836
  • ISBN : 9780470012055
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Summary : This industrially relevant resource covers all established and emerging analytical methods for the deformulation of polymeric materials, with emphasis on the non-polymeric components. Each technique is evaluated on its technical and industrial merits. Emphasis is on understanding (principles and characteristics) and industrial applicability. Extensively illustrated throughout with over 200 figures, 400 tables, and 3,000 references.

Conservation of Furniture

Conservation of Furniture
  • Author : Shayne Rivers,Nick Umney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-07
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 9781136415364
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive resource covering the principles and practice of the conservation and restoration of furniture, and other decorative art objects made wholly or partly of wood. It integrates theory with practice to show the principles which govern interaction between wooden objects, the environmental and conservation treatments and the factors which need to be taken into account to arrive at acceptable solutions to conservation problems. The practical knowledge and experience of a team of conservators active in the field are bought together with theoretical and reference material from diverse sources and unified within a systematic framework. Specialist conservators from related disciplines cover diverse materials often incorporated into furniture.

Imaging and Image Analysis Applications for Plastics

Imaging and Image Analysis Applications for Plastics
  • Author : Behnam Pourdeyhimi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-12-31
  • Total pages :315
  • ISBN : 0080950507
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Summary : The broad collection of techniques gathered in this book help illustrate material/process/property relationships for a wide selection of materials and processes in the plastics industry. With the recent increases in computing power and scope, as well as advances in software engineering, imaging has already become a universal tool. Image processing and image analysis have become common expressions are widely recognized within the scientific community. The imaging techniques employed range from visible optical methods to scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray, thermal wave infrared and atomic force microscopy. Image analysis is used to monitor/ characterize a variety of processes. Processes included within this book are: extrusion, injection molding, foam production, film manufacture, compression molding, blow molding, vulcanization, melt spinning, reactive blending, welding, conveying, composite manufacture, compounding, and thermosetting. Imaging techniques are also employed to characterize/quantify a number of important material properties. These include: fiber orientation distribution, homogeneity of mixing, the rate of spherulites growth, polymer crystallization rate, melt flow index, pore size and shape in foam, cell density in foam, void content, particle analysis in polymer blends, morphology, interparticle distance, fiber diameter, fatigue crack, crazing, scratching, surface roughness, fiber-length distribution, nucleation, oil penetration, peel adhesion, chemical resistance, droplet-fiber transition, electrical conductivity, dispersion and impurity content.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

Handbook of Polymer Testing
  • Author : Roger Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01-21
  • Total pages :860
  • ISBN : 9781482270020
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Summary : The Handbook of Polymer Testing: Physical Methods provides virtually currently used techniques for measuring and testing the physical properties of polymers. A concise but detailed technical guide to the physical testing methods of synthetic polymers in plastics, rubbers, cellular materials, textiles, coated fabrics, and composites, the book analys

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis

Handbook of Plastics Testing and Failure Analysis
  • Author : Vishu Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-05
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780470100417
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Summary : Written in easy-to-read and -use format, this book updates and revises its bestselling predecessor to become the most complete, comprehensive resource on plastics testing. This book has an emphasis on significance of test methods and interpretation of results. The book covers all aspects of plastics testing, failure analysis, and quality assurance - including chapters on identification analysis, failure analysis, and case studies. The book concludes with a substantial appendix with useful data, charts and tables for ready reference. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

Conservation of Plastics

Conservation of Plastics
  • Author : Yvonne Shashoua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-25
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781136415159
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Summary : Plastic objects are included more than ever in museums and galleries collections these days, but these items can start to deteriorate when they a just a few years old. In this book Yvonne Shashoua provides the essential knowledge needed to keep plastic pieces in the best possible condition so that they can continue to be enjoyed for many years. The historical development of plastics, as well as the technology, their physical and chemical properties, identification, degradation and conservation are all clearly and concisely covered within this single volume, making it an invaluable reference for the increasing number of conservators and curators that are encountering plastics in their day to day work.

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-19
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9780444638991
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Summary : Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75, aims to fulfill the gap on the existence of published analytical methodologies for the identification and quantification of microplastics. This overview includes the following main topics: introduction to the fate and behavior of microplastics in the environment, assessment of sampling techniques and sample handling, morphological, physical, and chemical characterization of microplastics, and the role of laboratory experiments in the validation of field data. The characterization and analysis of microplastics is a hot topic considering the current need for reliable data on concentrations of microplastics in environmental compartments. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the analytical techniques and future perspectives of analytical methodologies in the field. Concise, comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques and applications Clear diagrams adequately support important topics Includes real examples that illustrate applications of the analytical techniques on the sampling, characterization, and analysis of microplastics

Plastics

Plastics
  • Author : A. Brent Strong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :811
  • ISBN : UOM:39015047532968
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Summary : This book is designed to introduce plastics to a wide range of readers who need to either gain, improve, or refresh their knowledge of plastic materials and manufacturing. It fully discusses both materials and manufacturing processes in a carefully-constructed and logical presentation. While providing a fundamental overview of a broad spectrum of topics, the author touches upon polymeric materials (molecular viewpoint); micro structures in polymers; mechanical properties (macro viewpoint); chemical and physical properties (macro viewpoint); thermoplastic materials (commodity plastics); thermoplastic materials (engineering plastics); thermoset materials; elastomeric (rubber) materials; designing with plastics; extrusion process; injection molding process; blow molding process; thermoforming process; rotational molding process; casting processes; foaming processes; compression and transfer molding processes; polymeric composite materials and processes; radiation processes; finishing and assembly; environmental aspects of plastics; and operations. For practicing engineering technologists and engineers as well as anyone interested in plastics.

Micro-and macro-plastics in marine species from Nordic waters

Micro-and macro-plastics in marine species from Nordic waters
  • Author : Inger Lise N. Bråte, Bastian Huwer,Kevin V. Thomas,David P. Eidsvoll, Claudia Halsband,Bethanie Carney Almroth,Amy Lusher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :101
  • ISBN : 9789289351201
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Summary : This report summarises the knowledge on plastics in Nordic marine species. Nordic biota interacts with plastic pollution, through entanglement and ingestion. Ingestion has been found in many seabirds and also in stranded mammals. Ingestion of plastics has been documented in 14 fish species, which many of them are of ecology and commercially importance. Microplastics have also been found in blue mussels and preliminary studies found synthetic fibres in marine worms. Comparability between and within studies of plastic ingestion by biota from the Nordic environment and other regions are difficult as there are: few studies and different methods are used. It is important that research is directed towards the knowledge gaps highlighted in this report, to get a better understanding on plastic ingestion and impact on biota from the Nordic marine environment.

Principles of Polymer Systems, Sixth Edition

Principles of Polymer Systems, Sixth Edition
  • Author : Ferdinand Rodriguez,Claude Cohen,Christopher K. Ober,Lynden Archer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-09
  • Total pages :810
  • ISBN : 9781482223781
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Summary : Maintaining a balance between depth and breadth, the Sixth Edition of Principles of Polymer Systems continues to present an integrated approach to polymer science and engineering. A classic text in the field, the new edition offers a comprehensive exploration of polymers at a level geared toward upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Revisions to the sixth edition include: A more detailed discussion of crystallization kinetics, strain-induced crystallization, block copolymers, liquid crystal polymers, and gels New, powerful radical polymerization methods Additional polymerization process flow sheets and discussion of the polymerization of polystyrene and poly(vinyl chloride) New discussions on the elongational viscosity of polymers and coarse-grained bead-spring molecular and tube models Updated information on models and experimental results of rubber elasticity Expanded sections on fracture of glassy and semicrystalline polymers New sections on fracture of elastomers, diffusion in polymers, and membrane formation New coverage of polymers from renewable resources New section on X-ray methods and dielectric relaxation All chapters have been updated and out-of-date material removed. The text contains more theoretical background for some of the fundamental concepts pertaining to polymer structure and behavior, while also providing an up-to-date discussion of the latest developments in polymerization systems. Example problems in the text help students through step-by-step solutions and nearly 300 end-of-chapter problems, many new to this edition, reinforce the concepts presented.

Extrusion

Extrusion
  • Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-21
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9781437734829
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Summary : The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Modern Textile Characterization Methods

Modern Textile Characterization Methods
  • Author : Mastura Raheel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-29
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781351430487
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Summary : This work details current advances in assessing the characteristics of polymers, single fibres and fibrous systems, and associated processes based on evolving theories in the physical, chemical and mechanical sciences. It focuses on recent develpments in selected characterization methods - such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Fourier transform nuclear magnetic resonance, electron diffraction, x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy - applicatble to polymers, fibres and textiles.