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Social Inequality

Social Inequality
  • Author : Charles E. Hurst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-14
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781317344230
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Summary : A user-friendly introduction to social inequality. This text is a broad introduction to the many types of inequality– economics, status, political power, sex and gender, sexual orientation, race, and ethnicity– in U.S. society and in a global setting. The author provides a wide range of explanations for inequality and, using the latest research on the multiple impacts of inequality, surveys in detail the personal and social consequences of social inequality. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: Understand that inequality is multidimensional Understand that it is essential to understand the explanations of the various forms of inequality in order to further a resolution to any inequality’s undesirable consequences Understand the discussion of inequality in its broader, historical cultural and international context

The Problem of Social Inequality

The Problem of Social Inequality
  • Author : Scott G. McNall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-07
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9781317333432
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Summary : Within and among nations, rising levels of social inequality threaten our collective future. Currently, upwards of 80% of people’s life chances are determined by factors over which they have absolutely no control. Social inequality threatens the democratic project because it destroys the trust on which governments depend, and it gives rise to corrupt political and economic institutions. How can we get out of the traps we have created for ourselves? We need to reboot capitalism. Drawing on diverse examples from a range of countries, McNall explains the social, economic, and ecological traps we have set for ourselves and develops a set of rules of resilience that are necessary conditions for the creation and maintenance of democratic societies, and a set of rules essential for creating a sustainable future.

The Hidden Cost of Being African American

The Hidden Cost of Being African American
  • Author : Thomas M. Shapiro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 0195181387
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Summary : Shapiro, the author of "Black Wealth/White Wealth," blends personal stories, interviews, empirical data, and analysis to illuminate how family assets produce dramatic consequences in the everyday lives of ordinary citizens.

Democratic Governance and Social Inequality

Democratic Governance and Social Inequality
  • Author : Joseph S. Tulchin,Amelia Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :205
  • ISBN : 1588260283
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Summary : Part 2: Case Studies

Social Inequality and Class Radicalism in France and Britain

Social Inequality and Class Radicalism in France and Britain
  • Author : Duncan Gallie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 0521277000
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Summary : This book, first published in 1983, examines in depth the nature and sources of class radicalism in France and Britain and takes issue with some of the major theories of class consciousness and class action. Drawing on data both from detailed case studies and from wider national surveys, it shows that the conflict of class interests within capitalist societies can lead to sharply diverging attitudes to class inequality. It argues that the explanation of such differences cannot be found in some 'general' law of the evolution of social conflict in capitalist society. It must be sought in the profound institutional differences that exist between the two societies. In particular the study argues for a reassessment of the importance of the experience of war and of the way in which the business and political elite handled the social crises generated by war, in accounting for the long-term structural divergence of capitalist societies.

Home Ownership and Social Inequality in Comparative Perspective

Home Ownership and Social Inequality in Comparative Perspective
  • Author : Karin Kurz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-07-09
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780804767248
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Summary : This cross-national comparative study analyzes the relationship between social inequality and the attainment of home ownership over the life course in 12 countries.

Foundations of Social Inequality

Foundations of Social Inequality
  • Author : T. Douglas Price,Gary M. Feinman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781489912893
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Summary : In this authoritative volume, leading researchers offer diverse theoretical perspectives and a wide-range of information on the beginnings and nature of social inequality in past human societies. Their illuminating work investigates the role of status differentiation in traditional archaeological debates and major societal transitions. This volume features numerous case studies from the Old and New World spanning foraging societies to agricultural groups and complex states. Diachronic in view and archaeological in focus, this book will be of significant interest to archaeologists, anthropologists, and students.

Class, Ethnicity, and Social Inequality

Class, Ethnicity, and Social Inequality
  • Author : Christopher McAll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 0773509232
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Summary : Working from interpretations of classic theoretical approaches to class and ethnicity, this work discusses the role of class formation at different historical periods and in different social contexts, looking at the idea of the nation-state and the role of ethnicity in colonialism.

Social Inequality in Vietnam and the Challenges to Reform

Social Inequality in Vietnam and the Challenges to Reform
  • Author : Philip Taylor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9812302751
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Summary : This book illustrates the changing ways in which people have accumulated wealth, social and cultural capital in Vietnam's move from a socialist to a market-oriented society.

Understanding Social Inequality

Understanding Social Inequality
  • Author : Tim Butler,Paul Watt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-19
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 0761963707
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Summary : Moving beyond the traditional dichotomies of social theory, Understanding Social Inequality brings the study of social stratification and inequality into the 21st century. Starting with the widely agreed "fact" that the world is becoming more unequal, this book pulls together the "identity of displacement" in sociology and the "spaces of flow" of geography to show how place has become an increasingly important focus for understanding new trends in social inequality. The book charts a path through current debates and issues that studies of social inequality cannot afford to ignore. Accessible and engagingly written, this book stimulates the "sociological imagination", prompting readers to link personal experiences and public issues.

Social Inequality in a Global Age

Social Inequality in a Global Age
  • Author : Scott Sernau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-28
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 9781412977913
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Summary : Worlds Apart: Social Inequality in a Global Age, Third Edition is intended as the primary text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students who are enrolled in Social Stratification and Inequality courses, primarily taught in Sociology departments. This book focuses primarily on social inequalities in the American context. However, a trend in this course is how the global inequalities are effecting, and affected by social stratification and inequality in America. This edition reflects that trend.

Social Inequality in Oaxaca

Social Inequality in Oaxaca
  • Author : Arthur D. Murphy,Alex Stepick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 087722868X
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Summary : Analyzes the urbanization of one area from its origins more than two thousand years ago. This book examines Oaxaca, Mexico, paying particular attention to neighborhoods, families and economic activities, and focuses on issues of poverty and inequality.

Social Inequality and Public Health

Social Inequality and Public Health
  • Author : Salvatore J. Babones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :243
  • ISBN : 1847423205
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Summary : Public health in the early 21st century increasingly considers how social inequalities impact on individual health, moving away from the focus on how disease relates to the individual person. This 'new public health' identifies how social, economic and political factors affect the level and distribution of individual health, through their effects on individual behaviours, the social groups people belong to, the character of relationships to others and the characteristics of the societies in which people live. The rising social inequalities that can be seen in nearly every country in the world today present not just a moral danger, but a mortal danger as well. Social inequality and public health brings together the latest research findings from some of the most respected medical and social scientists in the world. It surveys four pathways to understanding the social determinants of health: differences in individual health behaviours; group advantage and disadvanta≥ psychosocial factors in individual health; and healthy and unhealthy societies, shedding light on the costs and consequences of today's high-inequality social models. This exciting book brings together leaders in the field discussing their latest research and is a must-read for anyone interested in public health and social inequalities internationally.

Food Practices and Social Inequality

Food Practices and Social Inequality
  • Author : Jennifer Smith Maguire
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-10
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781351591232
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Summary : Policy-related, academic and populist accounts of the relationship between food and class tend to reproduce a dichotomy that privileges either middle-class discerning taste or working-class necessity. Taking a markedly different approach, this collection explores the classed cultures of food practices across the spectrum of social stratification. Eschewing assumptions about the tastes (or lack thereof) of low-income consumers, the authors call attention to the diverse, complex forms of critical creativity and cultural capital employed by individuals, families and communities in their attempts to acquire and prepare food that is both healthy and desirable. The collection includes research carried out in the United States, Canada, Mexico and Denmark, and covers diverse contexts, from the intense insecurity of food deserts to the relative security of social democratic states. Through quantitative and qualitative cross-class comparisons, and ethnographic accounts of low-income experiences and practices, the authors examine the ways in which food practices and preferences are inflected by social class (alone, and in combination with gender, ethnicity and urban/rural location). The collection underlines the simultaneous need for the development of a more nuanced, dynamic account of the tastes and cultural competences of socially disadvantaged groups, and for structural critiques of the gross inequalities in the degrees of freedom with which different individuals and groups engage in food practices. This book was originally published as a special issue of Food, Culture & Society.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
  • Author : Louise Warwick-Booth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-23
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781446287255
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Summary : What is the state of social inequality today? How can you situate yourself in the debates? This is an essential book that not only introduces you to the key areas, definitions and debates within the field, but also gives you the opportunity to reflect upon the roots of inequality and to critically analyse power relations today. With international examples and a clear interdisciplinary approach throughout, the book encourages you to look at social inequality as a complex social phenomenon that needs to be understood in a global context. This book: Looks at social divisions across societies Explores global processes and changes that are affecting inequalities Discusses social inequality in relation to class, gender and race Examines current social policy approaches to explore how these relate to inequality Reflects upon the potential solutions to inequalities This engaging and accessible introduction to social inequality is an invaluable resource for students across the social sciences. Louise Warwick-Booth is Senior Lecturer in Health Policy at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.

Human Biology and Social Inequality

Human Biology and Social Inequality
  • Author : Simon S. Strickland,Prakash S. Shetty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05-28
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 0521570433
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Summary : Measures of biological variation have long been associated with many indices of social inequality. Data on health, nutrition, fertility, mortality, physical fitness, intellectual performance and a range of heritable biological markers show the ubiquity of such patterns across time, space and population. This volume reviews the current evidence for the strength of such linkages and the biological and social mechanisms that underlie them. A major theme is the relationship between the proximate determinants of these linkages and their longer-term significance for biologically selective social mobility. This book therefore addresses the question of how social stratification mediates processes of natural selection in human groups. Data like this pose difficult and sensitive issues for health policy and developments in this area and in eugenics are reviewed for industrialised and developing countries.

Social Inequality

Social Inequality
  • Author : Kathryn Neckerman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-06-18
  • Total pages :1044
  • ISBN : 9781610444200
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Summary : Inequality in income, earnings, and wealth has risen dramatically in the United States over the past three decades. Most research into this issue has focused on the causes—global trade, new technology, and economic policy—rather than the consequences of inequality. In Social Inequality, a group of the nation's leading social scientists opens a wide-ranging inquiry into the social implications of rising economic inequality. Beginning with a critical evaluation of the existing research, they assess whether the recent run-up in economic inequality has been accompanied by rising inequality in social domains such as the quality of family and neighborhood life, equal access to education and health care, job satisfaction, and political participation. Marcia Meyers and colleagues find that many low-income mothers cannot afford market-based child care, which contributes to inequality both at the present time—by reducing maternal employment and family income—and through the long-term consequences of informal or low-quality care on children's educational achievement. At the other end of the educational spectrum, Thomas Kane links the growing inequality in college attendance to rising tuition and cuts in financial aid. Neil Fligstein and Taek-Jin Shin show how both job security and job satisfaction have decreased for low-wage workers compared with their higher-paid counterparts. Those who fall behind economically may also suffer diminished access to essential social resources like health care. John Mullahy, Stephanie Robert, and Barbara Wolfe discuss why higher inequality may lead to poorer health: wider inequality might mean increased stress-related ailments for the poor, and it might also be associated with public health care policies that favor the privileged. On the political front, Richard Freeman concludes that political participation has become more stratified as incomes have become more unequal. Workers at the bottom of the income scale may simply be too hard-pressed or too demoralized to care about political participation. Social Inequality concludes with a comprehensive section on the methodological problems involved in disentangling the effects of inequality from other economic factors, which will be of great benefit to future investigators. While today's widening inequality may be a temporary episode, the danger is that the current economic divisions may set in motion a self-perpetuating cycle of social disadvantage. The most comprehensive review of this quandary to date, Social Inequality maps out a new agenda for research on inequality in America with important implications for public policy.

Education and Social Inequality in the Global Culture

Education and Social Inequality in the Global Culture
  • Author : Joseph Zajda,Karen Biraimah,William Gaudelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-19
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 1402069278
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Summary : This book critically examines the overall interplay between globalisation, social inequality and education. It explores conceptual frameworks and methodological approaches applicable in the research covering the State, globalisation, social stratification and education. The book, constructed against this pervasive anti-dialogical backdrop, aims to widen, deepen, and in some cases open, discourse related to globalisation, and new dimensions of social inequality in the global culture.

Social Inequality in Canada

Social Inequality in Canada
  • Author : Alan Frizzell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-05-15
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780773581890
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Summary : Do Canadians believe they can succeed on the basis of their own abilities? And how do they compare with Americans, Germans, Italians, Australians and Russians? There is much debate as to how Canadians differ from or resemble citizens of other countries, particularly the United States. Is it true that we are more tolerant and deferential than our southern neighbours, or more accepting of the actions of government in our lives? Do Quebecers view the world differently from other Canadians? Do women see society differently from men? Comparisons such as these, approached through survey analysis, yield up a true portrait of national identity. Social Inequality in Canada brings a comparative perspective to the question of the uniqueness of Canadian society. The challenges attending comparative attitudinal research led to the creation in 1980 of the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), represented in Canada by the Carleton University Survey Centre. Their data provide the basis for this vanguard study of international attitudes toward social inequality: who's up, who's down and who's responsible for changing society? Social Inequality measures the consistency and logic of perceived social conditions and priorities in Canada compared with 18 other countries. It is essential reading for social scientists and policy-makers of every persuasion.

Social Inequality in Japan

Social Inequality in Japan
  • Author : Sawako Shirahase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-10
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781135934200
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Summary : Japan was the first Asian country to become a mature industrial society, and throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, was viewed as an ‘all-middle-class society’. However since the 1990s there have been growing doubts as to the real degree of social equality in Japan, particularly in the context of dramatic demographic shifts as the population ages whilst fertility levels continue to fall. This book compares Japan with America, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Sweden and Taiwan in order to determine whether inequality really is a social problem in Japan. With a focus on impact demographic shifts, Sawako Shirahase examines female labour market participation, income inequality among households with children, the state of the family, generational change, single person households and income distribution among the aged, and asks whether increasing inequality and is uniquely Japanese, or if it is a social problem common across all of the societies included in this study. Crucially, this book shows that Japan is distinctive not in terms of the degree of inequality in the society, but rather, in how acutely inequality is perceived. Further, the data shows that Japan differs from the other countries examined in terms of the gender gap in both the labour market and the family, and in inequality among single-person households – single men and women, including lifelong bachelors and spinsters – and also among single parent households, who pay a heavy price for having deviated from the expected pattern of life in Japan. Drawing on extensive empirical data, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in Japanese culture and society, Japanese studies and social policy more generally.

Media and Social Inequality

Media and Social Inequality
  • Author : John C. Pollock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-11
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9781317981022
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Summary : This book is among the first to systematically explore the impact of community inequality on reporting political and social change. Although most journalism scholars are still fascinated by the impact of media on society, Media and Social Inequality explores the reverse perspective: the impact of society on media. Using a 'community structure' approach, and rejecting the perspective that studies of media and audiences can be reduced to the individual level of psychological phenomena, all contributions examine connections between community-level 'macro' characteristics and variations in the coverage of critical issues. This innovative book differs from previous community structure volumes in two ways. First, contributions explore a far wider range of community characteristics by employing creative methodologies, modern archives, and databases that facilitate larger, more diverse samples; multilevel and longitudinal analyses; composite measures of both 'content' and editorial judgment; new technologies; and social network analysis. Second, a traditional emphasis on media as instruments of political and social 'control' is replaced by media as potential mirrors of social 'change,' exploring 'bottom-up' measures of 'vulnerability', 'concentrated disadvantage', and 'ethnic diversity/pluralism'. The volume contains two original chapters: one on nationwide US coverage of the "Occupy" movement in the expanded introduction, and another on nationwide US coverage of universal health care. This book was originally published as a special issue of Mass Communication and Society.