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Solar Radiation and Daylight Models

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models
  • Author : Tariq Muneer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-30
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781136365942
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Summary : The cost of operating a building far exceeds the cost of constructing it, and yet until recently little attention was paid to the impact of solar radiation on the costs of heating, cooling and ventilation. And now that there has been a surge in interest in energy efficiency and solar design, architects and designers need a practical guide to the modelling and application of solar energy data. There are many different models and techniques available for calculating the distribution of solar radiation on and in buildings, and these algorithms vary considerably in scope, accuracy and complexity. This book demonstrates which of these predictive tools gives the best results in different circumstances, including explaining which models can be best used in different parts of the world. The author has had over twenty-five years of experience of dealing with solar energy data from four continents and has used that experience in this book to show the development not just of knowledge but also the growing sophistication of the models available to apply it.

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models for Energy Efficient Design of Buildings

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models for Energy Efficient Design of Buildings
  • Author : Tariq Muneer,H. Kambezidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :197
  • ISBN : UVA:X004249170
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Summary : This book and CD Rom package provides an accessible, user-friendly database on daylight design data. With the boom in interest in energy-efficiency and solar design, it provides a valuable source for architects and engineers. It describes models which can be used to provide essential data at any place in the world. These models are included on a disk to ease the task of the architect or engineers. The authors show how these models can be applied to the energy efficient design of buildings. Electronic product for calculation of data at any point in the world. Very important data source. Looks at current green building design issues

Solar Radiation

Solar Radiation
  • Author : Daryl Ronald Myers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9781351832472
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Summary : Written by a leading scientist with over 35 years of experience working at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Solar Radiation: Practical Modeling for Renewable Energy Applications brings together the most widely used, easily implemented concepts and models for estimating broadband and spectral solar radiation data. The author addresses various technical and practical questions about the accuracy of solar radiation measurements and modeling. While the focus is on engineering models and results, the book does review the fundamentals of solar radiation modeling and solar radiation measurements. It also examines the accuracy of solar radiation modeling and measurements. The majority of the book describes the most popular simple models for estimating broadband and spectral solar resources available to flat plate, concentrating, photovoltaic, solar thermal, and daylighting engineering designs. Sufficient detail is provided for readers to implement the models in assorted development environments. Covering the nuts and bolts of practical solar radiation modeling applications, this book helps readers translate solar radiation data into viable, real-world renewable energy applications. It answers many how-to questions relating to solar energy conversion systems, solar daylighting, energy efficiency of buildings, and other solar radiation applications.

Solar Energy Fundamentals and Modeling Techniques

Solar Energy Fundamentals and Modeling Techniques
  • Author : Zekai Sen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-03-28
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 1848001347
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Summary : This book presents the methods of quantitative determination of solar irradiation incident amount on a surface on the Earth. It brings together information not found elsewhere in a single source, and includes an innovative exposition of expert system methodologies used in the domain of solar irradiation and energy. The book provides a background to the underlying physical principles of solar irradiation and energy, with explanations as to how these can be modelled and applied.

Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth's Surface

Modeling Solar Radiation at the Earth's Surface
  • Author : Viorel Badescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-01
  • Total pages :517
  • ISBN : 9783540774556
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Summary : Solar radiation data is important for a wide range of applications, e.g. in engineering, agriculture, health sector, and in many fields of the natural sciences. A few examples showing the diversity of applications may include: architecture and building design, e.g. air conditioning and cooling systems; solar heating system design and use; solar power generation; evaporation and irrigation; calculation of water requirements for crops; monitoring plant growth and disease control; skin cancer research.

Solar Radiation

Solar Radiation
  • Author : Daryl Ronald Myers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9781466503274
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Summary : Written by a leading scientist with over 35 years of experience working at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Solar Radiation: Practical Modeling for Renewable Energy Applications brings together the most widely used, easily implemented concepts and models for estimating broadband and spectral solar radiation data. The author addresses various technical and practical questions about the accuracy of solar radiation measurements and modeling. While the focus is on engineering models and results, the book does review the fundamentals of solar radiation modeling and solar radiation measurements. It also examines the accuracy of solar radiation modeling and measurements. The majority of the book describes the most popular simple models for estimating broadband and spectral solar resources available to flat plate, concentrating, photovoltaic, solar thermal, and daylighting engineering designs. Sufficient detail is provided for readers to implement the models in assorted development environments. Covering the nuts and bolts of practical solar radiation modeling applications, this book helps readers translate solar radiation data into viable, real-world renewable energy applications. It answers many how-to questions relating to solar energy conversion systems, solar daylighting, energy efficiency of buildings, and other solar radiation applications.

Solar Energy at Urban Scale

Solar Energy at Urban Scale
  • Author : Benoit Beckers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-04
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118614365
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Summary : Increasing urbanization throughout the world, the depletion offossil fuels and concerns about global warming have transformed thecity into a physical problem of prime importance. This bookproposes a multi-disciplinary and systematic approach concerningspecialities as different as meteorology, geography, architectureand urban engineering systems, all surrounding the essentialproblem of solar radiation. It collects the points of view of 18 specialists from around theworld on the interaction between solar energy and constructions,combining territorial, urban and architectural scales to betterregulate energetic efficiency and light comfort for the sustainablecity. The main subjects covered are: measures and models of solarirradiance (satellite observations, territorial and urban groundmeasurements, sky models, satellite data and urban mock-up),radiative contribution to the urban climate (local heat balance,radiative-aerodynamics coupling, evapotranspiration, Urban HeatIsland), light and heat modeling (climate-based daylight modeling,geometrical models of the city, solar radiation modeling for urbanenvironments, thermal simulation methods and algorithms) and urbanplanning, with special considerations for solar potential, solarimpact and daylight rights in the temperate, northern and tropicalclimates, and the requirement of urban solar regulation. Contents 1. The Odyssey of Remote Sensing from Space: Half a Century ofSatellites for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. 2. Territorial and Urban Measurements, Marius Paulescu and ViorelBadescu. 3. Sky Luminance Models, Matej Kobav and Grega Bizjak. 4. Satellite Images Applied to Surface Solar Radiation Estimation,Bella Espinar and Philippe Blanc. 5. Worldwide Aspects of Solar Radiation Impact, BenoitBeckers. 6. Local Energy Balance, Pierre Kastendeuch. 7. Evapotranspiration, Marjorie Musy. 8. Multiscale Daylight Modeling for Urban Environments, JohnMardaljevic and George Janes. 9. Geometrical Models of the City, Daniel G. Aliaga. 10. Radiative Simulation Methods, Pierre Beckers and BenoitBeckers. 11. Radiation Modeling Using the Finite Element Method, Tom vanEekelen. 12. Dense Cities in the Tropical Zone, Edward Ng. 13. Dense Cities in Temperate Climates: Solar and Daylight Rights,Guedi Capeluto. 14. Solar Potential and Solar Impact, Frédéric Monetteand Benoit Beckers. Appendix 1. Table of Europe’s Platforms (Micro- andMinisatellites) for Earth Observations, Théo Pirard. Appendix 2. Commercial Operators of Earth Observation (EO)Satellites (as of January 1, 2012), Théo Pirard. Appendix 3. Earth’s Annual Global Mean Energy Budget, BenoitBeckers.

Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-plate and Concentrating Collectors

Solar Radiation Data Manual for Flat-plate and Concentrating Collectors
  • Author : William F. Marion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:502135197
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Summary :

An Introduction To Solar Radiation

An Introduction To Solar Radiation
  • Author : Muhammad Iqbal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780323151818
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Summary : An Introduction to Solar Radiation is an introductory text on solar radiation, with emphasis on the methods of calculation for determining the amount of solar radiation incident on a surface on the earth. Topics covered include the astronomical relationship between the sun and the earth; thermal radiation; the solar constant and its spectral distribution; and extraterrestrial solar irradiation. This book is comprised of 12 chapters and begins with an overview of the trigonometric relationships between the sun-earth line and the position of an inclined surface, followed by a discussion on the characteristics of blackbody radiation. The next chapter focuses on the solar constant and its spectral distribution, paying particular attention to extraterrestrial solar spectral irradiance and the sun's blackbody temperature. Subsequent chapters explore extraterrestrial and radiation incident on inclined planes; the optics of a cloudless-sky atmosphere; solar spectral radiation and total (broadband) radiation under cloudless skies; and solar radiation arriving at horizontal surfaces on the earth through cloudy skies. The ground albedo and its spectral and angular variation are also described, along with insolation on inclined surfaces. The last chapter is devoted to instruments for measuring solar radiation, including pyrheliometers and pyranometers. This monograph will serve as a useful guide for energy analysts, designers of thermal devices, architects and engineers, agronomists, and hydrologists as well as senior graduate students.

Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach

Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach
  • Author : Markus Neteler,Helena Mitasova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-17
  • Total pages :403
  • ISBN : 9781402080654
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Summary : Since the first edition of Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach was published in 2002, GRASS has undergone major improvements. This second edition includes numerous updates related to the new development; its text is based on the GRASS 5.3 version from December 2003. Besides changes related to GRASS 5.3 enhancements, the introductory chapters have been re-organized, providing more extensive information on import of external data. Most of the improvements in technical accuracy and clarity were based on valuable feedback from readers. Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach, Second Edition, provides updated information about the use of GRASS, including geospatial modeling with raster, vector, and site data, image processing, visualization, and coupling with other open source tools for geostatistical analysis and web applications. A brief introduction to programming within GRASS encourages new development. The sample data set used throughout the book has been updated and is available on the GRASS web site. This book also includes links to sites where the GRASS software and on-line reference manuals can be downloaded and additional applications can be viewed.

CONTROLO’2014 – Proceedings of the 11th Portuguese Conference on Automatic Control

CONTROLO’2014 – Proceedings of the 11th Portuguese Conference on Automatic Control
  • Author : António Paulo Moreira,Aníbal Matos,Germano Veiga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-14
  • Total pages :763
  • ISBN : 9783319103808
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Summary : During the last 20 years the Portuguese association of automatic control, Associação Portuguesa de Controlo Automático, with the sponsorship of IFAC have established the CONTROLO conference as a reference international forum where an effective exchange of knowledge and experience amongst researchers active in various theoretical and applied areas of systems and control can take place, always including considerable space for promoting new technical applications and developments, real-world challenges and success stories. In this 11th edition the CONTROLO conference evolved by introducing two strategic partnerships with Spanish and Brazilian associations in automatic control, Comité Español de Automática and Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica, respectively.

Climate Intervention

Climate Intervention
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Geoengineering Climate: Technical Evaluation and Discussion of Impacts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-23
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780309314855
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Summary : The growing problem of changing environmental conditions caused by climate destabilization is well recognized as one of the defining issues of our time. The root problem is greenhouse gas emissions, and the fundamental solution is curbing those emissions. Climate geoengineering has often been considered to be a "last-ditch" response to climate change, to be used only if climate change damage should produce extreme hardship. Although the likelihood of eventually needing to resort to these efforts grows with every year of inaction on emissions control, there is a lack of information on these ways of potentially intervening in the climate system. As one of a two-book report, this volume of Climate Intervention discusses albedo modification - changing the fraction of incoming solar radiation that reaches the surface. This approach would deliberately modify the energy budget of Earth to produce a cooling designed to compensate for some of the effects of warming associated with greenhouse gas increases. The prospect of large-scale albedo modification raises political and governance issues at national and global levels, as well as ethical concerns. Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth discusses some of the social, political, and legal issues surrounding these proposed techniques. It is far easier to modify Earth's albedo than to determine whether it should be done or what the consequences might be of such an action. One serious concern is that such an action could be unilaterally undertaken by a small nation or smaller entity for its own benefit without international sanction and regardless of international consequences. Transparency in discussing this subject is critical. In the spirit of that transparency, Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth was based on peer-reviewed literature and the judgments of the authoring committee; no new research was done as part of this study and all data and information used are from entirely open sources. By helping to bring light to this topic area, this book will help leaders to be far more knowledgeable about the consequences of albedo modification approaches before they face a decision whether or not to use them.

European Solar Radiation Atlas

European Solar Radiation Atlas
  • Author : Wolfgang Palz,J. Greif,Commission of the European Communities (CEC)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 9783642802379
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Summary : This atlas is a revised and updated version of the European Solar Radiation Atlas published in 1984. The revised version contains tables and maps displaying monthly means of global, diffuse and beam solar radiation as well as sunhours for a large number of represenative sites in Europe. Tables show radiation on both horizontal and inclined surfaces. The revisions reflect the political developments in the European Union and within neighbouring countries. The presentation of the tables has been improved and additional information is included. An enlarged text section provides an introduction to the systematics of solar radiation measurement and calculation. The solar data presented in this book is a useful source of information for the estimation of the energy harvest potential for solar systems. The data base is provided on two 3 1/2" disks for more ease in computer assisted design work.

Solar Radiation Related Climate Change Projections for the UK

Solar Radiation Related Climate Change Projections for the UK
  • Author : Yieng Wei Tham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:757146419
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Summary : This research is mainly focussed on solar radiation in the UK. It can be divided into four main areas; evaluation of models, analysis of the relations between temperature and solar radiation, critical analysis of the projected future data for the UK and the improvement to the UKCP09 Weather Generator (WG). From the evaluations of models carried out, the Liu-Jordan model performs well for estimating the average hourly global and diffuse radiation. At the individual hourly level however, a number of problems were observed. Regarding clear- sky radiation models, for semi-arid climatic conditions Page model was found to be suitable and for humid climates Yang model is recommended. As for all-sky radiation models, the MRM and Yang model were selected. For the UK, the MRM was found to perform better than the Yang model. Furthermore, a study was carried out to analyse the relationship between temperature and solar radiation. The development of temperature-based mathematical models to obtain mean-daily irradiation was established. A procedure to decompose daily to hourly temperatures was evaluated with respect to world-wide locations and its performance found to be satisfactory. As part of the UKCP09/COPSE project, detailed analysis on the future projected data was carried out to critically evaluate sol-air temperature and the likely change that may occur in the key climatic variables, i.e. temperature, sunshine duration and solar irradiation. Drastic increase of sol-air temperatures and shifting trend of daylight illuminance were found. Furthermore, a sensitivity test was also carried out to analyse the effects of each input variables on sol-air temperature. As a result of the present investigations and communications with the UKCP personnel a new version of WG was released with appropriate modifications. A comparison of the now old- and new WG data sets has been made. Improvements in ratio of diffuse to global radiation and sunshine datasets were found.

Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to the Human Environment and Culture

Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to the Human Environment and Culture
  • Author : Margherita Antona,Constantine Stephanidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-18
  • Total pages :499
  • ISBN : 9783319206875
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Summary : The four LNCS volume set 9175-9178 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, UAHCI 2015, held as part of the 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2015, in Los Angeles, CA, USA in August 2015, jointly with 15 other thematically similar conferences. The total of 1462 papers and 246 posters presented at the HCII 2015 conferences were carefully reviewed and selected from 4843 submissions. These papers of the four volume set address the following major topics: LNCS 9175, Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction: Access to today's technologies (Part I), addressing the following major topics: LNCS 9175: Design and evaluation methods and tools for universal access, universal access to the web, universal access to mobile interaction, universal access to information, communication and media. LNCS 9176: Gesture-based interaction, touch-based and haptic Interaction, visual and multisensory experience, sign language technologies and smart and assistive environments LNCS 9177: Universal Access to Education, universal access to health applications and services, games for learning and therapy, and cognitive disabilities and cognitive support and LNCS 9178: Universal access to culture, orientation, navigation and driving, accessible security and voting, universal access to the built environment and ergonomics and universal access.

Architectural Record

Architectural Record
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435022832141
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Summary :

The European Solar Radiation Atlas

The European Solar Radiation Atlas
  • Author : J. Greif
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9782911762215
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Summary : This atlas offers a unique instrument dedicated to the knowledge and exploitation of the solar resources for Europe in a broad sense, from Ural to Azores and from Northern Africa to Polar Circle. It is a powerful tool for architects, engineers, meteorologists, agronomists, local authorities, tourism professionals, as well as researchers and students. It covers the period 1981-1990. It offers fundamental knowledge on the solar radiation available at groundlevel, which is of primary importance for both the life and the climate (including the ocean) since it is the primary source of energy on Earth by far. This book describes the course of the Sun across the sky as it varieties throughout the year and with the geographical location. The interactions of the solar radiation with the atmosphere and its components (haze, turbidity, clouds, etc.), and the separation of the radiation into the direct and diffuse parts are discussed. The importance of the solar radiation in various domains is presented, with an emphasis on solar engineering, where solar energy is used to provide electricity in photovoltaics systems, to supply hot water or heat houses. Ground radiation measurement techniques and instruments are described. Satellite images are also used. They are combined with ground measurements to provide a synoptic view of the distribution of the solar radiation over Europe. The structure of the database and its main applications are described. 26 coloured maps (ten years average 1981-90) describe the solar radiation and its direct and diffuse parts. They also detail the changes with time. The value of the atlas can be usefully extended by using it in conjunction with the complementary volume and CD-ROM called : The European Solar Radiation Atlas - vol. 2: database and exploitation software, also published by Les Presses de l'Ecole des Mines. The database offers spatial (every 10 km approximately) and temporal knowledge for different timescales (front climatological means -more than 700 stations- to hourly values -7 stations-) on the solar resources: irradiation (global and its components), sunshine duration, as well as air temperatures, precipitation, water vapour pressure, air pressure in a number of stations. The software uses the database in either a "map" or a "station" mode at user choice. Once a station been selected, the program looks for all the data available for this station. The software includes algorithms covering the following fields: solar geometry, optical properties of the atmosphere, estimation of hourly slope irradiation under cloudless skies, estimation of solar irradiation values (going from daily to hourly values, conversion from horizontal to titled surfaces), spectral irradiance, illuminance, daily mean profiles of temperature and other statistical quantities (central moments, extremes, probability, cumulative probability and utilizability curves). Graphics can be displayed in 2 or 3 dimensions. Some applications studies on solar engineering can be performed too. This Atlas bas been realised on behalf of the European Commission, by a team led by the company GET (Jülich, Germany), and comprising the Deutsche Wetterdienst (Hamburg, Germany), Armines/Ecoles des Mines de Paris et de Nantes (France), Instituto Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnologia Industrial (Lisbon, Portugal), the Technical University of Lyngby (Denmark), the World Radiation Data Centre (Saint-Petersburg, Russia), and Institut Royal de Météorologie (Brussels, Belgium), John Page (Sheffield, United Kingdom) and Robert Dogniaux (Brussels, Belgium) acting as advisors.

Solar Radiation

Solar Radiation
  • Author : Elisha B. Babatunde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-21
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9789535103844
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Summary : The book contains fundamentals of solar radiation, its ecological impacts, applications, especially in agriculture, architecture, thermal and electric energy. Chapters are written by numerous experienced scientists in the field from various parts of the world. Apart from chapter one which is the introductory chapter of the book, that gives a general topic insight of the book, there are 24 more chapters that cover various fields of solar radiation. These fields include: Measurements and Analysis of Solar Radiation, Agricultural Application / Bio-effect, Architectural Application, Electricity Generation Application and Thermal Energy Application. This book aims to provide a clear scientific insight on Solar Radiation to scientist and students.

Solar Spectral Irradiance

Solar Spectral Irradiance
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :48
  • ISBN : 3900734224
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Summary :

Radiation in the Atmosphere

Radiation in the Atmosphere
  • Author : Kondratyev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :911
  • ISBN : 9780080954479
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Summary : Radiation in the Atmosphere

Emerging Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications

Emerging Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications
  • Author : De-Shuang Huang,Kang-Hyun Jo,Hong-Hee Lee,Hee-Jun Kang,Vitoantonio Bevilacqua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-19
  • Total pages :1134
  • ISBN : 9783642040702
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Summary : The International Conference on Intelligent Computing (ICIC) was formed to provide an annual forum dedicated to the emerging and challenging topics in artificial intelligence, machine learning, bioinformatics, and computational biology, etc. It aims to bring - gether researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry to share ideas, problems, and solutions related to the multifaceted aspects of intelligent computing. ICIC 2009, held in Ulsan, Korea, September 16–19, 2009, constituted the 5th - ternational Conference on Intelligent Computing. It built upon the success of ICIC 2008, ICIC 2007, ICIC 2006, and ICIC 2005 held in Shanghai, Qingdao, Kunming, and Hefei, China, 2008, 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively. This year, the conference concentrated mainly on the theories and methodologies as well as the emerging applications of intelligent computing. Its aim was to unify the p- ture of contemporary intelligent computing techniques as an integral concept that hi- lights the trends in advanced computational intelligence and bridges theoretical research with applications. Therefore, the theme for this conference was “Emerging Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications.” Papers focusing on this theme were solicited, addressing theories, methodologies, and applications in science and technology.