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Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics

Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics
  • Author : Burak Guclu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-02
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780128230008
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Summary : Somatosensory Feedback for Neuroprosthetics covers all relevant aspects to facilitate learning, research and development in the field. The book starts with chapters reviewing the basic anatomy, physiology and psychophysics of the somatosensory system, sensorimotor control and instrumentation. Some sections are dedicated to invasive (peripheral and central, mainly cortical) and noninvasive (vibrotactile, electrotactile, etc.) approaches. Final chapters cover future technologies such as novel sensors and electrodes, safety, clinical testing, commercialization, and practical use, helping make up future prospects for this field with an emphasis on development and end-use. With contributions from renowned experts, users will find recent findings and technical details surrounding findings. Although somatosensory system works in tandem with the motor system in biology, the majority of the prosthetics research and commercial efforts had focused on accommodating movement deficits. With the development of neuroprostheses in the last 15 years, it has become evident that somatosensory input (mainly as touch and proprioception) is essential for motor control, manipulating objects, and embodiment, in addition to its primary role for sensory perception. Provides a review of the somatosensory system and the latest advances in the use of somatosensory feedback for neuroprosthetics Analyzes many approaches to somatosensory feedback Provides the most detailed work on the somatosensory system, its development, and applications in real-life work

Neural Engineering

Neural Engineering
  • Author : Lijie Grace Zhang,David L. Kaplan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9783319314334
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Summary : This book covers the principles of advanced 3D fabrication techniques, stem cells and biomaterials for neural engineering. Renowned contributors cover topics such as neural tissue regeneration, peripheral and central nervous system repair, brain-machine interfaces and in vitro nervous system modeling. Within these areas, focus remains on exciting and emerging technologies such as highly developed neuroprostheses and the communication channels between the brain and prostheses, enabling technologies that are beneficial for development of therapeutic interventions, advanced fabrication techniques such as 3D bioprinting, photolithography, microfluidics, and subtractive fabrication, and the engineering of implantable neural grafts.There is a strong focus on stem cells and 3D bioprinting technologies throughout the book, including working with embryonic, fetal, neonatal, and adult stem cells and a variety of sophisticated 3D bioprinting methods for neural engineering applications. There is also a strong focus on biomaterials, including various conductive biomaterials and biomimetic nanomaterials such as carbon-based nanomaterials and engineered 3D nanofibrous scaffolds for neural tissue regeneration. Finally, two chapters on in vitro nervous system models are also included, which cover this topic in the context of studying physiology and pathology of the human nervous system, and for use in drug discovery research. This is an essential book for biomedical engineers, neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, and industry professionals.

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics

Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics
  • Author : Naik, Ganesh R.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-31
  • Total pages :377
  • ISBN : 9781466660953
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Summary : Neuroprosthetics is a fast-growing area that brings together the fields of biomedical engineering and neuroscience as a means to interface the neural system directly to prostheses. Advancing research and applications in this field can assist in successfully restoring motor, sensory, and cognitive functions. Emerging Theory and Practice in Neuroprosthetics brings together the most up-to-date research surrounding neuroprosthetics advances and applications. Presenting several new results, concepts, and further developments in the area of neuroprosthetics, this book is an essential publication for researchers, upper-level students, engineers, and medical practitioners.

Neuroprosthetics: Theory And Practice (Second Edition)

Neuroprosthetics: Theory And Practice (Second Edition)
  • Author : Horch Kenneth W,Kipke Daryl R
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-10
  • Total pages :936
  • ISBN : 9789813207165
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Summary : This is an updated and abridged edition of the original volume published in 2004. Like its predecessor it is targeted for students of bioengineering, biomedical engineering, applied physiology, biological cybernetics and related fields; for engineers and scientists who have an interest in neuroprosthetics; and for medical practitioners using products of that field. The practice of neuroprosthetics requires a fundamental understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, mathematical neurobiology, material science, electrochemistry, and electrophysiology. The text assumes some familiarity with basic anatomy, physiology, calculus, electrophysiology and bioinstrumentation, which typically are covered in undergraduate and first year graduate bioengineering curricula. These areas are also reviewed here, with the aim of consolidating principles fundamental to understanding the field. With that as background, the book then presents an overview of the field with detailed emphasis in selected areas of neural interfaces and neuroprostheses. The covered topics provide readers with sufficient information to understand the theory, rationale, design, and functioning of neuroprosthetic devices currently in clinical use and under development. The current volume is shorter than its predecessor. This has been achieved by reducing some of the repetition present in certain chapters of the earlier edition and eliminating a few chapters whose topics are now well covered in review literature readily available on the internet and elsewhere. Two chapters have been retained in their original versions to provide important background material, but the remaining chapters have either been revised by their original authors or replaced by new versions written by different authors. In addition new topics have been added to the section on existing systems.

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function

Implantable Neuroprostheses for Restoring Function
  • Author : Kevin Kilgore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-24
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781782421092
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Summary : Research and developments in neuroprostheses are providing scientists with the potential to greatly improve the lives of individuals who have lost some function. Neuroprostheses can help restore or substitute motor and sensory functions which may have been damaged as a result of injury or disease. However, these minute implantable sensors also provide scientists with challenges. This important new book provides readers with a comprehensive review of neuroprostheses. Chapters in part one are concerned with the fundamentals of these devices. Part two looks at neuroprostheses for restoring sensory function whilst part three addresses neuroprostheses for restoring motor function. The final set of chapters discusses significant considerations concerning these sensors. Systematic and comprehensive coverage of neuroprostheses Covers the fundamentals of neuroprostheses, their application in restoring sensory and motor function and an analysis of the future trends Keen focus on industry needs in the field of biomaterials

Biosignal Processing and Computational Methods to Enhance Sensory Motor Neuroprosthetics

Biosignal Processing and Computational Methods to Enhance Sensory Motor Neuroprosthetics
  • Author : Mitsuhiro Hayashibe,David Guiraud,Jose L. Pons,Dario Farina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-22
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889197187
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Summary : Though there have been many developments in sensory/motor prosthetics, they have not yet reached the level of standard and worldwide use like pacemakers and cochlear implants. One challenging issue in motor prosthetics is the large variety of patient situations, which depending on the type of neurological disorder. To improve neuroprosthetic performance beyond the current limited use of such systems, robust bio-signal processing and model-based control involving actual sensory motor state (with biosignal feedback) would bring about new modalities and applications, and could be a breakthrough toward adaptive neuroprosthetics. Recent advances of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) now enable patients to transmit their intention of movement. However, the functionality and controllability of motor prosthetics itself can be further improved to take advantage of BCI interfaces. In this Research Topic we welcome contribution of original research articles, computational and experimental studies, review articles, and methodological advances related to biosignal processing that may enhance the functionality of sensory motor neuroprosthetics. The scope of this topic includes, but is not limited to, studies aimed at enhancing: 1) computational biosignal processing in EMG (Electromyography), EEG (Electroencephalography), and other modalities of biofeedback information; 2) the computational method in modeling and control of sensory motor neuroprosthetics; 3) the systematic functionality aiming to provide solutions for specific pathological movement disorders; 4) human interfaces such as BCI - but in the case of BCI study, manuscripts should be experimental studies which are applied to sensory/motor neuroprosthetics in patients with motor disabilities.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics
  • Author : Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :1261
  • ISBN : 9812380221
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Summary : A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

Psychoprosthetics

Psychoprosthetics
  • Author : Pamela Gallagher,Deirdre Desmond,Malcolm Maclachlan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-29
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 1846289807
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Summary : Psychoprosthetics is defined as the study of psychological aspects of prosthetic use and of rehabilitative processes in those conditions that require the use of prosthetic devices. Psychoprosthetics: State of the Knowledge brings together, into one easily accessible volume, the most recent and exciting research and knowledge in this new field

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses
  • Author : Ramana Vinjamuri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-10
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9783030387402
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive review of recent developments in the field of motor neuroprosthetics and brain-machine interfaces. Chapters in this book are provided by leading experts in the field and include topics such as the design and control of multidimensional prosthetics and exoskeletons, deep brain stimulation, functional electrical stimulation, deep learning for brain machine interfaces, biofeedback, and cognitive intent for adaptation of motor prostheses. This book is a great resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, engineers from related disciplines, entrepreneurs, and anyone interested in the latest progress in the field of motor neuroprostheses.

Motor Cortex in Voluntary Movements

Motor Cortex in Voluntary Movements
  • Author : Alexa Riehle,Eilon Vaadia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-12-28
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 0203503589
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Summary : As one of the first cortical areas to be explored experimentally, the motor cortex continues to be the focus of intense research. Motor Cortex in Voluntary Movements: A Distributed System for Distributed Functions presents developments in motor cortex research, making it possible to understand and interpret neural activity and use it to recons

Multisensory Integration of Lower-Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses: from Psychophysics to Functionality

Multisensory Integration of Lower-Limb Somatosensory Neuroprostheses: from Psychophysics to Functionality
  • Author : Breanne P. Christie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : OCLC:1164806597
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Summary : Over one million individuals in the United States have a lower-limb amputation. Though locomotion is a sensorimotor process, no commercially available prostheses offer somatosensory feedback, and amputees continue to face locomotor challenges. Recent studies have demonstrated that electrically stimulating the residual nerves of amputees can elicit somatosensory percepts referred to the missing limb. Though peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) takes advantage of the existing neural pathways that carry sensory information from the amputated limb to the brain, neural stimulation does not activate these afferent fibers in the same manner as physically-applied tactile stimuli. We hypothesized that these differences in neural activation may cause PNS-evoked sensation to be perceived differently than natural touch with respect to temporal synchrony and multisensory integration. In Aim 1, we found that the processing time and temporal sensitivity were not different between PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation. The similarity in visuotactile synchrony provided further evidence that PNS-evoked sensations are processed in broadly the same way as natural touch. In Aim 2, we established that much like natural somatosensation, vision and postural manipulations could reinforce PNS-evoked somatosensation. This multisensory integration had not been previously demonstrated and it is important for sensory neuroprostheses, which will be used in diverse environments with various sensory resources.The findings from Aims 1-2 demonstrated that PNS-evoked and natural somatosensation have similar properties, but did not guarantee that the body would utilize the sensory information accordingly. In Aim 3, we showed that amputees utilized PNS-evoked plantar sensation while performing a challenging locomotor task, revealing a significant and immediate benefit of somatosensory feedback to amputees. The use of a sensory-enabled prosthesis did not change the amputees' locomotor strategies, which indicated that longer-term therapeutic benefits might require a longer familiarization period with the device. PNS allowed us to decouple sensory stimuli in a way that is not ordinarily possible, enabling probing of the underlying characteristics of multisensory integration. This dissertation lays the groundwork for future studies with additional target populations. Both trans-femoral and bilateral amputees are missing more sensory resources than unilateral trans-tibial amputees, and could benefit substantially from restoring balance resources, such as somatosensation.

Methods for Neural Ensemble Recordings, Second Edition

Methods for Neural Ensemble Recordings, Second Edition
  • Author : Miguel A. L. Nicolelis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-03
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 142000641X
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Summary : In the last ten years neural ensemble recording grew into a well-respected and highly data-lucrative science. New experimental paradigms, including the fabrication of high-density microelectrodes, new surgical implantation techniques, multi-channel signal processing, and the establishment of direct real-time brain-machine interfaces, hold promise not just for neurophysiology research, but also for new-generation prosthetic devices aimed at restoring mobility and communication skills in severely disabled patients. Extensively updated and expanded, Methods for Neural Ensemble Recording, Second Edition distills the current state-of-the-science and provides the nuts and bolts foundation from which to advance the field for the next ten years. With contributions from pioneering researchers, this second edition begins with an overview of microwire array design for chronic neural recordings. Demonstrating the diversity now enjoyed in the field, the book reviews new surgical techniques for chronic implantation of microwire arrays in not just rodents, but primates as well. It explores microelectrode microstimulation of brain tissue, discusses multielectrode recordings in the somatosensory system and during learning, and analyzes neural ensemble recordings from the central gustatory-reward pathways in awake and behaving animals. An exploration of new strategies for neural ensemble data analysis for Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) applications foreshadows an investigation into employing BMI to restore neurological function. Using multielectrode field potential recordings, contributions define global brain states and propose conceptual and technical approaches to human neural ensemble recordings in the future.

Evolving BCI Therapy

Evolving BCI Therapy
  • Author : Denis Larrivee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-17
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9781789840698
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Summary : As a strategic response to cognitive and CNS impairments, BCI is a theoretical outgrowth of several generations of endogenous devices for peripheral nerves, which have as a prime goal the direct replacement of lost neural function. In these earlier applications therapeutic intervention has been premised only on the restoration of signal generating capacity where nerve transmission is largely unidirectional and temporally sequenced. It is increasingly apparent, however, that the brain not only employs a very different type of syntax from that of peripheral nerves but also structures the semantic content of motor activity, fundamentally altering the conception of BCI as a therapeutic medium. The book presented here documents this change, proposing a multi-faceted strategy in which BCI therapy can restore the loss of multi-tiered, brain based motor function.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation
  • Author : Michael Selzer,Stephanie Clarke,Leonardo Cohen,Gert Kwakkel,Robert Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-24
  • Total pages :760
  • ISBN : 9781107011687
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Summary : Volume 2 of the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation stands alone as a clinical handbook for neurorehabilitation.

Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury

Rehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Author : Blessen C. Eapen,David X. Cifu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-24
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780323544573
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Summary : Covering the full spectrum of rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury, this practical reference by Drs. Blessen C. Eapen and David X. Cifu presents best practices and considerations for numerous patient populations and their unique needs. In an easy-to-read, concise format, it covers the key information you need to guide your treatment plans and help patients relearn critical life skills and regain their independence. Covers neuroimaging, neurosurgical and critical care management, management of associated complications after TBI, pharmacotherapy, pain management, sports concussion, assistive technologies, and preparing patients for community reintegration. Discusses special populations, including pediatric, geriatric, and military and veteran patients. Consolidates today’s available information and guidance in this challenging and diverse area into one convenient resource.

Active Touch Sensing

Active Touch Sensing
  • Author : Robyn Grant,Pavel M. Itskov, Blythe Towal,Tony J. Prescott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889192489
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Summary : Active touch can be described as the control of the position and movement of tactile sensing systems to facilitate information gain. In other words, it is finding out about the world by reaching out and exploring—sensing by ‘touching’ as opposed to ‘being touched’. In this Research Topic (with cross-posting in both Behavioural Neuroscience and Neurorobotics) we welcomed articles from junior researchers on any aspect of active touch. We were especially interested in articles on the behavioral, physiological and neuronal underpinnings of active touch in a range of species (including humans) for submission to Frontiers in Behavioural Neuroscience. We also welcomed articles describing robotic systems with biomimetic or bio-inspired tactile sensing systems for publication in Frontiers in Neurorobotics.

Brain-Computer Interface Research

Brain-Computer Interface Research
  • Author : Christoph Guger,Brendan Allison,Mikhail Lebedev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-21
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : 9783319643731
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Summary : This book presents compact and informative descriptions of the most promising new projects in brain-computer interface (BCI) research. As in earlier volumes in this series, the contributions come from many of the best-known groups in BCI research. Each of these chapters provides an overview of a project that was nominated for the most prestigious award in the BCI community: the Annual BCI Research Award. The book also contains an introduction and discussion with a review of major trends reflected in the awards. This volume also introduces a new type of contribution, namely a chapter"Trends in BCI Research" that summarizes a top trend in the BCI research community. This year's "Trends in BCI Research" addresses BCI technology to help patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) and related conditions, including new work that goes beyond communication to diagnosis and even prediction.

Brain-Computer Interface Research

Brain-Computer Interface Research
  • Author : Christoph Guger,Brendan Allison,Junichi Ushiba
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-28
  • Total pages :136
  • ISBN : 9783319571324
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Summary : This book describes the prize-winning brain-computer-interface (BCI) projects honored in the community's most prestigious annual award. BCIs enable people to communicate and control their limbs and/or environment using thought processes alone. Research in this field continues to develop and expand rapidly, with many new ideas, research groups, and improved technologies having emerged in recent years. The chapters in this volume feature the newest developments from many of the best labs worldwide. They present both non-invasive systems (based on the EEG) and intracortical methods (based on spikes or ECoG), and numerous innovative applications that will benefit new user groups

The Neural Control of Movement

The Neural Control of Movement
  • Author : Patrick J. Whelan,Simon A. Sharples
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-28
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128172759
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Summary : From speech to breathing to overt movement contractions of muscles are the only way other than sweating whereby we literally make a mark on the world. Locomotion is an essential part of this equation and exciting new developments are shedding light on the mechanisms underlying how this important behavior occurs. The Neural Control of Movement discusses these developments across a variety of species including man. The editors focus on highlighting the utility of different models from invertebrates to vertebrates. Each chapter discusses how new approaches in neuroscience are being used to dissect and control neural networks. An area of emphasis is on vertebrate motor networks and particularly the spinal cord. The spinal cord is unique because it has seen the use of genetic tools allowing the dissection of networks for over ten years. This book provides practical details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control. This book is written for neuroscientists interested in movement control. Provides practice details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control Discusses how recent advances like optogenetics and chemogenetics affect the need for model systems to be modified (or not) to work for studies of movement and motor control Written for neuroscientists interested in movement control, especially movement disorders like Parkinson’s, MS, spinal cord injury, and stroke

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain-machine Interfaces

Somatosensory Feedback to Improve Brain-machine Interfaces
  • Author : Gene Yevgeny Fridman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0096931308
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Summary :

Brain-Computer Interfacing

Brain-Computer Interfacing
  • Author : Rajesh P. N. Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-30
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9780521769419
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Summary : The idea of interfacing minds with machines has long captured the human imagination. Recent advances in neuroscience and engineering are making this a reality, opening the door to restoration and augmentation of human physical and mental capabilities. Medical applications such as cochlear implants for the deaf and neurally controlled prosthetic limbs for the paralyzed are becoming almost commonplace. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) are also increasingly being used in security, lie detection, alertness monitoring, telepresence, gaming, education, art, and human augmentation. This introduction to the field is designed as a textbook for upper-level undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in neural engineering or brain-computer interfacing for students from a wide range of disciplines. It can also be used for self-study and as a reference by neuroscientists, computer scientists, engineers, and medical practitioners. Key features include questions and exercises in each chapter and a supporting website.