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Smart City Citizenship

Smart City Citizenship
  • Author : Igor Calzada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-23
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780128153017
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Summary : Smart City Citizenship provides rigorous analysis for academics and policymakers on the experimental, data-driven, and participatory processes of smart cities to help integrate ICT-related social innovation into urban life. Unlike other smart city books that are often edited collections, this book focuses on the business domain, grassroots social innovation, and AI-driven algorithmic and techno-political disruptions, also examining the role of citizens and the democratic governance issues raised from an interdisciplinary perspective. As smart city research is a fast-growing topic of scientific inquiry and evolving rapidly, this book is an ideal reference for a much-needed discussion. The book drives the reader to a better conceptual and applied comprehension of smart city citizenship for democratised hyper-connected-virialised post-COVID-19 societies. In addition, it provides a whole practical roadmap to build smart city citizenship inclusive and multistakeholder interventions through intertwined chapters of the book. Users will find a book that fills the knowledge gap between the purely critical studies on smart cities and those further constructive and highly promising socially innovative interventions using case study fieldwork action research empirical evidence drawn from several cities that are advancing and innovating smart city practices from the citizenship perspective. Utilises ongoing, action research fieldwork, comparative case studies for examining current governance issues, and the role of citizens in smart cities. Provides definitions of new key citizenship concepts, along with a techno-political framework and toolkit drawn from a community-oriented perspective. Shows how to design smart city governance initiatives, projects and policies based on applied research from the social innovation perspective. Highlights citizen’s perspective and social empowerment in the AI-driven and algorithmic disruptive post-COVID-19 context in both transitional and experimental frameworks

Citizens in the 'Smart City'

Citizens in the 'Smart City'
  • Author : Paolo Cardullo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-23
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9780429798092
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Summary : This book critically examines ‘smart city’ discourse in terms of governance initiatives, citizen participation, and policies which place emphasis on the ‘citizen’ as an active recipient and co-producer of technological solutions to urban problems. The current hype around ‘smart cities’ and digital technologies has sparked debates in the fields of citizenship, urban studies, and planning surrounding the rights and ethics of participation. It has also sparked debates around the forms of governance these technologies actively foster. This book presents new sociotechnological systems of governance that monitor citizen power, trust-building strategies, and social capital. It calls for new data economics and digital rights for a city founded on normative ideals rather than neoliberal ones. It adopts a prescriptive approach, arguing that a ‘reloaded’ smart city should foster citizenship as a new set of civil and social rights and the ‘citizen’ as a subject vested with active and meaningful forms of participation and political power. Ultimately, the book questions the utility of the ‘smart city’ project for radical municipalism, proposing a technological enough but more democratic city – an ‘intelligent city’, in fact. Offering useful contributions to ‘smart city’ initiatives for the protection of emerging digital citizenship rights and socially accrued benefits, this book will draw the interest of researchers, policymakers, and professionals in the fields of urban studies, urban planning, urban geography, computing and technology studies, urban politics, and urban economics.

The Right to the Smart City

The Right to the Smart City
  • Author : Paolo Cardullo,Cesare Di Feliciantonio,Rob Kitchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781787691414
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Summary : Globally, Smart Cities initiatives are pursued which reproduce the interests of capital and neoliberal government, rather than wider public good. This book explores smart urbanism and 'the right to the city', examining citizenship, social justice, commoning, civic participation, and co-creation to imagine a different kind of Smart City.

E-Participation in Smart Cities: Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement

E-Participation in Smart Cities: Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement
  • Author : Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar,Laura Alcaide Muñoz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-01
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9783319894744
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Summary : This book analyzes e-participation in smart cities. In recent decades, information and communication technologies (ICT) have played a key role in the democratic political and governance process by allowing easier interaction between governments and citizens, and the increased ability of citizens to participate in the production chain of public services. E-participation plays and important role in the development of smart cities and smart communities , but it has not yet been extensively studied. This book fills that gap by combining empirical and theoretical research to analyze actual practices of citizen involvement in smart cities and build a solid framework for successful e-participation in smart cities. The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses smart technologies and their role in improving e-participation in smart cities. Part II deals with models of e-participation in smart cities and the organization issues affecting the implementation of e-participation; these chapters analyze the efficiency of governance models in relation to the establishment of smart cities. Part III proposes incentives to motivate increased participation by governments and cititzenry within the smart cities context. Written by an international panel of experts and practitioners, this book will be a convenient source of information on e-participation in smart cities and will be valuable to academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, citizens, international organizations and anyone who has a stake in enhancing citizen engagement in smart cities.

Creating Smart Cities

Creating Smart Cities
  • Author : Claudio Coletta,Leighton Evans,Liam Heaphy,Rob Kitchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-26
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9781351182393
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Summary : In cities around the world, digital technologies are utilized to manage city services and infrastructures, to govern urban life, to solve urban issues and to drive local and regional economies. While "smart city" advocates are keen to promote the benefits of smart urbanism – increased efficiency, sustainability, resilience, competitiveness, safety and security – critics point to the negative effects, such as the production of technocratic governance, the corporatization of urban services, technological lock-ins, privacy harms and vulnerability to cyberattack. This book, through a range of international case studies, suggests social, political and practical interventions that would enable more equitable and just smart cities, reaping the benefits of smart city initiatives while minimizing some of their perils. Included are case studies from Ireland, the United States of America, Colombia, the Netherlands, Singapore, India and the United Kingdom. These chapters discuss a range of issues including political economy, citizenship, standards, testbedding, urban regeneration, ethics, surveillance, privacy and cybersecurity. This book will be of interest to urban policymakers, as well as researchers in Regional Studies and Urban Planning.

Smart City Emergence

Smart City Emergence
  • Author : Leonidas Anthopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128161692
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Summary : Smart City Emergence: Cases from Around the World analyzes how smart cities are currently being conceptualized and implemented, examining the theoretical underpinnings and technologies that connect theory with tangible practice achievements. Using numerous cities from different regions around the globe, the book compares how smart cities of different sizes are evolving in different countries and continents. In addition, it examines the challenges cities face as they adopt the smart city concept, separating fact from fiction, with insights from scholars, government officials and vendors currently involved in smart city implementation. Utilizes a sound and systematic research methodology Includes a review of the latest research developments Contains, in each chapter, a brief summary of the case, an illustration of the theoretical context that lies behind the case, the case study itself, and conclusions showing learned outcomes Examines smart cities in relation to climate change, sustainability, natural disasters and community resiliency

Smart Cities

Smart Cities
  • Author : Houbing Song,Ravi Srinivasan,Tamim Sookoor,Sabina Jeschke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :912
  • ISBN : 9781119226390
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Summary : Provides the foundations and principles needed for addressing the various challenges of developing smart cities Smart cities are emerging as a priority for research and development across the world. They open up significant opportunities in several areas, such as economic growth, health, wellness, energy efficiency, and transportation, to promote the sustainable development of cities. This book provides the basics of smart cities, and it examines the possible future trends of this technology. Smart Cities: Foundations, Principles, and Applications provides a systems science perspective in presenting the foundations and principles that span multiple disciplines for the development of smart cities. Divided into three parts—foundations, principles, and applications—Smart Cities addresses the various challenges and opportunities of creating smart cities and all that they have to offer. It also covers smart city theory modeling and simulation, and examines case studies of existing smart cities from all around the world. In addition, the book: Addresses how to develop a smart city and how to present the state of the art and practice of them all over the world Focuses on the foundations and principles needed for advancing the science, engineering, and technology of smart cities—including system design, system verification, real-time control and adaptation, Internet of Things, and test beds Covers applications of smart cities as they relate to smart transportation/connected vehicle (CV) and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for improved mobility, safety, and environmental protection Smart Cities: Foundations, Principles, and Applications is a welcome reference for the many researchers and professionals working on the development of smart cities and smart city-related industries.

The Hackable City

The Hackable City
  • Author : Michiel De Lange,Martijn de Waal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-01
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9789811326943
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Summary : This open access book presents a selection of the best contributions to the Digital Cities 9 Workshop held in Limerick in 2015, combining a number of the latest academic insights into new collaborative modes of city making that are firmly rooted in empirical findings about the actual practices of citizens, designers and policy makers. It explores the affordances of new media technologies for empowering citizens in the process of city making, relating examples of bottom-up or participatory practices to reflections about the changing roles of professional practitioners in the processes, as well as issues of governance and institutional policymaking.

Inside Smart Cities

Inside Smart Cities
  • Author : Andrew Karvonen,Federico Cugurallo,Federico Caprotti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-21
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0815348673
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Summary : The era of the smart city has arrived. Only a decade ago, the promise of optimising urban services through the widespread application of information and communication technologies was largely a techno-utopian fantasy. Today, smart urbanisation is occurring via urban projects, policies and visions in hundreds of cities around the globe. Inside Smart Cities provides real-world evidence on how local authorities, small and medium enterprises, corporations, utility providers and civil society groups are creating smart cities at the neighbourhood, city and regional scales. Twenty three empirically detailed case studies from the Global North and South - ranging from Cape Town, Stockholm and Abu Dhabi to Philadelphia, Hong Kong and Santiago - illustrate the multiple and diverse incarnations of smart urbanism. The contributors draw on ideas from urban studies, geography, urban planning, science and technology studies and innovation studies to go beyond the rhetoric of technological innovation and reveal the political, social and physical implications of digitalising the built environment. Collectively, the practices of smart urbanism raise fundamental questions about the sustainability, liveability and resilience of cities in the future. The findings are relevant to academics, students, practitioners and urban stakeholders who are questioning how urban innovation relates to politics and place.

Advances in Smart Grid Power System

Advances in Smart Grid Power System
  • Author : Anuradha Tomar,Ritu Kandari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-23
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 9780128243381
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Summary : Advances in Smart Grid Power System: Network, Control and Security discusses real world problems, solutions, and best practices in related fields. The book includes executable plans for smart grid systems, their network communications, tactics on protecting information, and response plans for cyber incidents. Moreover, it enables researchers and energy professionals to understand the future of energy delivery systems and security. Covering fundamental theory, mathematical formulations, practical implementations, and experimental testing procedures, this book gives readers invaluable insights into the field of power systems, their quality and reliability, their impact, and their importance in cybersecurity. Includes supporting illustrations and tables along with valuable end of chapter reference sets Provides a working guideline for the design and analysis of smart grids and their applications Features experimental testing procedures in smart grid power systems, communication networks, reliability, and cybersecurity

Human Smart Cities

Human Smart Cities
  • Author : Grazia Concilio,Francesca Rizzo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 9783319330242
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Summary : Within the most recent discussion on smart cities and the way this vision is affecting urban changes and dynamics, this book explores the interplay between planning and design both at the level of the design and planning domains’ theories and practices. Urban transformation is widely recognized as a complex phenomenon, rich in uncertainty. It is the unpredictable consequence of complex interplay between urban forces (both top-down or bottom-up), urban resources (spatial, social, economic and infrastructural as well as political or cognitive) and transformation opportunities (endogenous or exogenous). The recent attention to Urban Living Lab and Smart City initiatives is disclosinga promising bridge between the micro-scale environments, with the dynamics of such forces and resources, and the urban governance mechanisms. This bridge is represented by those urban collaborative environments, where processes of smart service co-design take place through dialogic interaction with and among citizens within a situated and cultural-specific frame.

Smarter as the New Urban Agenda

Smarter as the New Urban Agenda
  • Author : J. Ramon Gil-Garcia,Theresa A. Pardo,Taewoo Nam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-07
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9783319176208
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Summary : ​This book will provide one of the first comprehensive approaches to the study of smart city governments with theories and concepts for understanding and researching 21st century city governments innovative methodologies for the analysis and evaluation of smart city initiatives. The term “smart city” is now generally used to represent efforts that in different ways describe a comprehensive vision of a city for the present and future. A smarter city infuses information into its physical infrastructure to improve conveniences, facilitate mobility, add efficiencies, conserve energy, improve the quality of air and water, identify problems and fix them quickly, recover rapidly from disasters, collect data to make better decisions, deploy resources effectively and share data to enable collaboration across entities and domains. These and other similar efforts are expected to make cities more intelligent in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, productivity, transparency, and sustainability, among other important aspects. Given this changing social, institutional and technology environment, it seems feasible and likeable to attain smarter cities and by extension, smarter governments: virtually integrated, networked, interconnected, responsive, and efficient. This book will help build the bridge between sound research and practice expertise in the area of smarter cities and will be of interest to researchers and students in the e-government, public administration, political science, communication, information science, administrative sciences and management, sociology, computer science, and information technology. As well as government officials and public managers who will find practical recommendations based on rigorous studies that will contain insights and guidance for the development, management, and evaluation of complex smart cities and smart government initiatives.​

Citizen’s Right to the Digital City

Citizen’s Right to the Digital City
  • Author : Marcus Foth,Martin Brynskov,Timo Ojala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-29
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : 9789812879196
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Summary : Edited by thought leaders in the fields of urban informatics and urban interaction design, this book brings together case studies and examples from around the world to discuss the role that urban interfaces, citizen action, and city making play in the quest to create and maintain not only secure and resilient, but productive, sustainable and viable urban environments. The book debates the impact of these trends on theory, policy and practice. The individual chapters are based on blind peer reviewed contributions by leading researchers working at the intersection of the social / cultural, technical / digital, and physical / spatial domains of urbanism scholarship. The book will appeal not only to researchers and students, but also to a vast number of practitioners in the private and public sector interested in accessible content that clearly and rigorously analyses the potential offered by urban interfaces, mobile technology, and location-based services in the context of engaging people with open, smart and participatory urban environments.

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3
  • Author : Mohamed Ben Ahmed,Anouar Abdelhakim Boudhir,Domingos Santos,Mohamed El Aroussi,İsmail Rakıp Karas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-04
  • Total pages :1266
  • ISBN : 9783030376291
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Summary : This book highlights original research and recent advances in various fields related to smart cities and their applications. It gathers papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Smart City Applications (SCA19), held on October 2–4, 2019, in Casablanca, Morocco. Bringing together contributions by prominent researchers from around the globe, the book offers an invaluable instructional and research tool for courses on computer science, electrical engineering, and urban sciences. It is also an excellent reference guide for professionals, researchers, and academics in the field of smart cities. This book covers topics including: • Smart Citizenship • Smart Education • Digital Business and Smart Governance • Smart Health Care • New Generation of Networks and Systems for Smart Cities • Smart Grids and Electrical Engineering • Smart Mobility • Smart Security • Sustainable Building • Sustainable Environment

The Responsive City

The Responsive City
  • Author : Stephen Goldsmith,Susan Crawford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-25
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781118910900
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Summary : "Leveraging Big Data and 21st century technology to renew cities and citizenship in AmericaThe Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance. The Responsive City is a guide to civic engagement and governance in the digital age that will help leaders link important breakthroughs in about technology and big data analytics with age-old lessons of small-group community input to create more agile, competitive, and economically resilient cities. Featuring vivid case-studies highlighting the work of individuals in New York, Boston, Rio de Janeiro, Stockholm, Indiana, and Chicago, the book provides a compelling model for the future of cities and states. The authors demonstrate how digital innovations will drive a virtuous cycle of responsiveness centered on "empowerment": 1) empowering public employees with tools to both power their performance and to help them connect more personally to those they service, 2) empowering constituents to see and understand problems and opportunities faced by cities so that they can better engage in the life of their communities, and 3) empowering leaders to drive towards their missions and address the grand challenges confronting cities by harnessing the predictive power of cross-government Big Data, the book will help mayors, chief technology officers, city administrators, agency directors, civic groups and nonprofit leaders break out of current paradigms in order to collectively address civic problems. Co-authored by Stephen Goldsmith, former Mayor of Indianapolis, and current Director of the Innovations in Government Program at the Harvard Kennedy School and Susan Crawford, co-director of Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society.The Responsive City highlights the ways in which leadership, empowered government employees, thoughtful citizens, and 21st century technology can combine to improve government operations and strengthen civic trust. It provides actionable advice while exploring topics like: Visualizing service delivery and predicting improvement Making the work of government employees more meaningful Amplification and coordination of focused citizen engagement Big Data in big cities - stories of surprising successes and enormous potential "--

Social, Legal, and Ethical Implications of IoT, Cloud, and Edge Computing Technologies

Social, Legal, and Ethical Implications of IoT, Cloud, and Edge Computing Technologies
  • Author : Cornetta, Gianluca,Touhafi, Abdellah,Muntean, Gabriel-Miro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-26
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9781799838180
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Summary : The adoption of cloud and IoT technologies in both the industrial and academic communities has enabled the discovery of numerous applications and ignited countless new research opportunities. With numerous professional markets benefiting from these advancements, it is easy to forget the non-technical issues that accompany technologies like these. Despite the advantages that these systems bring, significant ethical questions and regulatory issues have become prominent areas of discussion. Social, Legal, and Ethical Implications of IoT, Cloud, and Edge Computing Technologies is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the non-technical repercussions of IoT technology adoption. While highlighting topics such as smart cities, environmental monitoring, and data privacy, this publication explores the regulatory and ethical risks that stem from computing technologies. This book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, practitioners, students, academicians, developers, policymakers, scientists, and educators seeking current research on the sociological impact of cloud and IoT technologies.

City, Street and Citizen

City, Street and Citizen
  • Author : Suzanne Hall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-25
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781136310614
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Summary : How can we learn from a multicultural society if we don’t know how to recognise it? The contemporary city is more than ever a space for the intense convergence of diverse individuals who shift in and out of its urban terrains. The city street is perhaps the most prosaic of the city’s public parts, allowing us a view of the very ordinary practices of life and livelihoods. By attending to the expressions of conviviality and contestation, ‘City, Street and Citizen’ offers an alternative notion of ‘multiculturalism’ away from the ideological frame of nation, and away from the moral imperative of community. This book offers to the reader an account of the lived realities of allegiance, participation and belonging from the base of a multi-ethnic street in south London. ‘City, Street and Citizen’ focuses on the question of whether local life is significant for how individuals develop skills to live with urban change and cultural and ethnic diversity. To animate this question, Hall has turned to a city street and its dimensions of regularity and propinquity to explore interactions in the small shop spaces along the Walworth Road. The city street constitutes exchange, and as such it provides us with a useful space to consider the broader social and political significance of contact in the day-to-day life of multicultural cities. Grounded in an ethnographic approach, this book will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of sociology, global urbanisation, migration and ethnicity as well as being relevant to politicians, policy makers, urban designers and architects involved in cultural diversity, public space and street based economies.

Architecture and the Smart City

Architecture and the Smart City
  • Author : Sergio M. Figueiredo,Sukanya Krishnamurthy,Torsten Schroeder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-08
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781000706710
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Summary : Increasingly the world around us is becoming ‘smart.’ From smart meters to smart production, from smart surfaces to smart grids, from smart phones to smart citizens. ‘Smart’ has become the catch-all term to indicate the advent of a charged technological shift that has been propelled by the promise of safer, more convenient and more efficient forms of living. Most architects, designers, planners and politicians seem to agree that the smart transition of cities and buildings is in full swing and inevitable. However, beyond comfort, safety and efficiency, how can ‘smart design and technologies’ assist to address current and future challenges of architecture and urbanism? Architecture and the Smart City provides an architectural perspective on the emergence of the smart city and offers a wide collection of resources for developing a better understanding of how smart architecture, smart cities and smart systems in the built environment are discussed, designed and materialized. It brings together a range of international thinkers and practitioners to discuss smart systems through four thematic sections: ‘Histories and Futures’, ‘Agency and Control’, ‘Materialities and Spaces’ and ‘Networks and Nodes’. Combined, these four thematic sections provide different perspectives into some of the most pressing issues with smart systems in the built environment. The book tackles questions related to the future of architecture and urbanism, lessons learned from global case studies and challenges related to interdisciplinary research, and critically examines what the future of buildings and cities will look like.

Enablers for Smart Cities

Enablers for Smart Cities
  • Author : Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni,Fuyuki Ishikawa,Laurent H?rault,Hideyuki Tokuda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-18
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781848219588
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Summary : Smart cities are a new vision for urban development. They integrate information and communication technology infrastructures – in the domains of artificial intelligence, distributed and cloud computing, and sensor networks – into a city, to facilitate quality of life for its citizens and sustainable growth. This book explores various concepts for the development of these new technologies (including agent-oriented programming, broadband infrastructures, wireless sensor networks, Internet-based networked applications, open data and open platforms), and how they can provide smart services and enablers in a range of public domains. The most significant research, both established and emerging, is brought together to enable academics and practitioners to investigate the possibilities of smart cities, and to generate the knowledge and solutions required to develop and maintain them.

Digital Citizenship in a Datafied Society

Digital Citizenship in a Datafied Society
  • Author : Arne Hintz,Lina Dencik,Karin Wahl-Jorgensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-28
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781509527175
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Summary : Digitization has transformed the way we interact with our social, political and economic environments. While it has enhanced the potential for citizen agency, it has also enabled the collection and analysis of unprecedented amounts of personal data. This requires us to fundamentally rethink our understanding of digital citizenship, based on an awareness of the ways in which citizens are increasingly monitored, categorized, sorted and profiled. Drawing on extensive empirical research, Digital Citizenship in a Datafied Society offers a new understanding of citizenship in an age defined by data collection and processing. The book traces the social forces that shape digital citizenship by investigating regulatory frameworks, mediated public debate, citizens' knowledge and understanding, and possibilities for dissent and resistance.

Smart Cities

Smart Cities
  • Author : Antoine Picon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-16
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781119075592
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Summary : As cities compete globally, the Smart City has been touted as the important new strategic driver for regeneration and growth. Smart Cities are employing information and communication technologies in the quest for sustainable economic development and the fostering of new forms of collective life. This has made the Smart City an essential focus for engineers, architects, urban designers, urban planners, and politicians, as well as businesses such as CISCO, IBM and Siemens. Despite its broad appeal, few comprehensive books have been devoted to the subject so far, and even fewer have tried to relate it to cultural issues and to assume a truly critical stance by trying to decipher its consequences on urban space and experience. This cultural and critical lens is all the more important as the Smart City is as much an ideal permeated by Utopian beliefs as a concrete process of urban transformation. This ideal possesses a strong self-fulfilling character: our cities will become ‘Smart’ because we want them to. This book opens with an examination of the technological reality on which Smart Cities are built, from the chips and sensors that enable us to monitor what happens within the infrastructure to the smartphones that connect individuals. Through these technologies, the urban space appears as activated, almost sentient. This activation generates two contrasting visions: on the one hand, a neo-cybernetic ambition to steer the city in the most efficient way; and on the other, a more bottom-up, participative approach in which empowered individuals invent new modes of cooperation. A thorough analysis of these two trends reveals them to be complementary. The Smart City of the near future will result from their mutual adjustment. In this process, urban space plays a decisive role. Smart Cities are contemporary with a ‘spatial turn’ of the digital. Based on key technological developments like geo-localisation and augmented reality, the rising importance of space explains the strategic role of mapping in the evolution of the urban experience. Throughout this exploration of some of the key dimensions of the Smart City, this book constantly moves from the technological to the spatial as well as from a critical assessment of existing experiments to speculations on the rise of a new form of collective intelligence. In the future, cities will become smarter in a much more literal way than what is often currently assumed.