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Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors

Solar Light Harvesting with Nanocrystalline Semiconductors
  • Author : Oleksandr Stroyuk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-07
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9783319688794
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Summary : This book explains the use of nanocrystalline semiconductors in the harvesting of energy from solar light. It introduces promising methodology and technology which may help to increase the efficiency of light harvesting – one of the major challenges on the way toward sustainable energy generation.The book starts with a general introduction to the photochemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals. In the introductory chapter, the author also provides a frank and critical discussion on perspectives and limitations of the photocatalytic processes for solar light conversion including a historical account on semiconductor photocatalysis. He discusses that (and also why) it is a long way from laboratory prototypes to real sustainable technologies.The following chapters outline the conversion of solar light energy in semiconductor nanophotocatalysis on the one hand, and to (electric) energy in nanocrystalline semiconductor-based solar cells on the other hand. Topics addressed include nanophotocatalytic hydrogen production, artificial photosynthesis, quantum-dot sensitized liquid-junction and bulk heterojunction solar cells. Perspectives and opportunities, but also bottlenecks and limitations are discussed and the novel systems compared with established technology, such as classical silicon solar cells. While readers in this way learn to understand the basics and get introduced to the current research in the field, the final chapter provides them with the necessary knowledge about methodology, both in synthesis and characterization of semiconductor nanophotocatalysts and semiconductor nanomaterials, including examples for the practice of photocatalytic experiments and the studies of semiconductor-based solar cells.

Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells

Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells
  • Author : Nurdan Demirci Sankir,Mehmet Sankir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-10
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781119459972
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Summary : This book provides an overall view of the photoelectrochemical systems for solar hydrogen generation, and new and novel materials for photoelectrochemical solar cell applications. The book is organized in three parts. General concepts and photoelectrochemical systems are covered in Part I. Part II is devoted to photoactive materials for solar hydrogen generation. Main focus of the last part is the photoelectrochemical related systems. This part provides a diverse information about the implementation of multi-junctional solar cells in solar fuel generation systems, dye-sensitized solar hydrogen production and photocatalytic formation of photoactive semiconductors.

Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application: 2012 Edition
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-26
  • Total pages :14170
  • ISBN : 9781464990465
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Summary : Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nanotechnology. The editors have built Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nanotechnology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Nanotechnology Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Materials for Sustainable Energy

Materials for Sustainable Energy
  • Author : Vincent Dusastre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 9789814317641
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Summary : The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rationale design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.

Light, Water, Hydrogen

Light, Water, Hydrogen
  • Author : CRAIG GRIMES,OOMMAN VARGHESE,SUDHIR RANJAN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-03
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : 0387682384
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Summary : This book covers the field of solar production of hydrogen by water photo-splitting (photoelectrolysis) using semiconductor photoanodes. The emphasis of the discussion is on the use of nanotechnology in the field. The theories behind photocatalysis and photoelectrochemical processes responsible for hydrogen production are given in detail. This provides a state-of-the-art review of the semiconductor materials and methods used for improving the efficiency of the processes. The book also gives an account of the techniques used for making the nanostructures.

Photoactive Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots

Photoactive Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots
  • Author : Alberto Credi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-20
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9783319511924
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Summary : The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology

Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology
  • Author : Lionel Vayssieres
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 0819464198
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Materials Science and Chemical Engineering

Materials Science and Chemical Engineering
  • Author : Jin Yun,De Huai Zeng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-27
  • Total pages :1012
  • ISBN : 9783038260561
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Summary : Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE 2013), February 20-21, 2013, Singapore, Singapore

Energy, Environment and Biological Materials

Energy, Environment and Biological Materials
  • Author : Kun Yuan Gao,Shao Xiong Zhou,Xin Qing Zhao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-07
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9783038134664
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Summary : Selected, peer reviewed papers from the IUMRS-ICA 2010 11th IUMRS International Conference in Asia, September 25-28, 2010, Qingdao, China

Semiconductor Nanoclusters - Physical, Chemical, and Catalytic Aspects

Semiconductor Nanoclusters - Physical, Chemical, and Catalytic Aspects
  • Author : P.V. Kamat,D. Meisel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105019567358
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Summary : Reflecting the shift over the past decade from theoretical descriptions to field utilizations of nanostructure-based devices, researchers present the salient features of nanocrystalline semiconductor materials for scientists, engineers, and advanced graduate students in physical chemistry and materials science. The topics include preparing and characterizing nanoparticles, sonochemistry in colloidal systems, the pseudopotential theory of nanometer silicon quantum dots, size quantization in semiconductor films deposited by chemical solutions, electronic junctions, analytical chemistry, semiconductor-mediated photocatalysis for organic synthesis, and applications in purifying air. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :4014
  • ISBN : 0824750500
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Summary :

Comprehensive coordination chemistry II : from biology to nanotechnology

Comprehensive coordination chemistry II : from biology to nanotechnology
  • Author : M. D. Ward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :1108
  • ISBN : 0080443311
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Summary :

Nanocrystals:

Nanocrystals:
  • Author : C.N.R. Rao,P. John Thomas,G.U. Kulkarni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-03
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9783540687528
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Summary : This is the most comprehensive book on nanocrystals on the market. It is an up-to-date monograph on an important aspect of nanoscience and technology. It opens with an elegant introduction including a brief historical account. Emphasis is then given to diverse synthetic methods, both chemical and physical, in addition to modern hybrid methods. Tables providing information at a glance, cartoons and schematic diagrams, make the monograph appealing to read.

Fiber-Shaped Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Fiber-Shaped Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
  • Author : Huisheng Peng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-06
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9783662457443
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Summary : This comprehensive book covers flexible fiber-shaped devices in the area of energy conversion and storage. The first part of the book introduces recently developed materials, particularly, various nanomaterials and composite materials based on nanostructured carbon such as carbon nanotubes and graphene, metals and polymers for the construction of fiber electrodes. The second part of the book focuses on two typical twisted and coaxial architectures of fiber-shaped devices for energy conversion and storage. The emphasis is placed on dye-sensitized solar cells, polymer solar cells, lithium-ion batteries, electrochemical capacitors and integrated devices. The future development and challenges of these novel and promising fiber-shaped devices are summarized in the final part. This book is the first to introduce fiber-shaped electronic devices, which offer many fascinating advantages compared with the conventional planar structure. It is particularly designed to review the state-of-art developments in fiber-shaped devices for energy conversion and storage. The book will provide a valuable resource for researchers and students working in a wide variety of fields such as advanced materials, new energy, electrochemistry, applied physics, nanoscience and nanotechnology, and polymer science and engineering. Huisheng Peng, PhD, is a Professor and Associate Chair of the Department of Macromolecular Science and PI of the Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Light Harvesting Nanomaterials

Light Harvesting Nanomaterials
  • Author : Surya Prakash Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-02
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9781608059584
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Summary : Mankind’s search for alternative energy sources to oil and gas reserves has been fueled by increasing energy demands and technological developments. Today, the prospect of harvesting energy from new sources is a major issue in scientific and economic discourse and will remain to be so in the future decades to come. Sunlight is known as a reliable and renewable energy source which can be utilized to meet forthcoming energy demand if it is exploited in an efficient manner. Light harvesting nanomaterials represent one way in which this can be achieved through biomimetics or artificially designed supramolecular structures. This eBook brings together facts about the underlying principles and theory about light harvesting systems. It presents interdisciplinary research work with emphasis on nanoscale objects used to harvest light. Light Harvesting Nanomaterials details a broad range of systems including solar cells which involve hybrid materials to durable tetrapyrrolic sensitizers and other nanopolymer based systems. This eBook is a valuable reference for advanced readers interested in novel technologies that utilize light energy for functional and technical benefits.

Leading Edge Research in Solar Energy

Leading Edge Research in Solar Energy
  • Author : Patrick N. Rivers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :283
  • ISBN : UVA:X030255844
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Summary : Solar energy can be divided into direct and indirect categories. Most energy sources on Earth are forms of indirect solar energy. Coal, oil and natural gas derive from ancient biological material which took its energy from the sun (via plant photosynthesis) millions of years ago. All the energy in wood and foodstuffs also comes from the sun. Movement of the wind (which causes waves at sea), and the evaporation of water to form rainfall which accumulates in rivers and lakes, are also powered by the sun. Therefore, hydroelectric power and wind and wave power are forms of indirect solar energy. Solar energy research and applications have been receiving increasing attention throughout the world as solar energy must play a much greater role in the energy mix in upcoming years. This book examines new research in this frontier field.

Advances in Electrochemical Science and Engineering

Advances in Electrochemical Science and Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :355
  • ISBN : 9783527616893
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Summary : Volume 6 in the well-establish series Advances in Electrochemical Science and Engineering covers - among others - such important topics as time dependent modulation techniques and computer modeling by continuum and non-continuum methods. As in all previous volumes, the editors have succeeded in selecting highly topical areas of electrochemical research and in presenting authors who are leaders in their fields. The result is a compelling set of reviews which serves equally well as an excellent and up-to-date source of information for experienced researchers active in the field as well as an introduction for newcomers. From reviews of previous volumes: 'This is an essential book for researchers in electrochemistry; it covers areas of both fundamental and practical importance, with reviews of high quality. The material is very well presented and the choice of topics reflects a balanced editorial policy that is welcomed.' The Analyst

Non-nuclear Energy Programme, 1990-1994

Non-nuclear Energy Programme, 1990-1994
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UVA:X004242541
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Summary :

Manufacturing Science and Technology, ICMST2011

Manufacturing Science and Technology, ICMST2011
  • Author : Wu Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-22
  • Total pages :8340
  • ISBN : 9783038137580
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The objective of ICMST 2011 was to provide a platform where researchers, engineers, academics and industrial professionals from all over the world could present their research results and discuss developments in Manufacturing Science and Technology. This conference provided opportunities for delegates to exchange new ideas and applications face-to-face, to establish business or research contacts and to find global partners for future collaboration.

Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciências

Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
  • Author : Academia Brasileira de Ciências
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105113521889
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Summary :

Organic Photovoltaics

Organic Photovoltaics
  • Author : Sam-Shajing Sun,Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 1420026356
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Summary : Recently developed organic photovoltaics (OPVs) show distinct advantages over their inorganic counterparts due to their lighter weight, flexible shape, versatile materials synthesis and device fabrication schemes, and low cost in large-scale industrial production. Although many books currently exist on general concepts of PV and inorganic PV materials and devices, few are available that offer a comprehensive overview of recently fast developing organic and polymeric PV materials and devices. Organic Photovoltaics: Mechanisms, Materials, and Devices fills this gap. The book provides an international perspective on the latest research in this rapidly expanding field with contributions from top experts around the world. It presents a unified approach comprising three sections: General Overviews; Mechanisms and Modeling; and Materials and Devices. Discussions include sunlight capture, exciton diffusion and dissociation, interface properties, charge recombination and migration, and a variety of currently developing OPV materials/devices. The book also includes two forewords: one by Nobel Laureate Dr. Alan J. Heeger, and the other by Drs. Aloysius Hepp and Sheila Bailey of NASA Glenn Research Center. Organic Photovoltaics equips students, researchers, and engineers with knowledge of the mechanisms, materials, devices, and applications of OPVs necessary to develop cheaper, lighter, and cleaner renewable energy throughout the coming decades.