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Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management
  • Author : Deborah Oughton,Sven Ove Hansson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-07
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780080914299
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Summary : Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation, environmental justice, health and safety for radiation workers, radiation dose standards, the ethics of clinical radiology, and the principles of radiation protection and their ethical underpinnings. With authors ranging from philosophers to radiation protection officials and practitioners, the book spans from theoretical to practical implications of this important area of radiation risk assessment and management. Covers all the major social and ethical issues in relation to radiation protection Information is easily accessible and non-technical Authors include leading radiation protection officials as well as specialists who are more independent of the radiation protection system, thus presenting both authoritative and more critical views Includes theoretical perspectives as well as practical experience

Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident

Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident
  • Author : Jun Shigemura,Rethy Kieth Chhem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-25
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 9784431556992
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Summary : This book focuses on mental health issues arising in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Three years after the 11 March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunamis, and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident, roughly 130,000 individuals continue to face enormous burdens as a result of mandatory evacuation. Many evacuees still live in temporary housing, and returning home remains a distant dream as they wait for the decontamination of the danger zone to be completed. However, the plant recovery process is still evolving, and the complete cleanup will take decades. Beyond all of these hardships, many evacuees are also mourning the loss of their loved ones. The compound disaster with its many uncertainties poses and will continue to pose serious emotional and social challenges. People affected by the nuclear disaster have been facing serious psychological challenges from ongoing fear of radiation exposure. Furthermore, there is continuing debate between various stakeholders on the options for disaster responses. This situation in turn produces adverse public responses, such as discrimination and stigmatization of the evacuees and scapegoating of the authorities and nuclear plant workers. Mental Health and Social Issues Following a Nuclear Accident addresses these issues and their impacts, pursuing both evidence-based and narrative-based approaches. It also contrasts the Fukushima findings with those of other nuclear disasters, namely, Three Mile Island and Cher nobyl.

Environmental Health Risks

Environmental Health Risks
  • Author : Friedo Zölzer,Gaston Meskens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-25
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9781351273343
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Summary : Environmental health involves the assessment and control of environmental factors that can potentially affect human health, such as radiation, toxic chemicals and other hazardous agents. It is less commonly understood that environmental health also requires addressing questions of an ethical nature. Bringing together work from experts across a range of sub-disciplines of environmental health, this collection of essays discusses the ethical implications of environmental health research and its application, presented at the 3rd International Symposium on Ethics of Environmental Health held in August 2016 in the Czech Republic. In doing so, it builds upon the insights and ideas put forward in the first volume of Ethics of Environmental Health, published by Routledge in early 2017. This volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental health, applied ethics, environmental ethics, medical ethics and bioethics, as well as those concerned with public health, environmental studies, toxicology and radiation.

Radiation Risk, Risk Perception and Social Constructions

Radiation Risk, Risk Perception and Social Constructions
  • Author : J. B. Reitan,G. N. Kelly
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : UOM:39015036243353
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Summary :

The Ethics of Climate Engineering

The Ethics of Climate Engineering
  • Author : Toby Svoboda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-25
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781315468518
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Summary : This book analyzes major ethical issues surrounding the use of climate engineering, particularly solar radiation management (SRM) techniques, which have the potential to reduce some risks of anthropogenic climate change but also carry their own risks of harm and injustice. The book argues that we should approach the ethics of climate engineering via "non-ideal theory," which investigates what justice requires given the fact that many parties have failed to comply with their duty to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Specifically, it argues that climate justice should be approached comparatively, evaluating the relative justice or injustice of feasible policies under conditions that are likely to hold within relevant timeframes. Likely near-future conditions include "pessimistic scenarios," in which no available option avoids serious ethical problems. The book contends that certain uses of SRM can be ethically defensible in some pessimistic scenarios. This is the first book devoted to the many ethical issues surrounding climate engineering.

Ethics for Radiation Protection in Medicine

Ethics for Radiation Protection in Medicine
  • Author : Jim Malone,Friedo Zölzer,Gaston Meskens,Christina Skourou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9781351372480
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Summary : This book presents an up to date ethical framework for radiological protection in medicine. It is consistent with the requirements of the system of radiation protection and with the expectations of medical ethics. It presents an approach rooted in the medical tradition, and alert to contemporary social expectations. It provides readers with a practical framework against which they can assess the safety and acceptability of medical procedures, including patients’ concerns. It will be an invaluable reference for radiologists, radiation oncologists, regulators, medical physicists, technologists, other practitioners, as well as academics, researchers and students of radiation protection in medicine. Features: An authoritative and accessible guide, authored by a team who have contributed to defining the area internationally Includes numerous practical examples/clinical scenarios that illustrate the approach, presenting a pragmatic approach, rather than dwelling on philosophical theories Informed by the latest developments in the thinking of international organizations

Nuclear Safety

Nuclear Safety
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210012258271
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Summary :

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis

Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015026720014
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Summary :

Sustainable Risk Management

Sustainable Risk Management
  • Author : Peter A. Wilderer,Ortwin Renn,Martin Grambow,Michael Molls,Klaus Mainzer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-21
  • Total pages :285
  • ISBN : 9783319662336
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Summary : Here, expert authors delineate approaches that can support both decision makers as well as their concerned populations in overcoming unwarranted fears and in elaborating policies based on scientific evidence. Four exemplary focus areas were chosen for in-depth review, namely:- The scientific basis of risk management- Risk management in the area of environmental and ecological policy- Risk management in radiation medicine- Risk management in context with digitalization and roboticsGeneral as well as specific recommendations are summarized in a memorandum. Fundamental thoughts on the topic are presented in the introductory part of the book. The idea for and contents of the book were developed at a workshop on “Sustainable Risk Management: How to manage risks in a sensible and responsible manner?” held in Feldafing at Lake Starnberg (Germany) on April 14 to 16, 2016. The book offers important information and advice for scientists, entrepreneurs, administrators and politicians.

The Handbook of Environmental Remediation

The Handbook of Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-30
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9781788013802
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Summary : Environmental remediation technologies to control or prevent pollution from hazardous waste material is a growing research area in academia and industry, and is a matter of utmost concern to public health, to improve ecology and to facilitate the redevelopment of a contaminated site. Recently, in situ and ex situ remediation technologies have been developed to rectify the contaminated sites, utilizing various tools and devices through physical, chemical, biological, electrical, and thermal processes to restrain, remove, extract, and immobilize mechanisms to minimize the contamination effects. This handbook brings altogether classical and emerging techniques for hazardous wastes, municipal solid wastes and contaminated water sites, combining chemical, biological and engineering control methods to provide a one-stop reference. This handbook presents a comprehensive and thorough description of several remediation techniques for contaminated sites resulting from both natural processes and anthropogenic activities. Providing critical insights into a range of treatments from chemical oxidation, thermal treatment, air sparging, electrokinetic remediation, stabilization/solidification, permeable reactive barriers, thermal desorption and incineration, phytoremediation, biostimulation and bioaugmentation, bioventing and biosparging through ultrasound-assisted remediation methods, electrochemical remediation methods, and nanoremediation, this handbook provides the reader an inclusive and detailed overview and then discusses future research directions. Closing chapters on green sustainable remediation, economics, health and safety issues, and environmental regulations around site remediation will make this a must-have handbook for those working in the field.

The Ethics of Technology

The Ethics of Technology
  • Author : Sven Ove Hansson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-08
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9781783486595
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Summary : This book provides students with a toolbox for the study of the ethics of technology, exploring the methods available for ethical assessments of technologies and their social introduction.

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • Author : Rebecca Skloot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-02
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780307589385
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Summary : #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • “The story of modern medicine and bioethics—and, indeed, race relations—is refracted beautifully, and movingly.”—Entertainment Weekly NOW A MAJOR MOTION PICTURE FROM HBO® STARRING OPRAH WINFREY AND ROSE BYRNE • ONE OF THE “MOST INFLUENTIAL” (CNN), “DEFINING” (LITHUB), AND “BEST” (THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER) BOOKS OF THE DECADE • ONE OF ESSENCE’S 50 MOST IMPACTFUL BLACK BOOKS OF THE PAST 50 YEARS • WINNER OF THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE HEARTLAND PRIZE FOR NONFICTION NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • Entertainment Weekly • O: The Oprah Magazine • NPR • Financial Times • New York • Independent (U.K.) • Times (U.K.) • Publishers Weekly • Library Journal • Kirkus Reviews • Booklist • Globe and Mail Her name was Henrietta Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa. She was a poor Southern tobacco farmer who worked the same land as her slave ancestors, yet her cells—taken without her knowledge—became one of the most important tools in medicine: The first “immortal” human cells grown in culture, which are still alive today, though she has been dead for more than sixty years. HeLa cells were vital for developing the polio vaccine; uncovered secrets of cancer, viruses, and the atom bomb’s effects; helped lead to important advances like in vitro fertilization, cloning, and gene mapping; and have been bought and sold by the billions. Yet Henrietta Lacks remains virtually unknown, buried in an unmarked grave. Henrietta’s family did not learn of her “immortality” until more than twenty years after her death, when scientists investigating HeLa began using her husband and children in research without informed consent. And though the cells had launched a multimillion-dollar industry that sells human biological materials, her family never saw any of the profits. As Rebecca Skloot so brilliantly shows, the story of the Lacks family—past and present—is inextricably connected to the dark history of experimentation on African Americans, the birth of bioethics, and the legal battles over whether we control the stuff we are made of. Over the decade it took to uncover this story, Rebecca became enmeshed in the lives of the Lacks family—especially Henrietta’s daughter Deborah. Deborah was consumed with questions: Had scientists cloned her mother? Had they killed her to harvest her cells? And if her mother was so important to medicine, why couldn’t her children afford health insurance? Intimate in feeling, astonishing in scope, and impossible to put down, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks captures the beauty and drama of scientific discovery, as well as its human consequences.

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 7)

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition (Volume 7)
  • Author : Charles N. Mock,Rachel Nugent,Olive Kobusingye,Kirk R. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-27
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9781464805233
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Summary : The substantial burden of death and disability that results from interpersonal violence, road traffic injuries, unintentional injuries, occupational health risks, air pollution, climate change, and inadequate water and sanitation falls disproportionally on low- and middle-income countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health addresses the risk factors and presents updated data on the burden, as well as economic analyses of platforms and packages for delivering cost-effective and feasible interventions in these settings. The volume's contributors demonstrate that implementation of a range of prevention strategies-presented in an essential package of interventions and policies-could achieve a convergence in death and disability rates that would avert more than 7.5 million deaths a year.

Radioactive Waste Management 2000

Radioactive Waste Management 2000
  • Author : IMechE (Institution of Mechanical Engineers),Institution of Mechanical Engineers (Great Britain)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-03-30
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054114098
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Summary : The media interest in the radioactive waste management industry has raised the role of surrounding issues. The papers in this volume have been written and brought together by a group of experts, each of whom deals with radioactive waste management on a daily basis.

Engineering the Climate

Engineering the Climate
  • Author : Christopher J. Preston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-28
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9780739175415
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Summary : Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management discusses the ethical issues associated with deliberately engineering a cooler climate to combat global warming. Climate engineering (also known as geoengineering) has recently experienced a surge of interest given the growing likelihood that the global community will fail to limit the temperature increases associated with greenhouse gases to safe levels. Deliberate manipulation of solar radiation to combat climate change is an exciting and hopeful technical prospect, promising great benefits to those who are in line to suffer most through climate change. At the same time, the prospect of geoengineering creates huge controversy. Taking intentional control of earth’s climate would be an unprecedented step in environmental management, raising a number of difficult ethical questions. One particular form of geoengineering, solar radiation management (SRM), is known to be relatively cheap and capable of bringing down global temperatures very rapidly. However, the complexity of the climate system creates considerable uncertainty about the precise nature of SRM’s effects in different regions. The ethical issues raised by the prospect of SRM are both complex and thorny. They include: 1) the uncertainty of SRM’s effects on precipitation patterns, 2) the challenge of proper global participation in decision-making, 3) the legitimacy of intentionally manipulating the global climate system in the first place, 4) the potential to sidestep the issue of dealing with greenhouse gas emissions, and, 5) the lasting effects on future generations. It has been widely acknowledged that a sustained and scholarly treatment of the ethics of SRM is necessary before it will be possible to make fair and just decisions about whether (or how) to proceed. This book, including essays by 13 experts in the field of ethics of geoengineering, is intended to go some distance towards providing that treatment.

A Review of risk assessment methodologies

A Review of risk assessment methodologies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :78
  • ISBN : UCR:31210024776377
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Summary :

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MSU:31293010869323
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Summary : Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Social, Ethical, and Policy Implications of Engineering

Social, Ethical, and Policy Implications of Engineering
  • Author : Joseph R. Herkert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048945201
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Summary : "In SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF ENGINEERING,engineers, faculty, and students will find an informative guide tothe professional, societal, and ethical responsibilities that facepracticing engineers today. Through an integrated approach to thetheory of engineering ethics and practical real-world issues, thiscomprehensive book offers readers an in-depth analysis oftechnology's current social role. Drawing on readings and case studies first published in IEEETechnology and Society Magazine, this easy-to-read text willdevelop readers' understanding of the important issues surrounding""macroethical"" public policy debates, including discussions ofsustainable development, public health, risk and product liability,and telecommunications. These cases and readings also provide anopportunity to apply the theory in real-world situations. SOCIAL, ETHICAL, AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS OF ENGINEERING will helpstudents meet the new accreditation criteria for engineeringadopted by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology(ABET). In addition, contemporary issues presented in thisfar-reaching book will allow students and practicing engineers togain greater insight into how social and ethical concerns shapecontributions to the engineering field. For more information and related articles gotowww4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/j/jherkert/jrh.html Professors: To request an examination copy simply [email protected]" Sponsored by: IEEE Social Implications of Technology Society

Radiation Protection in Dentistry

Radiation Protection in Dentistry
  • Author : National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :191
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064102364
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Summary :

Risk assessment and risk management in regulatory decision-making

Risk assessment and risk management in regulatory decision-making
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015043326571
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Summary :

Directory of Published Proceedings

Directory of Published Proceedings
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105111053604
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Summary :